博碩士論文 103521084 詳細資訊




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姓名 許陳霖(Chen-Lin Hsu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 以自適應性線性濾波器與頻率檢測法為基礎之並聯主動式電力濾波器設計
(Design of Shunt Active Power Filter Based on Adaptive Linear Filtering and Frequency Detection Method)
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摘要(中) 本論文旨在模擬實現並聯主動式電力濾波器之諧波電流補償控制,當透過自適應性線性濾波器(ADALINE)分析諧波訊號時,容易因為電力系統頻率發生偏移的狀況下,導致相位量測的精準度下降。因此,將改良後的ADALINE模型再加上頻率檢測法,以克服精準度下降之問題後,再進行補償控制。
在電力系統設計方面,本論文採用三相四線式系統,透過Simulink模擬在平衡與不平衡之非線性負載以及間諧波負載架構下,量測共同耦合點(PCC)來獲取電壓與電流訊號,再透過本論文所提出的控制策略來達到補償非線性諧波電流之作用,最後再分析補償後的總諧波電流失真,其數值須符合IEEE Std. 519-2014之規範以及現今台灣電力公司諧波管制標準。
而在並聯主動式電力濾波器設計方面,採用六顆功率開關元件與兩顆直流儲能電容作為其主要架構,利用本論文所提出的控制策略再透過磁滯電流控制進而實現諧波電流補償。
摘要(英) This thesis is aimed to achieve the simulation of control harmonic current compensation by shunt active power filter. When analyzing harmonic signal through adaptive linear filtering (ADALINE), the estimation accuracy of phase angle would be easily reduced due to power system frequency deviation. Therefore, the model of improved ADALINE with the frequency detection method is proposed to overcome this problem and then perform the compensation control.
In the aspect of power system design, this thesis applies three-phase four-wire system. Through Simulink to simulate nonlinear loads and inter-harmonic load in balanced and unbalanced situations, the signals of voltage and current are extracted at point of common coupling (PCC). With the control strategy proposed in this thesis, the compensation of nonlinear harmonic currents is completed. Finally, the total harmonic current distortion after compensation is analyzed to verify if it is complied with harmonic limitations presented by IEEE Std. 519-2014 and TPC harmonic regulation standards at present.
In the aspect of shunt active power filter design, the six power switches and two DC storage capacitors are used as the main structure. And hysteresis current control is used to realize the harmonic current compensation.
關鍵字(中) ★ 並聯主動式電力濾波器
★ 自適應性線性濾波器
★ 磁滯電流控制
關鍵字(英) ★ Shunt Active Power Filter
★ Adaptive Linear Filtering (ADALINE)
★ Hysteresis Current Control
論文目次 論文摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 x
表目錄 xxii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 文獻探討 2
1-3 論文大綱 4
第二章 諧波介紹與現行管制標準 5
2-1 諧波定義 5
2-2 諧波失真率公式及現行諧波管制標準 6
第三章 主動式電力濾波器類別 11
3-1 串聯主動式電力濾波器 11
3-2 並聯主動式電力濾波器 12
3-3 混合主動式電力濾波器 15
3-3-1 混合並聯型主動式電力濾波器 15
3-3-2 混合串聯型主動式電力濾波器 16
3-4 章節總結 16
第四章 並聯主動式電力濾波器原理架構與設計 17
4-1 三相並聯主動式電力濾波器原理架構 17
4-1-1 工作原理 18
4-1-2 直流穩壓控制 21
4-1-3 磁滯電流控制 22
4-2 系統控制鎖相環機制 24
4-2-1 同步參考座標法 25
4-2-2 二階廣義積分器(SOGI) 26
4-3 主動式功率補償技術 27
4-3-1 傳統p-q法 27
4-3-2 傳統ADALINE法 30
4-3-3 本文提出之方法 34
4-4 頻率量測技術 36
4-4-1 零交越點法 37
4-4-2 普羅尼法 39
4-4-3 頻域內插法 43
4-4-4 系統總控制架構 46
第五章 模擬實驗結果 47
5-1 頻率檢測模擬分析 50
5-2 平衡三相電壓源60 Hz模擬分析 54
5-2-1 Case1:平衡非線性負載 54
5-2-2 Case2:不平衡非線性負載 57
5-2-3 Case3:平衡間諧波負載 59
5-2-4 Case4:不平衡間諧波負載 62
5-2-5 綜合比較結果 64
5-3 失真三相電壓源60 Hz模擬分析 66
5-3-1 Case1:平衡非線性負載 66
5-3-2 Case2:不平衡非線性負載 69
5-3-3 Case3:平衡間諧波負載 71
5-3-4 Case4:不平衡間諧波負載 73
5-3-5 綜合比較結果 75
5-4 平衡三相電壓源59.7 Hz模擬分析 77
5-4-1 Case1:平衡非線性負載 77
5-4-2 Case2:不平衡非線性負載 86
5-4-3 Case3:平衡間諧波負載 93
5-4-4 Case4:不平衡間諧波負載 101
5-4-5 綜合比較結果 108
5-5 三相不平衡失真電壓源60 Hz模擬分析 110
5-5-1 Case1:平衡非線性負載 111
5-5-2 Case2:不平衡非線性負載 114
5-5-3 Case3:平衡間諧波負載 117
5-5-4 Case4:不平衡間諧波負載 120
5-5-5 綜合比較結果 123
第六章 結論與未來發展 127
6-1 結論 127
6-2 未來研究方向 128
參考文獻 129

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指導教授 陳正一(Cheng-I Chen) 審核日期 2016-8-23
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