博碩士論文 103424005 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:13 、訪客IP:18.232.99.123
姓名 張國晉(KUO-CHIN CHANG)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所
論文名稱 B型肝炎疫苗與人力資本之關係
(The causal relationship between Hepatitis B vaccination and human capital)
相關論文
★ 投資者之風險屬性與基金理財績效之實證研究★ 企業經營績效的影響分析-以台灣醫療器材產業為例
★ 銀行財富管理業務手續費收入影響因素之實證研究★ 母親的教育程度對兒童醫療利用行為之影響
★ 地區醫院的存亡與轉型★ 教育對健康的影響—臺灣地區老人之實證研究
★ 醫院購置高科技醫療儀器與市場結構的關聯★ 台灣地區醫院最適效率規模的估計-倖存者分析方法應用
★ 出口與生產力的關聯 —台灣電子業廠商之實證研究★ 社會資本與家庭結構對健康及醫療資源利用之影響 —台灣地區老人之實證研究
★ 醫療利用可近性—台灣老人之實證研究★ 父母健康知識與其子女健康狀況之關聯
★ 臺灣股市之效率檢定及多因素模型之探討—長期追蹤資料之計量分析★ 醫療資源與國人健康的關聯
★ 青少年菸害的健康風險認知與吸菸行為的關聯─台灣地區的實證研究★ 醫療資源可近性對個人醫療利用的影響 ――台灣地區的實證研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 長期以來B型肝炎、肝硬化與肝癌威脅著台灣青壯人口的身體健康,導致台灣勞動族群受此慢性疾病所苦,拖累個人的經濟表現,但健康卻是發展個人經濟行為的重要資本,完整的公衛政策可望提升民眾的健康水準、促進人力資本的累積。台灣政府於1984與1986年相繼施行B型肝炎疫苗的接種計畫,迄今已歷經30年之久,諸多文獻詳載與B型肝炎疫苗相關的醫學研究以及成本效益分析,證實疫苗政策可降低新生兒受到母體垂直感染以及未來水平感染的機率,同時確定慢性B型肝炎最嚴重的年齡層為30歲以後,使本文可找出適當的觀察樣本進行後續分析。本文資料來源為衛福部全民健保資料庫與主計總處之2010人口普查,運用斷點迴歸模型設計,將疫苗政策視為外生變因,並且賦予其政策虛擬變數,使男性與女性分開估計,實證B型肝炎疫苗對薪資水準的顯著影響,結果顯示無論是男性或女性,疫苗對於薪資皆為正向影響,1986年的政策效果比起1984年更為顯著,若於1986年接種過B肝疫苗,男性的薪資水準會提高1.07%、女性則為0.79%,除此之外,我們希望薪資水準的變化只單純受疫苗政策外生變動而影響,額外估計疫苗政策對教育水準之影響。最後證明男性薪資水準是因疫苗政策影響,不會受到教育因素的干擾,但女性卻有部分受到影響。
摘要(英) This literature proves the causal relationship between Hepatitis B vaccination and human capital. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the common reasons why some Taiwanese have chronic liver diseases, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Those chronic diseases threatened health level of Taiwanese young people, decreasing the human capital. Generally speaking, if the young are chronically infected with the HBV, hepatitis B will seriously interfere with economic activities in middle age. A nationwide program of hepatitis B vaccination has implemented in July 1984. In first two years, Newborns of HBsAg-positive mothers alone were vaccinated against HBV. After two years, all newborns have vaccinated in 1986. Numermous studies related with two programs revealed that prevalence of HBsAg was declining from 1984 until now. Because many epidemiology researches incidated the most severe phase of hepatitis B is the person whose age more than 30 years old, which makes me understand who are the samples of my article. The data resource came from Ministry of Health and Welfare, population and housing census 2010. I separated two genders in my data bases using Regression-Discontinuity Design to estimate causal relationships. Thus we exploited a dummy variable which represent program of hepatitis B vaccination and regarded monthly salary as independent variable. Whatever gender we estimated, our results suggest that both 1984 and 1986 programs are positive effect on monthly salary; also, program 1986 is more significant than 1984. Further, when Male had received hepatitis B vaccination in 1986, monthly salary would increase 1.07 percent. Otherwise, female who received hepatitis B vaccination in 1986 would raise to 0.79 persent. We hoped the variation of salary was only exogenously affected by hepatitis B vaccination, because we didn’t want the causal relationship to have endogeneity problems. Finally, we examined wheather the monthly salary was affected by education.
關鍵字(中) ★ B型肝炎疫苗
★ 斷點迴歸模型設計
★ 薪資水準
★ 台灣
關鍵字(英) ★ Hepatitis B vaccination
★ Regression-Discontinuity Design
★ salary
★ Taiwan
論文目次 摘要.............................i
Abstract........................ii
致謝辭..........................iii
目錄............................iv
圖目錄...........................vi
表目錄..........................vii
第一章、緒論......................1
第一節、研究動機..................1
第二節、研究目的..................5
第二章、文獻回顧..................8
第一節、政策評估與成本效益分析.....8
第二節、政策施行前後之經濟效益評估.11
第三節、慢性B肝如何影響人力資本.17
第三章、研究方法..............20
第一節、斷點迴歸設計...........20
第二節、RDD之實證模型..........22
第三節、本章小結...............24
第四章、資料與變數說明.........25
第一節、資料來源..............25
第二節、資料處理..............27
第三節、最佳帶寬選擇..........30
第四節、變數說明與簡易敘述統計.32
第五章、實證分析結果..........44
第一節、第一次疫苗政策........44
第二節、第二次疫苗政策........45
第三節、兩次政策之結果比較.....51
第四節、疫苗對於教育的影響.....53
第六章、結論..................60
第一節、結論與討論.............60
第二節、研究限制與建議.........62
參考文獻......................64
附錄..........................67

參考文獻 中文文獻:
1.劉俊人(2011), B型肝炎‧治療&疫苗,健康世界:特別報導,民國100年。
2.許須美(1998),台灣B型肝炎疫苗史,行政院衛生署:疫情報導,民國87年。
3.楊玉齡,羅時成,肝炎聖戰:台灣公共衛生史上的大勝利,民國88年。
4.顏哲傑,陳秀熙,楊淑兒 (2001),「疫苗接種之一般化成本效益模式」,行政院衛生署疾病管制局自行研究計畫,計畫編號:DOH90-DC-2022。
5.行政院衛生署疾病管制局,臺灣兒科醫學會,臺灣感染症醫學會(2013),感染與疫苗,行政院衛生署疾病管制局出版。
6.秦雪征,庄 晨,楊汝岱(2015),「計畫生育提高了人口質量嗎?基於斷點迴歸設計(RDD)的研究」,北京大學經濟學院工作論文,編號:C-2015-001。
7.葉俊佑(2013),「為錢賣子宮?子宮切除的道德風險」,國立臺灣大學社會科學院經濟學系在職專班碩士論文。
英文文獻:
1. Chan, CY., Lee,SD., Lo,KJ.(2004),“Legend of hepatitis B vaccination: The Taiwan experience.” Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology,19: 121-126
2. Zanetti, Alessandro R., Pierre V. Damme and Daniel Shouva.(2008), “The global impact of vaccination against hepatitis B: A historical overview” Vaccine,26: 6266–6273
3. Chen, CJ., Wang, LY., Yu,MW.(2000) “Epidemiology of hepatitis B virus infection in the Asia–Pacific region. ” Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology,15(2): E3–E6
4. Beasley, RP., Hwang,LY., Lin,CC., Chien,SC.“Hepatocellular carcinoma and HBV: a prospective study of 22,707 men in Taiwan. ” Journal of Lancet, 1981(2): 1129–33.
5. Chien, YC., Jan,CF. Kuo,HS. and Chen,CJ.(2006) “Nationwide Hepatitis B Vaccination Program in Taiwan: Effectiveness in the 20 Years After It Was Launched” Epidemiol Reviews, 2006(28):126–135
6. Lo,KJ., Tsai,YT., Lee,SD., Yeh,CL., Wang,JY., Chiang,BN., Wu,TC., Yeh,PS., Goudeau A , Coursaget P.(1985)“Combined passive and active immunization for interruption of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus in Taiwan. ”Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Hepato-gastroenterology, 32(2):65-68
7. Ni,YH., Chang,MH., Wu,JF., Hsu,HY., Chen,HL., Chen,DS.(2012) “Minimization of hepatitis B infection by a 25-year universal vaccination program” Journal of Hepatology, 2012(57):730–73
8. Chiang, CJ., Yang,YW., You,SL., Lai,MS., Chen,CJ.“Thirty-Year Outcomes of the National Hepatitis B Immunization Program in Taiwan”(2013) JAMA, 310(9):974-976
9. Szucs,Thomas.(2000) “Cost benefits of vaccination programmes” Vaccine ,18 (2000):S49-S51
10. Hsu, HM., Lu,CF., Lee,SC. Lin,SR., and Chen,DS. (1999) “Seroepidemiologic Survey for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Taiwan: The Effect of Hepatitis B Mass Immunization”Journal of Infectious Diseases, 179:367–70
11. Chen,HL., Chang,MH., Ni,YH., Hsu,HY., Lee,PL., Lee,CY., Chen, DS. (1996) “Seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus infection in children: ten years of mass vaccination in Taiwan” JAMA, 276:906–8.
12. Lee,CL., Hsieh,KS., and Ko,YC. (2003)“ Trends in the Incidence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Boys and Girls in Taiwan after Large-Scale Hepatitis B Vaccination” Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 12:57-59
13. Lu,SQ., Sarah M. McGhee, Xu Xie, Cheng Jinquan, Richard Fielding (2013) “Economic evaluation of universal newborn hepatitis B vaccination in China” Vaccine 31: 1864–1869
14. Yang,BM., Paik,SW. Hahn,OS., Yi,DH., Choi,MS., and Sarah Payne “Economic evaluation of the social costs of hepatitis B in South Korea” (2001) Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 16: 301-308
15. Carolina Barbosa, Emily A. Smith, Thomas J. Hoerger, Nancy Fenlon, Sarah F. Schillie, Christina Bradley and Trudy V. Murphy, “ Cost-effectiveness Analysis of the National Perinatal, Hepatitis B Prevention Program”(2014) Official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics, 133(2): 243-253
16. Bloom, Bernard S., Alan L. Hillman, Mark A. Fendrick “A Reappraisal of Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination Strategies Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis”(1993) Annals of Internal Medicine, 18(4): 298-306
17. Huang,KY., Lin,SR. (2000)“Nationwide vaccination: A success story in Taiwan”, Vaccine 18 (2000): S35-S38
18. Croagh,Catherine MN., John S. Lubel. (2014)“ Natural history of chronic hepatitis B: Phases in a complex Relationship”, World Journal of Gastroenterol, 20(30): 10395-10404
19. Nguyen,T., Alexander J.V. Thompson ,Scott Bowden, Catherine Croagh, Sally Bell ,Paul V. Desmond, Miriam Levy, Stephen A. Locarnini (2010)“Hepatitis B surface antigen levels during the natural history of chronic hepatitis B: A perspective on Asia” Journal of Hepatology, 52: 508–513
20. Jaroszewicz, Jerzy, Beatriz Calle Serrano, Karsten Wursthorn, Katja Deterding, Jerome Schlue, Regina Raupach, Robert Flisiak, C.-Thomas Bock, Michael P. Manns, Heiner Wedemeyer, Markus Cornberg.(2010) “Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels in the natural history of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infection: A European perspective” Journal of Hepatology, 52: 514–522
21. Liaw, YF., Chu, CM. (2009) “Hepatitis B virus infection” Lancet , 373 : 582–92
22. Thistlethwaite, Donald L., and Donald T. Cambell. (1960) “Regression -Discontinuity Analysis: An Alternative to the Ex Post Facto Experiment.” Journal of Educational Psychology, 51(6): 309-17.
23. Lee, David S. and Thomas Lemieux (2010) “Regression Discontinuity Designs in Economics”, Journal of Economic Literature, 48(2): 281-355
24. Imbens, Guido , and Karthik, Kalyanaraman (2012) “Optimal Bandwidth Choice for the Regression Discontinuity Estimator”, Review of Economic Studies: 1-27
25. Griliches, Zvi and William M. Mason (2013) “Education, Income, and Ability”, Journal of Political Economy, 80(3): S74-S103
指導教授 簡錦漢、蔡偉德 審核日期 2017-1-16
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明