博碩士論文 104521013 詳細資訊




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姓名 許昕茹(Hsin-Ju Hsu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 針對電流控制模式直流降壓轉換器之佈局自動化整合工具
(Automatic Layout Synthesis Tool for DC-DC Current-Mode Buck Converter)
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摘要(中) 在現代科技發達的生活環境裡,充滿著各式各樣由混合訊號晶片所構成的產品,例如: 可攜式電子產品(平板、智能手環)、醫療設備(血壓計)、電信通訊產品(手機、網路分享器)以及車用電子產品(防盜保全系統)等等。尤其近年來,伴隨大眾需求度的上升,從產品設計到上市的周期亦隨之縮短,而電子自動化工具便成為加快生產流程中不可或缺的關鍵。
雖然目前數位電路的自動化工具已發展得相當成熟,市面上也可以看到許多EDA 工具協助設計者,然而,類比混合訊號自動化設計工具卻十分少見,其中最大主因為類比電路對於訊號反應相當敏感,大多數還是依靠設計者人為完成完整佈局設計。因此,類比電路設計往往成為混合訊號單晶片(SoC)發展的瓶頸,而學術界也持續努力發展相關針對類比電路的自動化工具。
為了提升電路設計效能及縮短設計時間,本論文針對電流控制模式直流降壓轉換器電路發展一個佈局自動化整合工具,此流程能完整將電路從輸入規格到最終佈局及繞線自動化產生。整套流程以C++及Tcl/Tk 程式語言實現,且自動化佈局的過程能在Laker環境下執行,不僅可成功通過DRC 與LVS 的驗證,同時Post-layout 的模擬結果也能達到預期的電路效能。
摘要(英)
In our days, lots of electronic product are made of analog/mixed-signal (AMS) intergrated circuits (ICs), such as portable devices, medical equipment, communication product and automobile electronics etc. Nowadays, with the growing demands for portable devices, Time-to-Market cycle still keeps shrinking. Electronic design automation (EDA) tools are the keys to speed up the device process.
There are many existing EDA tools for digital circuits on the market. However, the EDA tools for AMS circuits are still not popular. Because analog circuits are often sensitive to small signals response, their layouts are often manually designed by experienced designers. Therefore, AMS circuit design has become the bottleneck in SoC design flow.
In order to increase the circuit performance and shorten design process, we perpose an automatic layout synthesis tool for DC-DC current-mode control buck converters in the thesis. This synthesis tool is able to generate the final layout of the target circuit automatically from given specification. The design environment is developed with C++ and Tcl/Tk programming language. The required layout can be generated in Laker automatically and pass the DRC/LVS verification. The post-layout simulation results also satisfy the required specification.
關鍵字(中) ★ 電流控制模式
★ 直流降壓轉換器
★ 自動化
關鍵字(英)
論文目次
摘要 vi
Abstract vii
致謝 viii
目錄 ix
圖目錄 xi
表目錄 xiii
第一章、緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 電壓轉換器的種類 3
1.2.1 線性電壓穩壓器 3
1.2.2 電容儲能型切換式轉換器 4
1.2.3 電感儲能型切換式轉換器 6
1.2.4 比較表 7
1.3 相關研究 8
1.4 論文組織 9
第二章、電感儲能型切換式電壓轉換器 10
2.1 切換式轉換器分類 10
2.1.1 降壓型轉換器 11
2.1.2 升壓型轉換器 13
2.1.3 升降壓型轉換器 14
2.2 控制電路分類 15
2.2.1 電壓控制模式 (Voltage Mode Control) 15
2.2.2 電流控制模式 16
第三章、自動化整合流程 18
3.1 整合流程介紹 18
3.2 電晶體尺寸調整工具 19
3.3 佈局擺放優化演算法 20
3.3.1 B*-Trees 20
3.3.2 階級式B*-Trees 22
3.3.3 三階B*-Trees 23
3.4 佈局自動化產生工具 26
3.4.1 元件位置計算 27
3.4.2 Laker命令描述語言產生器 29
3.4.3 元件擺放與繞線 31
第四章、實驗結果 33
4.1 整合流程操作 33
4.2 實驗結果 35
第五章、結論與未來展望 37
5.1 結論 37
5.2 未來展望 37
參考文獻 38
參考文獻

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指導教授 劉建男 審核日期 2017-8-21
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