博碩士論文 104456006 詳細資訊




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姓名 李欣翰(Hsin-Han Lee)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 工業管理研究所在職專班
論文名稱 失效模式設計審查(DRBFM)之應用-以筆記型電腦為例
(The Application of the Design Review Based on Failure Mode – Notebook as a Case)
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摘要(中) 面對全球市場環境的變化及客戶需求快速的改變,當新產品於開發階段中需採用較有效率的做法,來提升產品設計的品質,運用最少的資源並在最短的時間內,能對客戶所提出的條件快速反應並設計出符合市場需求的產品,是企業生存的關鍵要素,也是企業成功的的先決條件。失效模式設計審查(Design review base on failure modes,DRBFM)是一個能夠在產品設計階段減少風險發生之設計輔助工具,當實施DRBFM之後,能夠透過早期與客戶的溝通與內部的討論針對設計變更,改善不適當零組件設計的可靠性,來提升產品設計的品質。
本研究以筆記型電腦為例,在產品研發初期,透過經驗豐富的研發團隊偕同客戶,針對產品功能作系統性的分析,失效模式設計審查(Design review base on failure modes, DRBFM)的方法,完成DRBFM資料的分析與評估,協助設計人員在研發設計早期發現潛在性缺陷及評估其影響程度,及早謀求解決之道,以避免產品功能失效的發生或降低其發生時所產生之影響。
該研究所獲致成果,不但增進公司人員對產品規範的知識,改善產品開發設計之品質,同時大幅降低後期設計變更的次數,因此可縮短產品研發週期及節省開發成本。透過事先分析、預防及實際試作檢討,設計出一套完整的研發管理資料,提供後續產品開發或產品移轉之依據。研究中所產生的資料亦可彙整為有用的資料庫,將可以被用作系列產品的更新使用。
摘要(英) Facing with changes in environment of the global market and rapid changes in customer needs, the new products development needs efficient approaches to improve product design quality, and also requires the use of minimal resources and shortest time to respond quickly to customer’s requests and design a product that can meet the market demand, which are not only the keys for the enterprises to survive, but also prerequisites for business success. Design review base on failure modes is a tool able to reduce design risk in the product design stage, and after implementation of DRBFM, the reliability of inappropriate component design can be enhance through communication with customers and internal discussion of the design change, so the product design quality will be improved.
In this study, I took a notebook computer as an example showing how the experienced R&D team, accompanied by customers, using Design review base on failure modes method for systematic analysis of product features, by the analysis and evaluation DRBFM data designers can find potential defects in the early design stage, assess their impact, and find out the solutions as soon as possible, in order to avoid or reduce the impact of products function failure.
The Institute attainable results not only enhance the knowledge of company personnel on product specifications that will improve the quality of product development and design, but also significantly reduce the number of late-stage design changes, so you can shorten product development cycles and reduce development costs. Through a prior analysis, prevention and practical trial for review, we can design a complete set of R&D management database to follow-up when product development or product transfer. The information generated in this study can also be aggregate into a useful database, which will be use as an update for a series of products.
關鍵字(中) ★ 失效模式與效應分析
★ 失效模式設計審查
★ 新產品開發
★ 設計管理
關鍵字(英) ★ FMEA
★ Project Management
★ Design review base on failure modes (DRBFM)
★ New Product development
★ Design Management
論文目次
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
一、緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 2
1-3 研究目的 4
1-4 研究範圍 5
1-5 論文架構 5
二、文獻探討 8
2-1 失效模式與效應分析(FMEA) 10
2-2 防範未然的管理方法GD3的背景 15
2-2-1 優秀的設計(GOOD DESIGN) 17
2-2-2 嚴謹的探討(GOOD DISCUSSION) 17
2-2-3 細緻的觀察(GOOD DISSECTION) 18
2-3 失效模式設計審查(DRBFM) 19
2-4 快速設計審查(Quick Design Review) 28
三、個案公司介紹 29
3-1 個案公司簡介 29
3-2 筆記型電腦開發流程 32
四、個案分析與探討 36
4-1 研發團隊 36
4-2 新產品個案之DRBFM 37
4-3 重要成效 45
五、結論與建議 47
5-1 對個案公司的建議 47
5-2 未來研究方向 48
參考文獻 49
參考文獻
ㄧ.中文文獻
[1] (日)吉村達彥著,豐田生產方式事故預防法,崔柳譯,機械工業出版社,北京,2009。
[2] 程君茹,「基於DRBFM設計方法的品質問題預防」,山東工業技術,013期, 2015。
[3] 劉俊傑,吳志軍,「DRBFM在汽車零部件設計變更中的應用」,2013中國汽車工程學會轉向技術分會學術論文年會,重慶、中國,2013年10月29日。
[4] 張國慶,「筆記型電腦代工業供應鏈績效之探討–以Q公司為例」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國100年。
[5] 鍾健平,提升品質是競爭力的泉源,五南圖書,台北,2015
[6] 田紅梅:DRBFM在汽車產品研發過程中的應用。2009,取自https://wenku.baidu.com/view/14881cec998fcc22bcd10db5.html###
[7] TrendForce:2017年全球筆記型電腦出貨量估將年減4.5%。2017,取自http://press.trendforce.com.tw/node/view/3472.html
[8] 品質管理研究所:DRBFM的方式。2011,取自 http://quality-labo.sblo.jp/article/49920119.html
[9] 維基百科:失效模式與影響分析。2016,取自 https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%A4%B1%E6%95%88%E6%A8%A1%E5%BC%8F%E4%B8%8E%E5%BD%B1%E5%93%8D%E5%88%86%E6%9E%90


二. 英文文獻
[10] Haughey B, Design Review Based on Failure Modes and Design Review Based on Test Results Process Guide, SAE International, 2012.
[11] Kano S and Shimizu H, A Guide to GD3 Activities and DRBFM Technique to Prevent Trouble, Toyota, Tokyo, Japan, 2001.
[12] Laurent R and Rozenfeld H, “An Improved Method of Failure Mode Analysis for Design Changes”, CIRP Design Conference 2009, pp.436, Cranfield University, United Kingdom, 2009.
[13] Otsuka Y, Takiguchi S, Shimizu H and Mutoh Y, “Empirical Consideration of Predicting Chain Failure Modes in Product Structure During Design Review Process”, International Conference on Engineering Design, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, 2011.
[14] Paschkewitz J, “Risk Management in Lean Product Development”, IEEE, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA, 2014.
[15] QCI: Quanta computer, 2017, form http://www.quantatw.com/Quanta/chinese/about/company.aspx
[16] Roland S and Gernot J, “Risk Assessment Using Design Review Based On Failure Mode”, IEEE, Buena Vista, Florida, USA, 2011.
[17] Segismundo A and Miguel A, “Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) in the context of risk management in new product development: A case study in an automotive company”, International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp. 899 – 912, 2008
[18] Shimizu H, Otsuka Y, and Noguchi H, “Design review based on failure mode to visualise reliability problems in the development stage of mechanical products”, International Journal Vehicle Design, Vol.53, No.3,pp.149-165, 2010.
[19] Swapnil B, Ajinkya E and Vivek S, “A Review: Implementation of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis”, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), 2, 8, 2013.
[20] Teerawat T, Surachet S, Sawai P and Prapart U, “Application of GD3 in Value Engineering for Plastic-Part Design”, Automation and Systems 2008, pp.1908-1912, COEX, Seoul, Korea, 2008.
[21] TQM, DRBFM – Design Review Based on Failure Mode, 2017, from https://www.tqm.com/consulting/drbfm/
[22] TOYOTA: TOYOTA’s Quality Problem Prevention Method, 2011, from https://wenku.baidu.com/view/f6d84590dd88d0d233d46a32.html

三、日文部份
[23] 吉村達彥,「品質問題の未然防止手法.GD3」,豊田合成技報,Vol.44 No.2,46~49頁,2002。
[24] 酒井 賢,「派生開発でかUSDMとDRBFMをミックスしてら一気通で質を確保する」, NECソフト株式会社新潟支社,2011。
指導教授 王啟泰 審核日期 2017-7-13
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