博碩士論文 102624013 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:23 、訪客IP:3.230.143.40
姓名 張家偉(Chia-Wei Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 三氯乙烯地下水污染場址整治後期傳輸行為分析¬-應用開源FreeFEM++有限元素模式架構
(Numerical analysis of TCE transport in a groundwater post remediation site: implementation of open source finite element module FreeFem++)
相關論文
★ 延散效應對水岩交互作用反應波前的影響★ 序率譜方法制定異質性含水層水井捕集區
★ 跨孔式注氣試驗方法推估異質性非飽和層土壤氣體流動參數★ 現地跨孔式抽水試驗推估異質性含水層水文地質特性
★ iTOUGH2應用於實驗室尺度非飽和土壤參數之推估★ HYDRUS-1D模式應用於入滲試驗推估非飽和土壤特性參數
★ 沿海含水層異質性對海淡水交界面影響之不確定性分析★ 非拘限砂質海岸含水層中潮汐和沙灘坡度水文動力條件影響苯傳輸
★ 利用MODFLOW配合SUB套件推估雲林地區垂向平均長期地層下陷趨勢★ 高雄平原地區抽水引致汙染潛勢評估
★ 利用自然電位法監測淺層土壤入滲歷程★ 利用LiDAR點雲及影像資料決定露頭節理結合面之研究
★ 臺灣西部沿海海水入侵與地下水排出模擬分析★ 都會地區滯洪池增設礫石樁之入滲效益模擬與分析
★ 利用數值模擬探討二氧化碳於異向性及異質性鹽水層之遷移行為★ 三維離散裂隙網路水流與溶質傳輸模式發展
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 數值模式的發展日新月異,已廣泛應用到許多領域中,有限元素方法是一個功能強大的數值方法,可以靈活處理許多複雜的問題。但有限元素法的模式開發包括複雜程式撰寫、除錯與模式最佳化驗證等,需投入大量資源提高程式開發效率。本研究應用高階計算偏微分方程的模組FreeFEM++ (Free Finite Element ++),透過物理控制方程的變分推導,編寫包含吸附與自然衰減特性的地下水與污染傳輸模式。模式經與MODFLOW與解析解驗證結果顯示水流與污染傳輸擬合良好,方均根誤差(RMSE)分別為0.003 m與0.0784 mg/L。模式應用於實際的三氯乙烯(TCE)污染場址,本研究將現地水文地質參數的一般克利金法(ordinary kriging)統計分析結果代入模式中率定,運用場址過去豐富的觀測數據與模式結果交互驗證。結果顯示污染團濃度分布與觀測結果擬合, RMSE介於0.1~0.69 mg/L,證實本研究所開發的FreeFEM++地下水流與污染傳輸模式可適切反應污染場址內污染團之移動機制。最後本研究評估自然衰減和抽水兩種整治方法應用於整治場址後期的整治效益,分析結果顯示場址TCE濃度大於 0.1 mg/L時,使用抽水整治效果較顯著,而且在污染團下游抽水效益最高,但濃度低於0.05mg/L時,兩種方法的效益會趨於一致。
摘要(英) Numerical models have been widely applied to many research fields. The finite element method is a powerful numerical method that can solve for complex problems. However, the model developers need to devote much resources to complete complex codes, perform debugging and code optimizing. The completed model typically requires systematical testing and verification before implementations. The objectives of the study are to employ an open source module FreeFem++ to efficiently develop a finite element groundwater flow and transport model, validate the developed model, calibrate and implement the developed mode for a site-specific problem. This study used MODFLOW and a analytical solution to evaluate the accuracy of the developed model for groundwater flow and contaminant transport. The model is then applied to a practical trichlorethylene (TCE) contaminated site. Geostatistical ordinary kriging method was used to analysis the hydrogeological parameters. The results of the kriged parameters are then employed in the model for site-specific calibrations. Based on the extensive observations and remediation data from the study site, the simulation results showed reasonably the behavior of plume migration. The RMSE of concentration is from 0.1 mg/L to 0.69 mg/L depending on the locations of wells. This study used the developed model to assess the strategies of natural decay and pump and treat remediations. The simulation results indicated that pumping remediation method is effective in the downstram when TCE concentration higher than 0.1 mg/L. However, the remediation efficiency of pump and treat reduces with the low TCE concentration (<0.1mg/L). If the concentration in aquifer lower than 0.05 mg/L, the long term operations of pump and treat show results same as the natural attenuation.
關鍵字(中) ★ 有限元素法
★ 污染傳輸模式
★ 一般克利金法
★ 三氯乙烯
★ FreeFEM++
關鍵字(英) ★ finite element method
★ contaminant transport
★ ordinary kriging
★ TCE
★ FreeFEM++
論文目次 摘要 .................................................................................................................... i
ABSTRACT ..................................................................................................... ii
致謝 .................................................................................................................. iv
目錄 ................................................................................................................... v
圖目錄 ............................................................................................................ viii
表目錄 ............................................................................................................... x
符號說明 .......................................................................................................... xi
第一章 緒論 ..................................................................................................... 1
1-1 前言 ..................................................................................................... 1
1-2 文獻回顧 ............................................................................................. 2
1-2-1 地下水污染物議題 .......................................................................... 3
1-2-2 地下水污染傳輸模式研究 .............................................................. 5
1-3 研究目的 .............................................................................................. 8
1-4 研究流程與工作項目 .......................................................................... 9
第二章 研究區域概況 ................................................................................... 11
2-1 研究區域 ............................................................................................ 11
2-2 氣候與水文地質 ................................................................................ 14
2-3 地質鑽探 ............................................................................................ 15
2-4 污染整治歷程 .................................................................................... 16
第三章 研究方法與理論 ............................................................................... 20
3-1 FreeFEM++開放源模組 ................................................................... 20
3-2 控制方程式與變分形式 .................................................................... 22
3-3 現地水文地質參數統計模式 ............................................................ 28
第四章 模式驗證與應用 ............................................................................... 34
4-1 模式驗證 ............................................................................................ 34
4-2 場址尺度模式應用 ............................................................................ 36
4-2-1 概念模式 ........................................................................................ 36
4-2-2 水文地質參數設定 ........................................................................ 40
4-2-3 參數敏感度分析與模式率定 ........................................................ 41
4-2-4 整治情境模擬 ................................................................................ 49
第五章 模擬結果與討論 ............................................................................... 51
5-1 水流模式驗證 .................................................................................... 51
5-2 移流延散模式驗證 ............................................................................ 54
5-3 模式率定結果 .................................................................................... 57
5-4 後續整治情境模擬 ............................................................................ 63
5-4-1 自然衰減法 .................................................................................... 63
5-4-2 抽水整治法 .................................................................................... 66
第六章 結論與建議 ....................................................................................... 77
6-1 結論 ................................................................................................... 77
6-2 建議 .................................................................................................... 79
參考文獻 ......................................................................................................... 80
附錄一 ............................................................................................................. 86
附錄二 ............................................................................................................. 93




































參考文獻 [1] Zou, R., Teng, Y. and Wang, J., “Modeling migration of strontium in sand and gravel aquifer in the candidate VLLW disposal site ”, Jour.Radioanal Nucl. Chem., (281), pp. 653-662, 2009.
[2] Osman, Y. Z., Bruen, M. P., “Modelling stream–aquifer seepage in an alluvial aquifer: an improved loosing-stream package for MODFLOW”, Journal of Hydrology, Vol.264(1-4), pp. 69-86, 2002.
[3] Kim, N. W., Chung, I. M., Won, Y. S. and Arnold, J. G., “Development and application of the integrated SWAT–MODFLOW model”, Journal of Hydrology, Vol.356(1-2), pp. 1-16, 2008.
[4] Carroll, R. W. H., Pohll, G. M., Earman, S. and Hershey, R. L., “A comparison of groundwater fluxes computed with MODFLOW and a mixing model using deuterium: Application to the eastern Nevada Test Site and vicinity”, Journal of Hydrology, Vol.361(3-4), pp. 371-385, 2008.
[5] Lautz, L. K., Siegel, D. I., “Modeling surface and ground water mixing in the hyporheic zone using MODFLOW and MT3D”, Advances in Water Resources, Vol.29(11), pp. 1618-1633, 2006.
[6] Saeed, M. M., Ashraf, M., “Feasible design and operational guidelines for skimming wells in the Indus basin, Pakistan”, Agricultural Water Management, Vol.74(3), pp. 165-188, 2005.
[7] Datta, B., Vennalakanti, H. and Dhar, A., “Modeling and control of saltwater intrusion in a coastal aquifer of Andhra Pradesh, India”, Journal of Hydro-environment Research, Vol.3(3), pp. 148-159, 2009.
[8] Kouznetsov, M. Y., Roodsari, R., Pachepsky, Y. A., Shelton, D. R., Sadeghi, A. M., Shirmohammadi, A. and Starr, J. L., “Modeling manure-borne bromide and fecal coliform transport with runoff and infiltration at a hillslope”, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol.84(3), pp. 336-346, 2007.
[9] Huang, H. C., Liu, C. W., Chen, S. K. and Chen, J. S., “Analysis of percolation and seepage through paddy bunds”, Journal of Hydrology, Vol.284(1-4), pp. 13-25, 2003.
[10] Hecht, F., “ New development in freefem++”, J. Numer. Math., 20(3-4), pp. 251–265, 2012.
[11] 土壤污染整治法規網。2010年2月3日: 取自http://ivy5.epa.gov.tw/epalaw/search/LordiDispFull.aspx?ltype=14&lname=0010
[12] 地下水污染監測標準法規網。2014年12月18日: 取自http://w3.epa.gov.tw/epalaw/search/LordiDispFull.aspx?ltype=14&lname=0200
[13] 土壤底泥及地下水污染物檢驗測定品質管制準則法規網。2011年9月8日: 取自http://w3.epa.gov.tw/epalaw/search/LordiDispFull.aspx?ltype=14&lname=0230
[14] 黃中,「土壤與地下水復育工程新技術」,科學發展月刊,422期,第22頁,2008年2月。
[15] 土壤及地下水污染整治網:取自 http://sgw.epa.gov.tw/public/0504.aspx
[16] Prokop, G., Schamann, M., “Management of contaminated sites in Western Europe”, Danish Environment Protection Agency, 2000.
[17] 行政院環境保護署網址:http://www.epa.gov.tw
[18] Doherty, R. E., “A History of the Production and Use of Carbon Tetrachloride, Tetrachloroethylene, Trichloroethylene and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in the United States: Part 2--Trichloroethylene and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane”, Environmental Forensics, 1(2), pp. 83-93, 2000.
[19] Gist, G., Burg, J., “Trichloroethylene – A review of the literature from a health – effects perspective”, Toxicology and Industrial Health, 11(3), pp. 253-307, 1995.
[20] Herren-Freund, S. L., Pereira, M. A., Khoury, M. D., Olson, G., “The carcinogenicity of trichloroethylene and its metabolites, trichloroacetic acid and dichloroacetic acid, in mouse liver”, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 90(2), pp. 183-189, 1987.
[21] Kaneko, T., Wang, P. Y., Sato, A., “Assessment of the Health Effects of Trichloroethylene”, Industrial Health, 35(3), pp. 301-324, 1997.
[22] 張尊國,「台灣地區土壤污染現況與整治政策分析」,財團法人國家政策研究基金會,永續(析) 091-021 號,2002年6月。
[23] Siegrist, R. L., Urynowicz, M. A., West, O. R., Crimi, M. L. and Lowe, K. S., Principle and Practices of In Situ Chemical Oxidation Using Permanganate, Battelle Press, 2001.
[24] Siegrist, R. L., Fundamentals of In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO, Teleconference of In Situ Treatment of Groundwater Contaminated with Non-aqueous Phase Liquids), Chicago, 2002.
[25] Kao, C. M., Huang, W. Y., Chang, L. J., Chien, H. Y. and Hou, F., “Application of monitored natural attenuation to remediate a petroleum- hydrocarbon spill site”, Water Science and Technology, Vol.53, pp. 321-328, (2005).
[26] Brar, S. K., Verma, M. R., Surampalli, Y., Misra, K., Tyagi, R. D. and N. Meunier, J. F., “Blais, Bioremediation of hazardous wastes - a review”, Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management, Vol.10(2), pp. 59-72, 2006.
[27] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Incorporating Sustainable Practices into SiteRemediation, EPA 542‐F‐08‐002, 2008.
[28] Aulenta, F., Potalivo, M. Majone, M. Papini, M. P. and Tandoi, V., “Anaerobic bioremediation of groundwater containing a mixture of 1, 1, 2, 2-tetrachloroethane and chloroethenes”, Biodegradation, Vol.17(3), pp. 193-206, 2006.
[29] Schrick, B., Blough, J. L., Jones, A. D., Mallouk, T. E., “Hydrodechlorination of trichloroethylene to hydrocarbons using bimetallic nickel-iron nanoparticles”, Chemistry of Materials, Vol.14(12), pp. 5140-5147, 2002.
[30] Cundy, A. B., Hopkinsona, L., WhitbyRaymond L.D., “Use of iron-based technologies in contaminated land and groundwater remediation: A review”, Science of The Total Environment, Vol.400(1-3), pp. 42-51, 2008.
[31] Wilkin, R.T., Puls, R.W., Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barrier Performance, EPA/542/R-04/004. Washington, DC: U.S. EPA, 2004.
[32] Shen, H., Wilson, J. T., Lu, X., “A Tracer Test to Characterize Treatment of TCE in a Permeable Reactive Barrier”, Ground water Monitoring and Remediation, Vol.32(4), pp. 32-41, 2012.
[33] 張魯鈞、沈億瑛、何秉宜,污染物水文地質學原理,茂昌圖書有限公司,台北,1999。
[34] Jerald, L. S., Environmental Modeling: Fate and Transport of pollutants in water, air and soil., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1996.
[35] Clement, T. P., Johnson, C. D., Sun, Y., Klecka, G. M., Bartlett, C., “Natural attenuation of chlorinated ethane compounds: model development and field-scale application at the Dover site”, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 42, pp. 113-140, 2000.
[36] 高雄縣政府環境保護局,高雄縣大寮鄉福德爺廟場址補充細密調查及地下水污染控制暨監測計畫,高雄縣政府環境保護局,高雄,2011年11月。
[37] Clement, T. P., Truex, M. J., Lee, P., “A case study for demonstrating the application of U.S. EPA’s monitored natural attenuation screening protocol at a hazardous waste site”, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 59, pp. 133-162, 2002.
[38] Chen, D. W., Carsel, R. F., Moeti, L., Vona, B., “Assessment and prediction of contaminant transport and migration at a Florida Superfund site”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 57, pp. 291-299, 1999.
[39] Banejad, H., Mohebzadeh, H., Ghobadi, M. H., Heydari, M., “Numerical Simulation of Groundwater Flow and Contamination Transport in Nahavand Plain Aquifer,West of Iran”, Journal of Geological Society of India, 83, pp. 83-92, 2014.
[40] 徐年盛、張德鑫、吳呈懋、劉宏仁、劉建宏,「地下水污染擴散模式建立之研究」,行政院環境保護署,2005。
[41] 黃佳雯,「地下水模式工具於污染控制場址範疇界定之研析」,國立臺灣大學,碩士論文,民國94年。
[42] 黃鵬展,”Exploration in Teaching of Finite Element Experiment Course”,大理學院學報,12(10),77-80頁,2013。
[43] Hecht, F., Pironneau, O., Ohtsuka, K., FreeFem++ Manual, Université Pierre, 2005.
[44] Danaila, I., Hecht, F., “A finite element method with mesh adaptivity for computing vortex states in fast-rotating Bose–Einstein condensates”, Journal of Computational Physics, Vol.229(19), pp.6946-6960, 2010.
[45] Christopher, M. P., Princlples of contaminant hydrogeology, second edtion, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A., 1996.
[46] 吳樂群,「台灣南部旗山地區上部新第三系及第四系之沉積層序與演化」,國立台灣大學地質學系,博士論文, 1993。
[47] 高雄縣政府環境保護局,大寮鄉義仁村赤崁福德爺廟地下水污染改善計畫,高雄縣政府環境保護局,高雄,2005年7月。
[48] 中央地質調查所:國土地質資訊,2011年。取自
[49] 中央氣象局氣象資料:http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/index.htm
[50] Johnson, C., Numerical solution of partial differential equations by the finite element method., Cambridge University Press., Cambridge, 2012.
[51] Thomée, V., Galerkin finite element methods for parabolic problems., Academic Press., New York, 1974.
[52] Amleto, A. P. and Murashige, A. E., “Applications of Universal Kriging to an AquiferStudy in New Jersey”, Groundwater, Vol.25(6), pp. 672-678, 1987.
[53] Deutsch, C. V., Journel, A. G., GSLIB Geostatistical Software Library and User’s Guide, Oxford University Press, New York, 1997.
[54] Freeberg, K. M., Bedient, P. B. and Connor, J. A., “Modeling of TCE Contamination and Recovery in a Shallow Sand Aquifer”, Ground Water , 25:70-80, 1987.
[55] 行政院環境保護署,應用監測式自然衰減整治法之可行性評估準則、設計及成效評估等規範建置計畫-自然衰減評估模式參考手冊,行政院環境保護署,台灣,2008。
[56] 凃佑霖,「二維有限域溶質傳輸解析解模式發展」,國立中央大學應用地質學系,碩士論文, 2015。
指導教授 倪春發、郭志禹(Chuen-Fa Ni Chih-Yu Kuo) 審核日期 2015-8-24
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明