博碩士論文 104324056 詳細資訊




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姓名 周美秀(Mei-Hsiu Chou)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 玻璃上易潔耐磨之透明薄膜
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摘要(中) 本研究目標為開發具有易潔且耐磨表面的透明玻璃塗層。生活中有許多玻璃產品如手機面板、櫥窗玻璃等,都望能具有自潔或易潔的疏水撥油表面,又能耐長時間使用而無擦傷和磨損等問題。疏水撥油且耐磨之表面通常是由接枝長鏈氟烷來達成。以業界常用之標準來說,要能在一公斤負載下承受一萬次鋼絲絨磨擦循環而仍然保持疏水撥油性。
由於長氟碳鏈可能導致的健康和環境問題,多氟烷在歐盟國家已被禁用。Masheder等人最近開發出了一種無氟而具有優異疏水撥油性能的鋯與長烷羧酸混合塗層。不幸的是該塗層並不耐用。我們認為先鍍膜後再進行表面接枝,應該可以改善其耐用性。而除了接枝長烷鏈外,或許改用聚矽氧烷鏈也可能達到疏水撥油的易潔效果。至於耐用程度提高的關鍵,應該在於表面接枝之撥水劑與鍍膜的鍵結強度。上述長(矽氧)烷鏈撥水劑通常藉由酸基、胺基或矽醇尾端與玻璃表面水解產生之羥基鍵結,但是此類鍵結之接著力不夠強且易於水解脫落。而磷酸基與氧化鋯或氧化鈦表面鍵結是所知接枝中最強的。是故將從此二方向尋找氟烷鏈的替代方案。
摘要(英)
We have developed a transparent, easy cleaning and durable hydrophobic coating for the glass surface. Such surface is very desirable for touch screens that have become an essential part of our daily life. For practical applications, the coatings should also be strongly adhered to the substrate and should resist at least a few thousand cycles of steel-wool scratching without losing its hydrophobicity.
Previous easy-cleaning surface relies on the hydrophobic behavior of poly-fluorocarbon coupling agents, which will be banned in European Union nations soon. Masheder et al. have recently developed a fluorine-free zirconiumcarboxylic hybrid coating that exhibits excellent dynamic oleophobicity and anti-fingerprint property. Unfortunately, the durability of this coating is far inferior to that of the current commercial products.
關鍵字(中) ★ 氧化鋯鍍膜
★ 耐磨性
★ 易潔表面
關鍵字(英)
論文目次
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章、緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
第二章、背景與文獻回顧 4
2.1刮痕硬度與壓痕硬度 4
2.1-2刮痕硬度 4
2.1-1壓痕硬度 9
2.2氧化鋯鍍膜之製備方式 14
2.2-1耐磨耗之氧化鋯鍍膜 14
2.2-2高硬度之氧化鋯鍍膜 15
2.3易潔表面改質 19
2.3-1表面接枝之撥水劑種類 19
2.3-2表面性質測量 26
第三章、實驗 29
3.1使用之化學藥品 29
3.2鍍膜 31
3.2-1鍍膜液配製 31
3.2-2基材清洗 32
3.2-3浸鍍 32
3.2-4硬化處理 32
3.3表面上自組裝一單分子層之改質劑 34
3.3-1含氟試劑 35
3.3-2長碳鏈羧酸或磷酸酯 36
3.3-3聚矽氧烷 36
3.4性質量測 38
3.4-1磨耗試驗 38
3.4-2奈米壓痕與刮痕 39
3.4-3接觸角量測 40
3.4-4其他耐用性測試 41
3.4-5 X光粉末繞射儀(XRD) 41
3.4-6掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM) 42
3.4-7 UV-vis光譜 42
3.4-8原子力顯微鏡(AFM) 42
3.4-9核磁共振光譜儀(NMR) 43
第四章、結果與討論 44
4.1無機鍍膜硬度與磨耗結果之關係 44
4.1-1鍍膜之硬度 44
4.1-2耐磨耗能力與硬度及磨擦係數關係 47
4.1-3不同硬化處理之比較 51
4.1-4無機鍍膜之其他性質 54
4.2表面改質性質與耐用性 58
4.2-1長碳鏈改質 58
4.2-2含氟改質試劑 62
4.2-3聚二甲基矽氧烷改質 66
4.2-4不同改質劑之比較 69
第五章、總結與未來展望 72
參考文獻 73
附錄一、聚矽氧烷磷酸端基之製作 77
附錄二、鍍膜元素分析 80
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指導教授 蔣孝澈(Anthony Shiaw-Tseh Chiang) 審核日期 2017-8-2
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