博碩士論文 103226027 詳細資訊




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姓名 邱謙育(Chian-Yu Chiu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 利用偶氮苯摻雜膽固醇液晶製作光控線性偏振旋轉器
(Optically controllable linear-polarization rotator using chiral azobenzene-doped cholesteric liquid crystals)
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2021-7-1以後開放)
摘要(中) 現今科技發展快速,液晶光電應用於顯示器技術已相當成熟,同時國內外研發團隊也積極致力於其他相關領域之應用與開發。此外,偏振光學的特性在許多光電產品的應用上也扮演著相當重要的角色,如上述提及之液晶顯示器及3D立體眼鏡等,皆為涵蓋偏振光學的應用,因此調控光的偏振性必然成為光電領域中極為重要的一環。然而,目前市面上改變線性偏振光之光學元件,如半波板(Half-wave plate)、扭轉向列型液晶 (Twisted nematic liquid crystal,簡稱TN-LC)結構等元件,皆有不同的優缺點,如半波板僅針對單一波長有最好的線偏振轉換效應,且必須旋轉光軸方能改變線偏振旋轉之角度,而TN-LC則須符合Mauguin limit方能具備偏振旋轉特性,且無法任意改變線偏振旋轉角度等缺點。換言之,若能開發出不同的方法製造更新穎的光學元件,用以改變線性偏振光之偏振角度,且能彌補上述既有元件的缺點,相信其應用潛力將極為廣大。
本論文提出利用照射紫外光於摻雜偶氮苯手性分子之膽固醇液晶,以改變膽固醇液晶螺距長度,進而達到旋轉線性偏振光偏振角度之液晶元件。根據實驗結果,若製成一具平面結構之膽固醇液晶,且其布拉格反射波長調配於紅外光波段,或更長波長區域時,當入射於該液晶元件的電磁波,其波長為相較於該膽固醇液晶之布拉格反射波段較短的區域,如可見光或近紅外光,其電場振盪(偏振)方向會受液晶層的影響而改變,亦即可旋轉線性偏振之角度,且該旋轉角度與波長、螺距長度及螺距數量等有關。本論文將分別討論(1)線性偏振旋轉角度與上述因素之關係、 (2)摻雜偶氮苯材料製作可光控之線性偏振旋轉器及(3)實驗與軟體模擬之驗證。
摘要(英) Nowadays, development of technology is rapidly getting better and better. The applications of liquid crystals on display technology are considerably matured. At the same time, many scientists have also been paying much attention to the relative applications. Additionally, the characteristics of polarization optics, used in many electro-optical products, such as liquid crystal displays, 3D technology, etc., therefore, play the very important roles. Hence, it is the modulation of light polarization that has become a significant technique in electro-optical field. Regarding the rotation of polarization direction of linearly polarized light, the currently developed electro-optical products, such as half-wave plates, twisted nematic liquid crystal (TN-LC), and others, for modulating the polarization direction of linearly polarized light possess their different pros and cons. It can be understood that the performance of a half-wave plate is wavelength dependent, and its optical axis should be mechanically rotated to change the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light. Moreover, TN-LC can be able to rotate the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light to a specific angle within the Mauguin limit so that it cannot be used to simply change the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light. Hence, the development of novel optical devices to rotate the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light is a significantly important trend.
This study presents a novel approach to rotate the polarization direction of linearly polarized light from one angle to others via the exposure of UV light based on chiral azobenzene-doped cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs). Because the adopted chiral azobenzene is a kind of chiral dopants with optically tunable helical twisting power, the polarization direction of linearly polarized light can be rotated optically due to the optical tuning of the CLCs pitch length. According to the experimental results, if the CLCs with planar textures and with the selective Bragg reflection of wavelength longer than infrared, the polarization direction of the incident linearly polarized light with relative shorter wavelength (visible wavelength and near infrared) can be rotated. Notably, the rotated angle is dependent on the wavelength of incident light, the pitch length of CLCs, the pitch numbers, and others. In this thesis, the following three topics will be reported and discussed, including (1) various factors described above to affect the rotation of the polarization direction of linearly polarized light; (2) demonstration of an optically controllable linear-polarization rotator using chiral azobenzene-doped CLCs and (3) verification and comparison of experimental and simulated results.
關鍵字(中) ★ 液晶
★ 膽固醇液晶
★ 線性偏振旋轉器
★ 偶氮苯材料
★ 偶氮苯手性分子
關鍵字(英) ★ Liquid crystals
★ Cholesteric liquid crystals
★ linear-polarization rotator
★ azobenzene
★ Chiral azobenzene
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
誌謝 v
目錄 vi
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xi
符號說明 xvi
第一章 緒論 1
§ 1-1前言 1
§ 1-2研究動機 1
§ 1-3論文架構 1
第二章 液晶簡介 3
§ 2-1液晶導論 3
§ 2-2液晶分類 4
§2-3-1 光學異向性(Optical anisotropy) 9
§2-3-2溫度對向列型液晶的影響 12
§2-3-3連續彈性體理論(The elastic continuum theory) 13
§2-3-4液晶的介電異向性(Dielectric anisotropy) 14
§2-3-5 Fréedericksz transition 17
第三章 相關理論介紹 18
§3-1膽固醇液晶理論 18
§3-1-1膽固醇液晶各種排列結構 18
§3-1-2影響膽固醇液晶螺距的外在因素 20
§3-1-3膽固醇液晶的光學特性 23
§3-2偶氮苯材料(Azobenzene materials) 25
§3-2-1光引致同分異構化(Photo-isomerization) 25
§3-2-2偶氮苯手性分子(Chiral azobenzene) 25
§3-3線偏振旋轉(Linear-polarization rotation) 26
§3-4偏振度(Degree of polarization,簡稱DOP) 29
§3-5瓊斯矩陣(Jones matrix)模擬方法 30
§3-5-1瓊斯向量(Jones vector) 30
§3-5-2瓊斯矩陣(Jones matrix) 31
§3-5-3座標轉換 32
§3-5-4計算穿透率 35
§3-5-5瓊斯矩陣模擬方法結論 36
§3-6貝里曼矩陣(44 Berreman matrix)模擬方法 36
第四章 實驗方法與過程 42
§4-1樣品製程 42
§4-1-1材料規格 42
§4-1-2樣品製作 46
§4-2實驗架構 48
§4-2-1空液晶盒厚度量測 48
§4-2-2偶氮苯材料光引致同分異構化方法 50
§4-2-3光路架設 50
第五章 實驗結果與討論 51
§5-1 膽固醇液晶平面結構 51
§5-1-1改變前後偏振片夾角探討其穿透光譜變化 51
§5-1-2改變樣品摩擦配向方向與前偏振片夾角探討其穿透光譜變化 52
§5-1-3改變膽固醇液晶螺距長度探討其穿透光譜變化 53
§5-1-4改變液晶盒厚度探討其偏振旋轉特性 54
§5-2 軟體模擬與驗證 56
§5-2-1改變前後偏振片夾角探討其穿透光譜變化 56
§5-2-2改變樣品摩擦配向方向與前偏振片夾角探討其穿透光譜變化 58
§5-2-3改變膽固醇液晶螺距長度探討其穿透光譜變化 60
§5-2-4改變液晶盒厚度探討其偏振旋轉特性 62
§5-2-5改變螺距長度與螺距數量對線性偏振旋轉角度之影響 63
§5-2-6探討紅外光譜區偏振旋轉特性 66
§5-2-7改變液晶雙折射性(n)探討其穿透光譜變化 67
§5-3 光控線性偏振旋轉器 68
§5-4 測量手性分子之HTP值 72
§5-5 瓊斯矩陣模擬與貝里曼矩陣模擬之比較 73
第六章 結論與未來展望 76
§6-1 結論 76
§6-2 未來展望 78
參考文獻 81
參考文獻 參考文獻
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指導教授 鄭恪亭(Ko-Ting Cheng) 審核日期 2016-7-21
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