博碩士論文 105126006 詳細資訊




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姓名 江佩諭(Pei- Yu Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 藝術學研究所
論文名稱 時間幽靈:杉本博司的《劇場》與 《建築》攝影系列研究
(Time Spirit: A Study in Hiroshi Sugimoto’s Theaters and Architecture Photographic Series)
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摘要(中) 在20世紀西方和日本,以當代觀念攝影而聞名的杉本博司,多年來亦同時涉獵不同角色,如古物家、建築師等,這些跨領域的身分,都加深了他對日本文化的探索、拓寬對攝影的思考,使他的攝影被評論為是融合東西方哲學的當代攝影。在以往的研究中多以單一文化觀點對杉本博司的攝影做討論,本論文試圖兼論日本與西方思想對他的影響及對在他攝影作品中的體現。亦延續哈蘇基金會對杉本博司的獲獎評論,把研究聚焦在他攝影中的多層次時間觀,探討他如何將時間的概念擴及至人類的記憶和歷史中,並對攝影史、攝影的本質進行再詮釋?也試圖援引攝影史外的劇場史、建築史、圖像脈絡,提供他攝影更多詮釋的可能。

本論文以杉本博司的時間哲思,與兩系列拍攝歷史空間的攝影作品為《劇場》以及《建築》系列出發,探究他對攝影的思考、對多層次時間觀的詮釋。第一章主要探討杉本博司攝影中技藝和風格的養成,及他在觀念攝影中對歷史和東西方文化思考的途徑。第二章專注於杉本博司的《劇場》系列,以此作品的復甦意象作為探究他多層次時間觀的切入,從中看他如何將日本泛神論宗教思想和日本文學、傳統能劇對時間的美學融入其中,及與劇場史、貝賀夫婦類型學攝影、19世紀馬雷的連續攝影作對話。此外再透過相隔40年創作的《廢棄劇場》系列,看杉本博司如何讓形上學的復甦概念落實到具體的拍攝上。第三章專注於杉本博司的《建築》系列,從他對經典現代主義建築的拍攝,看他如何把身為建築師角色的思考融入攝影中,透過失焦的建築影像探究出他對建築投以的目光,並探詢攝影史外圖像脈絡與記憶、歷史的連結。藉由對《劇場》以及《建築》系列的分析論述,彰顯出杉本博司攝影作品中所呈現的豐富時間、空間層次,及其以觀念藝術切入對建築攝影類型的再詮釋。
摘要(英) Hiroshi Sugimoto was famous for his contemporary conceptual photography in the West and Japan in the 20th century. For many decades, he has also been a multi-disciplinary artist working as an antiquarian, architect, and so on. These roles deepen his exploration in Japanese culture, broaden his thoughts on photography and led to his photography being commented as contemporary photography which blends eastern and western philosophies. Many studies about Hiroshi Sugimoto discuss on the single cultural perspective. Therefore, this thesis attempts to discuss the influence of Japanese and western ideologies on Hiroshi Sugimoto and his photography. Also, extending from Hasselblad foundation’s award citation, this study focuses on the multilayered concept of time in his photography, and explores how he thinks of humankind’s memory and history, and how his photography reinterprets the meaning of photographic history, the origin of photography. Then I consider the history of theater, the history of architecture, and the context of iconology, to probe into other possibilities of interpretation.

This thesis begins with Sugimoto’s thoughts on time and two photographic series “Theaters” and “Architecture” which have the same subject of historical space. I explore Sugimoto’s thinking and the multilayered concept of time in his photography. In the first chapter, I discuss the formation of his photographic techniques and styles, and his way of thinking on eastern and western culture in conceptual photography. The second chapter focuses on his “Theaters series”, and his notion of photography as recovery. I examine how he blends the Japanese pantheism, Japanese literature, temporality of Noh theatre into his photography, and has dialogues with the history of theatre, Bernd and Hilla Becher’s typologies and Marey’s chronophotography of the 19th century. Then I study his "Abandoned Theater" series, which he created after 40 years, and discuss how he transforms the metaphysical concept of recovery to specific photographic process. The third chapter focusses on the “Architecture” series, starting from the theme of modern architecture, to see how he integrates his role as an architect into photography. I also explore his gaze through out-of-focus architectural images, and how he connects to his works with the contexts outside the photographic history, such as iconology, memory, and history. Through an analysis of “Theaters” and “Architecture” series, this thesis unveils abundant layers of time and space in Hiroshi Sugimoto’ s photography, and his reinterpretation of architecture photography by his conceptual photography.
關鍵字(中) ★ 杉本博司
★ 《劇場》系列
★ 《建築》系列
★ 觀念攝影
★ 黑白攝影
★ 日本美學
★ 現代主義建築
關鍵字(英) ★ Hiroshi Sugimoto
★ Theaters Series
★ Architecture Series
★ Conceptual Photography
★ Black and White Image
★ Japanese aesthetics
★ Modern Architecture
論文目次 緒 論 1

一、前言 1
二、研究動機與問題意識 4
三、文 獻 回 顧 5
四、研究方法與章節架構 8

第一章 杉本博司的攝影之道 9
一、日 本: 1948--1970 9
初識西方攝影技藝的背景 9
內在幻象的實踐──攝影模型說 10
  馬克思哲思與日本60年代的反抗風潮 12
二、洛杉磯: 1970--1974 14
  洛杉磯藝術中心設計學院與向安瑟.亞當斯的學習 14
  時間流逝的作品原型:《蘋果習作》 17
三、紐 約: 1974-- 18
  風格摸索期的紐約紀實街拍 18
杉本博司攝影的觀念與技藝 19
  進入當代藝術圈的敲門磚 21
四、對日本文化的追求 22
  古董商與古物 22
  神祕主義中靈的存在 24
小結 26

第二章 內外的虛實幻象--《劇場》與《廢棄劇場》系列復甦的幽靈 27
一、時 間 27
時間的流逝 27
時間的復甦 29
二、1976年《劇場》系列 30
幽靈的復甦 30
幽靈的捕捉 32
幽靈的居所 33
與貝賀夫婦的工業地景比較 36
幽靈的多層意象 37
幽靈的原形──馬雷的連續攝影 42
三、《廢棄劇場》系列 43
軀 殼 44
復 甦 45
小結 46

第三章 來自悠遠處的凝視--《建築》系列 49
一、《建築》系列始末 50
起──從攝影往建築的轉捩 50
末──建築師身分的開展 53
二、《建築》系列 55
失焦的建築影像 57
「經典」建築的巡禮 59
檔案踏查模式的再突破 60
還原建築的原貌 63
三、圖像脈絡下的《建築》系列 65
交疊的圖像記憶──對大眾圖像的參照 65
喚起對話的可能──對史的再編排 67
小 結 71

結 論 73
參考資料 77
圖 版 83
附 件 129
參考文獻 藝術家作品
Sugimoto, Hiroshi. Architecture. Chicago: Museum of Contemporary Art/ New York: D.A.P, 2003.
Sugimoto, Hiroshi. Dioramas. Bologna: Damiani /New York: Matsumotoinc, 2014
Sugimoto, Hiroshi. Hiroshi Sugimoto. Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2005.
Sugimoto, Hiroshi. Hiroshi Sugimoto: Lost Human Genetic Archive: exhibition catalogue. edited by Harumi, Niwa, Takahiro, Keishi Mitsui. Tokyo: Tokyo Photographic Art Museum, 2016.
Sugimoto, Hiroshi. Hiroshi Sugimoto: Nature of Light. Shizuoka: IZU photo museum/ nohara, 2009.
Sugimoto, Hiroshi. Theaters. New York: Sonnabend Sundell, 2000.

藝術家著作
杉本博司,《空間感/杉本博司 スター建築家の採点表》,日本:マガジンハウス,2011。
杉本博司,《直到長出青苔》,黃亞紀譯,台北:大家出版社,2010。日文版:(東京:新潮社,2005)
杉本博司,《現象》,林葉譯,桂林:廣西師大出版社,2015。日文版:(東京:             新潮社,2008)
杉本博司,《藝術的起源》,林葉譯,新北:大家出版,2014。日文版:(東京:新潮社,2012)

西文書目
Arnason, H. Harvard & Marla F. Prater. History of Modern Art. New York: Abrams Books,1998.
Elcott, M. Artificial Darkness: An Obscure History of Modern Art and Media. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2016.
Fried, Michael. Why Photography Matters as Art as Never Before. New Haven: Yale
University Press, 2008.
Lange, Susanne. Bernd & Hilla Becher: Basic Forms. Munich: Schirmer Mose, 2005.
Lange, Susanne. Bernd and Hilla Becher Life and Work. Massachusetts, London: The MIT Press, 2007.
Margolies, John and Gwathmey, Emily. Ticket to Paradise: American Movie Theaters and How We Had Fun. New York: Bulfinch Pr, 1991.Ashgate, 1988), pp.18-19.
Naylor, David. American Picture Palaces: The Architecture of Fantasy. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1981.
Nilsen, Micheline. Architecture in Nineteenth-Century Photography. Farnham: Ashgate, 1988.
Rauschenberg, Christopher. Paris Changing: Revisiting Eugene Atget′s Paris. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2016.
Smith, Philip L. Black Box. New York: Aperture, 2016.
Sramek, Peter. Piercing Time: Paris after Marville and Atget 1865-2012(Bristol: Intellect Ltd, 2013)
Sugimoto, Hiroshi. Black Box. New York: Aperture Foundation, 2016.
Valentine, Maggie. The Show Starts on the Sidewalk: An Architectural History of the Movie Theatre, Starring S. Charles Lee. London: Yale University Press, 1996.
Wilkes Tucker, Anne, The History of Japanese Photography, New Haven:Yale University Press, 2003.
Zweite, Armin. Typologies of Industrial Buildings. Munich: Schirmer Mose, 2004.

中文書目
谷崎潤一郎,《陰翳禮讚》,李尚霖譯,台北:城邦文化,2007。
安藤忠雄,《安藤忠雄東京大學建築講座:連戰連敗》,台北:五南圖書,2016。
安藤忠雄,《邊走邊想──安藤忠雄永不落幕的建築人生》,台北:馬可孛羅文化,2012。
保羅·高伯格,《建築為何重要》,林俊宏譯,新北市:大家出版,2012。
柴克·戴維森,《幽靈:日本的鬼》,陳亦苓譯,新北市:遠足文化,2016。
華特·班雅明,許綺玲譯,《迎向靈光消逝的年代》,台北:台灣攝影工作室,1998。
黃亞紀,〈寫真〉,《知日寫真》,16期(2017,5)。
詹宏志,《城市人》,台北:天下文化,1989。
羅蘭·巴特,《明室》,許綺玲譯,台北:台灣攝影工作室,1997。

日文書目
小田原文化財團,小田原文化財團江之浦測候所參觀手冊。
平井一臣,〈戦後社会運動のなかのベ平連――ベ平連運動の地域的展開を中心 に〉,《法政研究》,71巻4号,頁355-387。
桑原甲子雄、重森弘淹編輯,《日本写真全集12:ニューウェーブ》,東京:小学館,1988。
美術手帖編輯部,《美術手帖──杉本博司特集》66卷1006期(2014年7月),東京:美術出版社。

藝術家紀錄片
Contacts, Vol. 2: The Revival of Contemporary Photography. Director Jean-Pierre Krief. Arte Video, Facets Video, 2005, DVD.
Hiroshi Sugimoto. Director: Yasushi Kishimoto, Ufer! Art Documentary. 2013, DVD.
Hiroshi Sugimoto—Becoming An Artist. Director Wesley Miller& Nick Ravch. Art : 21, 2011, DVD.
Hiroshi Sugimoto—Visions in my mind. Director Maria Anna Tappeiner. Ufer! Art Documentary. 2007, DVD.
Memories of Origin— Hiroshi Sugimoto. Director Yuko Nakamura. WOWOW, 2012, TV program.

影音資料
杉本博司──江之浦測候所インタビュー,小田原文化財団,2017.5.31。<https://youtu.be/stXfN6liotQ>
北京中央美術學院,大學生與美術館演講──杉本博司,2014.5.11。<https://v.qq.com/x/page/i0172ume2e3.html>
Ansel Adams′ Story of Visualization (talk with Michael Adams). Ansel Adams illumes & The Ansel Adams Gallery, video. <https://youtu.be/kxLCCZH6LOs>
Ansel Adams visualizing the final print. sfmoma. org, video.<https://www.sfmoma.org/artist/ansel_adams/>
Hilla and Bernd Becher invented a new genre of photography. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 2015, video. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-1O0NxIWDc>
Hiroshi Sugimoto | Architecture (talk with Darius Himes). Strand Book Store, 2019.11.1, video. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?=cmCbPuL8Bts>
Hiroshi Sugimoto | Theater (talks with Darius Himes). Strand Book Store, 2016.10.16, video. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gMtu1Y9tTY&t=514s>
Hiroshi Sugimoto’s Interview on Enoura Observatory. Director Yo Kuwahara. Odawara Art Foundation, video. <https://www.odawara-af.com/en/enoura/>
Hiroshi Sugimoto on His "Five Elements" Series and Collecting Art. Asian Art Museum, 2012, video. <https://youtu.be/5VTlAw5y06E>
The Artist Project: Hiroshi Sugimoto. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2015.06.22, video. <https:// youtu.be/1CbbnCTCxAvQ>
The Movie palaces. Director Lee R Bobker. Smithsonian Institution Office of Telecommunications, 1987, VHS. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= lhzWo6sfZiM>

中文網路資料
唐肇陽,〈古典敘事與未來電影的美學縫隙:《比利.林恩的中場戰事》的影像語言〉,《關鍵評論網》,2016.年12月10日。<https://www.thenewslens. com/article/56484>

日文網路資料
杉本博司×岡部あおみインタヴュー,ニューヨーク、チェルシーのスタジオ,2006年6月4日。武蔵野美術大学共同研究助成「美術館など文化施設の運営調査研究」。<http://apm.musabi.ac.jp/imsc/cp/menu/artist/sugimoto_hiroshi/interview.html>
杉本博司(現代美術作家)×齋藤峰明(エグゼクティブ・キュレーター)《第2話》,Premium Japan,2018年7月26日。<https://www.premium-j.jp/curators_eye/saito_interview/80625/>

西文網路資料
“Art Out: Hiroshi Sugimoto: Architecture (with Darius Himes), “Musée, Nov. 4. <https://museemagazine.com/culture/2019/11/4/art-out-hiroshi-sugimoto-architecture-with-darius-himes>
“Artcenter History,” Artcenter. <http://www.artcenter.edu/about/get-to-know-artcenter/history.html>\r archINFORM <https://www.archinform.net/arch/18.htm>
Caplan. Marla. “Hiroshi Sugimoto: Japanese Photographer,” Encyclopedia Britannica. <https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hiroshi-Sugimoto#ref1080887>
Christie’s. <https://www.christies.com/zh-CN/lotfinder/lot_details.aspx?intobjectid=5101399>
Crash redaction. “Hiroshi Sugimoto on the end of the world,“ Crash Magazine. <https://www.crash.fr/hiroshi-sugimoto-interview/>(2020/04/29瀏覽)
Doby, Hal. “A History of the American MoviePalace,” Thunderchild’s Official Website. <http://www.dobywood.com/FoxTheatreAtlanta/Palacehistory.html>
Dormer, Peter. “Architecture: The house that Ludwig built: The simple truth about the philosopher Wittgenstein is revealed in the obsessive austerity of the home he designed in Vienna, says Peter Dormer,” Independent, 1994.06.08. <https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/news/architecture-the-house-that-ludwig-built-the-simple-truth-about-the-philosopher-wittgenstein-is-1421201.html>
Gilhooly, Rob. “Hiroshi Sugimoto: The illusion of architecture,” The Japan Times,(Oct 7, 2007)。<https://www.japantimes.co.jp/culture/2017/10/07/arts/hiroshi-sugimoto-illusion-architecture/#.Xpt-b8gzaT4>
Halnon, Mary. “Some Enchanting Evenings: Amrican Picture Palaces,” Bẏou Blog. < http://matineeatthebijou.blogspot.com/2009/07/some-enchanted-evenings-american.html>
“Hiroshi Sugimoto Hasselblad Award Winner 2001,” Hasselblad Foundation. <http://www.hasselbladfoundation.org/wp/hiroshi-sugimoto-2/>
“Hiroshi Sugimoto- Daniel Libeskind: The Conversation,” Royal Ontario Museum. <https://www.rom.on.ca/en/about-us/newsroom/press-releases/hiroshi-sugimoto-daniel-libeskind-the-conversation>
Hiroshi Sugimoto official website. <https://www.sugimotohiroshi.com/>
History detective, Movie Palace(Season 1, Episode 2). Elyse Luray, Gwen Wright. 2004. <http://www-tc.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/static/media/transcripts/2011-03-28/102_ringling.pdf>
Kuzui, Fran. “Enoura museum reflects artist′s ′unplanned′ life,” Nikkei Asian Review, 2018.5.19. <https://asia.nikkei.com/Life-Arts/Arts/Enoura-museum-reflects-artist-s- unplanned-liferr>
“New Material Research Laboratory- New Material×Old Material,” Archi Depot, 2018.10.11. <https://archi-depot.com/en/exhibition/new-material-research-laboratory>
Smith, Roberta. “Hiroshi Sugimoto Has Hard Thoughts and a Soft Focus,” The New York Times (Oct.1, 2019) <https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/01/arts/design/hiroshi-sugimoto-photographs.html>
“Tradition- Hiroshi Sugimoto(interview with Hiroshi Sugimoto),” Art21. <https://art21.org/read/hiroshi-sugimoto-tradition/>
Weaver, Ben. “The house that Ludwig built: A dwelling for the gods,” The London List. <https://www.thelondonlist.com/culture/wittgenstein-house>
指導教授 曾少千(Shao-Chien Tseng) 審核日期 2020-7-28
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