博碩士論文 103522059 詳細資訊




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姓名 田馥慈(FU-TZU TIEN)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 公司治理指標在財務危機預測: 以美國上市公司為例
(Corporate government indicators apply in financial distressed problem: taking US-listed company for example)
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    至系統瀏覽論文 (2021-6-30以後開放)
摘要(中) 財務危機預測問題一直以來都是重要且被廣泛討論的問題,包含分類器的使用及特徵篩選方法的選擇,都是全球金融界及研究學者關注的問題。我們過去已在台灣公司資料下證明出使用公司治理指標及財務指標當特徵會比單純用財務指標當特徵得到較好的預測結果。但卻發現美國公司方面的探討並不完整,因此我們想知道在美國公司資料下,將公司治理指標加入以財務指標為主的特徵集中,是否也可以改善預測準確率?
  在本研究中,利用z_score及block作為特徵,提出一個利用門檻值判斷危機公司的Rule-based預測模型。在美國公司資料下,能顯著提升原本只使用z_score的模型的準確率。同時,本論文也介紹如何手動收集美國公司的CGIs的方法。
摘要(英) Financial distress problem (FDP) has been important and widely studied topic. According different classifiers, feature selection methods even the ensemble learning have been discussed.
The past research had proved CGIs can improve predict model in Taiwan firms dataset, so we want to know if CGIs could improve predict model in US firms dataset.
We use z-score and block to be feature, and propose a new model to judge company by threshold. It can improve the accuracy of FDP in US dataset. We also introduce how to hand collect CGIs of US company.
關鍵字(中) ★ 財務危機預測
★ 公司治理指標
關鍵字(英) ★ Financial distress problem
★ corporate governance indicators
論文目次 目錄
摘要 i
Abstract ii
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
一、緒論 1
1.1. 研究背景 1
1.2. 研究動機 2
1.3. 研究目的 3
1.4. 研究貢獻 3
1.5. 論文架構 4
二、文獻探討 5
2.1. FDP相關研究文獻探討 5
2.2. CGIs相關研究文獻探討 5
2.3. 傳統建模方法 9
2.3.1. 特徵篩選方法 9
2.3.1.1. t-Test 10
2.3.1.2. Stepwise Discriminant Analysis (SDA) 10
2.3.1.3. Stepwise Logistic Regression (SLR) 11
2.3.2 分類器 11
2.3.2.1. 支持向量機 13
2.3.2.2. CART 14
2.3.3. 模型驗證方法 15
2.3.4. Misclassification cost、performance metrics和cost ratios 17
三、研究資料集 19
3.1. 資料來源 19
3.2. 實驗選用的CGI 20
3.3. CGIs收集流程 23
3.4. 資料前處理 26
四、CGI加入以FR為主的特徵集在傳統建模下的可行性實驗 27
4.1. 系統架構 27
4.2. CGI加入以FR為主的特徵集在傳統建模方法實驗 28
4.2.1. 實驗參數 28
4.2.2. 實驗1: 傳統建模方法 29
4.2.3. 實驗1結果分析 30
4.3. CGI對FR當特徵判斷公司的模型改善進一步分析: 以block和z_score為例 36
4.3.1. 特徵討論 36
4.3.2. 實驗2-1: 獨立建模-1 37
4.3.3. 實驗2-2: 獨立建模-2 37
4.3.4. 實驗2結果分析 38
五、推薦之新方法: Rule-based判斷方法 41
5.1. 演算法及系統架構 41
5.1.1. 尋找門檻值演算法 42
5.1.2. 判斷公司演算法 47
5.1.3. Rule-based判斷方法系統架構圖 48
5.2. 實驗與討論 50
5.2.1. 觀察訓練資料分布 50
5.2.2. 設定條件 54
5.2.3. 實驗3: Rule-based判斷方法 55
5.2.4. 實驗3結果分析 55
六、結論與未來展望 58
6.1 結論 58
6.2 未來展望 59
參考文獻 60
附錄一-財務指標表 64
附錄二-公司配對表 66
參考文獻 參考文獻
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指導教授 梁德容(Deron Liang) 審核日期 2016-10-11
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