博碩士論文 104386602 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:10 、訪客IP:54.227.97.219
姓名 阮瑞海(Nguyen Duy Hai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 環境工程研究所
論文名稱 農業廢棄物衍生之吸附劑對去除水中陽離子染料、抗生素、重金屬等污染物之應用
(Application of sorbents derived and converted from agricultural wastes in removal of cationic dye, antibiotic, and heavy metal pollutants from aqueous solution)
相關論文
★ 埔心溪補助灌溉水水質與渠道底泥重金屬含量調查分析★ 桃園航空城三所國小周界大氣PAHs濃度探討
★ 無塵室揮發性有機氣體異味調查探討 -以某晶圓級封裝廠為例★ 利用土壤植栽與固相微萃取探討植作對非離子態有機污染物之吸收模式
★ 零價鐵與硫酸鹽的添加對於水田根圈環境汞 之生物有效性與菌相組成的影響★ 以紫外光/二氧化鈦光催化降解程序去除水溶液相內分泌干擾物質壬基苯酚之研究
★ 異化性鐵還原狀態下非生物性汞氧化還原 作用及其對地下水水質之影響★ 水溶液相中多壁奈米碳管分散懸浮與抑菌效果之相關性探討
★ 鄰近汞排放源之水稻田受現地地質化學與微生物影響之甲基汞生成與累積作用-以北投垃圾焚化爐為例★ 以淨水污泥灰及廢玻璃為矽鋁源合成MCM-41並應用於重鉻酸鹽吸附之研究
★ 鄰近汞排放源之水稻田受現地地質化學與微生物影響之甲基汞生成與累積作用 -以台中火力發電廠為例★ 細胞固定化影響厭氧氨氧化程序脫氮效能之研究
★ 藉由非抗性模式細菌對鎘之攝取機制探討量子點的生態毒性潛勢★ 利用生物性聚合物交聯所成穿透式網絡結構穩定污染土壤中之重金屬(鉛、鉻、鎘)
★ 蚯蚓處理加速堆肥廚餘去化可行性評估-以臺北市為例★ 氣相層析三段四極柱串聯質譜儀應用於多溴二苯醚環境樣品之分析
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2024-1-18以後開放)
摘要(中) 近年來由於工業化及人口增長等因素,許多開發中國家開始面臨日益嚴重的環境污染問題,包括有害物質對水源所造成的污染。而在水和廢水處理工法中,吸附一向被認為是成本相對較低且有效的方法,因此受到發展中國家的青睞,常用於去除受污染水源中有害、不可生物降解的污染物。在越南,由於農業仍在經濟上扮演著至關重要的角色,因此可將農業活動所衍生的大量農廢視為寶貴的原料,以合成碳吸附劑並應用在污染整治。儘管農廢合成的吸附劑常以活性炭(AC)為優先選擇,但傳統的AC在合成時常涉及高溫(600 - 1200 °C)的碳化和活化程序,反讓AC被視為是昂貴且較不環保的材料,故需開發更簡單、更綠色、更完善的方法合成碳基吸附劑,且能有效地應用於污染處理。水熱合成炭(HC)即是近期極受關注的碳屬吸附材,因為這種碳質材料是通過低溫(180 - 350 °C)的水熱碳化製備而來,因此可保有表面氧化官能基的豐富度。本研究即試著利用農業廢棄物以水熱法合成低成本的吸附劑,並在適當的改質下探討這些吸附劑用於去除水中典型的離子污染物,如陽離子染料(以亞甲基藍(MB)作為模擬化合物)、抗生素(以四環素(TC)作為目標藥物)以及金屬物種(以Cu2+,Cd2+ 作為測試離子)的可行性及背後的吸附機制。
在進行吸附試驗之前,所有合成吸附劑均通過SEM、SBET分析儀、FTIR、XPS技術和Boehm滴定(用以確定酸性官能基團)進行表徵。首先,經由廢棄的橙皮合成出水熱合成炭(原始水熱合成炭),然後再用硝酸對其進行改質(氧化水熱合成炭)用以吸附MB。結果表明,由Langmuir模型估算出30 oC時的MB最大吸附容量依序為mGH (246 mg/g) > mOPH (107 mg/g) > OPH (59.6 mg/g) > GH (54.8 mg/g)。再來,使用柚木鋸末通過水熱碳化後,然後用不同濃度的ZnCl2或K2CO3進行化學活化來合成AC。ACs對於污染物 MB、Cd(II)和Cu(II)的吸附能力隨使用活化劑的濃度而增加:當碳質材料與ZnCl2的重量比達到1.75時,可實現出最大的吸附能力。 MB、Cd(II) 和Cu(II) 的最大吸附容量分別為516 mg/g,166 mg/g, 和159 mg/g。最後,由於TC是一種pH可調的化合物,因此可用來驗證先前測試得出具有較高吸附容量的HC和AC材料之吸附途徑。由Langmuir模型估算出TC在25 oC和pH 5.5條件下的最大吸附容量遵循以下順序:ACZ1175 (257.28 mg/g) > mGH (207.11 mg/g) > WAC (197.52 mg/g) > mOPH (168.50 mg/g) > OPH (85.79 mg/g) > GH (75.47 mg/g)。 此外,這項研究的潛在吸附機制以靜電吸引力被認為是導致被測污染物吸附到樣品上的主要途徑;再著,π-π和n-π相互作用成為MB和TC吸附到氧化水熱合成炭上的次要途徑,而且錯合反應是導致AC與金屬(Cu2+、Cd2+)之間相互作用的重要吸附機制;不僅如此,結果表明含氧官能基團的數量多寡被認為是確定吸附量的重要因素。
本研究的實驗結果及廣泛探討所獲得的知識,預期對於進一步開發作為實場應用的低成本材料將有所幫助。
摘要(英) Due to the industrialization and population growth in recent years, Vietnam and other developing countries have begun to face problems of increasing environmental pollution, including water contamination with hazardous substances. Of water and wastewater treatment methods, adsorption is considered a relatively low-cost and effective means favored by developing countries for the removal of harmful, non-biodegradable pollutants from contaminated water. Because agriculture still plays a vital role in the economy of Vietnam, it becomes clear that the abundance of agricultural wastes can be valuable feedstocks of carbonaceous sorbents used for pollution handling in Vietnam. While activated carbon (AC) derived from agricultural residues has been used as a preferential sorbent in this regard, the traditional way of AC synthesis involving processes of carbonization and activation under high-temperature (600–1200 °C) conditions makes AC an expensive, eco-unfriendly material. Hence, there is a need for the development of carbon-based adsorbents via a simpler, greener, and robust way for effective use in dealing with pollution. Recent attention has been drawn to hydrochar (HC), as this carbonaceous material is prepared through hydrothermal carbonization at low temperature (180–350 °C) and thus the richness of surface oxygenated functionality can be maintained. This study thus explores the potential of low-cost adsorbents derived from agricultural wastes in removal of typical ionic contaminants such as cationic dyes (using methylene blue, MB, as the model compound), antibiotics (tetracycline, TC, as the targeted drug), and metal species (Cu2+, Cd2+ as the tested ions) from aqueous solution.
Prior to adsorption tests, all synthetic sorbents were characterized through the SEM, SBET analyzer, FTIR, XPS techniques, and Boehm titration to determine the acidic functional groups. First, hydrochars were derived from wasted orange peels (raw-hydrochars) and further modified with nitric acid (oxidized-hydrochars) to adsorb MB. Results show that the maximum MB adsorption capacity at 30 oC estimated by the Langmuir model followed by the order of mGH (246 mg/g) > mOPH (107 mg/g) > OPH (59.6 mg/g) > GH (54.8 mg/g). Second, teak sawdust was used to synthesize ACs through hydrothermal carbonization followed by chemical activation with varying concentrations of ZnCl2 or K2CO3. For ACs, their MB-, Cd(II)-, and Cu(II)-adsorption capacity increased with the concentration of the activating agent: the maximum adsorption capacities were achieved when the weight ratio of the carbonaceous material to ZnCl2 reached 1.75. The maximum adsorption capacities obtained for MB, Cd(II), and Cu(II) were 516 mg/g, 166 mg/g, and 159 mg/g, respectively. Finally, because TC is a pH-tunable compound, it was used to validate the adsorption pathways concluded from prior tests with those higher adsorption capacity-HC and AC materials. The maximum adsorption capacities of TC estimated by the Langmuir model were found to follow the order: ACZ1175 (257.28 mg/g) > mGH (207.11 mg/g) > WAC (197.52 mg/g) > mOPH (168.50 mg/g) > OPH (85.79 mg/g) > GH (75.47 mg/g) at 25 oC and pH 5.5. In addition, potential adsorption mechanisms were deeply discussed in this study. The electrostatic force was identified as the primary pathway that led to the adsorption of the tested contaminants onto the sample. Further, while the π-π and n-π interaction became minor pathways for MB and TC adsorption onto oxidized-hydrochars, the complexation reaction was an important mechanism responsible for the adsorptive interaction between ACs and metal species (Cu2+, Cd2+). Moreover, the result illustrated that the amount of oxygen-containing functional groups is regarded as an important factor in determining the adsorptive amounts.
It is expected that the knowledge obtained through extensive exploration in this study would help further development of the low-cost materials for the practical applications.
關鍵字(中) ★ 農業廢棄物
★ 水熱合成炭
★ 活性炭
★ 染料和四環素
★ 重金屬
★ 吸附性
關鍵字(英) ★ Agricultural wastes
★ Hydrochars
★ Activated carbons
★ Dyes and Tetracycline
★ Heavy metals
★ Adsorption
論文目次 List of Contents
Pages
摘要 i
Abstract iii
Acknowledgments v
List of Contents vi
List of Tables x
List of Figures xii
Explanation of Symbols xiv
Abbreviations xv
CHAPTER 1 1
Introduction 1
References 7
CHAPTER 2 14
Background 14
2.1. Water and Sources of Water Pollution 14
2.2. Water Pollutants and Effect of Water Pollution on Human Health 16
2.2.1. Heavy Metals 16
2.2.2. Textile Dyes and Methylene Blue (MB) 18
2.2.3. Antibiotic Products 20
2.2.4. Effect of Water Pollution on Human Health 20
2.3. Wastewater Treatment Technologies 23
2.4. Adsorption 24
2.4.1. Basic Technical Terms Used in The Study of Adsorption 24
2.4.2. Physical and Chemical Adsorption 25
2.4.3. Mathematical Model 26
2.5. Adsorbents and Water Purification 29
2.5.1. Agricultural Wastes 29
2.5.2. Hydrochar Products 31
2.5.3. Activated Carbon Products 37
2.6. Adsorbent Characterization 40
2.7. Comparison of The Estimation of Adsorbent Production Cost 41
References 43
CHAPTER 3 61
Effect of Nitric Acid Oxidation on the Surface of Hydrochars to Sorb Methylene Blue: An Adsorption Mechanism Comparison 61
Abstract 61
3.1. Introduction 62
3.2. Materials and Methods 64
3.2.1. Feedstock and Chemical 64
3.2.3. Adsorbent Characterization 66
3.2.4. Adsorption Study 67
3.3. Results and Discussion 68
3.3.1. Morphological and Textural Properties of Hydrochars 68
3.3.2. Chemical Properties of Hydrochars and Oxidized Hydrochars 70
3.3.3. Methylene Blue Adsorption 74
3.3.4. Adsorption Mechanisms of MB on The Oxidized-Hydrochar 81
3.4. Conclusions 83
References 84
CHAPTER 4 91
Activated Carbons Derived from Teak Sawdust-Hydrochars for Efficient Removal of Methylene Blue, Copper, and Cadmium from Aqueous Solution 91
Abstract 91
4.1. Introduction 92
4.2. Materials and Methods 94
4.2.1. Chemicals and Activated Carbon Preparation 94
4.2.2. Sorbent Characterization 96
4.2.3. Sorption Experiment and Data Analysis 97
4.3. Results and Discussion 97
4.3.1. Characteristics of Sorbents 97
4.3.2. Adsorption Capacity of MB, Cd(II), and Cu(II) by ACs 103
4.3.3. Comparison of Adsorption Mechanisms 107
4.4. Conclusions 113
References 114
CHAPTER 5 120
Using Tetracycline to Validate Adsorption Mechanisms Underlying the Ionic Organic Compound-Synthetic Sorbent Interaction 120
Abstract 120
5.1. Introduction 121
5.2. Materials and Methods 123
5.2.1. Tetracycline Characterization 123
5.2.2. Hydrochar and Activated Carbon Samples 123
5.2.3. Adsorption Kinetics 124
5.2.4. Adsorption Isotherms 125
5.2.5. Influence of pH Solution on TC Adsorption 125
5.2.6. Sorption Data Analysis 126
5.3. Results and Discussion 126
5.3.1. Adsorption Kinetic 126
5.3.2. Adsorption Isotherms 128
5.3.3. Influence of Solution pH and Adsorption Mechanisms 132
5.4. Estimation of Adsorbent Production Cost 134
5.5. Conclusions 136
References 137
CHAPTER 6 142
Summary and Suggestions 142
6.1. Conclusions 142
6.2. Suggestions 144
Appendix: VITA 145
參考文獻 References (Ch.1)
Berge ND, Ro KS, Mao J, Flora JR, Chappell MA, Bae S (2011) Hydrothermal carbonization of municipal waste streams Environmental science & technology 45:5696-5703
Bhatt V, Jee R (1985) Micro-ionization acidity constants for tetracyclines from fluorescence measurements Analytica chimica acta 167:233-240
Cengiz S, Tanrikulu F, Aksu S (2012) An alternative source of adsorbent for the removal of dyes from textile waters: Posidonia oceanica (L.) Chemical Engineering Journal 189-190:32-40 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.02.015
Chen J, Zhang L, Yang G, Wang Q, Li R, Lucia LA (2017a) Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Hydrochar by Phosphoric Acid Activation and its Adsorption Performance in Prehydrolysis Liquor BioResources 12:5928-5941
Chen T et al. (2018) Sorption of tetracycline on H3PO4 modified biochar derived from rice straw and swine manure Bioresource technology 267:431-437
Chen X, Wu Z, Liu D, Gao Z (2017b) Preparation of ZnO photocatalyst for the efficient and rapid photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes Nanoscale research letters 12:143
De Gisi S, Lofrano G, Grassi M, Notarnicola M (2016) Characteristics and adsorption capacities of low-cost sorbents for wastewater treatment: a review Sustainable Materials and Technologies 9:10-40
Elaigwu SE, Greenway GM (2016) Chemical, structural and energy properties of hydrochars from microwave-assisted hydrothermal carbonization of glucose International Journal of Industrial Chemistry 7:449-456 doi:10.1007/s40090-016-0081-0
Fang J, Gao B, Chen J, Zimmerman AR (2015) Hydrochars derived from plant biomass under various conditions: Characterization and potential applications and impacts Chemical Engineering Journal 267:253-259 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.01.026
Fang J, Zhan L, Ok YS, Gao B (2017) Minireview of potential applications of hydrochar derived from hydrothermal carbonization of biomass Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Fernandez ME, Ledesma B, Román S, Bonelli PR, Cukierman AL (2015) Development and characterization of activated hydrochars from orange peels as potential adsorbents for emerging organic contaminants Bioresource technology 183:221-228
Güzel F, Sayğılı H, Akkaya Sayğılı G, Koyuncu F, Yılmaz C (2017) Optimal oxidation with nitric acid of biochar derived from pyrolysis of weeds and its application in removal of hazardous dye methylene blue from aqueous solution Journal of Cleaner Production 144:260-265 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.01.029
Hequet V, Ricou P, Lecuyer I, Le Cloirec P (2001) Removal of Cu2+ and Zn2+ in aqueous solutions by sorption onto mixed fly ash Fuel 80:851-856 doi:Doi 10.1016/S0016-2361(00)00153-8
Huang F-C, Lee C-K, Han Y-L, Chao W-C, Chao H-P (2014) Preparation of activated carbon using micro-nano carbon spheres through chemical activation Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 45:2805-2812
Huang Y, Huang Y, Wang W, Zheng K (2018) Characterization of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) modified hydrochars from walnut shell for enhanced adsorption performance of methylene blue from aqueous solution DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT 109:221-230
Islam MA, Ahmed MJ, Khanday WA, Asif M, Hameed BH (2017) Mesoporous activated coconut shell-derived hydrochar prepared via hydrothermal carbonization-NaOH activation for methylene blue adsorption Journal of Environmental Management 203:237-244 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.07.029
Jain A, Balasubramanian R, Srinivasan M (2015) Production of high surface area mesoporous activated carbons from waste biomass using hydrogen peroxide-mediated hydrothermal treatment for adsorption applications Chemical Engineering Journal 273:622-629
Jain A, Balasubramanian R, Srinivasan MP (2016) Hydrothermal conversion of biomass waste to activated carbon with high porosity: A review Chemical Engineering Journal 283:789-805 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.08.014
Jiang T-Y, Jiang J, Xu R-K, Li Z (2012) Adsorption of Pb(II) on variable charge soils amended with rice-straw derived biochar Chemosphere 89:249-256 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.04.028
Jiang Z et al. (2003) Activated carbons chemically modified by concentrated H2SO4 for the adsorption of the pollutants from wastewater and the dibenzothiophene from fuel oils Langmuir 19:731-736
Jin J et al. (2018) HNO3 modified biochars for uranium (VI) removal from aqueous solution Bioresource technology 256:247-253
Kumar R, Kumar G, Umar A (2013) ZnO nano-mushrooms for photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange Materials Letters 97:100-103
Leeson LJ, Krueger JE, Nash RA (1963) Concerning the structural assignment of the second and third acidity constants of the tetracycline antibiotics Tetrahedron Letters 4:1155-1160
Liang R, Jing F, Shen L, Qin N, Wu L (2015) MIL-53 (Fe) as a highly efficient bifunctional photocatalyst for the simultaneous reduction of Cr (VI) and oxidation of dyes Journal of hazardous materials 287:364-372
Libra JA et al. (2011) Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass residuals: a comparative review of the chemistry, processes and applications of wet and dry pyrolysis Biofuels 2:71-106 doi:10.4155/bfs.10.81
Liu G, Zhang Y, Xu L, Xu B, Li F (2019) A PW 12/Bi 2 WO 6 composite photocatalyst for enhanced visible light photocatalytic degradation of organic dye pollutants New Journal of Chemistry 43:3469-3475
Mallampati R, Xuanjun L, Adin A, Valiyaveettil S (2015) Fruit peels as efficient renewable adsorbents for removal of dissolved heavy metals and dyes from water ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 3:1117-1124
Mohammadi N, Khani H, Gupta VK, Amereh E, Agarwal S (2011) Adsorption process of methyl orange dye onto mesoporous carbon material–kinetic and thermodynamic studies Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 362:457-462 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.06.067
Mohanty K, Naidu JT, Meikap BC, Biswas MN (2006) Removal of Crystal Violet from Wastewater by Activated Carbons Prepared from Rice Husk Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 45:5165-5171 doi:10.1021/ie060257r
Murugan P (2019) Characterization, morphology and stability assessment of low-cost industrial by-product as an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution Separation Science and Technology:1-16
Padmapriya M, Ramesh S, Biju V (2019) Seawater-based mesoporous geopolymer as a sorbent for the removal and recovery of methylene blue from wastewater; Desalination and Water treament 138:313-325
Pelekani C, Snoeyink VL (2000) Competitive adsorption between atrazine and methylene blue on activated carbon: the importance of pore size distribution Carbon 38:1423-1436
Sevilla M, Fuertes AB (2009) The production of carbon materials by hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose Carbon 47:2281-2289
Shim J-W, Park S-J, Ryu S-K (2001) Effect of modification with HNO3 and NaOH on metal adsorption by pitch-based activated carbon fibers Carbon 39:1635-1642
Stephens C, Murai K, Brunings K, Woodward R (1956) Acidity constants of the tetracycline antibiotics Journal of the American Chemical Society 78:4155-4158
Sud D, Mahajan G, Kaur M (2008) Agricultural waste material as potential adsorbent for sequestering heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions–A review Bioresource technology 99:6017-6027
Sun K, Ro K, Guo M, Novak J, Mashayekhi H, Xing B (2011) Sorption of bisphenol A, 17α-ethinyl estradiol and phenanthrene on thermally and hydrothermally produced biochars Bioresource Technology 102:5757-5763
Sun K, Tang J, Gong Y, Zhang H (2015) Characterization of potassium hydroxide (KOH) modified hydrochars from different feedstocks for enhanced removal of heavy metals from water Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22:16640-16651 doi:10.1007/s11356-015-4849-0
Tran HN, Chao H-P, You S-J (2018) Activated carbons from golden shower upon different chemical activation methods: synthesis and characterizations Adsorption Science & Technology 36:95-113
Tran HN, You S-J, Chao H-P (2017a) Insight into adsorption mechanism of cationic dye onto agricultural residues-derived hydrochars: Negligible role of π-π interaction Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 34:1708-1720
Tran HN, You S-J, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Chao H-P (2017b) Mistakes and inconsistencies regarding adsorption of contaminants from aqueous solutions: A critical review Water Research
Tran HN, You S-J, Nguyen TV, Chao H-P (2017c) Insight into the adsorption mechanism of cationic dye onto biosorbents derived from agricultural wastes Chemical Engineering Communications 204:1020-1036
Tran HN, You SJ, Chao HP (2016) Effect of pyrolysis temperatures and times on the adsorption of cadmium onto orange peel derived biochar Waste management & research : the journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, ISWA 34:129-138 doi:10.1177/0734242x15615698
Valdés H, Sánchez-Polo M, Rivera-Utrilla J, Zaror C (2002) Effect of ozone treatment on surface properties of activated carbon Langmuir 18:2111-2116
Wang F (2017) Novel high performance magnetic activated carbon for phenol removal: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics Journal of Porous Materials 24:1309-1317 doi:10.1007/s10934-017-0372-7
Wang Q, Wang B, Lee X, Lehmann J, Gao B (2018a) Sorption and desorption of Pb (II) to biochar as affected by oxidation and pH Science of the Total Environment 634:188-194
Wang T, Zhai Y, Zhu Y, Li C, Zeng G (2018b) A review of the hydrothermal carbonization of biomass waste for hydrochar formation: Process conditions, fundamentals, and physicochemical properties Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 90:223-247 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.071
Xiao L-P, Shi Z-J, Xu F, Sun R-C (2012) Hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass Bioresource technology 118:619-623
Xu GF, Shen ZX, Guo RX The kinetics studies for the adsorption of furadan from aqueous solution by orange peel. In: Advanced Materials Research, 2014. Trans Tech Publ, pp 187-191
Xue Y, Gao B, Yao Y, Inyang M, Zhang M, Zimmerman AR, Ro KS (2012) Hydrogen peroxide modification enhances the ability of biochar (hydrochar) produced from hydrothermal carbonization of peanut hull to remove aqueous heavy metals: Batch and column tests Chemical Engineering Journal 200-202:673-680 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.116
Yagub MT, Sen TK, Afroze S, Ang HM (2014) Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: a review Advances in colloid and interface science 209:172-184
Yahya MA, Al-Qodah Z, Ngah CZ (2015) Agricultural bio-waste materials as potential sustainable precursors used for activated carbon production: A review Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 46:218-235
Zhang Z, Luo X, Liu Y, Zhou P, Ma G, Lei Z, Lei L (2015) A low cost and highly efficient adsorbent (activated carbon) prepared from waste potato residue Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 49:206-211 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2014.11.024.
References (Ch.2)
Abdelwahab O, Amin N (2013) Adsorption of phenol from aqueous solutions by Luffa cylindrica fibers: Kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamic studies The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 39:215-223
Abel S, Peters A, Trinks S, Schonsky H, Facklam M, Wessolek G (2013) Impact of biochar and hydrochar addition on water retention and water repellency of sandy soil Geoderma 202:183-191
Agarwal SK (2009) Heavy metal pollution vol 4. APH publishing,
Agency UEP (1989) Environmental Fate and Effects Division, Pesticide Environmental Fate One Line Summary: DDT (p, p′). Augustijn-Beckers Washington, DC,
Ahmad M et al. (2014) Biochar as a sorbent for contaminant management in soil and water: A review Chemosphere 99:19-33 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.071
Ahmed T, Scholz M, Al-Faraj F, Niaz W (2016) Water-related impacts of climate change on agriculture and subsequently on public health: A review for generalists with particular reference to Pakistan International journal of environmental research and public health 13:1051
Alatalo S-M, Sillanpää M (2020) Hydrothermal carbonization in the synthesis of sustainable porous carbon materials for water treatment. In: Advanced Water Treatment. Elsevier, pp 445-503
Alkan M, Çelikçapa S, Demirbaş Ö, Doğan M (2005) Removal of reactive blue 221 and acid blue 62 anionic dyes from aqueous solutions by sepiolite Dyes and Pigments 65:251-259
Allen RL (2013) Colour chemistry. Springer Science & Business Media,
Alslaibi TM, Abustan I, Ahmad MA, Foul AA (2013) A review: production of activated carbon from agricultural byproducts via conventional and microwave heating Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 88:1183-1190
Anastopoulos I, Kyzas GZ (2014) Agricultural peels for dye adsorption: a review of recent literature Journal of Molecular Liquids 200:381-389
Anastopoulos I, Robalds A, Tran HN, Mitrogiannis D, Giannakoudakis DA, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Dotto GL (2019) Removal of heavy metals by leaves-derived biosorbents Environmental Chemistry Letters 17:755-766
Andreozzi R et al. (2004) Effects of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) on the toxicity of a mixture of pharmaceuticals Water Science and Technology 50:23-28
Anirudhan T, Ramachandran M (2015) Adsorptive removal of basic dyes from aqueous solutions by surfactant modified bentonite clay (organoclay): kinetic and competitive adsorption isotherm Process Safety and Environmental Protection 95:215-225
Banerjee S, Barman S, Halder G (2017) Sorptive elucidation of rice husk ash derived synthetic zeolite towards deionization of coalmine waste water: a comparative study Groundwater for Sustainable Development 5:137-151
Banerjee S, Mukherjee S, LaminKa-ot A, Joshi S, Mandal T, Halder G (2016) Biosorptive uptake of Fe2+, Cu2+ and As5+ by activated biochar derived from Colocasia esculenta: isotherm, kinetics, thermodynamics, and cost estimation Journal of Advanced Research 7:597-610
Bansal RC, Goyal M (2005) Activated carbon adsorption. CRC press,
Beausse J (2004) Selected drugs in solid matrices: a review of environmental determination, occurrence and properties of principal substances TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 23:753-761
Bergius FCR (1913) Die Anwendung hoher Drucke bei chemischen Vorgängen und eine Nachbildung des Entstehungsprozesses der Steinkohle, von Dr. Friedrich Bergius. W. Knapp,
Bharathi K, Ramesh S (2013) Removal of dyes using agricultural waste as low-cost adsorbents: a review Applied Water Science 3:773-790
Bhatnagar A, Sillanpää M, Witek-Krowiak A (2015) Agricultural waste peels as versatile biomass for water purification–A review Chemical Engineering Journal 270:244-271
Blanchard G, Maunaye M, Martin G (1984) Removal of heavy metals from waters by means of natural zeolites Water research 18:1501-1507
Boehm HP (1966) Chemical identification of surface groups Advances in catalysis 16:179-274
Briggs D (2003) Environmental pollution and the global burden of disease British medical bulletin 68:1-24
Burton FL, Tchobanoglous G (2018) Wastewater Engineering: treatment, disposal, and reuse. McGraw-Hill,
Cao Q, Xie K-C, Lv Y-K, Bao W-R (2006) Process effects on activated carbon with large specific surface area from corn cob Bioresource Technology 97:110-115
Carpenter SR, Caraco NF, Correll DL, Howarth RW, Sharpley AN, Smith VH (1998) Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen Ecological applications 8:559-568
Cengiz S, Tanrikulu F, Aksu S (2012) An alternative source of adsorbent for the removal of dyes from textile waters: Posidonia oceanica (L.) Chemical Engineering Journal 189-190:32-40 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.02.015
Chakraborty P, Show S, Banerjee S, Halder G (2018) Mechanistic insight into sorptive elimination of ibuprofen employing bi-directional activated biochar from sugarcane bagasse: Performance evaluation and cost estimation Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 6:5287-5300
Chen S-Q, Chen Y-L, Jiang H (2017) Slow pyrolysis magnetization of hydrochar for effective and highly stable removal of tetracycline from aqueous solution Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 56:3059-3066
Chen W-R, Huang C-H (2010) Adsorption and transformation of tetracycline antibiotics with aluminum oxide Chemosphere 79:779-785
Chen W, Duan L, Zhu D (2007) Adsorption of polar and nonpolar organic chemicals to carbon nanotubes Environ Sci Technol 41:8295
Chequer FD, de Oliveira GAR, Ferraz EA, Cardoso JC, Zanoni MB, de Oliveira DP (2013) Textile dyes: dyeing process and environmental impact Eco-friendly textile dyeing and finishing 6:151-176
Cheraghi E, Ameri E, Moheb A (2015) Adsorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solutions using sesame as a low-cost biosorbent: kinetics and equilibrium studies International journal of environmental science and technology 12:2579-2592
Chien S, Clayton W (1980) Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption in soils 1 Soil Science Society of America Journal 44:265-268
Chong MN, Jin B, Chow CW, Saint C (2010) Recent developments in photocatalytic water treatment technology: a review Water research 44:2997-3027
Christie R (2014) Colour chemistry. Royal Society of Chemistry,
Christie RM (2007) Environmental aspects of textile dyeing. Elsevier,
Corbett JF (1972) Pseudo first-order kinetics Journal of Chemical Education 49:663
Corcoran E (2010) Sick water?: the central role of wastewater management in sustainable development: a rapid response assessment. UNEP/Earthprint,
Currie J, Graff Zivin J, Meckel K, Neidell M, Schlenker W (2013) Something in the water: Contaminated drinking water and infant health Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d′économique 46:791-810
Dias JM, Alvim-Ferraz MC, Almeida MF, Rivera-Utrilla J, Sánchez-Polo M (2007) Waste materials for activated carbon preparation and its use in aqueous-phase treatment: a review Journal of environmental management 85:833-846
Dickinson D, Balduccio L, Buysse J, Ronsse F, van Huylenbroeck G, Prins W (2015) Cost-benefit analysis of using biochar to improve cereals agriculture GCB Bioenergy 7:850-864 doi:10.1111/gcbb.12180
Drinan JE, Spellman F (2012) Water and wastewater treatment: A guide for the nonengineering professional. Crc Press,
Durán-Valle CJ, Gómez-Corzo M, Gómez-Serrano V, Pastor-Villegas J, Rojas-Cervantes ML (2006) Preparation of charcoal from cherry stones Applied Surface Science 252:5957-5960
Duy Nguyen H, Nguyen Tran H, Chao H-P, Lin C-C (2019) Activated Carbons Derived from Teak Sawdust-Hydrochars for Efficient Removal of Methylene Blue, Copper, and Cadmium from Aqueous Solution Water 11:2581
Edwards JD (2019) Industrial Wastewater Treatment. CRC press,
Elaigwu SE, Rocher V, Kyriakou G, Greenway GM (2014) Removal of Pb2+ and Cd2+ from aqueous solution using chars from pyrolysis and microwave-assisted hydrothermal carbonization of Prosopis africana shell Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 20:3467-3473
Ewan K, Pamphlett R (1996) Increased inorganic mercury in spinal motor neurons following chelating agents Neurotoxicology 17:343-349
Fang J, Gao B, Chen J, Zimmerman AR (2015) Hydrochars derived from plant biomass under various conditions: Characterization and potential applications and impacts Chemical Engineering Journal 267:253-259 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.01.026
Fang J, Zhan L, Ok YS, Gao B (2017) Minireview of potential applications of hydrochar derived from hydrothermal carbonization of biomass Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Febrianto J, Kosasih AN, Sunarso J, Ju Y-H, Indraswati N, Ismadji S (2009) Equilibrium and kinetic studies in adsorption of heavy metals using biosorbent: a summary of recent studies Journal of hazardous materials 162:616-645
Fent K, Weston AA, Caminada D (2006) Ecotoxicology of human pharmaceuticals Aquatic toxicology 76:122-159
Fernandez ME, Ledesma B, Román S, Bonelli PR, Cukierman AL (2015) Development and characterization of activated hydrochars from orange peels as potential adsorbents for emerging organic contaminants Bioresource technology 183:221-228
Freundlich H (1906) Vber die adsorption in lösungen, zeitschrift für physikalische chemie American Chemical Society 62:121-125
Friberg L (2018) Cadmium in the Environment. CRC press,
Fu F, Wang Q (2011) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review Journal of environmental management 92:407-418
Fu Y, Viraraghavan T (2001) Fungal decolorization of dye wastewaters: a review Bioresource technology 79:251-262
Fuertes A et al. (2010) Chemical and structural properties of carbonaceous products obtained by pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonisation of corn stover Soil Research 48:618-626
Funke A, Ziegler F (2010) Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass: a summary and discussion of chemical mechanisms for process engineering Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 4:160-177
Gao Y, Li Y, Zhang L, Huang H, Hu J, Shah SM, Su X (2012) Adsorption and removal of tetracycline antibiotics from aqueous solution by graphene oxide Journal of colloid and interface science 368:540-546
Golet EM, Strehler A, Alder AC, Giger W (2002) Determination of fluoroquinolone antibacterial agents in sewage sludge and sludge-treated soil using accelerated solvent extraction followed by solid-phase extraction Analytical Chemistry 74:5455-5462
Gomez-Caminero A et al. (2001) Arsenic and arsenic compounds. World Health Organization,
Haas CN (1995) Hazardous and industrial waste treatment.
Halder JN, Islam MN (2015) Water pollution and its impact on the human health Journal of environment and human 2:36-46
Hameed B, Tan I, Ahmad A (2008) Adsorption isotherm, kinetic modeling and mechanism of 2, 4, 6-trichlorophenol on coconut husk-based activated carbon Chemical Engineering Journal 144:235-244
Hassan AA (2014) Removal of reactive red 3B from aqueous solution by using treated orange peel Int J Civ Eng Technol 5:160-169
He C, Zhao J, Yang Y, Wang J-Y (2016) Multiscale characteristics dynamics of hydrochar from hydrothermal conversion of sewage sludge under sub-and near-critical water Bioresource technology 211:486-493
Hequet V, Ricou P, Lecuyer I, Le Cloirec P (2001) Removal of Cu2+ and Zn2+ in aqueous solutions by sorption onto mixed fly ash Fuel 80:851-856 doi:Doi 10.1016/S0016-2361(00)00153-8
Ho Y-S, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes Process biochemistry 34:451-465
Hu B, Wang K, Wu L, Yu SH, Antonietti M, Titirici MM (2010) Engineering carbon materials from the hydrothermal carbonization process of biomass Advanced Materials 22:813-828
Joint F, Additives WECoF, Organization WH (2000) Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants: fifty-third report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. World Health Organization,
Kambo HS, Dutta A (2015) A comparative review of biochar and hydrochar in terms of production, physico-chemical properties and applications Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 45:359-378
Katan MB (2009) Nitrate in foods: harmful or healthy? Oxford University Press,
Khan MA, Ghouri AM (2011) Environmental pollution: its effects on life and its remedies Researcher World: Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce 2:276-285
Khan NA, Hasan Z, Jhung SH (2013) Adsorptive removal of hazardous materials using metal-organic frameworks (MOFs): a review Journal of hazardous materials 244:444-456
Krishnan S, Indu R (2006) Groundwater contamination in India: discussing physical processes, health and socio-behavioral dimensions International Water Management Institute
Lagergren SK (1898) About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances Sven Vetenskapsakad Handingarl 24:1-39
Lakshmi UR, Srivastava VC, Mall ID, Lataye DH (2009) Rice husk ash as an effective adsorbent: Evaluation of adsorptive characteristics for Indigo Carmine dye Journal of Environmental Management 90:710-720
Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum Journal of the American Chemical society 40:1361-1403
Lazar T (2005) Color chemistry: synthesis, properties, and applications of organic dyes and pigments Color Research & Application: Endorsed by Inter‐Society Color Council, The Colour Group (Great Britain), Canadian Society for Color, Color Science Association of Japan, Dutch Society for the Study of Color, The Swedish Colour Centre Foundation, Colour Society of Australia, Centre Français de la Couleur 30:313-314
Lee MC, Snoeyink VL, Crittenden JC (1981) Activated carbon adsorption of humic substances Journal‐American Water Works Association 73:440-446
Libra JA et al. (2011) Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass residuals: a comparative review of the chemistry, processes and applications of wet and dry pyrolysis Biofuels 2:71-106 doi:10.4155/bfs.10.81
Lin Y, Ma X, Peng X, Hu S, Yu Z, Fang S (2015) Effect of hydrothermal carbonization temperature on combustion behavior of hydrochar fuel from paper sludge Applied Thermal Engineering 91:574-582
Liu H, Yang Y, Kang J, Fan M, Qu J (2012) Removal of tetracycline from water by Fe-Mn binary oxide Journal of environmental sciences 24:242-247
Liu L, Gao ZY, Su XP, Chen X, Jiang L, Yao JM (2015) Adsorption removal of dyes from single and binary solutions using a cellulose-based bioadsorbent ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 3:432-442
Liu X, Wang M, Zhang S, Pan B (2013) Application potential of carbon nanotubes in water treatment: a review Journal of Environmental Sciences 25:1263-1280
Liu Z, Zhang F-S, Wu J (2010) Characterization and application of chars produced from pinewood pyrolysis and hydrothermal treatment Fuel 89:510-514
Lozano-Castelló D, Cazorla-Amorós D, Linares-Solano A, Quinn D (2002) Activated carbon monoliths for methane storage: influence of binder Carbon 40:2817-2825
Lu X, Jordan B, Berge ND (2012) Thermal conversion of municipal solid waste via hydrothermal carbonization: Comparison of carbonization products to products from current waste management techniques Waste management 32:1353-1365
Mäkelä M, Benavente V, Fullana A (2015) Hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass: effect of process conditions on hydrochar properties Applied energy 155:576-584
Mandina S, Chigondo F, Shumba M, Nyamunda BC, Sebata E (2013) Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution using chemically modified orange (citrus cinensis) peel J Appl Chem 6:66-75
McLintock I (1967) The Elovich equation in chemisorption kinetics Nature 216:1204
Menke A, Muntner P, Silbergeld EK, Platz EA, Guallar E (2009) Cadmium levels in urine and mortality among US adults Environmental health perspectives 117:190-196
Mestre AS, Tyszko E, Andrade MA, Galhetas M, Freire C, Carvalho AP (2015) Sustainable activated carbons prepared from a sucrose-derived hydrochar: remarkable adsorbents for pharmaceutical compounds RSC Advances 5:19696-19707
Metcalf L, Eddy HP, Tchobanoglous G (1979) Wastewater engineering: treatment, disposal, and reuse vol 4. McGraw-Hill New York,
Mohammadi N, Khani H, Gupta VK, Amereh E, Agarwal S (2011) Adsorption process of methyl orange dye onto mesoporous carbon material–kinetic and thermodynamic studies Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 362:457-462 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.06.067
Mondal S, Aikat K, Halder G (2016) Biosorptive uptake of ibuprofen by chemically modified Parthenium hysterophorus derived biochar: Equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics and modeling Ecological Engineering 92:158-172
Moreno-Castilla C, Rivera-Utrilla J (2001) Carbon materials as adsorbents for the removal of pollutants from the aqueous phase MRS Bulletin 26:890-894
Murugesan A, Vidhyadevi T, Kirupha SD, Ravikumar L, Sivanesan S (2013) Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution using chemically modified corncorb‐activated carbon: Equilibrium and kinetic studies Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy 32:673-680
Naushad M, Khan MR, ALOthman ZA, Al‐Muhtaseb AaH, Awual MR, Alqadami AA (2016) Water purification using cost effective material prepared from agricultural waste: kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamic studies CLEAN–Soil, Air, Water 44:1036-1045
Ngah WW, Hanafiah M (2008a) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by chemically modified plant wastes as adsorbents: a review Bioresource technology 99:3935-3948
Ngah WW, Hanafiah MM (2008b) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by chemically modified plant wastes as adsorbents: a review Bioresource technology 99:3935-3948
Nguyen DH, Tran HN, Chao H-P, Lin C-C (2019) Effect of nitric acid oxidation on the surface of hydrochars to sorb methylene blue: An adsorption mechanism comparison Adsorption Science & Technology 37:607-622
Nouri J, Mahvi A, Babaei A, Jahed G, Ahmadpour E (2006) Investigation of heavy metals in groundwater Pakistan journal of biological sciences 9:377-384
O’neill C, Hawkes F, Hawkes D, Esteves S, Wilcox S (2000) Anaerobic–aerobic biotreatment of simulated textile effluent containing varied ratios of starch and azo dye Water Research 34:2355-2361
Ogunleye SAO (2015) Bioadsorption of 2, 6-dichlorophenol from aqueous solution onto plantain and pineapple peels mixture used as adsorbent: Optimization studies based on taguchi method, batch equilibrium, and kinetic modelling
Oliveira LC, Pereira E, Guimaraes IR, Vallone A, Pereira M, Mesquita JP, Sapag K (2009) Preparation of activated carbons from coffee husks utilizing FeCl3 and ZnCl2 as activating agents Journal of hazardous materials 165:87-94
Organization WH (1993) Guidelines for drinking-water quality. World Health Organization,
Organization WH (2003a) Arsenic in drinking-water: Background document for development of WHO guidelines for drinking-water quality. World Health Organization,
Organization WH (2003b) Lead in drinking-water: background document for development of WHO guidelines for drinking-water quality. World Health Organization,
Organization WH (2017) Guidelines for drinking-water quality: first addendum to the fourth edition
Park D, Yun Y-S, Park JM (2010) The past, present, and future trends of biosorption Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 15:86-102
Parolo ME, Avena MJ, Pettinari GR, Baschini MT (2012) Influence of Ca2+ on tetracycline adsorption on montmorillonite Journal of colloid and interface science 368:420-426
Parshetti GK, Chowdhury S, Balasubramanian R (2014) Hydrothermal conversion of urban food waste to chars for removal of textile dyes from contaminated waters Bioresource technology 161:310-319
Pavlovic I, Knez Ze, Skerget M (2013) Hydrothermal reactions of agricultural and food processing wastes in sub-and supercritical water: a review of fundamentals, mechanisms, and state of research Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 61:8003-8025
Pelekani C, Snoeyink VL (2000) Competitive adsorption between atrazine and methylene blue on activated carbon: the importance of pore size distribution Carbon 38:1423-1436
Perrich JR (2018) Activated carbon adsorption for wastewater treatment. CRC press,
Peterson AA, Vogel F, Lachance RP, Fröling M, Antal Jr MJ, Tester JW (2008) Thermochemical biofuel production in hydrothermal media: a review of sub-and supercritical water technologies Energy & environmental science 1:32-65
Pinot F, Kreps SE, Bachelet M, Hainaut P, Bakonyi M, Polla BS (2000) Cadmium in the environment: sources, mechanisms of biotoxicity, and biomarkers Reviews on environmental health 15:299-324
Plaza M, Pevida C, Martín CF, Fermoso J, Pis J, Rubiera F (2010) Developing almond shell-derived activated carbons as CO2 adsorbents Separation and Purification Technology 71:102-106
Ponou J, Wang LP, Dodbiba G, Matuo S, Fujita T (2016) EFFECT OF CARBONIZATION ON BANANA PEELS FOR REMOVAL OF CADMIUM IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ) 15
Pure IUo, Chemistry A (1972) Manual of symbols and terminology: appendix 2. Part I: colloid and surface chemistry Pure and Applied Chemistry 31
Qian F et al. (2016) Synthesis, characterization and adsorption capacity of magnetic carbon composites activated by CO 2: implication for the catalytic mechanisms of iron salts Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4:18942-18951
Raj KR, Kardam A, Arora JK, Srivastava S, Srivastava M (2013) Adsorption behavior of dyes from aqueous solution using agricultural waste: modeling approach Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 15:73-80
Regmi P, Moscoso JLG, Kumar S, Cao X, Mao J, Schafran G (2012) Removal of copper and cadmium from aqueous solution using switchgrass biochar produced via hydrothermal carbonization process Journal of environmental management 109:61-69
Reucroft P, Simpson W, Jonas L (1971) Sorption properties of activated carbon The Journal of Physical Chemistry 75:3526-3531
Revenga C, Mock G (2000) Dirty water: Pollution problems persist World Resources Institute
Romanos J et al. (2011) Nanospace engineering of KOH activated carbon Nanotechnology 23:015401
Safaei Khorram M, Zhang Q, Lin D, Zheng Y, Fang H, Yu Y (2016) Biochar: A review of its impact on pesticide behavior in soil environments and its potential applications Journal of Environmental Sciences 44:269-279 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2015.12.027
Salem HM, Eweida EA, Farag A (2000) Heavy metals in drinking water and their environmental impact on human health ICEHM2000, Cairo University, Egypt:542-556
Singh N, Nagpal G, Agrawal S (2018) Water purification by using adsorbents: a review Environmental technology & innovation 11:187-240
Spataru A, Jain R, Chung JW, Gerner G, Krebs R, Lens PN (2016) Enhanced adsorption of orthophosphate and copper onto hydrochar derived from sewage sludge by KOH activation Rsc Advances 6:101827-101834
Sud D, Mahajan G, Kaur M (2008) Agricultural waste material as potential adsorbent for sequestering heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions–A review Bioresource technology 99:6017-6027
Sun K, Ro K, Guo M, Novak J, Mashayekhi H, Xing B (2011) Sorption of bisphenol A, 17α-ethinyl estradiol and phenanthrene on thermally and hydrothermally produced biochars Bioresource Technology 102:5757-5763
Sun K, Tang J, Gong Y, Zhang H (2015) Characterization of potassium hydroxide (KOH) modified hydrochars from different feedstocks for enhanced removal of heavy metals from water Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22:16640-16651 doi:10.1007/s11356-015-4849-0
Sun Y et al. (2014) Effects of feedstock type, production method, and pyrolysis temperature on biochar and hydrochar properties Chemical Engineering Journal 240:574-578 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.10.081
Tasaso P (2014) Adsorption of copper using pomelo peel and depectinated pomelo peel Journal of Clean Energy Technologies 2:154-157
Tillman GM (1996) Wastewater treatment: Troubleshooting and problem solving. CRC Press,
Tran HN, You S-J, Chao H-P (2017a) Fast and efficient adsorption of methylene green 5 on activated carbon prepared from new chemical activation method Journal of Environmental Management 188:322-336 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.12.003
Tran HN, You S-J, Chao H-P (2017b) Insight into adsorption mechanism of cationic dye onto agricultural residues-derived hydrochars: Negligible role of π-π interaction Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 34:1708-1720
Tran HN, You S-J, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Chao H-P (2017c) Mistakes and inconsistencies regarding adsorption of contaminants from aqueous solutions: a critical review Water research 120:88-116
Tran HN, You S-J, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Chao H-P (2017d) Mistakes and inconsistencies regarding adsorption of contaminants from aqueous solutions: A critical review Water Research
Tran HN, You SJ, Chao HP (2016) Effect of pyrolysis temperatures and times on the adsorption of cadmium onto orange peel derived biochar Waste management & research : the journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, ISWA 34:129-138 doi:10.1177/0734242x15615698
Trevors J, Cotter C (1990) Copper toxicity and uptake in microorganisms Journal of Industrial Microbiology 6:77-84
Ullah S, Javed MW, Shafique M, Khan SF (2014) An integrated approach for quality assessment of drinking water using GIS: A case study of Lower Dir Journal of Himalayan Earth Science 47
Vaghetti JC, Lima EC, Royer B, da Cunha BM, Cardoso NF, Brasil JL, Dias SL (2009) Pecan nutshell as biosorbent to remove Cu (II), Mn (II) and Pb (II) from aqueous solutions Journal of Hazardous Materials 162:270-280
Vajnhandl S, Le Marechal AM (2007) Case study of the sonochemical decolouration of textile azo dye Reactive Black 5 Journal of Hazardous Materials 141:329-335
Vinod K, Gowda KN (2008) Oxidation of CI Acid Red 27 by Chloramine-T in perchloric acid medium: Spectrophotometric, kinetic and mechanistic approaches Dyes and Pigments 78:131-138
Wan Z, Jiao Y, Ouyang X, Chang L, Wang X (2017) Bifunctional MoS2 coated melamine-formaldehyde sponges for efficient oil–water separation and water-soluble dye removal Applied Materials Today 9:551-559
Wang F (2017) Novel high performance magnetic activated carbon for phenol removal: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics Journal of Porous Materials 24:1309-1317 doi:10.1007/s10934-017-0372-7
Wang J, Wang S (2019) Preparation, modification and environmental application of biochar: a review Journal of Cleaner Production
Wang LK, Hung Y-T, Shammas NK (2009) Handbook of advanced industrial and hazardous wastes treatment. CRC press,
Wang T, Zhai Y, Zhu Y, Li C, Zeng G (2018) A review of the hydrothermal carbonization of biomass waste for hydrochar formation: Process conditions, fundamentals, and physicochemical properties Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 90:223-247 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.071
Wang Y, Huang C, Xu T (2011) Which is more competitive for production of organic acids, ion-exchange or electrodialysis with bipolar membranes? Journal of membrane science 374:150-156
Wauchope RD, Buttler T, Hornsby A, Augustijn-Beckers P, Burt J (1992) The SCS/ARS/CES pesticide properties database for environmental decision-making. In: Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology. Springer, pp 1-155
Wong S, Ngadi N, Inuwa IM, Hassan O (2018) Recent advances in applications of activated carbon from biowaste for wastewater treatment: a short review Journal of Cleaner Production 175:361-375
Worch E (2012) Adsorption technology in water treatment: fundamentals, processes, and modeling. Walter de Gruyter,
Xiang W et al. (2020) Biochar technology in wastewater treatment: A critical review Chemosphere:126539
Xue Y, Gao B, Yao Y, Inyang M, Zhang M, Zimmerman AR, Ro KS (2012) Hydrogen peroxide modification enhances the ability of biochar (hydrochar) produced from hydrothermal carbonization of peanut hull to remove aqueous heavy metals: Batch and column tests Chemical Engineering Journal 200-202:673-680 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.116
Yagub MT, Sen TK, Afroze S, Ang HM (2014) Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: a review Advances in colloid and interface science 209:172-184
Yihunu EW, Minale M, Abebe S, Limin M (2019) Preparation, characterization and cost analysis of activated biochar and hydrochar derived from agricultural waste: a comparative study SN Applied Sciences 1:873
ZHANG J-h, LIN Q-m, ZHAO X-r (2014a) The hydrochar characters of municipal sewage sludge under different hydrothermal temperatures and durations Journal of Integrative Agriculture 13:471-482
Zhang L, Song X, Liu X, Yang L, Pan F, Lv J (2011) Studies on the removal of tetracycline by multi-walled carbon nanotubes Chemical engineering journal 178:26-33
Zhang M, Gao B, Fang J, Creamer AE, Ullman JL (2014b) Self-assembly of needle-like layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanocrystals on hydrochar: characterization and phosphate removal ability RSC Advances 4:28171-28175
Zheng Y, Tao L, Yang X, Huang Y, Liu C, Zheng Z (2018) Study of the thermal behavior, kinetics, and product characterization of biomass and low-density polyethylene co-pyrolysis by thermogravimetric analysis and pyrolysis-GC/MS Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 133:185-197
Zhou Y et al. (2017) Modification of biochar derived from sawdust and its application in removal of tetracycline and copper from aqueous solution: Adsorption mechanism and modelling Bioresource Technology 245:266-273 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.08.178
Zhu D, Kwon S, Pignatello JJ (2005) Adsorption of single-ring organic compounds to wood charcoals prepared under different thermochemical conditions Environ Sci Technol 39:3990
Zhu X, Liu Y, Qian F, Zhou C, Zhang S, Chen J (2014) Preparation of magnetic porous carbon from waste hydrochar by simultaneous activation and magnetization for tetracycline removal Bioresource Technology 154:209-214 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.019
Zollinger H (2003) Color chemistry: syntheses, properties, and applications of organic dyes and pigments. John Wiley & Sons.
References (Ch.3)
Ai L, Li L (2013) Efficient removal of organic dyes from aqueous solution with ecofriendly biomass-derived carbon@montmorillonite nanocomposites by one-step hydrothermal process Chemical Engineering Journal 223:688-695 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.03.015
Anastopoulos I, Kyzas GZ (2014) Agricultural peels for dye adsorption: a review of recent literature Journal of Molecular Liquids 200:381-389
Berge ND, Ro KS, Mao J, Flora JR, Chappell MA, Bae S (2011) Hydrothermal carbonization of municipal waste streams Environmental science & technology 45:5696-5703
Boehm H, Tereozki B, Schanz K (1982) Blocking of pores in porous carbons by chemisorption. In: Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, vol 10. Elsevier, pp 395-401
Boehm HP (1966) Chemical identification of surface groups Advances in catalysis 16:179-274
Cengiz S, Tanrikulu F, Aksu S (2012) An alternative source of adsorbent for the removal of dyes from textile waters: Posidonia oceanica (L.) Chemical Engineering Journal 189-190:32-40 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.02.015
Chen J, Zhang L, Yang G, Wang Q, Li R, Lucia LA (2017) Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Hydrochar by Phosphoric Acid Activation and its Adsorption Performance in Prehydrolysis Liquor BioResources 12:5928-5941
El-Hendawy A-NA (2003) Influence of HNO3 oxidation on the structure and adsorptive properties of corncob-based activated carbon Carbon 41:713-722
Elaigwu SE, Greenway GM (2016) Chemical, structural and energy properties of hydrochars from microwave-assisted hydrothermal carbonization of glucose International Journal of Industrial Chemistry 7:449-456 doi:10.1007/s40090-016-0081-0
Fang J, Gao B, Chen J, Zimmerman AR (2015) Hydrochars derived from plant biomass under various conditions: Characterization and potential applications and impacts Chemical Engineering Journal 267:253-259 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.01.026
Fang J, Zhan L, Ok YS, Gao B (2017) Minireview of potential applications of hydrochar derived from hydrothermal carbonization of biomass Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Freundlich H (1906) Vber die adsorption in lösungen, zeitschrift für physikalische chemie American Chemical Society 62:121-125
Gokce Y, Aktas Z (2014) Nitric acid modification of activated carbon produced from waste tea and adsorption of methylene blue and phenol Applied Surface Science 313:352-359 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.05.214
Güzel F, Sayğılı H, Akkaya Sayğılı G, Koyuncu F, Yılmaz C (2017) Optimal oxidation with nitric acid of biochar derived from pyrolysis of weeds and its application in removal of hazardous dye methylene blue from aqueous solution Journal of Cleaner Production 144:260-265 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.01.029
Güzel F, Sayğılı H, Sayğılı GA, Koyuncu F (2014) Elimination of anionic dye by using nanoporous carbon prepared from an industrial biowaste Journal of Molecular Liquids 194:130-140
Hao W, Björkman E, Lilliestråle M, Hedin N (2014) Activated Carbons for Water Treatment Prepared by Phosphoric Acid Activation of Hydrothermally Treated Beer Waste Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 53:15389-15397 doi:10.1021/ie5004569
Huang Y, Huang Y, Wang W, Zheng K (2018) Characterization of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) modified hydrochars from walnut shell for enhanced adsorption performance of methylene blue from aqueous solution DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT 109:221-230
Islam MA, Ahmed MJ, Khanday WA, Asif M, Hameed BH (2017) Mesoporous activated coconut shell-derived hydrochar prepared via hydrothermal carbonization-NaOH activation for methylene blue adsorption Journal of Environmental Management 203:237-244 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.07.029
Jain A, Balasubramanian R, Srinivasan M (2015) Production of high surface area mesoporous activated carbons from waste biomass using hydrogen peroxide-mediated hydrothermal treatment for adsorption applications Chemical Engineering Journal 273:622-629
Jain A, Balasubramanian R, Srinivasan MP (2016) Hydrothermal conversion of biomass waste to activated carbon with high porosity: A review Chemical Engineering Journal 283:789-805 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.08.014
Jiang Z et al. (2003) Activated carbons chemically modified by concentrated H2SO4 for the adsorption of the pollutants from wastewater and the dibenzothiophene from fuel oils Langmuir 19:731-736
Jin J et al. (2018) HNO3 modified biochars for uranium (VI) removal from aqueous solution Bioresource technology 256:247-253
Kim K, Zhu P, Li N, Ma X, Chen Y (2011) Characterization of oxygen containing functional groups on carbon materials with oxygen K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy Carbon 49:1745-1751
Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum Journal of the American Chemical society 40:1361-1403
Lian L, Guo L, Guo C (2009) Adsorption of Congo red from aqueous solutions onto Ca-bentonite Journal of hazardous materials 161:126-131
Libra JA et al. (2011) Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass residuals: a comparative review of the chemistry, processes and applications of wet and dry pyrolysis Biofuels 2:71-106 doi:10.4155/bfs.10.81
Mohammadi N, Khani H, Gupta VK, Amereh E, Agarwal S (2011) Adsorption process of methyl orange dye onto mesoporous carbon material–kinetic and thermodynamic studies Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 362:457-462 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.06.067
Mohanty K, Naidu JT, Meikap BC, Biswas MN (2006) Removal of Crystal Violet from Wastewater by Activated Carbons Prepared from Rice Husk Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 45:5165-5171 doi:10.1021/ie060257r
Mumme J, Eckervogt L, Pielert J, Diakité M, Rupp F, Kern J (2011) Hydrothermal carbonization of anaerobically digested maize silage Bioresource technology 102:9255-9260
Murugan P (2019) Characterization, morphology and stability assessment of low-cost industrial by-product as an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution Separation Science and Technology:1-16
Ncibi MC, Mahjoub B, Seffen M (2007) Kinetic and equilibrium studies of methylene blue biosorption by Posidonia oceanica (L.) fibres Journal of Hazardous Materials 139:280-285
Oliveira I, Blöhse D, Ramke H-G (2013) Hydrothermal carbonization of agricultural residues Bioresource technology 142:138-146
Padmapriya M, Ramesh S, Biju V (2019) Seawater-based mesoporous geopolymer as a sorbent for the removal and recovery of methylene blue from wastewater DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT 138:313-325
Pelekani C, Snoeyink VL (2000) Competitive adsorption between atrazine and methylene blue on activated carbon: the importance of pore size distribution Carbon 38:1423-1436
Pouretedal H, Sadegh N (2014) Effective removal of amoxicillin, cephalexin, tetracycline and penicillin G from aqueous solutions using activated carbon nanoparticles prepared from vine wood Journal of Water Process Engineering 1:64-73
Qian W-C, Luo X-P, Wang X, Guo M, Li B (2018) Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by modified bamboo hydrochar Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 157:300-306 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.03.088
Sevilla M, Fuertes AB (2009a) Chemical and structural properties of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of saccharides Chemistry-A European Journal 15:4195-4203
Sevilla M, Fuertes AB (2009b) The production of carbon materials by hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose Carbon 47:2281-2289
Shim J-W, Park S-J, Ryu S-K (2001) Effect of modification with HNO3 and NaOH on metal adsorption by pitch-based activated carbon fibers Carbon 39:1635-1642
Sun K, Ro K, Guo M, Novak J, Mashayekhi H, Xing B (2011) Sorption of bisphenol A, 17α-ethinyl estradiol and phenanthrene on thermally and hydrothermally produced biochars Bioresource Technology 102:5757-5763
Sun K, Tang J, Gong Y, Zhang H (2015) Characterization of potassium hydroxide (KOH) modified hydrochars from different feedstocks for enhanced removal of heavy metals from water Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22:16640-16651 doi:10.1007/s11356-015-4849-0
Sun L, Wan S, Luo W (2013) Biochars prepared from anaerobic digestion residue, palm bark, and eucalyptus for adsorption of cationic methylene blue dye: characterization, equilibrium, and kinetic studies Bioresource Technology 140:406-413
Sun Y et al. (2014) Effects of feedstock type, production method, and pyrolysis temperature on biochar and hydrochar properties Chemical Engineering Journal 240:574-578 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.10.081
Tran HN, Wang Y-F, You S-J, Chao H-P (2017a) Insights into the mechanism of cationic dye adsorption on activated charcoal: The importance of π–π interactions Process Safety and Environmental Protection 107:168-180
Tran HN, You S-J, Chao H-P (2016a) Effect of pyrolysis temperatures and times on the adsorption of cadmium onto orange peel derived biochar Waste Management & Research 34:129-138 doi:10.1177/0734242x15615698
Tran HN, You S-J, Chao H-P (2016b) Thermodynamic parameters of cadmium adsorption onto orange peel calculated from various methods: a comparison study Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4:2671-2682
Tran HN, You S-J, Chao H-P (2017b) Fast and efficient adsorption of methylene green 5 on activated carbon prepared from new chemical activation method Journal of Environmental Management 188:322-336 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.12.003
Tran HN, You S-J, Chao H-P (2017c) Insight into adsorption mechanism of cationic dye onto agricultural residues-derived hydrochars: Negligible role of π-π interaction Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 34:1708-1720
Tran HN, You SJ, Chao HP (2016c) Effect of pyrolysis temperatures and times on the adsorption of cadmium onto orange peel derived biochar Waste management & research : the journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, ISWA 34:129-138 doi:10.1177/0734242x15615698
Trompowsky PM, de Melo Benites V, Madari BE, Pimenta AS, Hockaday WC, Hatcher PG (2005) Characterization of humic like substances obtained by chemical oxidation of eucalyptus charcoal Organic Geochemistry 36:1480-1489
Valdés H, Sánchez-Polo M, Rivera-Utrilla J, Zaror C (2002) Effect of ozone treatment on surface properties of activated carbon Langmuir 18:2111-2116
Wang F (2017) Novel high performance magnetic activated carbon for phenol removal: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics Journal of Porous Materials 24:1309-1317 doi:10.1007/s10934-017-0372-7
Wang Q, Wang B, Lee X, Lehmann J, Gao B (2018a) Sorption and desorption of Pb (II) to biochar as affected by oxidation and pH Science of the Total Environment 634:188-194
Wang T, Zhai Y, Zhu Y, Li C, Zeng G (2018b) A review of the hydrothermal carbonization of biomass waste for hydrochar formation: Process conditions, fundamentals, and physicochemical properties Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 90:223-247 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.071
Xiao L-P, Shi Z-J, Xu F, Sun R-C (2012) Hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass Bioresource technology 118:619-623
Xue Y, Gao B, Yao Y, Inyang M, Zhang M, Zimmerman AR, Ro KS (2012) Hydrogen peroxide modification enhances the ability of biochar (hydrochar) produced from hydrothermal carbonization of peanut hull to remove aqueous heavy metals: Batch and column tests Chemical Engineering Journal 200-202:673-680 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.116
Yagub MT, Sen TK, Afroze S, Ang HM (2014) Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: a review Advances in colloid and interface science 209:172-184
Zhang Y-R, Wang S-Q, Shen S-L, Zhao B-X (2013) A novel water treatment magnetic nanomaterial for removal of anionic and cationic dyes under severe condition Chemical Engineering Journal 233:258-264 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.07.009
Zhang Z, Luo X, Liu Y, Zhou P, Ma G, Lei Z, Lei L (2015) A low cost and highly efficient adsorbent (activated carbon) prepared from waste potato residue Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 49:206-211 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2014.11.024
Zhou X, Zhou X (2014) The unit problem in the thermodynamic calculation of adsorption using the Langmuir equation Chemical Engineering Communications 201:1459-1467
References (Ch.4)
Anjum, H., Johari, K., Appusamy, A., Gnanasundaram, N., Thanabalan, M. 2019. Surface modification and characterization of carbonaceous adsorbents for the efficient removal of oil pollutants. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 379, 120673.
Bhatnagar, A., Anastopoulos, I. 2017. Adsorptive removal of bisphenol A (BPA) from aqueous solution: a review. Chemosphere, 168, 885-902.
Boehm, H. 1994. Some aspects of the surface chemistry of carbon blacks and other carbons. Carbon, 32(5), 759-769.
Bouhamed, F., Elouear, Z., Bouzid, J. 2012. Adsorptive removal of copper (II) from aqueous solutions on activated carbon prepared from Tunisian date stones: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 43(5), 741-749.
Chen, X., Wu, Z., Liu, D., Gao, Z. 2017. Preparation of ZnO photocatalyst for the efficient and rapid photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes. Nanoscale research letters, 12(1), 143.
De Gisi, S., Lofrano, G., Grassi, M., Notarnicola, M. 2016. Characteristics and adsorption capacities of low-cost sorbents for wastewater treatment: a review. Sustainable Materials and Technologies, 9, 10-40.
Fang, J., Zhan, L., Ok, Y.S., Gao, B. 2017. Minireview of potential applications of hydrochar derived from hydrothermal carbonization of biomass. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry.
Güzel, F., Sayğılı, H., Sayğılı, G.A., Koyuncu, F. 2014. Elimination of anionic dye by using nanoporous carbon prepared from an industrial biowaste. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 194, 130-140.
Huang, F.-C., Lee, C.-K., Han, Y.-L., Chao, W.-C., Chao, H.-P. 2014. Preparation of activated carbon using micro-nano carbon spheres through chemical activation. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 45(5), 2805-2812.
Islam, M.A., Ahmed, M.J., Khanday, W.A., Asif, M., Hameed, B.H. 2017. Mesoporous activated coconut shell-derived hydrochar prepared via hydrothermal carbonization-NaOH activation for methylene blue adsorption. Journal of Environmental Management, 203, 237-244.
Islam, M.A., Benhouria, A., Asif, M., Hameed, B.H. 2015. Methylene blue adsorption on factory-rejected tea activated carbon prepared by conjunction of hydrothermal carbonization and sodium hydroxide activation processes. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 52, 57-64.
Jagtoyen, M., Thwaites, M., Stencel, J., McEnaney, B., Derbyshire, F. 1992. Adsorbent carbon synthesis from coals by phosphoric acid activation. Carbon, 30(7), 1089-1096.
Jung, C., Park, J., Lim, K.H., Park, S., Heo, J., Her, N., Oh, J., Yun, S., Yoon, Y. 2013. Adsorption of selected endocrine disrupting compounds and pharmaceuticals on activated biochars. Journal of hazardous materials, 263, 702-710.
Kim, S., Chu, K.H., Al-Hamadani, Y.A., Park, C.M., Jang, M., Kim, D.-H., Yu, M., Heo, J., Yoon, Y. 2018. Removal of contaminants of emerging concern by membranes in water and wastewater: a review. Chemical Engineering Journal, 335, 896-914.
Kumar, R., Kumar, G., Umar, A. 2013. ZnO nano-mushrooms for photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. Materials Letters, 97, 100-103.
Langmuir, I. 1918. The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. Journal of the American Chemical society, 40(9), 1361-1403.
Li, C., Chen, G., Sun, J., Rao, J., Han, Z., Hu, Y., Xing, W., Zhang, C. 2016. Doping effect of phosphate in Bi2WO6 and universal improved photocatalytic activity for removing various pollutants in water. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 188, 39-47.
Liang, R., Jing, F., Shen, L., Qin, N., Wu, L. 2015. MIL-53 (Fe) as a highly efficient bifunctional photocatalyst for the simultaneous reduction of Cr (VI) and oxidation of dyes. Journal of hazardous materials, 287, 364-372.
Libra, J.A., Ro, K.S., Kammann, C., Funke, A., Berge, N.D., Neubauer, Y., Titirici, M.-M., Fühner, C., Bens, O., Kern, J., Emmerich, K.-H. 2011. Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass residuals: a comparative review of the chemistry, processes and applications of wet and dry pyrolysis. Biofuels, 2(1), 71-106.
Lima, E.C. 2018. Removal of emerging contaminants from the environment by adsorption. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 150, 1-17.
Liu, G., Zhang, Y., Xu, L., Xu, B., Li, F. 2019. A PW 12/Bi 2 WO 6 composite photocatalyst for enhanced visible light photocatalytic degradation of organic dye pollutants. New Journal of Chemistry, 43(8), 3469-3475.
Ozdemir, I., Şahin, M., Orhan, R., Erdem, M. 2014. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from grape stalk by zinc chloride activation. Fuel processing technology, 125, 200-206.
Peláez-Cid, A.-A., Herrera-González, A.-M., Salazar-Villanueva, M., Bautista-Hernández, A. 2016. Elimination of textile dyes using activated carbons prepared from vegetable residues and their characterization. Journal of Environmental Management, 181, 269-278.
Pelekani, C., Snoeyink, V.L. 2000. Competitive adsorption between atrazine and methylene blue on activated carbon: the importance of pore size distribution. Carbon, 38(10), 1423-1436.
Qian, W.-C., Luo, X.-P., Wang, X., Guo, M., Li, B. 2018. Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by modified bamboo hydrochar. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 157, 300-306.
Raymundo-Pinero, E., Azais, P., Cacciaguerra, T., Cazorla-Amorós, D., Linares-Solano, A., Béguin, F. 2005. KOH and NaOH activation mechanisms of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with different structural organisation. Carbon, 43(4), 786-795.
Ren, X., Chen, C., Nagatsu, M., Wang, X. 2011. Carbon nanotubes as adsorbents in environmental pollution management: a review. Chemical Engineering Journal, 170(2-3), 395-410.
Sajjadi, S.-A., Meknati, A., Lima, E.C., Dotto, G.L., Mendoza-Castillo, D.I., Anastopoulos, I., Alakhras, F., Unuabonah, E.I., Singh, P., Hosseini-Bandegharaei, A. 2019. A novel route for preparation of chemically activated carbon from pistachio wood for highly efficient Pb (II) sorption. Journal of environmental management, 236, 34-44.
Sajjadi, S.-A., Mohammadzadeh, A., Tran, H.N., Anastopoulos, I., Dotto, G.L., Lopičić, Z.R., Sivamani, S., Rahmani-Sani, A., Ivanets, A., Hosseini-Bandegharaei, A. 2018. Efficient mercury removal from wastewater by pistachio wood wastes-derived activated carbon prepared by chemical activation using a novel activating agent. Journal of environmental management, 223, 1001-1009.
Shim, J.-W., Park, S.-J., Ryu, S.-K. 2001. Effect of modification with HNO3 and NaOH on metal adsorption by pitch-based activated carbon fibers. Carbon, 39(11), 1635-1642.
Sun, K., Tang, J., Gong, Y., Zhang, H. 2015. Characterization of potassium hydroxide (KOH) modified hydrochars from different feedstocks for enhanced removal of heavy metals from water. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(21), 16640-16651.
Sun, L., Wan, S., Luo, W. 2013. Biochars prepared from anaerobic digestion residue, palm bark, and eucalyptus for adsorption of cationic methylene blue dye: characterization, equilibrium, and kinetic studies. Bioresource Technology, 140, 406-413.
Sun, Y., Gao, B., Yao, Y., Fang, J., Zhang, M., Zhou, Y., Chen, H., Yang, L. 2014. Effects of feedstock type, production method, and pyrolysis temperature on biochar and hydrochar properties. Chemical Engineering Journal, 240, 574-578.
Tian, F., Wu, Z., Chen, Q., Yan, Y., Cravotto, G., Wu, Z. 2015. Microwave-induced crystallization of AC/TiO2 for improving the performance of rhodamine B dye degradation. Applied Surface Science, 351, 104-112.
Tran, H.N., Chao, H.-P., You, S.-J. 2018a. Activated carbons from golden shower upon different chemical activation methods: synthesis and characterizations. Adsorption Science & Technology, 36(1-2), 95-113.
Tran, H.N., Lee, C.-K., Nguyen, T.V., Chao, H.-P. 2018b. Saccharide-derived microporous spherical biochar prepared from hydrothermal carbonization and different pyrolysis temperatures: synthesis, characterization, and application in water treatment. Environmental technology, 39(21), 2747-2760.
Tran, H.N., Wang, Y.-F., You, S.-J., Chao, H.-P. 2017a. Insights into the mechanism of cationic dye adsorption on activated charcoal: The importance of π–π interactions. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 107, 168-180.
Tran, H.N., You, S.-J., Chao, H.-P. 2017b. Fast and efficient adsorption of methylene green 5 on activated carbon prepared from new chemical activation method. Journal of Environmental Management, 188, 322-336.
Tran, H.N., You, S.-J., Chao, H.-P. 2017c. Insight into adsorption mechanism of cationic dye onto agricultural residues-derived hydrochars: Negligible role of π-π interaction. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 34(6), 1708-1720.
Tran, H.N., You, S.-J., Nguyen, T.V., Chao, H.-P. 2017d. Insight into the adsorption mechanism of cationic dye onto biosorbents derived from agricultural wastes. Chemical Engineering Communications, 204(9), 1020-1036.
Tsechansky, L., Graber, E.R. 2014. Methodological limitations to determining acidic groups at biochar surfaces via the Boehm titration. Carbon, 66, 730-733.
Xue, Y., Gao, B., Yao, Y., Inyang, M., Zhang, M., Zimmerman, A.R., Ro, K.S. 2012. Hydrogen peroxide modification enhances the ability of biochar (hydrochar) produced from hydrothermal carbonization of peanut hull to remove aqueous heavy metals: Batch and column tests. Chemical Engineering Journal, 200-202, 673-680.
Zhang, T., Walawender, W.P., Fan, L., Fan, M., Daugaard, D., Brown, R. 2004. Preparation of activated carbon from forest and agricultural residues through CO2 activation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 105(1-2), 53-59.
References (Ch.5)
Banerjee S, Barman S, Halder G (2017) Sorptive elucidation of rice husk ash derived synthetic zeolite towards deionization of coalmine waste water: a comparative study Groundwater for Sustainable Development 5:137-151
Bao Y, Zhou Q, Wan Y, Yu Q, Xie X (2010) Effects of soil/solution ratios and cation types on adsorption and desorption of tetracycline in soils Soil Science Society of America Journal 74:1553-1561
Bhatt V, Jee R (1985) Micro-ionization acidity constants for tetracyclines from fluorescence measurements Analytica chimica acta 167:233-240
Chen H, Zhang M (2013) Occurrence and removal of antibiotic resistance genes in municipal wastewater and rural domestic sewage treatment systems in eastern China Environment international 55:9-14
Chen T et al. (2018) Sorption of tetracycline on H3PO4 modified biochar derived from rice straw and swine manure Bioresource technology 267:431-437
Chen W-R, Huang C-H (2010) Adsorption and transformation of tetracycline antibiotics with aluminum oxide Chemosphere 79:779-785
Chen Y-Y, Ma Y-L, Yang J, Wang L-Q, Lv J-M, Ren C-J (2017a) Aqueous tetracycline degradation by H2O2 alone: removal and transformation pathway Chemical Engineering Journal 307:15-23
Chen Z et al. (2017b) Bioavailability of soil-sorbed tetracycline to Escherichia coli under unsaturated conditions Environmental science & technology 51:6165-6173
Corbett JF (1972) Pseudo first-order kinetics Journal of Chemical Education 49:663
Duy Nguyen H, Nguyen Tran H, Chao H-P, Lin C-C (2019) Activated Carbons Derived from Teak Sawdust-Hydrochars for Efficient Removal of Methylene Blue, Copper, and Cadmium from Aqueous Solution Water 11:2581
Freundlich H (1907) Über die adsorption in lösungen Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie 57:385-470
Gao Y, Li Y, Zhang L, Huang H, Hu J, Shah SM, Su X (2012) Adsorption and removal of tetracycline antibiotics from aqueous solution by graphene oxide Journal of colloid and interface science 368:540-546
Guan R et al. (2019) Efficient degradation of tetracycline by heterogeneous cobalt oxide/cerium oxide composites mediated with persulfate Separation and Purification Technology 212:223-232
Ho Y-S, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes Process biochemistry 34:451-465
Jang HM, Yoo S, Choi Y-K, Park S, Kan E (2018) Adsorption isotherm, kinetic modeling and mechanism of tetracycline on Pinus taeda-derived activated biochar Bioresource technology 259:24-31
Ji L, Chen W, Duan L, Zhu D (2009) Mechanisms for strong adsorption of tetracycline to carbon nanotubes: A comparative study using activated carbon and graphite as adsorbents Environmental Science & Technology 43:2322-2327 doi:10.1021/es803268b
Ji L, Wan Y, Zheng S, Zhu D (2011) Adsorption of tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole on crop residue-derived ashes: implication for the relative importance of black carbon to soil sorption Environmental science & technology 45:5580-5586
Jing X-R, Wang Y-Y, Liu W-J, Wang Y-K, Jiang H (2014) Enhanced adsorption performance of tetracycline in aqueous solutions by methanol-modified biochar Chemical Engineering Journal 248:168-174
Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum Journal of the American Chemical society 40:1361-1403
Leeson LJ, Krueger JE, Nash RA (1963) Concerning the structural assignment of the second and third acidity constants of the tetracycline antibiotics Tetrahedron Letters 4:1155-1160
Leng Y et al. (2016) Biotransformation of tetracycline by a novel bacterial strain Stenotrophomonas maltophilia DT1 Journal of hazardous materials 318:125-133
Lian F, Song Z, Liu Z, Zhu L, Xing B (2013) Mechanistic understanding of tetracycline sorption on waste tire powder and its chars as affected by Cu2+ and pH Environmental pollution 178:264-270
Liu H, Yang Y, Kang J, Fan M, Qu J (2012a) Removal of tetracycline from water by Fe-Mn binary oxide Journal of environmental sciences 24:242-247
Liu M, Hou L-a, Yu S, Xi B, Zhao Y, Xia X (2013) MCM-41 impregnated with A zeolite precursor: synthesis, characterization and tetracycline antibiotics removal from aqueous solution Chemical engineering journal 223:678-687
Liu P, Liu W-J, Jiang H, Chen J-J, Li W-W, Yu H-Q (2012b) Modification of bio-char derived from fast pyrolysis of biomass and its application in removal of tetracycline from aqueous solution Bioresource technology 121:235-240
Nguyen DH, Tran HN, Chao H-P, Lin C-C (2019) Effect of nitric acid oxidation on the surface of hydrochars to sorb methylene blue: An adsorption mechanism comparison Adsorption Science & Technology 37:607-622
Parolo ME, Avena MJ, Pettinari GR, Baschini MT (2012) Influence of Ca2+ on tetracycline adsorption on montmorillonite Journal of colloid and interface science 368:420-426
Peiris C, Gunatilake SR, Mlsna TE, Mohan D, Vithanage M (2017) Biochar based removal of antibiotic sulfonamides and tetracyclines in aquatic environments: a critical review Bioresource Technology 246:150-159
Rivera-Utrilla J, Gómez-Pacheco CV, Sánchez-Polo M, López-Peñalver JJ, Ocampo-Pérez R (2013) Tetracycline removal from water by adsorption/bioadsorption on activated carbons and sludge-derived adsorbents Journal of environmental management 131:16-24
Sayğılı H, Güzel F (2016) Effective removal of tetracycline from aqueous solution using activated carbon prepared from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) industrial processing waste Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 131:22-29
Sousa JM et al. (2017) Ozonation and UV254 nm radiation for the removal of microorganisms and antibiotic resistance genes from urban wastewater Journal of hazardous materials 323:434-441
Stephens C, Murai K, Brunings K, Woodward R (1956) Acidity constants of the tetracycline antibiotics Journal of the American Chemical Society 78:4155-4158
Vo AT, Nguyen VP, Ouakouak A, Nieva A, Doma BT, Tran HN, Chao H-P (2019) Efficient Removal of Cr(VI) from Water by Biochar and Activated Carbon Prepared through Hydrothermal Carbonization and Pyrolysis: Adsorption-Coupled Reduction Mechanism Water 11:1164
Wang W, Fang J, Shao S, Lai M, Lu C (2017) Compact and uniform TiO2@ g-C3N4 core-shell quantum heterojunction for photocatalytic degradation of tetracycline antibiotics Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 217:57-64
Yan M, Hua Y, Zhu F, Gu W, Jiang J, Shen H, Shi W (2017) Fabrication of nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots-BiOI/MnNb2O6 pn junction photocatalysts with enhanced visible light efficiency in photocatalytic degradation of antibiotics Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 202:518-527
Yang Q, Liu J, Rehman S, Ahmed Z, Ruan B, Zhu N (2019) Batch interaction of emerging tetracycline contaminant with novel phosphoric acid activated corn straw porous carbon: Adsorption rate and nature of mechanism Environmental Research 181:108899 doi:10.1016/j.envres.2019.108899
Zeng Z et al. (2019) Research on the sustainable efficacy of g-MoS2 decorated biochar nanocomposites for removing tetracycline hydrochloride from antibiotic-polluted aqueous solution Science of the Total Environment 648:206-217
Zhang G, Liu X, Sun K, He F, Zhao Y, Lin C (2012) Competitive Sorption of Metsulfuron-Methyl and Tetracycline on Corn Straw Biochars Journal of Environmental Quality 41:1906-1915 doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0056
Zhou Y et al. (2017) Modification of biochar derived from sawdust and its application in removal of tetracycline and copper from aqueous solution: Adsorption mechanism and modelling Bioresource Technology 245:266-273 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.08.178
Zhu X, Liu Y, Qian F, Zhou C, Zhang S, Chen J (2014a) Preparation of magnetic porous carbon from waste hydrochar by simultaneous activation and magnetization for tetracycline removal Bioresource Technology 154:209-214 doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.019
Zhu X, Liu Y, Zhou C, Luo G, Zhang S, Chen J (2014b) A novel porous carbon derived from hydrothermal carbon for efficient adsorption of tetracycline Carbon 77:627-636
指導教授 林居慶(Chu-Ching Lin) 審核日期 2021-1-18
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明