博碩士論文 103423029 詳細資訊




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姓名 趙濬(Chun Chao)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊管理學系
論文名稱 在Hadoop 環境下以自建本體 進行使用者興趣偵測與文件推薦
(Automatically Constructing Ontology for Detecting User’s Interests and Document Recommendation Based on Hadoop Environment)
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摘要(中) 推薦系統是一種常見的資訊過濾系統,不論對於商業或是個人而言都是一項非常
重要的技術。為了針對使用者做出客製化的推薦,時常會藉由使用者輪廓(User profile)
來記錄使用者過往的行為,而透過本體(Ontology)來建立使用者輪廓的推薦系統可以做
出更準確且多元的推薦。
本研究主要可分為兩部份:自動建立本體與建立使用者輪廓和推薦,首先分別將
英文文件與中文文件藉由系統自動建立出本體,再將使用者行為對應到本體上建立出
使用者輪廓並進一步進行管理和推薦。另外,本研究加入聚合式階層分群來改善過去
研究建立本體時過度分群的現象。並且為了應對未來資料量的成長,本研究透過
Hadoop 分散式環境來提升系統效率與未來的可擴充性。
在實驗的部分,本研究採用Amazon 網路書店的英文書籍簡介和博客來網路書店
的中文書籍簡介作為資料集,模擬在不同語言與不同狀況下使用者的興趣變化來測試
本系統的推薦品質。而實驗結果顯示出本研究成功改善推薦的品質,並且在未來有能
力處理更大量的文本資料。
摘要(英) Recommendation system is a common information filtering system. It’s (an
important/a significant) technology for businesses and individuals. In order to make a
customized recommendation for users, they usually record users’ past behaviors by using
user profile. Throughout ontology to construct user profile recommended system can reach
the recommendations of higher accuracy and diversity.
This study mainly consists of two parts: Automatically constructs ontology and
constructs user profile & recommendations. First of all, we input the English and Chinese
documents separately into the system to construct ontology automatically. Next, the user
behavior corresponds with ontology to construct user profile to go a step further of
managements and recommendations. Moreover, this study has added agglomerative
hierarchical clustering into the system to resolve the phenomenon of excessive clustering
when constructed ontology in the past. To deal with the growth of information in the future,
this study improves system efficiency and future scalability by using Hadoop distributed
environment.
In the experiment part, this study adopts Amazon online shopping websites and Books
online shopping websites as data collection, and simulates user’s interest variation under
different conditions and languages to test our system recommendations’ quality. The result
shows that we improve system recommendations’ quality successfully, and we are capable
of handling massive texture data in the future.
關鍵字(中) ★ 推薦系統
★ 中文推薦系統
★ 本體
★ 分散式系統
★ Hadoop
★ 使用者輪廓
關鍵字(英) ★ Recommendation System
★ Chinese Recommendation System
★ Ontology
★ Distributed System
★ Hadoop
★ User Profile
論文目次 摘要 ............................................................................................................................................. i
Abstract ....................................................................................................................................... ii
謝誌 ........................................................................................................................................... iii
目錄 ........................................................................................................................................... iv
圖目錄 ....................................................................................................................................... vi
表目錄 ...................................................................................................................................... vii
第一章 緒論 .............................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 研究背景 .............................................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 研究動機 .............................................................................................................................................. 1
1.3 研究目的 .............................................................................................................................................. 3
1.4 研究架構 .............................................................................................................................................. 3
第二章 文獻探討 ...................................................................................................................... 5
2.1 相似度計算 .......................................................................................................................................... 5
2.2 興趣偵測 .............................................................................................................................................. 7
2.3 文件概念分群 ...................................................................................................................................... 9
2.4 文字推薦系統 .................................................................................................................................... 11
2.5 分散式系統 ........................................................................................................................................ 12
2.5 中文斷詞系統 .................................................................................................................................... 14
第三章 系統架構 .................................................................................................................... 15
3.1 系統架構 ............................................................................................................................................ 15
3.2 本體建立 ............................................................................................................................................ 15
3.3 使用者輪廓建立和推薦 .................................................................................................................... 21
第四章 系統實作與展示 ........................................................................................................ 24
4.1 實驗環境 ............................................................................................................................................ 24
4.2 實驗1:HADOOP 系統效能比較 ...................................................................................................... 25
4.3 實驗2:聚合式階層分群比較 ......................................................................................................... 26
4.4 實驗3:英文本體品質實驗 ............................................................................................................. 28
4.5 實驗4:中文本體品質實驗 ............................................................................................................. 35
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 ................................................................................................ 41
5.1 研究貢獻 ............................................................................................................................................ 41
5.2 未來研究方向 .................................................................................................................................... 42
參考文獻 .................................................................................................................................. 43
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指導教授 林熙禎(Shi-Jen Lin) 審核日期 2016-7-19
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