博碩士論文 103426017 詳細資訊




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姓名 鍾宏維(Hung-Wei Chung)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 工業管理研究所
論文名稱 研究廢輪胎回收處理方式之決策分析
(Decision Analysis for Treatment of Waste tires Recycling)
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摘要(中) 隨著時代演進以及科技的進步,交通工具的普及使得人類生活越來越便利,汽機車已儼然成為民眾距離移動上不可或缺的一種選擇,使得汽機車產業也因此而興盛,與之同時,汽機車關鍵零組件之一的「輪胎」,對於汽機車本身也相對重要,不管是在性能、安全性、耐久性等,都對汽機車本身有著很大的關聯。近年來電視媒體上報導,有些交通事故的起因可能是輪胎老化或是胎壓不足所造成的,輪胎的重要性對於通勤族來說,是非常需要被關注的。隨著輪胎長時間的使用,替換下來的輪胎處理,也成為環境的重要議題,台灣早期對於更換下來的廢棄輪胎採用棄置堆放,而沒有做過多的處理,但卻成為登革熱或是其他傳染病的溫床,造成許多環境上的危害。
現今永續發展的理念越來越被國家及眾人所重視,同時在環保觀念及資源回收再利用得意識抬頭下,每一項產品在使用過後的回收處理都非常重要,且許多研究都會將回收議題拿來做為研究探討,而廢棄輪胎也是其中之一。當一個產品被使用完畢後,有沒有可能再產生其他的價值,提高產品生命週期之價值,使衍伸出來的逆物流與綠色供應鏈問題。
本研究著重於台灣廢棄輪胎回收的逆物流網路問題,考量回收數量、處理方式、處理時間、政府補助、再製品市場需求、再製品的價格等因素,形成混整數規劃問題,並使用CPLEX Studio對於如何使輪胎處理廠利潤最大化做求解。在情境的設計下,調整不同的再製品比率得到將破碎處理比率下降,會造成處理廠利潤下降,或是讓再製品去滿足相對應的市場需求,在熱裂解產品數目上升時,造成處理廠利潤下降。而目前台灣廢輪胎回收處理,主要的收入都靠著政府的補貼來營運,經過研究發現再製品的種類對於利潤影響甚鉅,在決策進行何種處理時,會對處理廠的營利造成很大的影響。
摘要(英) With the rapid development of technology, our lives become more and more convenient by the universal of transportation. The vehicles come on the top when we want to move the long distance. Therefore, the automobile industry is getting prosperous recently. At the same time, tires, one of the most critical components of vehicle, are very important. No matter we are talking about performance, safety or durability, tires are one of the most significant factors. From time to time, we see car accidents happening because tires are worn out or without proper pressure. The importance of tires should be concerned for those drivers. As long as we switch those tires, how to deal with the Waste tires is the essential issue. In early years, Taiwan deal with the discarded waste tires from replacing down by discarding and piling up before. As a result, it cause a lot of environmental problems such as Dengue and other diseases.
Nowadays, we start to care about sustainable development, environmental protection and recycling. We process many used items and do serious research about it, including waste tires. Is it possible to generate further value with used tires? Can we enhance the value of product life cycle? What is more, we could also think about the Reverse Logistics and Green Supply Chain’s problem in waste tires recycling.
This research studies Reverse Logistics Network Problem of Taiwan’s Waste Tires Recy-cling. Considering the quantity of recycling, the way of processing, time of processing, subsi-dization from the government, demand of re-generated product and the price of re-generated product, this study uses a mixed integer programming model to solve the problem. Further-more, this research uses CPLEX Studio to find the optimal solution about how do we maxim-ize the profit of Tire Processing Factory.
關鍵字(中) ★ 廢棄輪胎
★ 逆物流
★ 永續發展
★ 混合整數規劃
關鍵字(英) ★ Waste tires recycling
★ Reverse Logistics
★ Sustainable development
★ Mixed Integer Programming
論文目次 中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vii
一、 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 1
1.3 研究架構 2
二、 文獻探討 4
2.1 永續發展 4
2.1.1 永續發展的歷程 4
2.1.2 永續發展的定義 5
2.2供應鏈與逆物流 6
2.2.1 供應鏈的意涵 7
2.2.2 綠色供應鏈的意涵與管理內容 10
2.2.3 逆物流的定義 11
2.2.4 逆物流的模型與研究方法 13
2.3 輪胎的供應鏈與逆物流 14
2.3.1 輪胎的供應鏈 14
2.3.2 輪胎的逆物流 15
三、 問題描述 17
3.1輪胎介紹 17
3.2產業分析 21
3.2.1 台灣廢輪胎回收產業 21
3.2.2 台灣廢輪胎回收處理流程 22
四、 研究方法 26
4.1模型描述 26
4.2基本假設 26
4.3研究模型 27
五、 情境模擬與結果分析 30
5.1基礎情境 30
5.2模擬情境設計一:廢輪胎破碎處理比例分析 33
5.3模擬情境設計二:廢輪胎回收處理比率分析 36
六、 結論與建議 40
參考文獻 42
英文文獻 42
中文文獻 45
附錄 46
參考文獻 英文文獻
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中文文獻
31. 行政院環境保護署(2009)。環保署資源回收電子報:國內廢輪胎回收、成效處理及再利用方式介紹。取自http://recycle.epa.gov.tw/epa/rpaper/9810/01_04.html
32. 邱垂德、潘昌林(2001)。廢輪胎在公共工程之應用:廢棄物在工程上之應用。台灣營建研究院:新北市。
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35. 黃榮華、楊長林、崔哲生(2012)。輪胎回收之逆向物流績效評估模式。中小企業發展季刊:臺北市。
36. 橫濱輪胎。瀏覽日期:2016年3月13日。取自http://www.yokohamatire.com.tw/information_h.htm
指導教授 王啟泰(Chi-Tai Wang) 審核日期 2016-7-25
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