博碩士論文 104552009 詳細資訊




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姓名 梁昌鎔(Chang-Rong Liang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 一個超級微控制器設計與實作
(Design and Implementation of a Super-Microcontroller)
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2027-9-12以後開放)
摘要(中) 在工業領域,物聯網,醫學,車用,航空等等領域,使用微控器的產品常需要連接更多的感測器跟其他異質裝置,常受限於單晶片周邊數量以及種類,如何提升與擴充是個常見的問題。本文提出一個擴充的架構以及開發平台,使得通用目的微控器能夠擴充周邊硬體,並且有彈性,高速資料交換,擴充後開發簡單等優點。合併多顆微控器與一個中介橋接器,去擴充原本的微控器成一個更大的微控器結構,解決周邊不足、核心間資料量存取過低導致存取裝置延遲過高等問題,並且在硬體上實作本次的實驗平台,以便完全利用FPGA的腳位與效率,方便實驗超級微控器硬體電路以及未來實驗的目的,並且注重信號傳輸的質量,最後在驗證上使用多顆感測器做驗證。
摘要(英) In past microcontrollers are used for various industrial and domestic applications. an increase in the number of microcontrollers for information changing is an important subject to solve problem of low latency and multi-peripheral connected. it becomes important to maintain proper coordination among them.
When peripheral of microcontroller is not enough to use for connection of device, we provide a scheme to connect more device with low latency, flexibility, and efficiency. we use a combination of microcontrollers and one FPGA bridge for purpose of expansibility and flexibility, choosing Master-Slave architecture to build up Super-microcontroller system.
We demonstrate the platform work by making use of an UART based monitoring tool. Using the tool, we can check message from Master or Slave MCU , Get time interval between time points we need, and authenticate that the system and platform we build match research purposes .
For research purposes, we implement two kinds of PCBA to solve FPGA I/O connection to STM32H747XI FMC. these PCBs are applied with high-speed basis. We design schematic, layout PCB, make PBCA and write HDL for FPA and C for MCU.
We use Slave MCU board to get six MPU9250 by SPI controllers. Through the bridge board, the master MCU can get data from eighteen MPU9250 with three slave MCU boards. The master MCU can make more peripheral controller like this way. In master view, it has more peripheral to use for device connecting.
關鍵字(中) ★ 微控制器
★ 微控器
★ 橋接器
★ 周邊控制器
關鍵字(英) ★ micro-controller
★ bridge
★ peripheral
論文目次 摘要 ii
Abstract iii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xv
第一章、緒論 1
1.1、研究背景與動機 1
1.2、研究目的 3
1.3、論文架構 4
第二章、文獻回顧 5
2.1、擴充周邊方案 5
2.1.1、軟體模擬硬體方案 5
2.1.2、(解)多工器架構方案 6
2.1.3、多微控制器方案 7
2.1.4、客製化周邊控制器 10
2.2、控制器介面通訊 11
2.2.1、記憶體通訊界面 11
2.2.2、I2C串列傳輸介面 14
2.2.3、SPI 14
2.2.4、UART 16
2.3、印刷電路板高速電路設計理論 17
2.3.1、集總電路以及分布電路 17
2.3.2、傳輸線理論 18
2.3.3、傳輸線與信號反射 21
2.3.4、傳輸線的干擾 23
2.3.5、信號的同步問題 24
第三章、超級微控器系統設計 25
3.1、超級微控器架構 25
3.2、 MIAT 方法論 28
3.2.1 嵌入式設計系統方法論架構 28
3.3超級微控器平台設計與合成 29
3.3.1、橋接器系統硬體設計與合成 30
3.3.2、主控端微控制器軟體架構與合成 42
3.3.3、從屬端微控器軟體架構與合成 44
第四章、超級微控器平台硬體設計 47
4.1、橋接器硬體設計 49
4.1.1、電路設計 49
4.1.2、橋接器布局與印刷電路板設計限制 53
4.2、主控與從機端硬體設計 60
4.2.1、主控與從機端電路設計 60
4.2.2、微控器布局與印刷電路板設計限制 63
第五章、系統整合驗證與實驗結果 69
5.1實驗環境 69
5.1.1慣性量測資料輸入 70
5.1.2訊息紀錄器 70
5.1.3 頻譜分析儀 71
5.1.4 邏輯分析儀 71
5.2開發平台實驗測試 72
5.2.1訊息交換記憶體控制器驗證 73
5.2.2 資料控制器與主控端特殊暫存器驗證 77
5.2.3資料存取時間驗證實驗 82
5.2.4反射係數量測 88
5.3與相關研究比較 90
第六章、結論 92
6.1結論 92
6.2未來展望 93
參考文獻 94
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指導教授 陳慶瀚(Ching-Han Chen) 審核日期 2022-9-19
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