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姓名 謝豐遠(Xie Fengyuan)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 環境工程研究所
論文名稱 中壢紅土對水中染料之吸附與催化
(Fenton-like reaction and adsorption of dyes by using Chungli laterite)
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摘要(中) 紡織工業在台灣已發展超過50年,經過多年的努力為台灣創造了相當高的經濟價值,而染整產業在紡織工業中更佔據了相當重要的角色,經過染整加工能大幅提升的產品的附加價值並提升紡織工業在國際市場的競爭力,但在染整產業成長的同時也產生了大量染料廢水的問題。目前廢水處理大多使用化學以及生物的方法,此二法可以處理大部分的污水使之達到放流的標準,但對於染整廢水其高色度的特性就顯得相當棘手,因此在處理染料廢水問題上通常需仰賴高級處理方法的使用才能解決。
傳統之高級處理方法中以吸附的效果表現較好,但使用活性碳吸附之成本較高,而且染整加工過程產生的廢水具有排放量大、含有纖維雜質、酸鹼類、大量的殘餘染料等特性,大多數方法很難完善處理染料廢水。本研究以中壢紅土進行fenton-like氧化法處理染料廢水,而中壢紅土具有容易獲得、成本低之優點,因此可以解決許多高級處理法成本過高的問題。本研究結果顯示不同的過氧化氫及紅土添加量會影響染料的去除效果。紅土顆粒大小影響反應的進行,在吸附與fenton-like氧化效果均以顆粒小者為佳。紅土的吸附效果與fenton-like氧化會互相影響,當吸附效果好時fenton-like氧化效果會降低。在以攝氏400度及700度鍛燒紅土進行fenton-like反應,以400度鍛燒土處理能力較好。三種染料的去除效果比較,以結晶紫最佳。最後本研究將紅土壓碇成粒狀,經過鍛燒後製成可以重複使用的紅土粒,實驗結果在重複使用四次時仍能達到75%以上的去除率。
摘要(英) The textile industry in Taiwan has been developed over 50 years, and it created high economic value for many years. Textiles plays an important role in apparel industry, because of the ability for moving towards high value-added products. Unfortunately, human appealing and wear glamorous clothes have ended up causing harm to the environment. The textile industry is one of the most pollutants releasing industries of the world. Most of primary and secondary treatment processes can deal with wastewaters. However, textile dyeing wastewater which containing versatile components, including many aerosols, high chroma, high BOD and COD, it lead difficult to remove textile dyeing wastewater only by use primary and secondary treatment. Therefore, it’s important to create a novel way to treat textile dyeing wastewater.
In this study we use Fenton-like reaction to create hydroxyl radicals which are among the strongest oxidizing agents and are able to decolourise a wide range of dyes. For Fenton-like reactions we selected Chungli laterite as the iron source, which has been recognized that Fe(OH)2+ can lead to the formation of hydroxyl radical (HO∙) and Fe(Ⅱ) through a ligand-to-metal charge transfer pathway. Our investigation reveals that dye in water not only decolourisation by Fenton-like reaction but also adsorption by laterite. Meanwhile, it was observed that dyes adsorped by laterite result in low Fenton-like reaction efficiency. Additional experiments were carried out using calcination laterite by 400 degrees Celsius and 700 degrees Celsius, where Fenton-like reactions were characterized with different pH, H2O2 dosage and reaction time. Results demonstrated that the 400 degrees Celsius calcination laterite was the most effective matrix for Fenton-like reaction. It’s also show that the most effective to dyes decolourise was crystal violet. We also pressed laterite as a cake for the re-use of Fenton-like reaction, and the effective to decolourise crystal violet is still more than 75% after four times reused. Our study may offer the possibility of the great potential applications of the calcination laterite in wastewater treatment areas especially for those containing compounds which are not easy to remove by traditional treatment processes.
關鍵字(中) ★ 染料
★ 吸附
★ 紅土
★ 過氧化氫
★ 鍛燒
關鍵字(英) ★ Fenton-like
★ Fenton
★ adsorption
★ laterite
★ dye
★ calcination
論文目次
目 錄 I
圖目錄 IV
表目錄 VII

第一章 前言 1

1-1 研究緣起 1
1-2 研究內容與目的 2

第二章 文獻回顧 4

2-1 染整產業廢水概況 4
2-2 染整廢水處理方式 5
2-3 Fenton法原理 6
2-4 Fenton-like法原理 8
2-4-1 Fenton-lik法之氧化原理與機制 8
2-4-2 環境因子對Fenton-like氧化效率的影響 10
2-5 吸附機制與吸附模式 15
2-5-1 吸附類型 16
2-5-2 等溫吸附模式 17
2-5-3 等溫吸附曲線 21
2-5-4 反應動力學 23
2-6 土壤基本性質 25

第三章 研究方法 31

3-1 研究內容與流程 31
3-2 實驗設備 34
3-3 實驗材料 39
3-4 實驗方法 42
3-4-1 土壤之前處理 42
3-4-2 土壤吸附染料實 42
3-4-3 fenton-like法降解染料實驗 44
3-4-4 土壤造粒 44
3-4-5 土壤鍛燒 45

第四章 結果與討論 46

4-1 中壢紅土基本特性分析 46
4-1-1 中壢紅土之XRD圖譜 46
4-1-2 ASAP氮氣吸脫附曲線 48
4-2 中壢紅土對染料吸附之影響 53
4-2-1 染料之全波長掃描 53
4-2-2 染料之檢量線 55
4-2-3 染料自然降解實驗 56
4-2-4 中壢紅土對染料之吸附平衡時間 58
4-2-5 中壢紅土對染料之等溫吸附曲線 59
4-3 中壢紅土對染料之吸附與催化 65
4-3-1 過氧化氫添加對催化染料之影響 65
4-3-2 不同土壤對催化反應之影響 68
4-3-3 不同染料對fenton-like反應之影響 74
4-4 中壢造粒紅土對染料之吸附與催化 75
4-4-1 造粒紅土與非造粒紅土催化反應之差別 76
4-4-2 過氧化氫添加量對造粒紅土催化反應之影響 78
4-4-3 不同鍛燒溫度對催化反應之影響 80
4-4-4 中壢造粒紅土對不同染料之催化反應 82
4-5 中壢造粒紅土對染料催化之重複利用性 83

第五章 結論與建議 86

5-1 結論 86
5-2 建議 88

參考文獻 89
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指導教授 李俊福 審核日期 2017-10-19
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