博碩士論文 103457026 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳湘菱(Hsiang-Ling Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所在職專班
論文名稱 人才管理措施、自我人才辨識、 心理契約、及員工投入關係之探討
(Exploring the Relationships among Employees’ Perceptions of Talent Management Practices, Self-Identification as Talent, Psychological Contract Fulfillment and Employee Engagement.)
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摘要(中) 在企業國際化、全球化經營的背景下,人才競爭更為激烈,有效的人才管理能夠為公司吸引和保留關鍵的人才,提高組織績效,獲得競爭優勢。當企業高層管理者依其自身的人才思維而對各種人才管理措施作出選擇,期望員工能因為組織的這些作為而達成組織目標,但組織與員工的想法可能並不一致,造成落差可能導致成效不彰,這是因為人才管理的成效會因為員工的態度和行為而受影響。因此,如何對待人才及有效的人才管理能力已是組織最大的挑戰。
本研究乃採取實證分析的方法,從員工層次來探討人才管理措施、自我人才辨識(人才差異化)、心理契約履行、及員工投入的關聯,並考驗自我人才辨識及心理契約履行之中介效果。本研究總共發出314份問卷,有效問卷共計255份,其研究結果發現,組織投資於人才管理表示關注員工的才能,員工透過自我人才辨識的結果,理解組織如何看待其人才價值及潛力,也就感受到組織的承諾及對未來的支持而達到心理契約履行,人才也就會產生互惠交換的義務,導致高度員工投入,並作出符合組織目標及利益的狀態。本研究呼應人才管理相關文獻的論述,以下研究假設全部獲得成立,並依此作出建議以作為企業在規劃人才管理實務上之參考。
1. 員工對人才管理措施的知覺,與心理契約履行及員工投入有正向顯著之影響。
2. 心理契約履行對人才管理措施與員工投入之間具有中介效果。
3. 人才管理措施,對自我被辨識為人才的知覺有正向顯著之影響。
4. 員工自我知覺被組織辨識為人才的程度,與心理契約履行及員工投入有正向顯著之影響。
5. 員工對人才管理措施的知覺會經由自我人才辨識的中介效果對心理契約履行及員工投入有正向顯著之影響。
摘要(英) In the context of competitive and globalization business, it has been more and more intense in winning talent. Effective talent management can help the organization to attract and retain key talent, improve organizational performance, and gain competitive advantages. When top management makes all kinds of choices from various talent management practices, they expect employees can contribute in return to achieve organizational goals. However, the gap between the intentions of the organization and the perceptions of the employees causes ineffectiveness in talent management investments. Thus, the value of examining how talent management practices affect employees’ attitudes and behivors has become increasingly important more than ever.
The findings of the empirical study show that investing in talent management is one way for organizations to show that they are paying attention to the talent of their employees. Talent management practices thus based on which employees make sense of their employment relationship and how they think the organization perceives them, including in terms of talent value and potential. In this context, employees perceive the commitments and supports from organization so that psychological contract fulfilled. They then reciprocate with positive attitudes and behaviors which lead to employee engagement. All hypothesizes of this study are supported which echo the researches of literatures and have summarized as follows:

1. There are positive relationships among employees’ perceptions of talent management practices, self-identification as talent, psychological contract fulfillment and employee engagement.
2. Psychological contract fulfillment partial mediates talent management practices and employee engagement.
3. Self-identification as talent partial mediates talent management practices and psychological contract fulfillment as well as talent management practices and employee engagement.
關鍵字(中) ★ 人才管理
★ 人才差異化管理
★ 人才辨識
★ 心理契約
★ 員工投入
關鍵字(英) ★ talent management
★ talent differentiation
★ talent identification
★ psychological contract
★ employee engagement
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1-1. 研究背景 1
1-2. 研究動機 2
1-3. 研究目的 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2-1. 人才管理(Talent Management) 5
2-1-1. 人才管理的意涵 5
2-1-2. 人才的意涵 8
2-1-3. 系統化人才管理觀點 10
2-1-4. 員工知覺對人才管理措施的重要性 11
2-1-5. 人才差異化策略(Talent Differentiation/ Talent Segmentation) 12
2-1-6. 人才思維(Talent Mindset) 14
2-1-7. 人才管理措施的實施 15
2-1-8. 人才管理小結 17
2-2. 心理契約(Psychological Contract) 18
2-2-1. 心理契約的發展背景及定義 19
2-2-2. 心理契約與社會交換理論(Social Exchange Theory; SET) 20
2-2-3. 心理契約的履行與違反(Fulfillment Vs. Breach) 22
2-2-4. 心理契約小結 24
2-3. 員工投入(Employee Engagement) 26
2-3-1. 員工投入的定義及論述 26
2-3-2. 研究發現 30
2-3-3. 員工投入小結 32
2-4. 人才管理措施與員工投入的關聯 32
2-5. 人才管理措施與心理契約履行的關聯 33
2-6. 心理契約履行與員工投入的關聯 35
2-7. 心理契約履行對人才管理措施與員工投入的中介效果 36
2-8. 自我人才辨識,與人才管理措施、心理契約履行、員工投入的關聯 37
2-9. 誘因型及義務型心理契約履行對各變項之相對影響 39
第三章 研究方法 40
3-1. 研究架構與研究假設彙整 40
3-1-1. 研究架構 40
3-1-2. 研究假設 41
3-2. 研究變項之操作型定義與衡量 42
3-2-1. 人才管理措施 42
3-2-2. 員工投入 43
3-2-3. 心理契約履行 45
3-2-4. 自我人才辨識 46
3-2-5. 控制變項 47
3-3. 研究對象與資料蒐集方法 47
3-4. 資料分析方法 48
第四章 研究結果 51
4-1. 量表預試及專家效度 51
4-2. 回收樣本敍述性統計 52
4-2-1. 樣本之人口統計變項 52
4-2-2. 樣本之組織特徵統計 53
4-3. 效度分析及信度分析 54
4-3-1. 人才管理措施 54
4-3-2. 心理契約履行 56
4-3-3. 員工投入 58
4-4. 相關分析 58
4-5. 獨立樣本T檢定 59
4-6. 共同方法變異檢測(CMV; common method variance) 61
4-7. 多變量變異數分析(MANOVA; multivariate analysis of variance) 62
4-8. 階層迴歸分析 63
4-8-1. 人才管理措施、心理契約履行對員工投入之階層迴歸分析 64
4-8-2. 人才管理措施對自我人才辨識之多項式羅吉斯迴歸分析(multiple logistic regression analysis) 68
4-8-3. 自我人才辨識對心理契約履行及員工投入之階層迴歸分析 70
4-8-4. 自我人才辨識在人才管理措施與心理契約履行、員工投入之間的中介效果考驗 72
4-8-5. 共線性診斷(collinarity) 75
4-8-6. 研究假設之實證結果彙整 76
第五章 結論與建議 79
5-1. 研究結果與討論 79
5-1-1. 人才管理措施、心理契約履行及員工投入的關聯 79
5-1-2. 人才管理措施與自我人才辨識的關聯 82
5-1-3. 自我人才辨識對心理契約履行及員工投入的關聯,及其中介效果 83
5-1-4. 研究結論之學術意涵 85
5-2. 管理意涵 85
5-2-1. 人才思維的重要性 86
5-2-2. 員工知覺的重要性及對人才管理的建議 87
5-2-3. 人才差異化策略的管理意涵 88
5-2-4. 心理契約對企業的重要性 91
5-2-5. 員工投入的驅動因素應整合至人才管理措施 92
5-3. 對學術與人力資源管理實務的貢獻 93
5-4. 研究限制 94
5-5. 未來的研究方向及建議 95
參考文獻 98
附錄:研究問卷 111
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指導教授 鄭晉昌(Jihn-Chang Jehng) 審核日期 2016-7-14
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