博碩士論文 103521060 詳細資訊




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姓名 邵振庭(Zhen-Ting Shao)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 以互補式單側多脈波寬度調變之低電流漣波高增益比昇壓轉換器研製
(Study and Implementation of A Boost Converter with Low Current Ripple and High Voltage Gain Based on Complementary Single-Sided Multiple Pulse Width Modulation)
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摘要(中) 本論文主要為提出一種改良型之非隔離型直流對直流升壓轉換器。升壓轉換器無論是在再生能源發電或儲能裝置上均有廣泛應用。本文所提出的改良電路分為兩級並透過三個絕緣閘雙極電晶體 (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor, IGBT)開關來做控制,第一級電路架構為一改良型的輸入電流互補電路,透過兩個反相操作的開關以及並聯的電感來將輸入端的電流漣波有效抑制至最小,此一作法不僅可使輸入端穩定更可降低單一電感所需承載的高電流壓力, 且透過本文所提出的可自由調變之多脈波PWM控制方式,可使輸入端電流漣波在任意開關導通週期內皆維持最小。
第二級電路架構使用切換式電感取代單一電感以增加輸出電壓增益比,實作電路為一輸入電壓40~60 V,輸出電壓150~400 V,輸出功率300 W之昇壓轉換器,並藉實驗結果與比較驗證本論文架構。
摘要(英) The thesis presents an improved non-isolated boost DC-DC converter. The boost DC-DC converter has been widely applied on renewable generation and energy storage. Improved circuit proposed in this thesis is divided into two stages through three IGBT switches to perform the control. The first stage is a modified circuit architecture of the input current ripple complementary boost converter. The current ripple through two switches can be effectively reduced by inversely operating. This approach not only enables a more stable input source but also reduces the high current carrying stress of single inductor. Through the proposed single-sided multiple pulse width modulation control the input current ripple can be maintained in a minimum range at any duty ratio.
The second stage apply switched-inductors replaced for a single inductor to increase the voltage gain ratio. Finally, a boost converter with an input voltage of 40~60 V, an output voltage of 150~400 V, and output power of 300 W is implemented. The experimental results are verified with theoretical analysis of the proposed structure.
關鍵字(中) ★ 高增益比
★ 昇壓轉換器
★ 低電流漣波
關鍵字(英) ★ High voltage gain
★ boost converter
★ current ripple
論文目次 論文摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 論文架構簡介 3
第二章 各類型非隔離型高昇壓比轉換器 4
2.1 傳統直流昇壓轉換器 4
2.2 串聯型昇壓轉換器 6
2.3 堆疊式昇壓轉換器 7
2.4 耦合電感昇壓轉換器 8
2.5 切換式電感昇壓轉換器 9
第三章 結合低電流漣波與高增益比昇壓轉換器 11
3.1 改良型低電流漣波轉換器 12
3.1.1 基本低電流漣波轉換器 12
3.1.2 改良型低電流漣波轉換器之穩態電路原理分析 17
3.2 切換式電感昇壓轉換器 20
3.2.1 切換式電感昇壓轉換器之穩態電路原理分析 21
3.3 低電流漣波高增益比昇壓轉換器 23
3.4 電路元件設計準則 28
3.4.1 儲能電容設計準則 29
3.4.2 儲能電感設計準則 31
3.4.3 功率開關設計準則 32
3.4.4 功率二極體設計準則 34
第四章 單一脈波寬度調變與多脈波寬度調變 38
4.1 開關導通週期與電感感值匹配原理 38
4.2 多脈波寬度調變介紹 39
4.3 多脈波寬度調變應用於低電流漣波高增益比昇壓轉換器 43
第五章 實驗結果 47
5.1 PSIM模擬電路與比較 47
5.2 硬體實作與實驗結果 50
5.2.1 低電流漣波高增益比昇壓轉換器實驗 50
5.2.2 單一脈波寬度調變與多脈波寬度調變電流漣波實驗 57
5.2.3 負載變化對輸出電壓影響實驗 62
第六章 結論與未來發展 65
6.1 結論 65
6.2 未來展望 65
參考文獻 67
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指導教授 陳正一(Cheng-I Chen) 審核日期 2016-8-23
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