博碩士論文 103522096 詳細資訊




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姓名 吳仲理(Chung-Li Wu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 以行為改變技術架構高參與度的數位利他學習討論平台
(On the Design of the High Participation Rate Digital Altruistic Learning Discussion Platform Based on Behavior Modification)
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摘要(中) 隨著社群網路的興起,人們可以很容易的分享自己所經歷的人事物,但是許多使用者以
為網路匿名制,就可以不遵守禮節及規範,沒考慮他人的感受就寫下攻擊和謾罵的言論。本
研究將對此問題進行探討,並建立一個利他討論平台,希望透過平台的運作,教導學生在社
群網路裡正確的行為與價值觀,並且說明在國小進行一年的研究成果與學生們的行為改變。
本研究探討三個問題,如何提升學生參與度、降低惡意言論與促進學生互利互助的學習
風氣。在參與度方面,利他討論平台運用行為改變技術,將代幣法原則以獎勵機制的方式實
現,並訂定明確的留言規則與獎勵辦法,讓學生在活動過程中依循留言規則累積獎勵點數,
藉此提升學生參度。另外,為了避免惡意言論或網路霸凌的狀況發生,我們依照忽視法原則
以審核機制的實現,限制惡意言論直接公布在討論板上,並獎勵具有建設性的留言內容,以
達到降低惡意言論的效果。再透過不同階段的教學設計,依照行為逐步養成法的原則,隨著
不同的教學階段修改獎勵規則。
利他討論平台結合審核機制、獎勵機制與教學設計,以這些機制來改變學生在教學現場
的行為,希望能讓學生在參與度、降低惡意言論與互利互助的學習風氣上獲得改變。最後,
我們從一整年的教學活動中所收集到的平台數據、問卷以及訪談結果得知,平台確實改善了
學生參與度、降低惡意言論與互利互助的學習風氣。
摘要(英) With the rise of social networks, people can easily share their experiences. However, many users
think that messages can be sent anonymously in the internet, and write attacks and abusive remarks,
without considering others’ feelings. In this thesis, the discussion on such issue is studied, and an
altruistic discussion platform is established. We hope that the implementation of the platform is able
to teach students the correct behavior in social networks, and find the behavior change of students after
the experiments are conducted for a year.
In this thesis, we study on three questions, including the enhancement of student engagement,
reducing the incidence of malicious remarks, and promote the mutual benefit behavior culture in class.
In the participation part, the altruism discussion platform is built upon behavior modification, which
the token economy principles are conducted by the use of incentives. The rules for discussion and
incentives are set clearly that students have clear goals in the activities, and they are motivated by
collecting the incentive points. In order to avoid malicious statements or the occurrence of
cyberbullying situation in the activities, the systematic ignoring is applied to achieve the audit
mechanism, including the limitation of the publication of malicious comments in the discussion boards,
rewarding constructive comments, which reduces the effect of malicious remarks. The various stages
of teaching mechanisms are designed in accordance with the principles of behavior shaping with
different situations of modify award rules
The proposed altruism discussion platform is composed of audit mechanisms, incentives and
instructional design, which encourages students to participate in the discussions as desired. We hope
to promote the message quality, mutual benefit and mutual learning atmosphere. After a year of
iii
experiment, we observed from the records from the platform, and find that the questionnaires and
interviews does enhance student engagement, message quality and successfully built a mutually
beneficial learning culture.
關鍵字(中) ★ 利他行為
★ 行為改變技術
關鍵字(英) ★ Altruistic behavior
★ Behavioral Modification
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. i
Abstract AbstractAbstract ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. ii
誌謝 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... iv
圖目錄 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... vi
表目錄 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. vii
一、 緒論 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 1
1-1. 研究背景 ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ 1
1-2. 研究動機 ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ 2
1-3. 研究目標 ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ 2
1-4. 研究問題與對策 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................ 3
1-5. 論文架構 ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ 5
二、 相關研究 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ 6
2-1. 利他主義 (altruism) (altruism) (altruism) ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 6
2-2. 行為改變技術 ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 7
2-3. 虛擬社群 ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ 8
三、 系統設計與實作 ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 9
3-1. 設計理念 ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ 9
3-2. 評估與規劃 ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 10
3-3. 架構功能 ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 15
3-4. 功能介紹 ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 17
四、 研究與結果分析 ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. 20
4-1. 研究 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 20
4-2. 研究工具 ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 24
4-3. 研究結果與討論 ................................ ................................ ................................ .............. 25
4-4. 數據與研究問題 ................................ ................................ ................................ .............. 39
五、 結論與未來研究 ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. 41
5-1. 結論 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 41
5-2. 未來研究 ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 42
參考文獻 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .............. 43
附錄一、利他行為問卷 ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 45
附錄二、學生訪談題目 ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 48
附錄二、教師訪談題目 ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 49
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指導教授 陳國棟(Gwo-Dong Chen) 審核日期 2016-8-22
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