博碩士論文 103521085 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:3 、訪客IP:3.95.139.100
姓名 陳家豪(Chia-Hao Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 一維及二維切換式波束掃描陣列天線
(One-Dimensional and Two-Dimensional Switched Beamforming Antenna Arrays)
相關論文
★ 用於行動上網裝置之智慧型陣列天線★ 吸收式帶止濾波器之研製
★ 寬頻微型化六埠網路接收機★ 具有良好選擇度的寬頻吸收式帶止濾波器
★ 微小化吸收式帶止濾波器之通帶改善★ 共面波導帶通濾波器之研製
★ 微帶耦合線帶通濾波器與雙工器研製★ 宇宙微波背景輻射陣列望遠鏡接收機 之校準信號源研製
★ K-Band及Q-Band毫米波帶通濾波器設計★ 薄膜製程射頻被動元件設計
★ 微波帶通低雜訊放大器設計★ 積體式微波帶通濾波器之研製
★ 應用於高位元率無線傳輸系統之V頻段漸進式開槽天線陣列★ 以多重耦合線實現多功能帶通濾波器
★ 以單刀雙擲帶通濾波器實現高整合度射頻前端收發系統★ 以多重耦合線實現單端至平衡帶通濾波器之分析與設計
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 ( 永不開放)
摘要(中) 本論文主要開發應用在無線通訊產品上的薄型化智慧型陣列天線,以提升傳輸效能
與系統抗干擾能力。於硬體實現上以陣列天線搭配切換式波束成型模組,透過偏壓控制
提供每個天線單元不同的相位差,可令主波瓣指向不同方向。為配合無線區域網路應
用,本研究擇定陣列天線設計中心頻率為2.4 GHz,並採用矩型貼片天線作為天線單元,
以利實現薄型化設計。首先,以設計天線間距分別為0.38 、0.44 、0.5 的4×1
線性天線陣列版本,評估天線間距對於主波辦指向角度的影響。為了達到波束掃描的效
果,於陣列天線背板掛載切換式波束成型模組。該模組以薄膜積體被動元件製程實現,
搭配以橋式T 線圈實現的微型化SP4T 切換開關及4×4 巴特勒矩陣,從而達成微型化與
薄型化設計。實測之反射損耗於通帶2.35 GHz 到2.45 GHz 皆大於15 dB,實測之輻射
場型亦如預期,達到切換四個方向的一維掃描指向效果。經評估天線間距為0.5 時有
較佳波束掃描效果,作為二維4×4 陣列天線設計之天線間距。藉由組合五個前述波束成
型模組,本研究實現可切換十六個指向的二維波束掃描陣列天線。各方向實測之反射損
耗於通帶2.35 GHz 到2.45 GHz 中皆大於20 dB,量測所得之波束指向亦與模擬相符合。
整體電路尺寸大小為320 mm ×312 mm ×3.25 mm,達到輕薄化且微小化的設計目標。
摘要(英) The goal of this study is to develop a low-profile smart antenna array for wireless
communication applications to improve the transmission efficiency and the suppression of
interferences. The proposed smart antenna array is implemented with compact switched
beamformer modules and a patch antenna array. It can direct the main beam to different
directions by providing the input of each antenna element with different phase. Microstrip
patch antennas of center frequency f0 = 2.4 GHz is used for the antenna elements to achieve a
low-profile design. First, three 4×1 linear antenna array designs with antenna spacings equal
to 0.38 ,0.44 and 0.5 are implemented to evaluate the effect of antenna spacing on
the radiation pattern IPD-based beamformer module. The module is mounted on the backside
of antenna PCB to achieve beam steering. In order to achieve compact circuit size and
low-profile, bridged-T coils are employed to realize the absorptive SP4T switch and the 4×4
Butler matrix of the IPD-based beamformer module.The measured input return loss of the 4×1
antenna array is better than 15 dB from 2.35 to 2.45 GHz, and the main beam can be
successfully steered to 4 different directions. Also, it is found that the antenna spacing of 0.5
can achieve best side lobe suppression so it is used for the following proposed 4×4 planar
patch array. Five proposed beamformer modules are employed to form the 2-D beamformer
for the 4×4 patch antenna array with 16-beam directions. The measured input return loss of
the 4×4 antenna array is better than 20 dB from 2.35 GHz to 2.45 GHz, it can successfully
steer the main beam to sixteen pre-defined directions two-dimensionally. The size of the
2-D scanning antenna array is 320 mm × 312 mm with a low-profile of only 3.25 mm, which
meets the design target of compact size and low-profile smart antenna system.
關鍵字(中) ★ 陣列天線
★ 波束成型
關鍵字(英) ★ Antenna array
★ Beamforing
論文目次 摘要 ............................................................................................................................................ i
Abstract ..................................................................................................................................... ii
目錄 .......................................................................................................................................... iii
圖目錄 ....................................................................................................................................... v
表目錄 ...................................................................................................................................... ix
第一章 緒論 ............................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 .......................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 文獻回顧 ..................................................................................................................................... 2
1.3 章節介紹 ..................................................................................................................................... 3
第二章 微小化陣列天線波束成型模組 ................................................................................ 4
2.1 電路架構與設計 .......................................................................................................................... 6
2.2 實作與量測 ............................................................................................................................... 13
第三章 一維切換式波束掃描陣列天線 .............................................................................. 16
3.1 矩型貼片天線(Patch antenna) ................................................................................................... 16
3.2 線性陣列介紹 ............................................................................................................................ 18
3.3 天線間距影響之探討 ................................................................................................................. 21
3.3.1 天線間距0.38 ............................................................................................................... 21
3.3.2 天線間距0.44 ............................................................................................................... 36
3.3.3 天線間距0.5 ................................................................................................................. 48
3.3.4 結果與討論 ............................................................................................................................. 62
第四章 二維切換式波束掃描陣列天線 .............................................................................. 67
4.1 4 × 4 矩型貼片波束掃描陣列天線設計 .................................................................................... 67
4.1.1 4 × 4 矩形貼片陣列天線設計 ............................................................................................. 67
iv
4.1.2 輸入網路(Feeding network)設計 ........................................................................................ 74
4.2 電路實作與量測 ........................................................................................................................ 78
4.2.1 天線量測系統簡介 .............................................................................................................. 78
4.2.2 實測結果 ............................................................................................................................. 80
4.3 結果討論 ................................................................................................................................... 90
第五章 結論 .......................................................................................................................... 91
參考文獻 ................................................................................................................................. 93
參考文獻 [1]. F. Huang, W. Chen and M. Rao, "Switched-beam antenna array based on butler matrix
for 5G wireless communication," 2016 IEEE International Workshop on
Electromagnetics: Applications and Student Innovation Competition (iWEM), Nanjing,
2016, pp. 1-3.
[2]. H. Ren, B. Arigong, M. Zhou, J. Ding and H. Zhang, "A Novel Design of 4×4 Butler
Matrix With Relatively Flexible Phase Differences," in IEEE Antennas and Wireless
Propagation Letters, vol. 15, no. , pp. 1277-1280, 2016
[3]. B. Cetinoneri, Y. A. Atesal, and G. M. Rebeiz, “An 8 × 8 Butler Matrix in 0.13-
CMOS for 5-6-GHz Multibeam Applications”, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol.
59, no. 2, Feb. 2011.
[4]. W. T. Fang and Y. S. Lin, "Highly Integrated Switched Beamformer Module for 2.4-GHz
Wireless Transceiver Application," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., vol. 64, no. 9,
pp. 2933-2942, Sept. 2016.
[5]. W. Y. Chen, Y. R. Hsieh, C. C. Tsai, Y. M. Chen, C. C. Chang and S. F. Chang, "A
compact two-dimensional phased array using grounded coplanar-waveguides butler
matrices," in Proc. 42nd European Microw. Conf., Amsterdam, 2012, pp. 747-750.
[6]. Y. J. Cheng, X. Y. Bao and Y. X. Guo, "60-GHz LTCC Miniaturized Substrate Integrated
Multibeam Array Antenna With Multiple Polarizations," in IEEE Transactions on
Antennas and Propagation, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 5958-5967, Dec. 2013.
[7]. W. F. Moulder, W. Khalil and J. L. Volakis, "60-GHz Two-Dimensionally Scanning
Array Employing Wideband Planar Switched Beam Network," in IEEE Antennas and
Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 9, no. , pp. 818-821, 2010.
[8]. W. Y. Chen, Ming-Huei Huang, Pei-Yu Lyu, S. F. Chang and C. C. Chang, "A 60-GHz
CMOS 16-beam beamformer for two-dimensional array antennas," 2014 IEEE MTT-S
International Microwave Symposium (IMS2014), Tampa, FL, 2014, pp. 1-3.
[9]. C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley,
2005.
指導教授 林祐生(Yo-Shen Lin) 審核日期 2017-1-19
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明