博碩士論文 103324008 詳細資訊




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姓名 王智霖(Chih-Lin Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱
(Spherical Agglomerates of Poly(ethylene glycol)/Silica Fume Composites as Phase Change Materials)
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摘要(中) 本篇論文研究的主要目的是找到固-液態轉換上型態穩定的相轉移材料,聚乙二醇/燻矽複合物,以及透過混摻不同比例的聚乙二醇/燻矽複合物來調製出擁有寬廣使用溫度範圍的相轉移材料,使得此材料在相轉移材料方面有更多不同的應用。接著,經由球晶製程的方式將原本做出來不規則狀的聚乙二醇/燻矽複合物製作成球形來改善此材料的流動性。聚乙二醇/燻矽複合物是透過含浸法來製備,以不同重量比例的聚乙二醇負載於燻矽載體上。其中附載較高的複合物PEG75/SF擁有重量百分比為47.9%的聚乙二醇,其熔點範圍約在攝氏55-58度,結晶點約在攝氏18-24度。我們將負載較高的複合物PEG75/SF及負載相對較低的複合物PEG25/SF或是無負載的燻矽混摻在一起,發現比例為重量比1:1時有較為寬廣的使用溫度範圍。
在球晶製程方面,透過兩種不同的攪拌速度(400轉與600轉)所做出來的球晶複合物在粒徑分布上有明顯的不同,在轉速為400轉條件下所做成的球晶複合物裡,有高於百分之四十的球晶複合物仍然小於250微米,我們視其為沒有做成球晶。然而在轉速為600轉時所做出的球晶複合物其粒徑分布較均勻且沒有做成球晶的百分比降低不少。不同攪拌速度對於顆粒的斷裂力在粒徑範圍為355-500微米及710-1000微米時沒有顯著的影響,但在粒徑範圍為500-710微米時則稍有差異。在400轉的條件下所做出的球晶複合物,顆粒的斷裂力在粒徑範圍355-500微米及710-1000微米時分別為0.18±0.06及0.52±0.02牛頓,而在600轉的條件下所做出的球晶複合物,則分別為0.16±0.03及0.53±0.04牛頓。不管是經過轉速為400轉或是600轉的球晶製程後所得到的球晶複合物,在不同的粒徑區間其特性皆沒有太大的差異,都有良好的流動性而在熱性質上也有不錯的均質性。
摘要(英) The aim of this thesis was to prepare a solid-liquid shape-stabilized phase change materials, polyethylene glycol/silica fume (PEG/SF) composite, and study the blends of different PCM composites to broaden application temperature to suit for more applications of PCM, then through spherical crystallization to conglomerate the PCM composites become spherical agglomerates to improve the flowability. PEG 4000 was embedded in a low-cost SF to form the PEG75/SF composite with a PEG wt% of 47.9 wt%. The melting point and crystallization temperature of the PEG75/SF composite or spherical agglomerates were around 55-58゚C and 18-24゚C as determined by the temperature cycle of DSC with a heating rate of 10゚C/min and a cooling rate of 10゚C/min, respectively. Blends of PEG75/SF composites with PEG25/SF composites or with low-cost SF having a ratio of 1:1 could be used as a phase change material that had a broad crystallization temperature range. The spherical agglomerates of SF and PEG75/SF were made by the spherical crystallization process. Two agitation speeds in the spherical crystallization process about 400 and 600 rpm were studied. It was found that the particle size distribution of agglomerates prepared from different agitation speeds could vary significantly. There were more than 40 wt% of fine particles (< 250 μm) PEG75/SF composites did not conglomerate to become spherical agglomerates at 400 rpm. The particle size distribution was more uniform at 600 rpm. However, the morphology of agglomerates produced at 400 rpm was more spherical than those made at 600 rpm. The effect of the agitation speed on the particle fracture force of agglomerates in the range of 355-500 μm and 710-1000 μm was not obvious. The particle fracture force of agglomerates of 355-500 μm, and 710-1000 μm were 0.18±0.06, and 0.52±0.02 N by 400 rpm and 0.16±0.03, and 0.53±0.04 N by 600 rpm, respectively. There were similar properties between different size cuts of spherical agglomerates of PEG75/SF. Spherical agglomerates of PEG75/SF produced at 400 rpm and 600 rpm had good homogeneity in thermal properties and low Carr’s index indicating good flowability.
關鍵字(中) ★ 相轉移材料
★ 混掺
★ 聚乙二醇
★ 燻矽
★ 結晶溫度延長
關鍵字(英) ★ phase change material
★ blending
★ polyethylene glycol
★ silica fume
★ transition zone broadening
論文目次 Table of Contents
摘要 i
Abstract iii
Acknowledgement v
List of Figures ix
List of Tables xiv
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Phase Change Materials 1
1.2 Spherical Crystallization Techniques 9
1.2.1 Spherical Agglomeration Method (SA) 11
1.2.2 Quasi-Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method (QESD) 13
1.2.3 Ammonia Diffusion System (ADS) 14
1.2.4 Neutralization Method (NT) 15
1.2.5 Crystal-Co-Agglomeration Technique (CCA) 15
1.3 Conceptual Framework 16
1.4 References 17
Chapter 2 Experiments 27
2.1 Materials 27
2.2 Experimental Methods 28
2.2.1 Preparation of Uniform Pore Size Silica Fume Supporting Materials 28
2.2.2 Preparation of PEG/SF Composite 29
2.2.3 Spherical Agglomeration 30
2.3 Analytical Measurements 35
2.3.1 Sieving 35
2.3.2 Crushing Test 37
2.3.3 Carr’s Index Test 39
2.4 Instrumentation 40
2.4.1 Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) 40
2.4.2 Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscopy (LVSEM) 40
2.4.3 Micromeritics ASAP 2010 41
2.4.4 Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy 42
2.4.5 Optical Microscopy (OM) 42
2.4.6 Powder X-ray Diffraction (PXRD) 42
2.4.7 Low Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry (LT-DSC) 43
2.5 References 44
Chapter 3 Results and Discussion 46
3.1 Polyethylene Glycol/Silica Fume Composites 46
3.1.1 Thermal Stability of PEG/SF Composites 46
3.1.2 Pore Structures of the Porous SF and PEG/SF Composites 48
3.1.3 Characterization of PEG, SF and PEG/SF Composites 52
3.1.4 Thermophysical Properties of PEG/SF Composites 57
3.1.5 Phase Change Properties of Blends of PEG/SF Composites 64
3.1.6 Phase Change Properties of Blends of PEG/SF Composites with SF 68
3.2 Spherical Agglomerates of Polyethylene Glycol/Silica Fume composites 71
3.2.1 Effect of Agitation Speed 71
3.2.2 Particle Morphology and Physical Properties 73
3.2.3 Characterizations of Agglomerates 77
3.3 Conclusions 87
3.4 References 88
Chapter 4 Future Works 91
4.1 References 92
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Chapter 2
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Chapter 3
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3 Liu, J. L.; Lin, R. B. Structural properties and reactivities of amino-modified silica fume solid sorbents for low-temperature CO2 capture. Powder Technol. 2013, 241, 188-195.
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5 Galarneau, A.; Desplantier, D.; Dutartre, R.; Renzo, F. D. Micelle-templated silicates as a test bed for methods of mesopore size evaluation. Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 1999, 27 (2-3), 297-308.
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7 Alkan, C.; Günther, E.; Hiebler, S.; Ensari, Ö. F.; Kahraman, D. Polyethylene glycol-sugar composites as shape stabilized phase change materials for thermal energy storage. Polym. Compos. 2012, 33(10), 1728-1736.
8 Li, J.; He, L.; Liu, T.; Cao, X.; Zhu, H. Preparation and characterization of PEG/SiO2 composites as shape-stabilized phase change materials for thermal energy storage. Sol. Energy Mater. & Sol. Cells. 2013, 118, 48-53.
9 Liao, C. S.; Ye, W. B. Structure and conductive properties of poly(ethylene oxide)/layered double hydroxide nanocomposite polymer electrolytes. Electrochim. Acta 2004, 49 (27), 4993-4998.
10 Dwyer, L. M.; Michaelis, V. K.; O’Mahony, M.; Griffin, R. G.; Myerson, A. S. Confined crystallization of fenofibrate in nanoporous silica. CrystEngComm 2015, 17 (41), 7922-7929.
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12 Pielichowski, K.; Flejtuch, K. Differential scanning calorimetry study of blends of poly(ethylene glycol) with selected fatty acids. Macromol. Mater. Eng. 2003, 288 (3), 259-264.
13 Hu, J.; Yu, H.; Chen, Y.; Zhu, M. Study on phase-change characteristics of PET-PEG copolymers. J. Macromol.Sci. B- Phys. 2006, 45 (4), 615-621.
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Chapter 4
1 Wang, W. L.; Yang, X. X.; Fang, Y. T.; Ding, J.; Yan, J. Y. Preparation and thermal properties of polyethylene glycol/expanded graphite blends for energy storage. Appl. Energ. 2009, 86 (9), 1479-1783.
2 Feng, L.; Zheng, J.; Tang, H.; Guo, Y.; Li, W. Li, X. Preparation and characterization of polyethylene glycol/active cabon composites as shape-stabilized phase change materials. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 2011, 95 (2), 644-650.
3 Abhat, A. Low temperature latent heat thermal energy storage: heat storage materials. Sol. Energy 1983, 30 (4), 313-332.
指導教授 李度(Tu Lee) 審核日期 2016-6-16
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