博碩士論文 103350606 詳細資訊




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姓名 林波波(Albert Melendez)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 國際永續發展碩士在職專班
論文名稱 衡量能源效率在伯利兹的公路客運部門
(Measuring Energy Efficiency in Belize’s Road Passenger Transport Sector)
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摘要(中) 交通運輸部門是主要的能源消費之一。在貝里斯,每年的能源消耗逐年成長。在日益增加的全球能源需求和能源成本上漲的情況下,節能成為一個非常重要的問題。能源效率是最好的和能源利用的最常用的指標之一。在交通能源強度是該部門的能源利用效率的措施。本文的主要目的是確定在2000年到2008年,是否在貝里斯的道路運輸子部門有達到能源效率。本文旨在首先利用ASIF框架計算且確定貝里斯交通部門中道路子部門的能源效率的程度。ASIF框架衡量能源效率的關鍵指標的能源強度。能源強度的主要參數是能源消耗、VKM和平均入住。這些參數已被確定,能源強度也已被估計。能源強度和能源效率成反比。能源強度的下降顯示出能源效率的改善,反之亦然。自2000年至2008年,貝里斯的道路客運能源強度下降9.04%。貝里斯交通部門的消費率下降,VKM比率提升,這導致能源強度的衰減。在研究期間,在貝里斯的道路交通部門的能源效率的提高。
摘要(英) The Transport sector is one of the major energy consumers. Energy consumption in Belize is growing every year. In situations of increasing global energy demands and rising energy costs, conserving energy becomes a very important issue. Energy efficiency is one of the best and the most frequently used indicators of energy use. Energy intensity in transport is a measure of the energy efficiency in the sector. The main objective of this paper is to determine whether there was energy efficiency Belize’s Road passenger transport sector from 2000 to 2008. This paper seeks to first of all calculate and determine the level of energy efficiency within the Road passenger transport sector of Belize’s transportation sector through the use of the ASIF framework. ASIF framework measures energy intensity which is a key indicator of energy efficiency. The key parameters of energy intensity are Energy consumption, vkm and average occupancy. These parameters were determined and energy intensity was estimated. Energy intensity and energy efficiency are inversely related. A decline in energy intensity shows an improvement in energy efficiency and vice versa. Energy Intensity in Belize’s road passenger transport decreased 9.04 percent from 2000 to 2008. Consumption rate in Belize’s transportation sector decreased and vkm rate increased; this caused a decrease in energy intensity. During the period of study, there were improvements of energy efficiency in Belize’s road transport sector.
關鍵字(中) ★ 能源效率、能源強度、能源消耗、VKM、道路子部門、ASIF框架 關鍵字(英) ★ Energy efficiency, Energy intensity, Energy consumption, vkm, Road sub-sector, ASIF framework.
論文目次 Chinese Abstract (摘要) i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Table of Content iv
List of Figures vi
List of Tables vii
Acronyms and Symbols viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Importance of Transportation 2
1.2.1 Transport and economy 2
1.2.2 Energy security 2
1.2.3 Transport and environment 3
1.3 Energy Efficiency 5
1.4 Energy Efficiency in Transportation sector 7
1.5 Area of study: Belize 9
1.5.1 Overview 9
1.5.2 Population 10
1.6 Belize’s Energy Sector 12
1.6.1 Overview 12
1.6.2 Demand for energy by sector 13
1.6.3 The transport sector 15
1.6.4 Energy Intensity: 16
1.7 Purpose of study: 17
Chapter 2 Literature Review 22
2.1 Energy Efficiency in the Transportation Sector 22
2.2 The Link between Energy efficiency and Energy consumption 24
2.3 Energy efficiency in transportation and the Economy 27
Chapter 3 Methodology 31
3.1 Methodological outline 32
3.2 Components of the Transport Sector 32
3.3 Parameters and Indicators used 34
3.4 ASIF Model: Energy efficiency model 36
3.4.1 Basics of ASIF: 37
3.4.2 ASIF formula 39
3.5 Finding Energy intensity using ASIF 40
3.5.1 Deriving Energy intensity 41
3.5.2 Calculating transport activity data 42
3.6 Calculating the parameters that are used in the energy efficiency formula 42
3.6.1 Energy consumption (F) within Belize’s road transport 42
3.6.2 Traffic activity data: vkm Prediction model for Belize 43
3.6.3 Calculating average occupancy (o) and pkm 47
3.7 Calculating Energy Intensity of Belize’s Transport Sector 48
Chapter 4 Results and Discussion 50
4.1 Energy consumption in Belize’s transportation sector: 50
4.2 Belize vkm traveled: 51
4.2.1 Density Plots: 51
4.2.2 Correlation Matrix: 54
4.2.3 Principal Component Analysis (PCA Analysis): 55
4.2.4 Linear Regression used to predict vkm: 57
4.3 Average occupancy 59
4.4 Pkm Belize 62
4.5 Energy intensity Belize: 64
4.6 Belize’s energy efficiency compared to other countries 67
Chapter 5 Conclusion, Limitations and Recommendations 70
5.1 Conclusion 70
5.2 Limitations 72
5.3 Recommendations: 72
References 76
APPENDIX A 86
APPENDIX B 89
APPENDIX C 90
APPENDIX D 91
APPENDIX E 92
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指導教授 梁啟源(Chi, Yuan, Liang) 審核日期 2016-8-24
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