博碩士論文 103426027 詳細資訊




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姓名 蕭惠名(Hui-Ming Xiao)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 工業管理研究所
論文名稱 考慮碳補償下之經濟訂購批量模型
(Economic Order Quantity Models under the Carbon Offset Consideration)
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摘要(中) 由於氣候環境的變遷逐漸加劇,綠色供應鏈管理與碳足跡的概念日益受到重視,而為了減緩溫室氣體的排放量,從一開始的原物料取得、製造、運輸、使用至回收之產品碳足跡過程也是現今企業節能減碳的方式之一。本研究將以碳補償與碳限額之碳政策因素作為減排的考量,並添加營收分享的機制,以零售商的角度作為考量,探討在一個零售商與一個供應商的通路分享中,考量了節能減碳的因素後,對於零售商而言,其利潤上的變化。因此,本研究主要引用了Hovelaque and Bironneau (2015)所提出的利潤函式以及Chen et al.(2013)中碳限額與碳補償的模型架構概念,表示在增加了減排因素後,對於零售商利潤的情境變化。
本研究背景主要以探討一個零售商與一個供應商的產品訂購與銷售問題為基準,並添加了碳補償與營收分享的機制,因此,本研究將會以三種情境下的模型進行探討,分析在各情境下零售商利潤的變化情形,使本研究之情境與模型不僅只探討產品的訂購與銷售,亦能因應目前市場與環境之趨勢,表現出零售商與供應商交易後所產生之利潤上的影響以及在節能減碳之趨勢下,零售商付出碳補償成本後其利潤的改變,以提供零售商在不同的經濟訂購批量模型時,對於總利潤之考量。
摘要(英) Due to the climate change is increasingly aggravating, the concepts of green supply chain management and carbon footprint are taken more seriously. In order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, it is one of way to the Energy Efficiency and Carbon Reduction for enterprise to the carbon footprint of products process from the acquisition of raw material, manufacturing, transportation, using to the recycling. This thesis applies the carbon policy of the carbon offset, cabon cap and add the revenue sharing mechanism to the consideration of emission reduction. Exploring a sharing pathway which is considered the carbon reduction with a retailer and a supplier makes the retailer’profit change. Therefore, this thesis mainly refers to the profit function which was proposed by the Hovelaque and Bironneau (2015) and the Chen et al. (2013) in the concepts of carbon cap and carbon offset. It expresses the change of the retailer’s profit after increasing the emission reduction factors.
This thesis is mainly exploring a retailer and a supplier’s product ordering and saling problems as a benchmark. In addition, it also adds the carbon offsets and revenue sharing mechanism. Therefore, this study explores the model under the three scenarios. Additionally, we analyze the change of the retailer’s profit in different circumstances. It makes the models in this thesis are not only exploring the product’s ordering and saling but also fulfilling the current market trend. This study expresses the influences of retailer’s profit after the transaction and displays the change of retailer’s profit which was paid out the cost of carbon offset in the Energy Efficiency and Carbon Reduction. It can provide the consideration of total profit for retailer in the different economic ordering model.
關鍵字(中) ★ 綠色供應鏈管理
★ 碳足跡
★ 碳限額
★ 碳補償
★ 營收分享
★ 經濟訂購量
關鍵字(英) ★ green supply chain management
★ carbon footprint
★ carbon cap
★ carbon offset
★ revenue sharing
★ economic order quantity
論文目次 中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究背景 2
1-3 研究目的 3
1-4 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1 綠色供應鏈管理 6
2-2 碳足跡 7
2-2-1 碳政策 8
2-2-1-1 碳限額 8
2-2-1-2 碳補償 9
2-3 營收分享 10
2-4 經濟訂購量 11
2-5 相關文獻之整理與比較 13
第三章 模型建立 15
3-1 情境描述 15
3-2 模型假設 17
3-2-1 本研究之基本假設 17
3-2-2 參數與決策變數設定 17
3-3 模型建構 18
3-3-1 情境一:一般經濟訂購批量模型( N) 19
3-3-2 情境二:碳補償下的經濟訂購批量模型(C) 22
3-3-3 情境三:考慮營收分享機制和碳補償概念下的經濟訂購批量模型(R) 25
第四章 模型分析 30
4-1 情境間的相互關係 30
4-2 參數與決策變數的關係 31
4-2-1 情境一:一般經濟訂購批量模型( N) 31
4-2-2 情境二:碳補償下的經濟訂購批量模型(C) 36
4-2-3 情境三:考慮營收分享機制和碳補償概念下的經濟訂購批量模型(R) 42
4-3 參數設定 50
4-4 零售商利潤敏感度分析 54
4-4-1 產品的最大市場需求 54
4-4-2 產品的單位零售價 55
4-4-3 產品的單位批發價 55
4-4-4 產品的價格敏感度 56
4-4-5 產品所產生的彈性碳排放量 57
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 58
5-1 結論 58
5-2 研究貢獻 59
5-3 未來研究方向 59
英文參考文獻 60
中文參考文獻 63
附錄一 情境一模型具有最佳解之證明 64
附錄二 情境二模型具有最佳解之證明 68
附錄三 情境三模型具有最佳解之證明 72
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指導教授 陳振明(Jen-Ming Chen) 審核日期 2016-7-11
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