博碩士論文 103421046 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳亭妤(Ting-Yu Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 企業管理學系
論文名稱 在SAP-APO架構下發展一個考量有害物質之生產計劃方法
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2021-12-8以後開放)
摘要(中) 在全球運籌發展以及近年來環保意識高漲,歐盟官方規定,任何出貨至歐盟市場的電器及電子設備所含六種有害物質不得超過限制,而在全球運籌上被廣泛運用的 SAP 所發展的 APO 模組卻依舊以降低營運成本、公司利益最大化為主要考量,未將環保指令上規範納入規劃的考量當中。
本研究以任何出貨至歐盟市場之電子產業營運計劃為觀點,其中各元件供應商與生產工廠,在元件有害物質含量下皆有所差異,本研究提出一組以因應有害物質含量限制之求解步驟,藉由建立規則來形成不同的可行組合,以簡化多階層之計劃組合,文中第四章以數值驗證來探討此一方法的計算可行性,並與未含有有害物質含量限制之計算所求得之結果比較總花費成本之間的差異,其中因本研究所建立之解決方法包含不同種組合結果,並可同時考量到總生產成本與訂單延遲成本,所得之結果優於僅考量生產成本。而後與總花費成本最低下且產品有害物質含量符合限制,比較差異,本研究所需比較之組合將依物料清單階層之不同而有所差異,將以二之次方計算,但最佳化則需將所有組合全部計算過後再進行比較,本研究之比較次數大幅低於最佳化解,而求得之總花費成本僅差異百分之五,以得到本研究之解決方法優異之處。
本研究所提出之解決方法,規劃範圍考量對於有害物質含量影響最大之生產製造階段,未來如能納入配銷階段,考量運送至不同地區之限制範圍,將能使供應鏈計畫更加完善。
摘要(英) In recent years, the global logistics development and the awareness of environmental have become increased. The pollution of electronic product to people is more serious. The EU set up some regulations that any products shipment to their market should comply with this. The regulation descripts that the content of six hazardous substances should not exceed the limit. However, the popular system SAP-APO still use the target of reducing operating costs and focus the company interests exclude the environmental directives.
The view of this research is the plan of operating that electronics industry trading with EU. There are lots of different with any components. This research proposes a solution by setting up rule to reduce combination of result. Chapter four use value to verification the feasibility of the solution and compare with other method to obtain the advantage of this research and compare with other case which is the best solution. Following the result of the case, we can find that the research proposes method can reduce the counts of calculation and only increase five percentage of total cost.
The scope of this research only consider the production. If we can consider more issue that we can let the supply chain more perfect.
關鍵字(中) ★ 有害物質
★ SAP-APO
★ 規則式專家系統
關鍵字(英) ★ hazardous substances
★ SAP-APO
★ Rule-based expert systems
論文目次 摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vi
第一章、緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究範圍與目的 2
第二章、相關研究探討 5
2.1文獻回顧 5
2.1.1供應鏈與綠色供應鏈 5
2.1.2環保議題 10
2.1.3 SAP-APO 11
2.2 問題分析 16
第三章、解決方法之建立 17
3.1 PCA流程 17
3.2情境說明 18
3.3解法架構 19
3.4模型建立 20
3.5 流程架構說明 23
第四章、數值驗證 30
4.1情境假設 30
4.2模型驗證 31
4.2.1資料輸入 31
4.2.2最佳化軟體Lingo之最佳解 36
4.2.3 本研究模型解決方法 40
4.4模型比較 51
第五章、結論與後續研究議題 52
5.1本研究結論 52
5.2本研究貢獻 52
5.3後續研究議題 52
文獻參考 53
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指導教授 呂俊德 審核日期 2016-12-8
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