博碩士論文 102624007 詳細資訊




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姓名 邱晧民(HAO-MIN CIOU)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 含氯有機污染物自然衰減傳輸模式功能評估
(Evaluation of functional of chlorinated solvent for natural attenuation processes transport model)
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摘要(中) 含氯有機溶劑常出現於台灣地下水污染中,其會對人體健康造成傷害,含氯有機溶劑中的四氯乙烯會因生物降解依序轉變為三氯乙烯、二氯乙烯、乙烯。監測式自然衰減法(monitored natural attenuation)為整治概念,使用前須先通過自然衰減可行性評估,其中需使用污染傳輸模式進行自然衰減的模擬,以確定污染物濃度是否於時間內達到整治目標。BIOCHLOR為美國環保署用來模擬含氯有機溶劑自然衰減整治之模式。但此模式存在著兩個問題:(1)其解為Domenico的近似解析解,而文獻中指出Peclet number小會造成誤差;(2)模式假設各物種有相同的遲滯因子,與每個物種個有不同的遲滯因子情況不符。本研究針對BIOCHLOR 2.2進行功能性評估,藉由HYDROGEOCHEM 4.5s進行比較。結果顯示,BIOCHLOR 2.2適用於Peclet number大、濃度達到穩態時,而且為四氯乙烯、三氯乙烯和二氯乙烯結果較為可信,BIOCHLOR 2.2不適合做氯乙烯之致癌風險評估,因為會有低估風險的疑慮。
摘要(英) There are many contaminated groundwater chlorinated solvent sites in Taiwan. The chlorinated solvent will cause harm to human health. Biotransformation of the chlorinated ethenes occurs via sequential dechlorination of perchloroethylene to trichloroethylene, trichloroethylene to dichloroethane, dichloroethane to vinyl chloride, and finally vinyl chloride to ethene. The chlorinated solvent sites have many remedial technology could choose. Monitored natural attenuation is concept for the remediation; used monitored natural attenuation need initial screening. BIOCHLOR is screening tool that is provided by the Center for Subsurface modeling Support of US Environmental Protection Agency. The BIOCHLOR 2.2 has two problems: (1) BIOCHLOR uses the Domenico solution that has literature indicate when dispersivity is large have increase error. (2) BIOCHLOR uses one retardation factor, not individual retardation factors for each constituent. In this study is to functional evaluation of BIOCHLOR 2.2 and comparison with HYDROGEOCHEM 4.5s. The results show BIOCHLOR 2.2 applied to small dispersivity, concentration become steady state and only more credible of perchloroethene, trichloroethene, dichloroethene. BIOCHLOR 2.2 is unsuitable for cancer risk assessment of vinyl chloride, because there are underestimate risk.
關鍵字(中) ★ 含氯有機溶劑
★ 反應傳輸
★ 貝克勒數
★ 遲滯因子
關鍵字(英) ★ chlorinated solvent
★ reactive transport
★ Peclet number
★ retardation factor
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 ix
符號表 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2文獻回顧 5
第二章 研究方法 16
2.1 BIOCHLOR 2.2 16
2.1.1 BIOCHLOR的控制方程式 17
2.2 HYDROGEOCHEM 4.5s 21
2.2.1 HYDROGEOCHEM 4.5s的控制方程式 21
第三章 結果與討論 30
3.1 Domenico solution在不同Pe之比較 35
3.2 每個物種使用個自對應之遲滯因子 51
3.2.1排除Domenico solution造成誤差之影響 51
3.2.2包含Domenico solution誤差之比較 52
3.3氯乙烯之致癌風險評估 66
第四章 結論與建議 68
4.1結論 68
4.2建議 69
參考文獻 70
附錄A 78
附錄B 82

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指導教授 陳瑞昇 審核日期 2015-8-3
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