||The research focuses on the genealogical concept of the Spirit in the perspective of Imam al-Ghazali. The formulation makes use of the Genealogy concepts as an approach. The author finds that in the work of al-Ghazali, he explains the Spirit as differing from the understanding of the layman who considers that the Spirit is merely the power of life. The concept of the Spirit according to al-Ghazali is a divine element (Rabbaniyyah); human beings are created for life and when they die, it means the return to the creator (God). The study uses the Genealogical approach to finding the origins of what has been understood, but we settle on presupposing the history alone. Genealogy is expected to reveal the meaning of the spiritual narration contained in Ghazali′s works. |
Author would be explaining the concept of Personality in Carl Gustav Jung. Focus on “Psyche” concept because it is very close between the concept of the spirit in Al-Ghazali. Hencefore, Psyche in Jung’s theory would be figuring as raw model of spirit in Al-Ghazali to describing of Spirit itself.
Meanwhile, Al-Ghazali establishes the Spirits of a value called Spirit based on the Qur’an, certainly, the side of the proposal is also applied in its concepts, emphasizing the “absolute” also done by it, and Al-Ghazali merged with Religion and Spiritualism.
The al-Ghazali’s concept described spirit based on Qur’an and Sunnah. Then, al-Ghazali divided the Spirit into three parts: Potency of Nafs (Soul), Potency of Qolb (heart), and Potency of Aql (intellectual). Later, the concept is connected to the eschatological narrative in the Islamic Religion, thus creating an Islamic Mysticism tradition in society.
Furthermore, the understanding of the Spirit will be sought genealogically for the purpose of understanding the meaning behind the existing interpretations. The author wishes to find the meaning of spiritual narrative based on the understanding of the Spirit in al-Ghazali′s perspective, and aims to further pursue a critical study in response to modernism practiced by some Islamic scholars.
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