博碩士論文 103223046 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:16 、訪客IP:18.204.2.53
姓名 鄧宇勛(Yu-Hsun Teng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學學系
論文名稱 以快、慢質譜搭配法鑑識工業排放物質
相關論文
★ 有機薄膜電晶體材料三併環及四併環噻吩衍生物之開發★ 以逆吹式氣相層析法分析氣體成份
★ 氣相層析法應用於工業排放連續監測★ 煙道氣揮發性有機化合物連續監測方法開發
★ 大氣及水樣中揮發性有機氣體自動化分析技術之建立及應用★ VOC前濃縮與預警系統之建構
★ 建立自動化甲烷連續量測系統與其在指示大氣輻射冷卻之應用★ 臭氧前趨物連續監測與臭氧生成之光化學探討
★ 以近連續方式量測空氣中甲烷與異戊二烯及其生成之季節性探討★ 自行架設光化學測站與商業化儀器平行比對及所得資料初步分析
★ 近地表臭氧前驅物分析之前濃縮技術改良★ 自動化噴霧捕捉分析系統之建立與研究
★ 大體積固相微萃取水中揮發性有機污染物★ 空氣中有機污染物自動分析技術之開發研究 壹﹑碳沸石多重床與中孔徑矽沸石之氣體吸附特性研究 貳﹑有機污染物垂直探空光化研究
★ 大體積固相微萃取技術應用於被動式空氣採樣及動力學探討★ 以Heart-cut技術配合單偵檢器發展氣相層析“剪裁(tailoring)”技術
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本研究以質子轉移反應質譜儀(proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry, PTR-MS)為技術核心,建立一套空氣污染鑑識方法,應用於工業區空污問題診斷。透過其高時間解析、低偵測極限的優勢,搭配多成分觸發採樣技術,於污染物濃度高值當下觸發採樣,採集之樣本攜回實驗室以GC-MS/FID (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/flame ionization detector)分析108種VOCs。本研究將使用兩種類型PTR-MS,包含四極柱(PTR-QMS)與飛行時間質譜儀(PTR-TOF/MS),應用於鑑定工業區排放之揮發性有機化合物(volatile organic compounds, VOCs)。
本研究選定一處綜合型工業區(平鎮工業區)執行現地觀測,透過實場10天的污染物調查,建立工業區的排放物質清單。由排放清單之成分作為觸發對象,以PTR-QMS執行多成分觸發採樣,掌握周界物質具有濃度突發性高值之事件,並剖析事件當下之污染物組成。
平鎮工業區共採集18個事件樣本,經由GC-MS/FID的分析,工業區環境中以含氧之揮發性有機化合物(oxygenated volatile organic compounds, OVOCs)為主,其中包含acetone、butanone、methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK)、methyl butyl ketone (MBK)、ethyl acetate、vinyl acetate、isopropanol、methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)等8種有機物質,占108種VOCs總量16% - 75%。由於OVOCs含量顯著的結果,將PTR-MS監測之OVOCs (GC-MS/FID無法分析之物種,例:乙醇、乙醛、醋酸等)與108種VOCs整併,結果顯示PTR-MS額外監測之OVOCs大幅提高OVOCs之權重比,占總量55% - 82%。
將平鎮工業區OVOCs高比例的含量結果與本實驗室先前研究成果比較,新竹工業區OVOCs占108種VOCs總濃度的15% - 60%;中壢工業區OVOCs占108種VOCs總濃度的32% - 84%,而台北都會區OVOCs則僅占108種VOCs總濃度的8% - 10%,顯示工業區大量OVOCs排放可能是造成異味事件與空氣品質不良的元兇之一。
此外,相較於台北都會區OVOCs中以methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)為主要成分,平鎮、新竹、中壢工業區的OVOCs中則以ethyl acetate、acetone、butanone、isopropanol等工業常用之有機溶劑為主。綜合此三處工業區的監測結果,整理出工業區周界環境中前十大污染物,其中以醛、酸及醯胺等物質最為特殊,這些偏極性的化學物質無法以傳統不鏽鋼採樣罐結合GC/MS法鑑定;再者因濃度偏低,也不易被其他方法(如FT-IR法)偵測或鑑定,而PTR-MS大幅補強以往對於這些關鍵物質鑑定能力的不足。
摘要(英) This study is to develop a monitoring method involving the use of proton-transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) to investigate chemical pollutants released from industrial parks. Taking the advantages of the PTR-MS’s ultra-low detection limits and high temporal resolution, the trigger-sampling technique was coupled with PTR-QMS to capture plume events from the industrial parks. The triggered samples were then analyzed with in-laboratory GC/MS/FID (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry/flame ionization detector) for 108 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to characterize the chemical compositions of the plume events. In this study, two types of mass spectrometry were involved: quadruple (called PTR-QMS) and time of flight (called PTR-ToF/MS).
This study demonstrated a 10-day field observation in Pingjhen Industrial Park for characteristic pollutants. By targeting selected VOCs characteristic of the Pingjhen Industrial Park, flask samples were collected in sequence when the PTR-QMS detected concentrations surpassing the pre-set trigger levels. Eighteen event samples were triggered as a result, and were analyzed by in-lab GC/MS/FID to reveal the composition of 108 VOCs. It was found that majority of the constituents was oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs), including acetone, butanone, methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK), methyl butyl ketone (MBK), ethyl acetate, vinyl acetate, isopropanol and methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), accounting for 15% - 75% of the total 108 VOCs for the event samples. When including the compounds that were measured by PTR-MS but cannot be analyzed by GC/MS/FID (e.g., ethanol, acetaldehyde and acetic acid), the percentages of OVOCs increased to 55% - 82%.
Compared with our previous trigger-sampling studies, OVOCs accounted for 15% - 60% of the total 108 VOCs in Hsinchu, 32% - 84% in Chungli, but only 8% - 10% in the Taipei metropolitan area. Such large fractions of OVOCs in the vicinity of industrial park could explain the frequent odor complaints by the local residents.
Moreover, contrasting to the urban environment such as Taipei, where methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) was the major component of OVOCs, organic compounds commonly used in industry, such as ethyl acetate, acetone, butanone, isopropanol, etc., were the primary contributors to OVOCs from these industrial parks (e.g., Pingjhen, Hsinchu and Chungli). By summarizing the monitoring results of the three industrial parks, a list of top ten pollutants was established for each industrial park, on which aldehydes, acids and amides were the common ones worth noticing and more related to foul smells. Usually these polar compounds are not suitable to be sampled by flasks, and their recoveries from GC/MS analysis are poor. They are also difficult to be detected by other methods (e.g., FT-IR) due to their low ambient levels. This study has proven that PTR-MS could the most sensitive, efficient and rapid method to detect ambient OVOCs.
關鍵字(中) ★ 快速質譜
★ 工業區
★ 揮發性有機化合物
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 第一章 研究背景 1
1-1 緣起 1
1-2 文獻回顧 10
1-2-1 工業區空氣污染研究 10
1-2-2 PTR-MS大氣監測研究 18
1-2-3 觸發系統研究 25
1-3 研究架構 29
第二章 質譜儀分析方法及資料解析 31
2-1 設備介紹 31
2-1-1 PTR-QMS原理 31
2-1-2 PTR-TOF/MS 原理 40
2-1-3 全自動採樣器 46
2-2 工作方法介紹 50
2-2-1 質譜儀觸發系統 50
2-2-2 質量校正 53
2-2-3 化學物質鑑定 57
第三章 結果與討論 65
3-1 實場測試-平鎮工業區 67
3-1-1 環境介紹 67
3-1-2 污染物調查結果 71
3-1-3 污染物高值觸發 83
3-1-4 剖析高值觸發樣本 92
3-2 工業區污染物特徵探討 111
3-2-1 工業區與都會區OVOCs組成比較 111
3-2-2 PTR-MS探討工業區特殊排放 116
第四章 結論 123
參考文獻 125
參考文獻 (1) Chen, S.-P.; Chang, C.-C.; Liu, J.-J.; Chou, C. C. K.; Chang, J. S.; Wang, J.-L. Atmospheric Environment 2014, 96, 70-77.
(2) 台灣編定工業區土地資訊系統; 經濟部工業局, 2015.
(3) 工業區開發管理 104年度年報; 經濟部工業局, 2015.
(4) Cetin, E.; Odabasi, M.; Seyfioglu, R. Science of The Total Environment 2003, 312, 103-112.
(5) De Santis, F.; Fino, A.; Menichelli, S.; Vazzana, C.; Allegrini, I. Anal Bioanal Chem 2004, 378, 782-788.
(6) Lin, T.-Y.; Sree, U.; Tseng, S.-H.; Chiu, K. H.; Wu, C.-H.; Lo, J.-G. Atmospheric Environment 2004, 38, 4111-4122.
(7) Na, K.; Kim, Y. P.; Moon, K.-C.; Moon, I.; Fung, K. Atmospheric Environment 2001, 35, 2747-2756.
(8) Fortner, E. C.; Zheng, J.; Zhang, R.; Knighton, W. B.; Volkamer, R. M.; P. Sheehy2, L. M.; Andr´e, M. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2009, 9, 467-481.
(9) Ng, N. L.; Kroll, J. H.; Chan, A. W. H.; Chhabra, P. S.; Flagan, R. C.; Seinfeld, J. H. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2007.
(10) Kleindienst, T. E.; Jaoui, M.; Lewandowski, M.; Offenberg, J. H.; Docherty, K. S. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2012, 12, 8711-8726.
(11) Nguyen, K.; Dabdub, D. Aerosol Science and Technology 2002, 36, 560-572.
(12) Wang, S.; Wu, D.; Wang, X.-M.; Fung, J. C.-H.; Yu, J. Z. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2013, 118, 507-519.
(13) Escudero, M.; Viana, M.; Querol, X.; Alastuey, A.; Diez Hernandez, P.; Garcia Dos Santos, S.; Anzano, J. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2015, 22, 10413-10424.
(14) Bahreini, R.; Ervens, B.; Middlebrook, A. M.; Warneke, C.; de Gouw, J. A.; DeCarlo, P. F.; Jimenez, J. L.; Brock, C. A.; Neuman, J. A.; Ryerson, T. B.; Stark, H.; Atlas, E.; Brioude, J.; Fried, A.; Holloway, J. S.; Peischl, J.; Richter, D.; Walega, J.; Weibring, P.; Wollny, A. G.; Fehsenfeld, F. C. Journal of Geophysical Research 2009, 114.
(15) Huang, R. J.; Zhang, Y.; Bozzetti, C.; Ho, K. F.; Cao, J. J.; Han, Y.; Daellenbach, K. R.; Slowik, J. G.; Platt, S. M.; Canonaco, F.; Zotter, P.; Wolf, R.; Pieber, S. M.; Bruns, E. A.; Crippa, M.; Ciarelli, G.; Piazzalunga, A.; Schwikowski, M.; Abbaszade, G.; Schnelle-Kreis, J.; Zimmermann, R.; An, Z.; Szidat, S.; Baltensperger, U.; El Haddad, I.; Prevot, A. S. Nature 2014, 514, 218-222.
(16) 凌永健. 廢棄物焚化爐有害空氣污染物及惡臭物質管理輔導計畫; 桃園縣政府環境保護局, 2004.
(17) 李文亮. 毒性化學物質減量技術建立之研究-新竹科學園區及湖口工業區毒性化學物質環境流布調查與資料庫建立; 行政院環境保護署, 1998.
(18) 金繼武. 運用揮發性有機物異味威脅值評估工業區污染排放特徵及異味陳情案件污染來源之研究; 國立聯合大學, 2011.
(19) 宋宗信. 以GC/MS 偵測高科技工業區內空氣中揮發性有機物濃度之研究; 國立交通大學, 2010.
(20) 邱郁凱. 工業區氣味化合物分析及降解技術; 國立清華大學, 2009.
(21) 黃思蓴. 新竹科學工業園區周界空氣中揮發性有機物(VOCs)量測; 中華大學, 2002.
(22) 謝瑞豪. 以開放式霍氏紅外線光譜儀重建工業區空氣毒性物質之時空分佈; 國立台灣大學, 2000.
(23) 蔡耀輝. 台北縣空氣污染指紋調查及輔導減量計畫; 新北市政府環境保護局, 2011.
(24) 施志恆; 白依平. 宜蘭縣100 年度工業區空氣污染事件監測及緊急應變計畫; 宜蘭縣政府環境保護局, 2011.
(25) 蕭祥憲; 張寶額; 張瑞琪. 石化工業區周界空氣中甲基丙酮、甲基丁基酮、甲基異丁酮、丙酮、丁酮、甲基丙烯酸甲酯、乙酸乙酯、乙醯乙酸甲酯、丙烯酸甲酯、正丁酸甲酯、戊基乙酸甲酯、甲醇、乙醇、乙二醇、丙三醇、異丙醇及丁醇等十七項揮發性有機物調查之研究; 行政院環境保護署, 2003.
(26) 羅俊光; 吳劍侯. 工業區特殊染物成分調查、分析技術研究; 行政院環境保護署, 2003.
(27) 羅中恆; 吳瀧川. 自動熱脫附氣相層析質譜法分析大氣環境中揮發性有機物之探討; 行政院國家科學委員會/行政院環境保護署, 1999.
(28) 張寶額. 特殊敏感區監測業務計畫; 行政院環境保護署, 2011.
(29) 慧群環境. 揮發性有機物稽查管制計畫; 行政院環境保護署, 2010.
(30) 張寶額. 運用紅外光遙測技術執行石化工業區污染監測計畫; 行政院環境保護署, 1999.
(31) McMurry, P. H.; Shepherd, M. F.; Vickery, J. S. Particulate matter science for policy makers : A NARSTO assessment: Cambridge matter science, 2004.
(32) Helmig, D. Journal of Chromatography A 1999.
(33) Wang, J. L.; Chang, C. C.; Lee, K. Z. J Chromatogr A 2012, 1248, 161-168.
(34) Su, Y. C.; Liu, W. T.; Liao, W. C.; Chiang, S. W.; Wang, J. L. J Chromatogr A 2011, 1218, 5733-5742.
(35) Hansel, A.; Jordan, A.; Holzinger, R.; Prazeller, P.; Vogel, W.; Lindinger, W. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes 1995, 149/150, 609-619.
(36) Lindinger, W.; Hansel, A.; Jordan, A. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes 1998, 173, 191-124l.
(37) Blake, R. S.; Monks, P. S.; Ellis, A. M. Chem. Rev. 2009, 109, 861-896.
(38) Badjagbo, K.; Sauvé, S.; Moore, S. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 2007, 26, 931-940.
(39) Król, S.; Zabiegała, B.; Namieśnik, J. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 2010, 29, 1092-1100.
(40) Karla, T.; Crutzen, P. J.; Mandl, M.; Staudinger, M.; Guenther, A.; Jordan, A.; Fall, R.; Lindinger, W. Atmospheric Environment 2001, 35, 5287-5300.
(41) Warneke, C.; Gouw, J. A. d. Atmospheric Environment 2001, 35, 5923-5933.
(42) Hayward, S.; Hewitt, C. N.; Sartin, J. H.; Owen, S. M. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2002, 36, 1554-1560.
(43) Karl, T. Journal of Geophysical Research 2003, 108.
(44) Jordan, C.; Fitz, E.; Hagan, T.; Sive, B.; Frinak, E.; Haase, K.; Cottrell, L.; Buckley, S.; Talbot, R. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2009, 9, 4677-4697.
(45) Salisbury, G.; J.Williams; Holzinger, R.; Gros, V.; Mihalopoulos, N.; Vrekoussis, M.; Sarda-Est`eve, R.; Berresheim, H.; Kuhlmann, R. v.; Lawrence, M.; Lelieveld, J. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2003, 3, 925-940.
(46) Ammann, C.; Spirig, C.; Neftel, A.; Steinbacher, M.; Komenda, M.; Schaub, A. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2004, 239, 87-101.
(47) Karl, T.; Hansel, A.; Märk, T.; Lindinger, W.; Hoffmann, D. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2003, 223-224, 527-538.
(48) Wisthaler, A. Journal of Geophysical Research 2002, 107.
(49) Kalogridis, C.; Gros, V.; Sarda-Esteve, R.; Langford, B.; Loubet, B.; Bonsang, B.; Bonnaire, N.; Nemitz, E.; Genard, A. C.; Boissard, C.; Fernandez, C.; Ormeño, E.; Baisnée, D.; Reiter, I.; Lathière, J. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2014, 14, 10085-10102.
(50) Park, J. H.; Goldstein, A. H.; Timkovsky, J.; Fares, S.; Weber, R.; Karlik, J.; Holzinger, R. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2013, 13, 1439-1456.
(51) Muller, M.; Graus, M.; Ruuskanen, T. M.; Schnitzhofer, R.; Bamberger, I.; Kaser, L.; Titzmann, T.; H¨ortnagl, L.; Wohlfahrt, G.; Karl1, T.; Hansel, A. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 2010, 3, 387-395.
(52) Raga, G. B.; Baumgardner, D.; Castro, T.; Mart!ınez-Arroyo, A.; Navarro-Gonz!alez, R. Atmospheric Environment 2001, 35, 4041-4058.
(53) Rogers, T. M.; Grimsrud, E. P.; Herndon, S. C.; Jayne, J. T.; Kolb, C. E.; Allwine, E.; Westberg, H.; Lamb, B. K.; Zavala, M.; Molina, L. T.; Molina, M. J.; Knighton, W. B. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2006, 252, 26-37.
(54) Zavala, M.; Herndon, S. C.; Slott, R. S.; Dunlea, E. J.; Marr, L. C.; Shorter, J. H.; Zahniser, M.; Knighton, W. B.; Rogers, T. M.; Kolb, C. E.; Molina, L. T.; Molina, M. J. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2006, 6, 5129-5142.
(55) Velasco, E.; Lamb, B.; H.Westberg; Allwine, E.; Sosa, G.; Arriaga-Colina, J. L.; Jobson, B. T.; Alexander, M. L.; Prazeller, P.; Knighton, W. B.; Rogers, T. M.; Grutter, M.; Herndon, S. C.; Kolb, C. E.; Zavala, M.; Foy, B. d.; Volkamer, R.; Molina, L. T.; Molina, M. J. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2007, 7, 329-353.
(56) Kato, S.; Miyakawa, Y.; Kaneko, T.; Kajii, Y. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2004, 235, 103-110.
(57) Crutzen, P. J.; Williams, J.; schl, U. P.; Hoor, P.; Fischer, H.; Warneke, C.; Holzinger, R.; Hansel, A.; Lindinger, W.; Scheeren, B.; Lelieveld, J. Atmospheric Environment 2000, 34, 1161-1165.
(58) Williams, J.; Pöschl, U.; Crutzen, P. J.; Hansel, A.; Holzinger, R.; Warneke, C.; Lindinger, W.; Lelieveld, J. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 2001, 38, 133-166.
(59) de Gouw, J. A.; Warneke, C.; Scheeren, H. A.; van der Veen, C.; Bolder, M.; Scheele, M. P.; Williams, J.; Wong, S.; Lange, L.; Fischer, H.; Lelieveld, J. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2001, 106, 28453-28467.
(60) Sprung, D.; Jost, C.; Reiner, T.; Hansel, A.; Wisthaler, A. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2001, 106, 28511-28527.
(61) Wert, B. P.; Trainer, M.; Fried, A.; Ryerson, T. B.; Henry, B.; Potter, W.; Angevine, W. M.; Atlas, E.; Donnelly, S. G.; Fehsenfeld, F. C.; Frost, G. J.; Goldan, P. D.; Hansel, A.; Holloway, J. S.; Hubler, G.; Kuster, W. C.; Nicks, D. K.; Neuman, J. A.; Parrish, D. D.; Schauffler, S.; Stutz, J.; Sueper, D. T.; Wiedinmyer, C.; Wisthaler, A. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2003, 108, n/a-n/a.
(62) Kolb, C. E.; Herndon, S. C.; Mcmanus, J. B.; Shorter, J. H.; Zahniser, M. S.; Nelson, D. D.; Jayne, J. T.; Canagaratna, M. R.; Worsnop, D. R. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2004, 38, 5694-5703.
(63) M.Wang; Zhu, T.; Zheng, J.; Zhang, R. Y.; Zhang, S. Q.; Xie, X. X.; Han, Y. Q.; Li, Y. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2009, 9, 8247-8263.
(64) Deriving Information on Surface Conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality (Discover-AQ); NASA, 2015.
(65) Warneke, C.; Veen, C. v. d.; Luxembourg, S.; Gouw, J. A. d.; Kok, A. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2001, 207, 167-182.
(66) de Gouw, J. A.; Goldan, P. D.; Warneke, C.; Kuster, W. C.; Roberts, J. M.; Marchewka, M.; Bertman, S. B.; Pszenny, A. A. P.; Keene, W. C. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2003, 108.
(67) Kuster, W. C.; Jobson, B. T.; Karl, T.; Riemer, D.; Apel, E.; Goldan, P. D.; Fehsenfeld, F. C. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2004, 38, 221-228.
(68) de Gouw, J.; Warneke, C.; Holzinger, R.; Klüpfel, T.; Williams, J. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2004, 239, 129-137.
(69) de Gouw, J. A.; Warneke, C.; Stohl, A.; Wollny, A. G.; Brock, C. A.; Cooper, O. R.; Holloway, J. S.; Trainer, M.; Fehsenfeld, F. C.; Atlas, E. L.; Donnelly, S. G.; Stroud, V.; Lueb, A. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2006, 111, n/a-n/a.
(70) de Gouw, J.; Warneke, C. Mass Spectrom Rev 2007, 26, 223-257.
(71) Karl, T.; Apel, E.; Hodzic, A.; Riemer, D. D.; Blake, D. R.; C.Wiedinmyer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2009, 9, 271-285.
(72) Ambrose, J. L.; Haase, K.; Russo, R. S.; Zhou, Y.; White, M. L.; Frinak, E. K.; Jordan, C.; Mayne, H. R.; Talbot, R.; Sive, B. C. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 2010, 3, 959-980.
(73) Zhou, L.; Zeng, Y.; Hazlett, P. D.; Matherne, V. Anal Chim Acta 2007, 596, 156-163.
(74) Kaser, L.; Karl, T.; Schnitzhofer, R.; Graus, M.; Herdlinger-Blatt, I. S.; DiGangi, J. P.; Sive, B.; Turnipseed, A.; Hornbrook, R. S.; Zheng, W.; Flocke, F. M.; Guenther, A.; Keutsch, F. N.; Apel, E.; Hansel, A. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2013, 13, 2893-2906.
(75) Wang, M.; Zeng, L.; Lu, S.; Shao, M.; Liu, X.; Yu, X.; Chen, W.; Yuan, B.; Zhang, Q.; Hu, M.; Zhang, Z. Anal. Methods 2014, 6, 9424-9434.
(76) Kajos, M. K.; Rantala, P.; Hill, M.; Hellén, H.; Aalto, J.; Patokoski, J.; Taipale, R.; Hoerger, C. C.; Reimann, S.; Ruuskanen, T. M.; Rinne, J.; Petäjä, T. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 2015, 8, 4453-4473.
(77) Aurell, J.; Gullett, B. K. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010, 44, 9431-9437.
(78) Schuck, T. J.; Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M.; Slemr, F.; Xueref-Remy, I.; Zahn, A. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 2009, 2, 449-464.
(79) Toscano, P.; Gioli, B.; Dugheri, S.; Salvini, A.; Matese, A.; Bonacchi, A.; Zaldei, A.; Cupelli, V.; Miglietta, F. Environ Pollut 2011, 159, 1174-1182.
(80) Su, T.; Bowers, M. T. The Journal of Chemical Physics 1973, 58 (7), 3027-3037.
(81) Su, T.; Chesnavich, W. J. The Journal of Chemical Physics 1982, 76 (10), 5183-5185.
(82) Gioumousis, G.; Stevenson, D. P. The Journal of Chemical Physics 1958, 29 (2), 294-299.
(83) Blake, R. S.; Whyte, C.; Hughes, C. O.; Ellis, A. M.; Monks, P. S. Anal. Chem 2004, 76, 3841-3845.
(84) Wyche, K. P.; Blake, R. S.; Willis, K. A.; Monks, P. S.; Ellis, A. M. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2005, 19, 3356-3362.
(85) Inomata, S.; Tanimoto, H.; Aoki, N.; Hirokawa, J.; Sadanaga, Y. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2006, 20, 1025-1029.
(86) Tanimoto, H.; Aoki, N.; Inomata, S.; Hirokawa, J.; Sadanaga, Y. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2007, 263, 1-11.
(87) Jordan, A.; Haidacher, S.; Hanel, G.; Hartungen, E.; Märk, L.; Seehauser, H.; Schottkowsky, R.; Sulzer, P.; Märk, T. D. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2009, 286, 122-128.
(88) Graus, M.; Muller, M.; Hansel, A. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 2010, 21, 1037-1044.
(89) 廖偉呈. 空氣中有機汙染物質譜監測技術開發與應用; 中央大學, 2015.
(90) Chang, C.-C.; OuYang, C.-F.; Wang, C.-H.; Chiang, S.-W.; Wang, J.-L. Atmospheric Environment 2010, 44, 1301-1307.
(91) Müller, M.; Mikoviny, T.; Wisthaler, A. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2014, 365–366, 93–97.
(92) 李郁掄. 快速質譜技術應用於空氣中有機汙染物監測
中央大學, 2015.
(93) Dumanoglu, Y.; Kara, M.; Altiok, H.; Odabasi, M.; Elbir, T.; Bayram, A. Atmospheric Environment 2014, 98, 168-178.
指導教授 王家麟 審核日期 2016-7-27
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明