博碩士論文 103022601 詳細資訊

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姓名 黎士俊(Tuan Sy Le)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 遙測科技碩士學位學程
論文名稱 利用衛星雷達差分干涉法觀測越南河內市文化遺跡之地陷情形
(Monitoring Land Subsidence of Cultural Heritage Sites in Hanoi, Vietnam from Satellite Radar Interferometry Observations)
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摘要(中) 近年來,隨著新的合成孔徑雷達( SAR)衛星任務,合成孔徑雷達干涉測量(InSAR )已成為越來越多的研究學者的有用的技術。合成孔徑雷達技術的發展已經遠遠超出原來的範圍,涵蓋了不同的目的和學術。合成孔徑雷達圖像進行了研究生物質能測繪,冰川變遷,地表土壤之分類,特別是監測地表的變形。
本研究結果包含了62900000個雷達影像目標偵測點,即平均密度為217012個/平方公里。我們的研究結果顯示在影像多倍採樣的分析下,不僅增加了4.4倍的高精度雷達偵測點,並且過濾掉雜訊較多與誤差較高的偵測點。本研究區域觀測到的下陷情形與大多與相鄰的地下水開採和建設活動有關,於2012年4月至2013年11月間,本研究區最大下陷速率可達到 18.1毫米/年,一般來說,在歷史文物保存區,古蹟城堡和舊城區仍然保持在一個穩定不下陷的狀態,而那些沿著紅河和河內南部的地區則分別受到地陷的影響。
摘要(英) Recently, with the launch of new Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) missions, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) has become more and more useful tool for researchers. The developments of SAR techniques have gone far beyond the original scope, covering different disciplines. SAR imagery is now used for biomass mapping, glacier tracking, landcover classification and especially monitoring the deformation of the Earth’s surface.
SAR could be used for monitoring the stability of ancient monuments, historical buildings and archaeological sectors. Compared to traditional monitoring techniques, the use of radar remote sensing for monitoring cultural heritage sites has both advantages and disadvantages. In the positive manners, those sites could be automatically monitored regardless day/night time and weather conditions. More comprehensive pictures could be potentially derived, and damages to structures could be possibly minimized or avoided. The major limitations, on the other hand, lay on the resolution of SAR imagery and SAR processing techniques. Most of current SAR sensors are not appropriate for monitoring surface displacements at a very small scale and high precision, and SAR processing techniques primarily optimize for large deformation patterns.
In this work, the X-band TerraSAR-X imagery is used for the sake of resolution and precision. To enhance the monitoring coverage and detail, we integrated the oversampling techniques to the Small Baseline (SB) InSAR for processing SAR imagery. Test site was choosen at the Historical Centre of Hanoi, Vietnam, where the relics were left by most Vietnamese dynasties in the past, greater than any other places over the country.
A total of 6.29 million radar targets were obtained, maintaining the average density of 217,012 points/km2. Our results suggest that image oversampling not only increased the number of measurement points 4.4 times more than the standard processing chain, but also removed the noisiest points. The observed subsidence patterns are mostly related to adjacent groundwater extraction and construction activities, with maximum subsiding rate reached −18.1 mm/year for the study period from April 2012 to November 2013. Generally, heritage assets and monuments in the Citadel, the Old Quarter and French Quarter remain in a steady state, whereas those located along the Red River and in southern Hanoi were subjected to subsidence.
關鍵字(中) ★ 地層下陷
★ 越南河內
★ 雷達干涉
關鍵字(英) ★ land subsidence
★ Hanoi Historical Centre
★ radar interferometry
論文目次 Abstract ii
Acknowledgment v
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
1.1 Problem statement 1
1.2 Contributions 3
1.3 Thesis roadmap 4
Chapter 2: Radar – SAR – InSAR 7
2.1 Radar 7
2.1.1 Doppler Effect 7
2.1.2 Polarization 8
2.2 Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) 8
2.2.1 Resolution 9
2.2.2 Signal-to-Noise Ratio 10
2.2.3 Signal Aliasing 11
2.2.4 The Doppler Centroid 12
2.3 Interferometric SAR (InSAR) 12
Chapter 3: The Historical Centre of Hanoi, Vietnam 18
3.1 Hanoi City 18
3.2 The Historical Centre of Hanoi 19
3.3 Data Availability for the Historical Centre of Hanoi 20
Chapter 4: InSAR time series analysis 27
4.1 Oversampling Implementation 28
4.2 Interferometric Processing 29
4.3 Small Baseline Time-Series Processing 31
Chapter 5: InSAR Analysis of Subsidence Patterns 35
5.1 The Citadel 36
5.2 Subsidence along the Red River Bank 38
5.3 The Old Quarter and French Quarter 38
5.4 Prevailing Subsidence Patterns 39
Chapter 6: Stability Assessments of Cultural Heritage Sites 49
6.1 The Citadel 49
6.2 Monuments on the Red River Bank 50
6.3 The Old Quarter and French Quarter 51
6.4 Prevailing Cultural Heritage Sites 52
Chapter 7: The influences of oversampling on SB InSAR processing 55
7.1 Spatial Distribution of Slowly Decorrelating Filtered Phase (SDFP) Pixels 55
7.2 The Coherence of SDFP 56
7.3 SDFP Density 57
Chapter 8: Conclusions and Future Directions 64
References 66
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指導教授 張中白(Chung-Pai Chang) 審核日期 2016-8-15
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