博碩士論文 104022001 詳細資訊




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姓名 孫達旻(Ta-Min Sun)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 遙測科技碩士學位學程
論文名稱 同時輻射率定法在向日葵八號氣膠光學厚度反演之應用
(Applying Simultaneous Radiation Solution to Himawari-8 Aerosol Optical Depth Retrieval)
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摘要(中) 氣膠光學厚度(Aerosol Optical Depth, AOD)對於空氣品質的監測是極為重要的參考指標,尤其在高時間解析度的提供,而新一代的地球同步衛星Himawari-8(H-8)具有16個可見光和紅外光波段,每10分鐘高時間解析度的1公里空間解析度觀測資料,對於高時、空變化的空氣污染之監測應用相當適合。本研究因此開發同時輻射率定法(Simultaneous Radiation Solution,SRS),配合穿透率轉換查找表以及輻射傳輸模式(Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Satellite Spectrum,6S),解析大氣穿透率和路徑輻射(Path radiance),並根據其結果反演AOD和單次散射反照率(Single Scattering Albedo,SSA)氣膠參數。經Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) 衛星產品之測試以及地面觀測資料(AERONET)之驗證,結果顯示此反演方法具有相當高之可行性。
同時輻射率定法在H-8之AOD反演結果與MODIS AOD之空間分布相當一致,且H-8 SSA與AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET)比較亦具相當之合理性與準確性。此外,在反演結果的差異分析上則顯示地表反射資料庫建立之重要性,因此本研究亦測試MODIS 8-day地表資料產品之可行性,測試結果與AERONET地面測站之觀測資料相當接近,尤其是嘉義測站,其AOD誤差從原先-43%大幅縮小至-4%。
然而MODIS一天僅2次觀測資料,因此後續將以MODIS地表反射資料配合Himawari-8觀測時序的地表變化特性(雙向反射),建立適合之H-8地表反射率資料庫,以提升氣膠光學厚度之準確度,期望能提供更準確及大範圍高時間解析度的空氣品質監測資料。
摘要(英) Aerosol optical depth (AOD) is one of the important indexes for air quality monitoring, in particular the time series. The new generation geostationary satellite, Himawari-8 (H-8), can provide 3 visible bands, 3 near infrared bands and 10 infrared bands with 0.5 km to 2 km spatial resolution every 10 minutes. The characteristics of multi-spectral bands and highly frequent observations are really suitable for the large scale air quality monitoring. For this purpose, Simultaneous Radiation Solution (SRS) is proposed to derive atmospheric transmittance and path radiance associated with the pre-constructed look-up-table (from Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Satellite Spectrum model, 6S) for H-8 AOD and SSA (single scattering albedo) retrievals. In this study, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) products are employed to examine the practicality of SRS approach.
The H-8 AOD retrievals show the similar pattern of spatial distribution with MODIS AOD products. However, the values compared to Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations are underestimated or overestimated, due to the uncertainties of H-8 surface reflectance database. Therefore, MODIS surface products are applied to H-8 AOD retrievals. Overall, the AOD spatial distribution and magnitudes are well consistent with MODIS product and AERONET observations. The relative error of AOD reduced from -43% to -4% when compared to the AERONET site at Chiayi station. Highly practical in retrieving AOD is suggested by the case study of MODIS. For time series air quality monitoring, the diurnal database of H-8 surface reflectance will be constructed based on MODIS products for highly temporal AOD observation in next step.
關鍵字(中) ★ 向日葵八號
★ 氣膠光學厚度
★ 單次散射反照率
★ 同時輻射率定法
★ 輻射傳送模式
★ 大氣穿透率
★ 路徑輻射
關鍵字(英) ★ Himawari-8
★ Aerosol Optical Depth
★ Single Scattering Albedo
★ Simultaneous Radiation Solution
★ Atmospheric transmittance
★ Radiative transfer model
★ Path radiance
論文目次 摘要 II
Abstract IV
致謝 VI
目錄 VII
圖目錄 X
表目錄 XVI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究目的與動機 8
第二章 使用之資料與模式 9
2.1 Himawari–8 衛星資料 9
2.2 MODIS資料 13
2.3 AERONET地面觀測資料 15
2.4 輻射傳輸模式 (6S Model) 19
第三章 理論與研究方法 20
3.1 輻射傳輸原理 20
3.2 氣膠光學厚度反演方法 21
3.2.1 同時輻射率定法 (SRS ) 21
3.2.2 總穿透率與直接項穿透率之關係 24
3.2.3 路徑輻射與AOD之初估 28
3.3 研究架構 30
第四章 結果與討論 32
4.1 MODIS可行性分析 32
4.2 Himawari–8 衛星資料之應用 37
4.2.1 個案一:2015.11.17 0230 UTC台灣 38
4.2.2 個案二:2017.03.04 0230 UTC台灣 43
4.2.3 個案三:2017.03.22 0400 UTC中南半島 47
4.2.4 個案四:2017.03.03 0320 UTC中南半島 51
4.2.5 個案五:2015.11.03 0530 UTC中國華北地區 56
4.2.6 個案討論 60
4.3 H-8地表反射率資料庫與MODIS地表產品之比較 61
4.4 Himawari-8衛星資料搭配MODIS地表產品 68
4.5 同時輻射率定法在AOD反演之特性 74
第五章 結論與未來展望 77
5.1 結論 77
5.2 未來展望 78
參考文獻 80
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指導教授 林唐煌(Tang-Huang Lin) 審核日期 2018-7-30
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