博碩士論文 103522078 詳細資訊




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姓名 羅玉燕(Yu-Yan Lo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 基於生醫文本擷取功能性層級之生物學表徵語言敘述:由主成分分析發想之K近鄰算法
(Extracting Function-level Statements in Biological Expression Language from Biomedical Literature:A K Nearest Neighbor approach inspired by Principal Component Analysis)
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摘要(中) 一直以來,瞭解生物體中的蛋白質訊息傳導路徑是生醫領域研究的主要目的之一,因為蛋白質訊息傳導路徑牽涉到許多生物體內的調控作用,不同調控作用的組合會形成不同的蛋白質訊號路徑,而這些訊號路徑之間具有關聯性,彼此相連成精密的訊息傳遞網路。近年來,基於生醫實驗技術的精進以及資訊交流的便利,生醫領域中的文獻數量大幅成長,對於生醫文本探勘技術的需求也逐漸增加。生物學表徵語言(Biological Expression Language, BEL)是一種描述生醫訊息傳導網絡的表示法,此語言不僅可以描述兩生醫實體(基因、蛋白質、化合物等)之間的正負回饋關係,更可以近一步的表示生醫實體的功能性層級資訊,例如:是否為複合物、是否為伴侶性蛋白或是扮演催化物角色等等。在相關研究中,最新的擷取功能性層級(function-level)之生物學表徵語言成績為30.5\%,而此擷取成果會影響之後自動化擷取生物學表徵語言之完整性。為了提升生物學表徵語言敘述完整性,我們提出了主成分分析發想之K近鄰算法來自動化識別功能性層級之生醫實體,並在實驗中提出了基於不平衡資料集之功能性層級之生醫實體分類法,比較支持向量機(SVM)實驗與主成分分析發想之K近鄰算法之結果優缺。在實驗結果中,使用主成分分析發想之K近鄰算法對於不平衡資料集分類的效果為佳,其分類成績可達到59.70\%。因此,我們期望透過此自動化識別功能性層級之生醫實體之方法,提升未來建構生醫訊息傳導網路之完整性,進而加快生醫學者醫藥研究之進程。
摘要(英) Nowadays, understanding pathway is one of the main purpose of biomedical domains, because the biological pathway involves various regulation mechanisms. Many regulation mechanisms have being discovered and presented in biomedical literature, allowing life scientists to perceive the latest results. It also has being highly demanded within the scientific community in the text mining for biomedical researches. Biological Expression Language (BEL) is designed to capture relationships between the two biological entities, such as gene, protein and chemical in scientific literatures. This is can not only describe the positive/negative relationship between biomedical entities, but represent biomedical function-level information, such as complex abundance, chaperone protein, catalyst and so on. In related research, the latest performance of function-level classification is 30.5\%, and the performance will effect on the BEL full-statement performance. In order to enhance the integrity of the BEL full-statements, we proposed a K-nearest neighbor (KNN) approach inspired by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to recognize the function-level terms automatically. In experimental results, combination of PCA and KNN has the higher performance than SVM-based method, and it can achieve F-score of 59.70\%. In conclusion, we hope that the higher performance of function-level classification can not only enhance the integrity of BEL full-statement, but help to construct complete biological networks and to accelerate the biomedical research processes for life scientists.
關鍵字(中) ★ 生醫文獻探勘
★ 生物學表徵語言
★ 機器學習
★ 主成分分析
★ K近鄰算法
關鍵字(英) ★ Biomedical text mining
★ Biological Expression Language
★ Machine learning
★ Principal component analysis
★ K-nearest neighbor
論文目次 中文摘要. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
英文摘要. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Chapter 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chapter 2 Literature Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.1 Biomedical Text Mining for Pathway Event Extraction 9
2.2 Extraction of Function-Level Information in Biological
Expression Language (BEL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Chapter 3 Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1 Problem Statement of Function-Level Classification . . 14
3.2 Feature Extraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.2.1 Basic Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.2.2 BEL Term-Level Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.2.3 Advanced Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.3 System Flow of Proposed Method I . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.3.1 Support Vector Machine (SVM) . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.3.2 Solution of Imbalanced Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.3.3 Voting Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
iii
3.3.4 Post-Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.4 System Flow of Proposed Method II . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.1 One-Hot Vector Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.2 Principal Component Analysis (PCA) . . . . . . . . . 28
3.4.3 K-Nearst Neighbor (KNN) Classifier . . . . . . . . . . 31
Chapter 4 Experiment and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4.1 Dataset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4.2 Experimental Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4.2.1 Baseline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4.2.2 The Proposed Method I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
4.2.3 The Proposed Method II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
4.3 Evaluation Metric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.4 Experimental Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Chapter 5 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Chapter 6 Biology Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Chapter 7 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
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指導教授 蔡宗翰(Tzong-Han Tsai) 審核日期 2016-8-19
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