博碩士論文 103624013 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:20 、訪客IP:18.206.177.17
姓名 邱奕維(Yi-Wei Chiou)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 集集地震17年後地形崖與斷層地表破裂之關係探
(Insight from the relationship between 17-year-evolved escarpment and the Chi-Chi earthquake ground surface rupture)
相關論文
★ 利用邊界元素法探討急折褶皺之形成機制★ 台灣東部石梯坪地區變形條帶之研究
★ 探討甲仙地震之地表破壞與觸發斷層之關係★ 利用鑽井資料建構臺北盆地第三紀之地層與構造
★ 錦水構造現地應力與注氣誘發斷層再活動分析★ 台灣東北角海岸萊萊地區煌斑岩脈及其圍岩之構造演育探討
★ 山腳斷層再活動對大台北地區形變化及相鄰斷層庫倫應力之探討★ 藉離散元素法探討竹山槽溝中斷層引致褶皺之構造演育
★ 永和山構造現地應力與注氣引發斷層再活動評估★ 利用電測資料推估台灣彰濱地區鑽井場址的地下應力場
★ 台灣中部三義斷層於后里-豐原地區之近地表地質構造特性研究★ 桃園大漢溪河床中視尺度地質構造 與大溪背斜構造關聯性之研究
★ 菱鐵礦於高壓下電子自旋態轉變與熱傳導率之研究★ 以離散元素法模擬苗栗出磺坑地區構造演育與裂隙分布評估
★ 台灣西南部中寮隧道北端旗山與龍船斷層帶構造特性研究★ 台灣東部花蓮地區米崙活動斷層之古地震研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 致震斷層錯動所造成近地表面劇烈變形是造成嚴重地震災害的主因之一,且因地震的週期性發生其地表破裂跡沿線會重覆地遭受地變災害的威脅,因此精準地判定斷層地表跡的位置及得宜地規避建設,將有助於減緩未來的地震災情。致震逆斷層錯動後常形成連續性的地形崖,此地形崖位置及形貌等可能會隨時間而大有變化,集集地震發生至今已17年,其破裂跡沿線的斷層引致地形崖,將為檢核現行利用地形崖判定活動斷層地表跡位置之精確性的最佳例子。本研究利用野外調查及無人飛行載具攝影等方法,詳細追蹤、紀錄集集地震時引致的地形崖現今的延伸性及樣貌,再利用一米網格空載光達資料,比較集集地震引致地形崖與其破裂跡沿線附近地形崖之特徵。
依據集集地震引致地形崖的地理位置,將其分成河道、非河道兩大類,非河道類又細分成房屋建造區、平地農田、平坦野地類及既存坡地四類。調查結果顯示:河道中的地形崖明顯後退亦或被夷平;房屋建造區的地形崖修整較平緩或被剷除,地形崖腳變得斷斷續續;平地農田的地形崖被抹平或被築成圍牆;平坦野地類的地形崖坡度變緩,但其位置及高度差,則無可察覺的變化;既存坡地的例子,則甚難判別出集集地震引致的地形崖。
本研究認為至今17年的集集地震引致地形崖變化,主要來自於人為活動的因素,其中僅河道類,河水侵蝕因素也同等重要。因此歸結,人為活動不頻繁的地區地形崖不失為活動斷層地表跡判定的依據。然而必須留意部分地區集集地震破裂跡附近無法證實與活動斷層活動有關的地形線形,有比集集地震引致的地形崖線形明顯的現象。
摘要(英) The intense ground distortion induced by earthquake faulting is one of the major causes of earthquake disaster. Such ground distortion periodically occurs along active fault traces. Construction avoidance from such fault traces will mitigate the effects of earthquakes. Hence, a precise map of active fault traces becomes critical. Commonly, earthquake-induced reverse faulting results in typical escarpment within its resultant deformation zone. However, the position and the morphology of such escarpment can evolve with time at different rates. The 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake-induced escarpment can serve as a rare and good example for geologists to examine a presumption that the toe of escarpment is equivalent to active fault trace appearing at an area covered by unconsolidated sediments or vegetation. In this study, we document the change of position and morphology of escarpment induced during the Chi-Chi earthquake in detail by field investigation and UAV photography. In addition, we compare Chi-Chi earthquake-induced escarpment with its adjacent pre-existing escarpment by using 1m resolution LiDAR data.
The escarpments induced during the Chi-Chi earthquake can be divided into two main categories, i.e. riverbed type and non-riverbed type. The escarpments formed in the river either have retreated upstream or been wiped out. The non-riverbed escarpments can be further classified into 4 kinds, which formed in residential areas, farmlands, wild lands, and pre-existing slopes, respectively. The escarpments at the residential areas have been either smoothed or completely wiped out. The escarpments in the farmlands have been either flattened or turned into a retaining wall. The escarpments in the wild lands have relatively gentle change in their profile shape and no observable change on their positions and height. The escarpment on a pre-existing slope no longer can be recognized.
This study suggests that human activity is the main cause of the change on the Chi-Chi earthquake-induced escarpments in terms of profile shape and position except that erosion may also play an important role for the escarpments formed on the riverbeds. In summary, the toe of escarpment may serve as a good counterpart of fault trace at an area with low human activity. Furthermore, be aware that some escarpments with unknown cause at a few places are more distinct than the adjacent the Chi-Chi earthquake-induced escarpments.
關鍵字(中) ★ 集集地震
★ 地形崖
★ 地表破裂跡
★ 斷層地表跡
關鍵字(英) ★ Chi-Chi earthquake
★ Escarpment
★ Ground surface rupture
★ Fault trace
論文目次 中文摘要 i
English abstract iii
誌謝 v
目錄 vi
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 xiii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2研究動機及目的 2
第二章 集集地震相關研究 8
2-1車籠埔斷層與集集地震地表破裂跡簡介 8
2-2集集地震地質相關研究 12
2-2-1破裂跡沿線斷層引致地形崖 12
2-2-2槽溝研究 16
2-2-3地震引致斷層與地形崖形貌 21
第三章 研究區域概述 24
3-1地形概述 24
3-2地質概況 26
第四章 前人研究 29
4-1地形崖線形判釋 29
4-2地形崖遷急點變遷之研究 34
4-3其他斷層引致地表破裂跡的實例:汶川地震 38
第五章 資料蒐集及研究方法 41
5-1集集地震剛發生後的資料蒐集 41
5-2現今野外資料蒐集 45
5-2-1 野外調查 45
5-2-2地表數值模型 48
5-2-3空載光達(LiDAR)資料 60
第六章 研究結果 63
6-1集集地震引致地形崖17年前後變化 63
6-1-1豐原-大甲溪埤豐橋 65
6-1-2豐原-國家教育院至豐原第二公墓 73
6-1-3豐原-中正公園 79
6-1-4霧峰-興大葡萄園 87
6-1-5霧峰-車平營電塔 94
6-1-6竹山-水底寮 94
6-2河床露頭調查結果 101
6-2-1 豐原-大甲溪埤豐橋 101
6-2-2 太平-頭汴坑溪一江橋 106
第七章 討論 110
7-1 集集地震引致地形崖17年前後變化之探討 110
7-2 斷層引致地形崖與破裂跡沿線地形線形之探討 115
7-3 剪切帶、地形與活動斷層之關聯 120
第八章 結論與建議 122
參考文獻 124
附錄 133
參考文獻 Chang, S.L., Subsurface geologic study of the Taichung basin, Taiwan. Chinese Petroleum Coperation, 8, pp. 21~54, 1971.
Chen, W.S., Chen, Y.G. and Chang, H.C., Paleoseismic study of the Chelungpu fault in the Mingjian area. Wesrern Pacific Earth science 1, pp. 351-358, 2001.
Chen, W.S., Chen, Y.G., Chang, H.C., Lee, Y.H. and Lee, J.C., Paleoseismic study of the Chelungpu fault in the Wufeng area. Wesrern Pacific Earth science, 1, pp. 499-506, 2001.
Chen, W.S., Huang, B.S., Chen, Y.G., Lee, Y.H., Yang, C.N., Lo, C.H., Chang, H.C., Sung, Q.C., Huang, N.W., Lin, C.C., Sung, S.H. and Lee, K.J., 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake: a case study on the role of thrust-ramp structures for generating earthquakes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91, pp. 986-994, 2001.
Chen, W.S., Lee, K.J., Lee, L.S., Streig, A.R., Rubin, C.M., Chen, Y.G., Yang, H.C., Chang, H.C. and Lin, C.W., Paleoseismic evidence for coseismic growth-fold in the 1999 Chichi earthquake and earlier earthquakes, central Taiwan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 31(3), pp. 204-213, 2007.
Chen, W.S., Yang, C.C., Yen, I.C., Lee, L.S., Lee, K.J., Yang, H.C., Chang, H.C., Ota, Y., Lin, C.W., Lin, W.H., Shih, T.S. and Lu, S.T., Late Holocene paleoseismicity of the southern part of the Chelungpu fault in central Taiwan: evidence from the Chushan excavation site. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 97(1B), pp. 1-13, 2007.
Frankel, K.L., Pazzaglia, F.J. and Vaughn, J.D., Knickpoint evolution in a vertically bedded substrate, upstream-dipping terraces, and Atlantic slope bedrock channels. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 119(3-4), pp. 476-486, 2007.
Hayakawa, Y.S., Matsuta, N., Maekado, A. and Matsukura, Y., Knickpoint recession rates for 10 years after the Chi Chi earthquake, Central Taiwan Japanese Geomorphological Union, 34-1, pp. 21-36, 2013.
Huang, M.W., Pan, Y.W. and Liao, J.J., A case of rapid rock riverbed incision in a coseismic uplift reach and its implications. Geomorphology, 184, pp. 98-110, 2013.
Huang, W.J., Deformtion at the leading edge of thrust faults in Philosophy. Purdue University, 2006.
Huang, W.J., Chen, W.S., Lee, Y.H., Yang, C.C., Lin, M.L., Chiang, C.S., Lee, J.C. and Lu, S.T., Insights from heterogeneous structures of the 1999 Mw7.6 Chi-Chi earthquake thrust termination in and near Chushan excavation site, Central Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 121(1), pp. 339-364, 2016.
Huang, W.J. and Johnson, A.M., Quantitative description and analysis of earthquake-induced deformation zones along strike-slip and dip-slip faults. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(B3), 2010.
Jaboyedoff, M., Oppikofer, T., Abellan, A., Derron, M.-H., Loye, A., Metzger, R. and Pedrazzini, A., Use of LIDAR in landslide investigations: a review. Natural Hazards, 61(1), pp. 5-28, 2010.
Kelson, K.I., Kang, K.H., Page, W.D., Lee, C.T. and Cluff, L.S., Representative styles of deformation along the Chelungpu fault from the 1999 Chi-Chi (Taiwan) earthquake: geomorphic characteristics and responses of man-made structures. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91, pp. 930-952, 2001.
Lee, C.T., Kelson, K.I. and Kang, K.H., Hangingwall deformation and its effect to buildings and structure as learned from the Chrlungpu faulting International Workshop on Annual Commemoration of Chi-Chi Earthquake, 2000.
Lee, J.C., Chen, Y.G., Sieh, K., Mueller, K., Chen, W.S., Chu, H.T., Chan, Y.C., Rubin, C. and Yeats, R., A vertical exposure of the 1999 surface rupture of the Chelungpu fault at Wufeng, western Taiwan: structural and paleoseismic implications for an active thrust fault. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91, pp. 914-929, 2001.
Lee, J.C., Chu, H.T., Angelier, J., Chan, Y.C., Hu, J.C., Lu, C.Y. and Rau, R.J., Geometry and structure of northern surface ruptures of the 1999 Mw=7.6 Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake_ influence from inherited fold belt structures. Journal of Structural Geology, 24, pp. 173-192, 2002.
Lee, J.C., Rubin, C., Mueller, K., Chen, Y.G., Chan, Y.C., Sieh, K., Chu, H.T. and Chen, W.S., Quantitative analysis of movement along an earthquake thrust scarp: a case study of a vertical exposure of the 1999 surface rupture of the Chelungpu fault at Wufeng, Western Taiwan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 23(2), pp. 263-273, 2004.
Lin, A., Ren, Z., Jia, D. and Wu, X., Co-seismic thrusting rupture and slip distribution produced by the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, China. Tectonophysics, 471(3-4), pp. 203-215, 2009.
Lin, C.W., Lee, Y.L., Huang, M.L., Lai, W.C., Yuan, B.D. and Huang, C.Y., Characteristics of surface ruptures associated with the Chi-Chi earthquake of September 21, 1999. Engineering Geology, 71(1-2), pp. 13-30, 2004.
Lin, M.L., Chung, C.F. and Jeng, F.S., Deformation of overburden soil induced by thrust fault slip. Engineering Geology, 88(1-2), pp. 70-89, 2006.
Liu, F. and Yang, S., The effect of the Wenchuan earthquake on the fluvial morphology in the Longmen Shan, eastern Tibetan Plateau: Discussion and speculation. Quaternary International, 371, pp. 280-289, 2015.
McCalpin, J., Paleoseismology, ed. J. McCalpin. Vol. 95. 629,2009.
Michel, R. and Avouac, J.-P., Coseismic surface deformation from air photos: The Kickapoo step over in the 1992 Landers rupture. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111(B3), 2006.
Ota, Y., Chen, Y.G. and Chen, W.S., Review of paleoseismological and active fault studies in Taiwan in the light of the Chichi earthquake of September 21, 1999. Tectonophysics, 408(1-4), pp. 63-77, 2005.
Ota, Y., Huang, C.Y., Yuan, P., Sugiyama, Y., Lee, Y., Watanabe, M., Sawa, H., Yangida, M., Sasaki, S., Suzuki, Y., Hirouchi, D. and Taniguchi, K., Trenching study at the Tsaotun site in the central part of the Chelungpu fault. Western Pacific Earth Science, 1, pp. 487-498, 2001.
Ota, Y. and Matta, N., The 1999 earthquake fault and its repeated occurrence at the earthquake museum, central part of Chelungpu fault, Taiwan. Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., 2010.
Ota, Y., Watanabe, M., Suzuki, Y. and Sawa, H., Geomorphological identification of pre-existing active Chelungpu Fault in central Taiwan, especially its relation to the location of the surface rupture by the 1999 Chichi earthquake. Quaternary International, 115-116, pp. 155-166, 2004.
Ota, Y., Watanabe, M., Suzuki, Y., Yanagida, M., Miyawaki, A. and Sawa, H., Style of the surface deformation by the 1999 Chichi earthquake at the central segment of Chelungpu fault, Taiwan, with special reference to the presence of the main and subsidiary faults and their progressive deformation in the Tsauton area. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 31(3), pp. 214-225, 2007.
Philip, H., Rogozhin, E., Cisternas, A., Bousquet, J.C., Borisov, B. and Karakhanian, A., The Armenian earthquake of 1988 December 7: faulting and folding, neotectonics and palaeoseismicity. geophysics, 110, pp. 141-158, 1992.
Sung, Q.C., Fu, J.K., Chyi, S.J. and Tsai, H., Evolution of river terraces along the Lan-Yang river, northeastern Taiwan: a river response to level change. Journal of the geological society of China, 42(3), pp. 331-348, 1999.
Sung, Q.C., Tsai, H., Fu, J.K., Chyi, S.J. and Lee, P.J., Scarp evolution of fan terraces along the Lanyang river, Taiwan. Journal of the geological society of China, 41(4), pp. 581-592, 1998.
Yanites, B.J., Tucker, G.E., Mueller, K.J. and Chen, Y.G., How rivers react to large earthquakes: Evidence from central Taiwan. Geology, 38(7), pp. 639-642, 2010.
Yu, G., Xu, X., Klinger, Y., Diao, G., Chen, G., Feng, X., Li, C., Zhu, A., Yuan, R., Guo, T., Sun, X., Tan, X. and An, Y., Fault-Scarp Features and Cascading-Rupture Model for the Mw 7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake, Eastern Tibetan Plateau, China. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 100(5B), pp. 2590-2614, 2010.
石再添、張瑞津、楊貴三和許民陽,草屯與車籠埔河階群的活斷層與地形面, 中國地理學會會刊,13,12頁,1985。
石再添、鄧國雄、張瑞津、石慶得和楊貴三,台灣活斷層的地形學研究,師大地理研究報告,12,1986。
何信昌和陳勉銘,五千分之一台灣地質圖說明書,台中圖幅,經濟部中央地質調查所,2000。
何維信,航空攝影測量學,大中國圖書公司,602頁,1995。
何維信,測量學 第五版,宏泰出版社,555頁,2004。
沈淑敏、張瑞津和楊貴三,地震地質調查及活動斷層資料庫建置-活動構造地形及資料庫建置分析,經濟部中央地質調查所,2005。
林啟文、盧詩丁、石同生、林偉雄、劉彥求和陳柏村,台灣中部的活動斷層 二萬五千分之一活動斷層條帶圖說明書,經濟部中央地質調查所,經濟部中央地質調查所,2008。
林啟文、盧詩丁、石同生、劉彥求、林偉雄和林燕慧,台灣西南部的活動斷層 二萬五千分之一活動斷層條帶圖說明書,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,經濟部中央地質調查所, 2007。
林啟文、盧詩丁、黃文正、石同生和張徽正,臺灣中部濁水溪以南地區的集集地震斷層與構造分析,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,第12號, 2000。
林朝棨,台灣地形,卷1,台灣省文獻委員會,424頁,1957。
侯進雄、費立沅、邱禎龍、陳宏仁、謝有忠、胡植慶和林慶偉,空載光達數值地形產製與地質災害的應用,航測及遙測學刊,18,93-108頁, 2014。
徐金煌和張國楨,以 Pix4Dmapper 進行UAV 影像之空間資料產製,中國土木水利工程學刊,第27卷,241-246頁,2015。
徐婉容,軟岩河床遷急點倒退率模式發展與參數率定,國立交通大學土木工程學系碩士論文,165頁,2013。
徐鐵良,地質與工程,中國工程師協會,1983。
康耿豪,921集集地震造成之地表變形模式,國立中央大學應用地質研究所碩士論文,2004。
張瑞津和楊貴三,台灣中部活斷層的分布與地形特徵,師大地理研究報告, 35, 36頁, 2001。
張徽正、林啟文和盧詩丁,九二一地震地質調查報告,經濟部中央地質調查所,陳肇夏,314頁, 1999。
連永旺, 大地裂痕,財團法人地工技術研究發展基金會,151頁,1999。
陳文政、朱傚祖和賴典章,石崗壩地區之地震斷層,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊, 第12號, 2000。
陳勉銘和何信昌,九二一集集地震斷層與車籠埔斷層之關聯,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,第12號,2000。
陳思仁和王成幾,內政部數值地形模型建置現況及加值應用。
陳華玟、陳勉銘和石同生,五萬分之一台灣地質圖說明書南投圖幅,經濟部中央地質調查所,林朝宗,2004。
黃文正、陳致言、劉思妤、林燕慧、林啟文和張徽正,台灣中部大甲溪至頭汴坑溪九二一集集地震地表破裂模式,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊, 第12號,2000。
盧泓佑,1999 集地震引致的河道遷急點倒退速率與倒退機制,國立交通大學土木工程學系碩士論文,119頁,2012。
蕭國鑫、劉進金、游明芳、陳大科、徐偉城和王晉倫,結合空載 LiDAR 與航測高程資料應用於地形變化偵測,航測及遙測學刊,11(3),283-295頁,2006。
石再添、張瑞津、楊貴三和許民陽,草屯與車籠埔河階群的活斷層與地形面,中國地理學會會刊,13,12頁,1985。
石再添、鄧國雄、張瑞津、石慶得和楊貴三,台灣活斷層的地形學研究, 師大地理研究報告,12,1986。
何信昌和陳勉銘,五千分之一台灣地質圖說明書台中圖幅,經濟部中央地質調查所,2000。
何維信,航空攝影測量學,大中國圖書公司,602頁,1995。
何維信,測量學 第五版,宏泰出版社,555頁,2004。
沈淑敏、張瑞津和楊貴三, 地震地質調查及活動斷層資料庫建置-活動構造地形及資料庫建置分析,經濟部中央地質調查所,2005。
林啟文、盧詩丁、石同生、林偉雄、劉彥求和陳柏村,台灣中部的活動斷層 二萬五千分之一活動斷層條帶圖說明書,經濟部中央地質調查所,2008。
林啟文、盧詩丁、石同生、劉彥求、林偉雄和林燕慧,台灣西南部的活動斷層 二萬五千分之一活動斷層條帶圖說明書,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,2007。
林啟文、盧詩丁、黃文正、石同生和張徽正,臺灣中部濁水溪以南地區的集集地震斷層與構造分析,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,第12號,2000。
林朝棨,台灣地形,卷1,台灣省文獻委員會,424頁,1957。
侯進雄、費立沅、邱禎龍、陳宏仁、謝有忠、胡植慶等人,空載光達數值地形產製與地質災害的應用,航測及遙測學刊,18,93-108頁,2014。
徐金煌和張國楨,以Pix4Dmapper進行UAV 影像之空間資料產製,中國土木水利工程學刊,第27卷,241-246頁,2015。
徐婉容,軟岩河床遷急點倒退率模式發展與參數率定,國立交通大學土木工程學系碩士論文,165頁,2013。
徐鐵良,地質與工程,中國工程師學會,1983。
康耿豪,921集集地震造成之地表變形模式,國立中央大學應用地質研究所碩士論文,2004。
張瑞津和楊貴三,台灣中部活斷層的分布與地形特徵,師大地理研究報告,35,36頁,2001。
經濟部中央地質調查所,九二一地震地質調查報告,經濟部中央地質調查所,314頁,1999。
連永旺,大地裂痕,財團法人地工技術研究發展基金會,51頁,1999。
陳文政、朱傚祖和賴典章,石崗壩地區之地震斷層,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,第12號,2000。
陳勉銘和何信昌,九二一集集地震斷層與車籠埔斷層之關聯,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,第12號,2000。
陳思仁和王成幾,內政部數值地形模型建置現況及加值應用。
陳華玟、陳勉銘和石同生,五萬分之一台灣地質圖說明書,南投圖幅,經濟部中央地質調查所,2004。
黃文正、陳致言、劉思妤、林燕慧、林啟文和張徽正,台灣中部大甲溪至頭汴坑溪九二一集集地震地表破裂模式,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,第12號,2000。
盧泓佑,1999集地震引致的河道遷急點倒退速率與倒退機制,國立交通大學土木工程學系碩士論文,119頁,2012。
蕭國鑫、劉進金、游明芳、陳大科、徐偉城和王晉倫,結合空載 LiDAR 與航測高程資料應用於地形變化偵測,航測及遙測學刊,11(3),283-295頁,2006。
指導教授 黃文正(Wen-Jeng Huang) 審核日期 2017-1-19
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明