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姓名 楊昀修(Yun-Siou Yang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學學系
論文名稱 探討階梯式五環芳烴高分子使用溶液製程法應用於高效率有機光伏電池
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摘要(中) 近年來環保意識抬升,且石化燃料蘊藏量日益減少,因此尋找其他替代能源成為重要的議題,高分子太陽能電池 (PSCs) 因材料多元,可以溶液加工,便於大面積製作,且具可撓性,因而受到廣泛研究,階梯式高分子 (Ladder Type Polymer) 兼具平整的骨架及擴張的π共軛系統,可縮小高分子能隙並提高載子遷移率,適合用來當作 P - 型材料,另外,文獻曾報導polyethyl-enimine ethoxylated(PEIE)作為有機電子傳遞層,可以提高元件的光電轉換效率,本實驗使用的階梯式P -型高分子Donor單元分別為Benzene-thiophene-pyrrole、Thiophene-Benzene-pyrrole、Thiophene-thiophene-pyrrole,搭配N型材料的PCBM製作成反式有機太陽能電池,並於電子傳遞層與活性層之間添加PEI E有機電子傳遞層,實驗結果顯示 Donor單元為thiophene-thiophene-pyrrole的階梯式高分子在P/N比例為1:2,熱退火溫度120度時,所製備之主動層有最好的表面形貌,P型材料與N型材料所形成的Domain size大小適中,且有最高的電洞遷移率3.39×10-3 cm2V-1s-1,及最紅位移吸收波長,因此所組裝之元件有最高的光電流密度為14.28mA/cm2,光電轉換效率達6.04%。
摘要(英) Recently,due to the raising in the environmental concern and the dwindling of the fossil fuel reserves, looking for other alternative energy sources become an important activity, Polymer solar cells (PSCs) is one of the possible energy resources under extensively studied,due to the diversity in material use,possible large-scale production through solution processing,and can be flexibility and thus subject to extensive research,Ladder type polymer with planer skeleton and expanded π-conjugated system,will have small energy gap and high carrier mobility for using as P-type material in PSC,Furthermore, it has been reported that polyethyl-enimine ethoxylated (PEIE) can apply as an electron transport layer to improve the power conversion efficiency of the cell.In this study I used three Ladder type polymers as the P-type polymer donor,PCBM as an N-type material to fabricate inverted organic solar cells, Extra PEIE layer was also added inbetween the electron transfer layer and the active layer, The results shows that when thiophene-thiophene-pyrrole ladder polymer was used as p-type, the P / N ratio of the active layer is 1: 2, thermal annealing temperature is 120 degrees, the resulting active film has proper morphology and high hole mobility of 3.39 × 10-3 cm2V-1s-1, Therefore, the corresponding inverted PSC has the highest photocurrent density of 14.28 mA/cm2 and power conversion efficiency of 6.04%.
關鍵字(中) ★ 階梯式高分子
★ 溶液製程法
★ 有機光伏電池
關鍵字(英) ★ Ladder type polymer
★ solution processed
★ organic photovoltic
論文目次 第一章、緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 有機太陽能電池 2
1-3 有機太陽能電池的元件演變 3
1-4 有機太陽能電池工作原理 4
1-5 太陽能電池光伏性質所用的參數 6
1-5-1 開路電壓(Open-Circuit Voltage ,Voc) 7
1-5-2 短路電流(Short-Circuit Current Density, Jsc) 8
1-5-3 填充因子(Fill Factor ,FF) 8
1-6 一般式有機太陽能電池 9
1-7反式有機太陽能電池 10
1-8階梯式有機高分子材料(Ladder type organic polymer) 11
1-9 高分子電子傳遞層 16
1-10 動機 20
第二章、實驗部分 21
2-1 實驗所需藥品儀器 21
2-1-1 實驗藥品 21
2-1-2 實驗儀器 22
2-2 藥品配制 23
2-2-1 ZnO sol-gel前驅物溶液配置 23
2-2-2 吸光層材料配製 23
2-2-3 Polyethylenimine ethoxylated (PEIE) 配製 23
2-3 一般式元件組裝步驟 23
2-4反式元件組裝步驟 25
2-5 SCLC (space charge limit current)載子遷移率元件組裝 28
2-6 性質分析儀器與樣品製備 30
2-6-1 太陽光模擬器及光電轉換效率量測 ( Solar Simulator ; KXL-500F ) 30
2-6-2 外部量子效率量測系統 ( External Quantum Efficiency ) 31
2-6-3 紫外光/可見光/近紅外光吸收光譜 ( UV/VIS/NIR Spectrometer ; Hitachi U-4100 ) 32
2-6-4 空間電荷限制電流方法 ( Space Charge Limit Current Method ) :用於量測材料之載子遷移率 33
2-6-5 表面輪廓儀(Surface Profiler ; Veeco Dektak 150) 34
2-6-6 熱蒸鍍鍍膜系統(Thermal evaporation system) 高敦公司 35
2-6-7 原子力顯微鏡(Atomic force microscope) 35
第三章、結果與討論 37
3-1 階梯式高分子PDTtP / PDBDTP / PDTCz 的光學性質 37
3-2 有機電子傳輸層對元件效率的影響 43
3-3 不同轉速對效率的影響 45
3-4 不同熱退火溫度對光電轉換效率之影響 50
3-5 不同P-N比例對光電轉換效率之影響 55
3-6 添加有機電子傳遞層PEIE對元件效率的影響 61
3-7 外部量子效率量測 65
3-8混摻系統的表面形貌對元件光電轉換效率的影響 68
3-9 電洞遷移率對光電轉換效率的影響 69
3-10 Bimolecules recombination量測 72
3-11 激子拆解效率量測 74
結論 76
參考文獻 77
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指導教授 吳春桂(Chun-Guey Wu) 審核日期 2016-8-8
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