博碩士論文 103223006 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:11 、訪客IP:34.238.190.122
姓名 趙子翎(Tzu-Ling Chao)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學學系
論文名稱 鈦磷酸鹽與鈦矽酸鹽之合成、晶體結構與 性質研究
(Syntheses, Crystal Structures and Properties of Titanium Phosphates and Titanium Silicates)
相關論文
★ 探討有機鹼DBU與金屬salen錯合物在二氧化碳對環氧化物的環狀加成反應中的角色★ 磷橋異核雙金屬錯合物的配位子移轉
★ 含有碳烯化合物之鈀金屬異相觸媒催化碳碳鍵生成反應之研究★ 銅(I)催化的碳硫偶合反應中間產物研究
★ 鈾鍺酸鹽之合成與結構鑑定★ 稀土元素配位聚合物和亞磷酸鹽之合成、晶體結構與發光性質研究
★ 含有機模板的錫鍺酸鹽與錫矽酸鹽之合成與其結構鑑定★ 銅催化碳硫偶合反應之陽離子效應研究
★ 銅(I)催化碳-氮偶合反應之研究★ 探討β芳香醚類斷裂之研究
★ 銅(I)催化碳-氮偶合反應之研究★ 鋰鋁鈦磷酸鹽的合成、晶體結構及性質研究
★ 鋰鐵鈦磷酸鹽之晶體結構與離子導電度性質研究★ 有機-無機混成之金屬磷酸鹽/亞磷酸鹽骨架化合物的合成與性質研究
★ 極性溶劑對銅(I)催化碳-氮偶合反應之影響★ 超臨界水熱法合成錫磷酸鹽與鈦磷酸鹽
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 ( 永不開放)
摘要(中) 本論文利用高溫高壓水熱法、溶膠-凝膠法、助熔劑法、頂晶熔鹽法以及固態反應合成兩系列的化合物,第一系列為鋰鉻鈦磷酸鹽化合物Li1+xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (A1)、Li1+xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (x≅0.5) (A2);第二系列是鋰鈦矽酸鹽化合物Li2K4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LKTS, B1)、Li2Rb4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LRTS, B2)。兩系列化合物利用單晶X光繞射儀鑑定出化合物的晶體結構,輔以粉末X光繞射圖比對理論圖確定樣品純度後,分別進行離子導電及光學性質的測量。
A系列中的A1為NASICON type結構及A2為anti-NASICON type結構。兩化合物皆由PO4四面體與Ti(Cr)O6八面體以共角的方式連接形成三維骨架,Li+座落在結構內的孔道中。將A1做成固態鋰電池中測試其電池性能,結果顯示具有良好的穩定性,離子導電率和電容量分別為6.5×10-4 S·cm-1及6.4 mAh。
B系列中兩個為等結構化合物,矽氧四面體皆以Q2的方式連接形成一維單鏈,再由TiO5四角錐多面體上的四個氧原子與矽酸鏈共享形成三維骨架。非中心的結構展現強的二次倍頻訊號並且實現相位匹配及高雷射損傷閥值。量測熱重-示差掃描量熱分析以及紫外-可見-近紅外光漫反射光譜顯示結構穩定達800 oC,具有良好的熱穩定度和大的能隙(4.1 eV),紫外吸收邊緣約在300 nm。
摘要(英) Two series of titanium phosphates and lithium titanium silicates were synthesized by the high-temperature, high-high-pressure hydrothermal method, sol-gel method, flux method, top-seeded solution growth and solid-state reaction. The series A denotes lithium chromium titanium phosphates, Li1+xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (A1) and Li1+xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (x≅0.5) (A2). The series B denotes titanosilicates, Li2K4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LKTS, B1) and Li2Rb4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LRTS, B2). All structures of those compounds are determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The purity of each compound was confirmed by the good agreement between observed powder X-ray pattern and the calculated pattern derived from the single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The properties of two series compounds were further characterized by different physical measurements respectively according to their structural features: ionic conductivity test for the series A and nonlinear optical measurements for the series B.
A1 belongs to the NASICON structure, and A2 belongs to the anti-NASICON structure. Both A1 and A2 structures consist of Ti(Cr)O6 octahedra sharing all their corners with PO4 tetrahedra to form a 3-D framework. The lithium cations are located in the channels. A1 shows good stability as an electrolyte material for the lithium-ion battery. The ionic conductivity is 6.5×10-4 S·cm-1 and discharge capacity is 6.4 mAh.
The SiO4 tetrahedra of B series are connected by sharing corners to form vierer single chain. The TiO5 square pyramid is connected by sharing its equatorial vertices with four silicate chains to form a 3-D framework. These two isostructural compounds are thermally stable, adopt a unique acentric crystal structure, transmitting at wavelengths of interest, and exhibit strong phase-matched Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) responses and high threshold to laser-induced damage.
關鍵字(中) ★ 無機固態電解質
★ 鈦磷酸鹽
★ 高溫高壓水熱合成法
★ 溶膠凝膠法
★ 助熔劑法
★ 固態反應
★ 非線性光學
★ 鈦矽酸鹽
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
謝誌 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XIII
附錄之表目錄 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1-1簡介 1
1-2合成方法 8
1-2-1 高溫高壓水熱法 8
1-2-2溶膠-凝膠法 11
1-2-3助熔劑長晶法 12
1-2-4高溫固態反應 15
1-2-5藥品一覽表 16
1-3 鑑定方法 17
1-3-1儀器測量簡介 17
1-3-2單晶X光繞射儀與解構分析 19
1-3-3粉末X光繞射儀(PXRD) 25
1-3-4 X光螢光光譜儀(XRF) 25
1-3-5固態核磁共振光譜儀(Solid-State NMR) 26
1-3-6熱重-示差掃描量熱分析儀(TGA/DSC) 28
1-3-7電化學測量 29
1-3-8光學測量 31
1-4 研究成果摘要 34
第二章 鋰鉻鈦磷酸鹽 35
2-1前言 35
2-2實驗部分 39
2-2-1 Li1-xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (A1)合成條件 41
2-2-2 Li1-xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (x≅0.5) (A2)合成條件 43
2-2-3 X光螢光光譜分析 44
2-2-4 Li1-xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (A1)單晶X光結構解析 45
2-2-5 Li1-xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (x≅0.5) (A2)單晶X光結構解析 46
2-3晶體結構描述與討論 48
2-3-1 Li1-xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (A1)結構描述 48
2-3-2 Li1-xCrxTi2-x(PO4)3 (x≅0.5) (A2)結構描述 50
2-3-3結構討論 53
2-4化合物鑑定與性質測量 55
2-4-1粉末X光繞射分析 55
2-4-2固態核磁共振分析 57
2-4-3電化學性質研究 58
2-4-3.1交流阻抗電阻分析(AC-impedance) 58
2-4-3.2線性掃描伏安法(Linear Sweep Voltammetry, LSV) 60
2-4-3.3充放電測試 61
2-4-3.4膠態電解質定電流放電測試 65
第三章 鋰鈦矽酸鹽 67
3-1前言 67
3-1-1非線性光學原理 67
3-1-2非線性光學材料 68
3-1-2.1非線性光學係數 68
3-1-2.2相位匹配 69
3-1-2.3雷射損傷閥值 71
3-1-3研究動機 81
3-2實驗部分 83
3-2-1 Li2K4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LKTS, B1)合成條件 84
3-2-2 Li2Rb4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LRTS, B2)合成條件 88
3-2-3 X光螢光光譜儀 91
3-2-4 Li2K4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LKTS, B1)單晶X光結構解析 92
3-2-5 Li2Rb4[(TiO)Si4O12] (LRTS, B2)單晶X光結構解析 93
3-3 晶體結構描述與討論 95
3-4 化合物鑑定與性質測量 104
3-4-1 粉末X光繞射分析 104
3-4-2熱重-示差掃描量熱分析(TGA/DSC) 106
3-4-3光學性質研究 109
3-4-3.1 UV-Vis-NIR漫反射光譜(DRS) 109
3-4-3.2 非線性光學測量 110
第四章 結論 114
參考文獻 118
附錄 121
參考文獻 1. Fergus, J. W., J. Power Sources 2010, 195, 4554-4569.
2. Sharrock, M. P., MRS Bull. 1990, 15, 53-62.
3. Trewyn, B. G.; Giri, S.; Slowing, I. I.; Lin, V. S.-Y., Chem Commun. 2007, 3236-32345.
4. Fuh, A.; Gallinger, R. P.; Schuster, P.; Adolph, J.; Caporaletti, O., Thin Solid Films 1992, 207, 202-205.
5. Scott, B. J.; Wirnsberger, G.; Stucky, G. D., Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 3140-3150.
6. Wilson, S. T.; Lok, B. M.; Messina, C. A.; Cannan, T. R.; Flanigen, E. M., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 1146-1147.
7. Lin, C.-H.; Wang, S.-L.; Lii, K.-H., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 4649-4650.
8. Lii, K.-H.; Huang, Y.-F.; Zima, V.; Huang, C.-Y.; Lin, H.-M.; Jiang, Y.-C.; Liao, F.-L.; Wang, S.-L., Chem. Mater. 1998, 10, 2599-2609.
9. Rui, X.; Yan, Q.; Skyllas-Kazacos, M.; Lim, T. M., J. Power Sources 2014, 258, 19-38.
10. Yashima, M.; Komatsu, T., Chem. Commun. 2009, 1070-1072.
11. Yang, G.-Y.; Sevov, S. C., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 8389-8390.
12. Uguina, M. A.; Ovejero, G.; Grieken, R. V.; Serrano, D. P.; Camacho, M., J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1994, 1, 27-28.
13. Kuznicki, S. M.; Bell, V. A.; Nair, S.; Hillhouse, H. W.; Jacubinas, R. M.; Braunbarth, C. M.; Toby, B. H.; Tsapatsis, M., Nature 2001, 412, 720-724.
14. Anderson, M. W.; Terasaki, O.; Ohsuna, T.; Philippou, A.; Mackay, S. P.; A., F.; Rõcha, J.; S., L., Nature 1994, 367, 347-351.
15. Cheetham, T.; Fjellag, H.; Gier, T. E.; Kongshaug, K. O.; Lillerud, K. P.; Stucky, G. T., Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 2001, 135, 788-795.
16. Vaughan, D. E. W.; Strohmaier, K. G., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 16035-16039.
17. Harbuzaru, B.; Paillaud, J.-L.; Patarin, J.; Bats, N., Science 2004, 304, 990-992.
18. Zhang, W.; Halasyamani, P. S., J. Solid State Chem. 2016, 236, 32-38.
19. Kennedy, G. C., Am. J. Sci. 1950, 248, 540-564.
20. Hehch, L. L.; West, J. K., Chem. Rev. 1990, 90, 33-72.
21. West, A. R., Solid State Chemistry and Its Applicatons. John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1989.
22. Ladd, M. F.; Palmer, R. A., Structure Determination by X-ray Crystallography, Plenum. New York, 1994.
23. Sheldrick, G. M., SAINT. University of Göttingen: Göttingen, 2012.
24. Sheldrick, G. M., SHELXTL. Bruker AXS GmbH: Karlsruhe: Germany, 2008.
25. Brown, I. D.; Altermatt, D., Acta Cryst. 1985, B41, 244-247.
26. 高憲明, 中國化學會 2004, 62. 255-256.
27. 陳振中, 科儀新知 民95, 28, 42-49.
28. 林坤徳, 國立中興大學碩士論文 2012.
29. Thangadurai, V.; Weppner, W., Ionics 2006, 12, 81-92.
30. (a) Aono, H.; Sugimoto, E.; Sadaoka, Y.; Imanaka, N.; Adachi, G.-Y., J. Electrochem. Soc. 1990, 137, 1023-1027; (b) Aono, H.; Sugimoto, E.; Sadaoka, Y.; Imanaka, N.; Adachi, G.-Y., J. Electrochem. Soc. 1989, 136, 590-591.
31. Nagornyi, P. G.; Kapshuk, A. A.; Stus′, N. V.; Slobodyanik, N. S.; Chernega, A. N., Zhurnal Neorganicheskoi Khimii 1991, 36. 2766-2768.
32. Delmas, C.; Cherkaoui, F.; Nadiri, A.; Hagenmuller, P., Mater. Res. Bull. 1987, 22. 631-639.
33. Kee, Y.; Lee, S. S.; Yun, H., Acta Crystallogr. E 2011, 67, i49-i50.
34. Aatiq, A.; Ménétrier, M.; Croguennec, L.; Suard, E.; Delmas, C., J. Mater. Chem. 2002, 12, 2971-2978.
35. Patoux, S.; Rousse, G.; Leriche, J.-B.; Masquelier, C., Solid State Sci. 2004, 6, 1113-1120.
36. Masquelier, C.; Croguennec, L., Chem. Rev. 2013, 113, 6552-6591.
37. Franken, P. A.; Hall, A. E.; Peters, C. W.; Weinreich, G., Phys. Rev. Lett. 1961, 7, 118-120.
38. Yariv, A., Opeical electrionics in modern communications 1997, Ch. 8.
39. Dougherty, J. P.; Kurtz, S. K., J. Appl. Cryst. 1976, 9, 145-158.
40. Chen, C.-T.; Liu, L.-J.; Wang, X.-Y., Physics 2014, 43, 520-527.
41. Chen, C.-T.; Wang, Y.-B.; Wu, B.-C.; Wu, K.-C.; Zeng, W.-L.; Yu, L.-H., Nature 1995, 195, 322-324.
42. Daidouh, A.; Veiga, M. L.; Pico, C., Solid State Ionics 1997, 104, 285-294.
43. Roberts, M. A.; Sankar, G.; Thomas, J. M.; Jones, R. H.; Du, H.; Chen, J.; Pang, W.; Xu, R., Nature 1996, 381, 401-404.
44. Moore, P. B.; Louisnathan, J., Science 1967, 156, 1361-1362.
45. Zhao, W.; Zhang, F.; Liu, J.; Hao, B.; Pan, S.; Zhang, F.; Liu, L., J. Cryst. Growth 2015, 413, 46-50.
46. Dmitrier, V. G.; Gurzadyan, G. G.; Nikogosyan, D. N., Handbook of Nonlinear optical crystal 1999.
47. Gopalakrishnan, J., J. Solid State Chem. 1999, 148, 75-80.
48. Ziadi, A.; Thiele, G.; Elouadi, B., J. Solid State Chem. 1994, 109, 112-115.
49. Kopnin, E. M.; Sato, A.; Takayama-Muromachi, E., J. Alloys Comp. 2003, 354, L16-L19.
50. Liebau F., Structural Chemistry of Silicates 1985.
51. (a) Svitanko, A. I.; Novikova, S. A.; Safronov, D. V.; Yaroslavtsev, A. B., Inorg. Mater. 2011, 47, 1391-1395; (b) Anantharamulu, N.; Koteswara Rao, K.; Rambabu, G.; Vijaya Kumar, B.; Radha, V.; Vithal, M., J Mater. Sci. 2011, 46, 2821-2837.
52. Gopalakrishnan, J.; Ramesha, K.; Rangan, K. K.; Pandey, S., J. Solid State Chem. 1999, 148, 75-80.
53. Stucky, G. D.; Phillips, M. L. F.; Gier, T. E., Chem. Mater. 1989, 1, 492-509.
54. Bechthold, P. S.; Haussühl, S.; Michael, E., Mod. Phys. Lett. A 1978, 65, 453-454.
指導教授 李光華(Kwang-Hwa Lii) 審核日期 2016-7-13
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明