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姓名 邱奕翔(Yi-Hsiang Chiu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 循環式鋰離子電池溫控模組之模擬分析
(Analysis of circulating lithium-ion battery temperature control module)
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摘要(中) 本研究建立一循環式鋰離子電池溫控模組之模型。透過商用軟體COMSOL Multiphysics,根據理論計算出鋰離子電池放電時所產生之熱源,並取其平均值應用於電池模組中進行模擬分析。文中分析模組不同的環境溫度、前導流設計、發泡材參數、內風扇速度以及使用鋁發泡材取代導流版與加熱器鰭片時,模組所需之加熱時間、電池溫度及流場均勻性。
結果顯示,當進入電池前之流場均勻性越好,模組需要的加溫時間越短;前導流區域有四片導流板時,進入電池之流場均勻性較好,電池所需之加溫時間較短;鋁發泡材之孔隙率和滲透率分別在0.8和1×10-7 m2時,有較好的熱傳能力;內風扇速度在2 m/s時,雖然所需之加熱時間短,但會增加表面熱通量之損失,使得加熱器需不斷的啟動以維持溫度,且風扇也需較大的功率來驅動流體;使用鋁發泡材取代導流板與加熱器鰭片時,以圓弧形導流之斜角式凸出發泡材模組在進入電池前之流場均勻性最好,電池所需之加溫時間最短。此模組亦可在高溫或低溫等極端環境下使用,且皆符合電池安全之工作溫度範圍內。



關鍵字:鋰離子電池模組,熱管理,溫控,循環。
摘要(英) Several designs of thermal control module for circulating lithium-ion battery are proposed and analyzed in this study. Commercial software COMSOL Multiphysics is used. In this research, the heating time, ambience temperature, different diversion design in front of the module, different parameter of metal foam, internal fan velocity and use the metal foam to substitute the deflector and the fin of heater is investigated.
Results show that, due to the flow field into the battery is more uniform, the module which is consist of four deflectors have the less heating time. When the porosity and permeability of metal foam is 0.8 and 1E-7 m2 have the better heat transfer effect, respectively. Although the velocity of internal fan is 2 m/s which have less heating time, more heat loss from surface heat flux and make the heater have to work to maintain the module temperature. The best design is arc shape combine bevel angle metal foam module which have the best uniform flow field and least heating when we use the metal foam to substitute the deflector and the fin of heater. This module also can work at high and low temperature in safe operating limit.
Keywords: Lithium ion battery module, Thermal management, Temperature control, Circulating
關鍵字(中) ★ 鋰離子電池模組
★ 熱管理
★ 溫控
★ 循環
關鍵字(英) ★ Lithium ion battery module
★ Thermal management
★ Temperature control
★ Circulating
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 XV
符號表 XVII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 鋰離子電池 2
1-2-1 鋰離子電池特點 2
1-2-2鋰離子電池基本原理 4
1-3文獻回顧 4
1-3-1 鋰離子電池模型研究 5
1-3-2 電池模組散熱 9
1.4研究動機與方向 13
第二章 理論分析 16
2-1模型幾何外型 16
2-2基本假設 17
2-3 統御方程式 17
2-4 電池熱化學反應 18
2-5變異係數 22
2-6邊界條件與初始條件 23
第三章 數值方法與驗證 34
3-1 有限元素法 34
3-2 計算方法 38
3-3 驗證電池溫度 38
3-4 紐賽數(NUSSELT NUMBER)驗證 39
3-5網格獨立測試 40
第四章 結果與討論 47
4-1在流道中填充金屬發泡材對電池模組之影響 47
4-2不同環境溫度下對電池模組之影響 49
4-2-1 當環境溫度為-5 OC(北京、韓國)時對電池模組之影響 49
4-2-2 當環境溫度為5 OC(日本)時對電池模組之影響 51
4-2-3當環境溫度為10 OC (台灣)時對電池模組之影響 52
4-2-4當環境溫度為25 OC(台灣春天)時對電池模組之影響 53
4-2-4當環境溫度為30 OC(台灣夏天)時對電池模組之影響 54
4-3不同前導流設計對電池模組與電池溫度之影響 54
4-3-1不同前導流區域導流版數量對模組之影響 55
4-3-2不同前導流區域厚度對模組之影響 57
4-4不同鋁發泡材參數與內風扇速度對電池模組之影響 59
4-4-1 不同鋁發泡材之孔隙率對模組之影響 59
4-4-2 不同鋁發泡材之滲透率對模組之影響 61
4-4-3 不同內風扇速度對模組之影響 62
4-5 使用鋁發泡材取代加熱器鰭片與導流版對模組之影響 63
4-5-1 不同發泡材與導流外殼形狀對模組之影響 64
4-5-2 不同極端環境下對電池模組之影響 66
4-5-2-1 高溫環境時對電池模組之影響 66
4-5-2-2 低溫環境時對電池模組之影響 67
第五章 結論與未來建議 133
5-1 結論 133
5-2 未來建議 135
第六章 參考文獻 136
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指導教授 曾重仁(Chung-Jen Tseng) 審核日期 2016-8-29
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