博碩士論文 105222602 詳細資訊




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姓名 ALFIATUR RAHMAH(ALFIATUR RAHMAH)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 物理學系
論文名稱
(Structural Characterization of Transition Metal Nanoclusters Supported on Graphene/Ru(0001) and Al2O3/NiAl(100) by RHEED and STM)
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摘要(中) 負載型過渡金屬納米團簇由於其在一系列領域中的潛在應用而在近幾十年來得到了廣泛的研究。然而,這種負載的納米糰簇的詳細結構研究,特別是在催化模型系統中很稀少。在目前的工作中,我們在超高真空條件下利用反射高能電子衍射(RHEED),掃描穿隧顯微鏡(STM)研究了石墨烯/ Ru(0001)上的Rh和V納米糰簇以及Al2O3 / NiAl(100)基底上的Cu團簇的結構。團簇在300 K的蒸汽沉積到基板上時生長,結果表明,Rh團簇結構有序,在fcc相中生長,其(111)面與石墨烯表面平行;它們的晶格相對於整體Rh擴展了2.4%,晶格常數隨著退火和覆蓋率(尺寸)的增加而降低。相反地,V團簇在結構上是無序的,不產生特徵衍射圖。 V團簇的有序結構不會出現,因為V偏愛bcc相,而bcc結構的任何面在結構上都不能很好地匹配石墨烯的六邊形晶格。 Cu團簇也以fcc相生長,但它們的(001)和(111)面與氧化鋁表面平行,其中Cu(111)[01̅1] //θ- Al2O3(100)[01̅0]); Cu(111)[112̅] //θ-Al2O3(100)[01̅0];和Cu(001)[110] //θ- Al2O3(100)[010])。 Cu簇的晶格參數擴展到10.8%,平均高度從大約0.52nm開始直到0.97nm,而平均直徑從1.1nm開始到2.34nm。然後,團簇的密度在低覆蓋率下增加。當銅團簇退火至高溫時,其不在條狀突起上。
摘要(英) Supported transition metals nanoclusters have interested researcher in recent decades, because their potential applications in a range of fields. Nevertheless, detailed structural studies of such supported nanoclusters, particularly in model systems of catalysis, are few. In the present work, we investigate the structures of Rh and V nanoclusters on graphene/Ru(0001) and Cu ones on Al2O3/NiAl(100) substrates, with reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED), Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The clusters are grown on the deposition of vapors onto the substrates at 300 K. The results show that the Rh clusters are structurally ordered, growing in an fcc phase and having their (111) facets parallel to the graphene surface; their lattice expands, up to 2.4 %, relative to the bulk Rh and the lattice constant decreases with annealing and increased coverage (size). In contrast, the V clusters are structurally disordered, yielding no characteristic diffraction patterns. No ordered structure for V clusters arises because V prefers a bcc phase while no facets of a bcc structure match structurally well the hexagonal lattice of graphene. The Cu clusters also grow in an fcc phase but have (001) and (111) facets parallel to the alumina oxide, with Cu (111)[01 ̅1]// θ-Al2O3(100)[01 ̅0]); Cu(111)[112 ̅ ]//θ-Al2O3(100) [01 ̅0]; and Cu(001)[110]// θ-Al2O3 (100)[010]). The lattice parameters of Cu clusters expand up to 10.8%, with the average height start about 0.52 nm up to 0.97 nm whereas the average diameter starts from 1.1 nm to 2.34 nm and the clusters density the increases at low coverage. Then Cu clusters are not on the stripe protrusions when the clusters are annealed to high temperatures.
關鍵字(中) ★ 過渡金屬納米簇,
★ 石墨烯
★ Al2O3
★ RHEED
★ STM
關鍵字(英) ★ Transition Metal Nanoclusters,
★ Graphene
★ Al2O3
★ RHEED
★ STM
論文目次 Acknowledgement ii
Abstract iii
摘要 iv
Table of Contents v
List of Table vii
List of Figures viii
CHAPTER I 1
INTRODUCTION 1
Reference Chapter I 3
CHAPTER II 4
LITERATURE SURVEY 4
A. The Characteristic of Metal Nanoclusters Growth on Graphene/Ru(0001) 4
2.1 Graphene 4
2.2 Graphene/Transition Metal 5
2.2.1 Graphene/Platinum(111) 5
2.2.2 Graphene/Ruthenium(0001) 7
2.3 Metal Nanoclusters on Graphene/Ruthenium(0001) 10
B. The Characteristic of Metal Nanoclusters Growth on Al2O3/NiAl 15
2.4 Al2O3/NiAl 15
2.5 Metal nanoclusters on Al2O3/NiAl(100) 16
Reference Chapter II 21
CHAPTER III 25
EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS AND PROCEDURE 25
3.1 Ultra-High Vacuum (UHV) System 25
3.2 Reflection High Energy Electron Diffraction (RHEED) 27
3.3 Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) 31
3.3.1 RHK-UHV 300 STM 33
3.3.2 Preparing the STM tip 36
3.3.3 STM system 37
3.4 Experimental procedures 38
3.4.1 Sample Cleaning 38
3.4.2 Graphene and θ-Al2O3 Growth 39
3.4.3 Deposition Procedures 39
3.4.4 Estimation of coverage 40
Reference Chapter III 41
CHAPTER IV 43
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 43
A. The Characteristic of Rh and V Nanoclusters Growth on Graphene/Ru(0001) 43
4.1 Clean Ru(0001) Surface 43
4.2 The Structure of Graphene on Ru(0001) 44
4.3 Metal Nanoclusters on Graphene/Ru(0001) 48
4.3.1 The Influence of Annealing for Rh and V Nanoclusters Growth on Graphene/Ru(0001) 48
B. The Characteristic of Cu Nanoclusters Growth on θ-Al2O3/NiAl(100) 60
4.4 RHEED studies of Cu Nanoclusters Growth on θ-Al2O3/NiAl(100) 60
4.5 STM Studies of Cu Nanoclusters on θ-Al2O3/NiAl(100) 66
4.5.1 Cu nanoclusters supported on θ-Al2O3/NiAl(100) with different coverage 66
4.5.2 Annealing effect on Cu nanoclusters supported on θ-Al2O3/NiAl(100) 73
Reference Chapter VI 80
CHAPTER V 82
CONCLUSION 82
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66. Chao, C.-S.; Li, Y.-D.; Hsu, B.-W.; Lin, W.-R.; Hsu, H.-C.; Hung, T.-C.; Wang, C.-C.; Luo, M.-F., Two-Channel Decomposition of Methanol on Pt Nanoclusters Supported on a Thin Film of Al2O3/NiAl(100). The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2013, 117 (11), 5667-5677.
67. Lee, H.; Liao, Z. H.; Hsu, P. W.; Hung, T. C.; Wu, Y. C.; Lin, Y.; Wang, J. H.; Luo, M. F., Surface structures and compositions of Au-Rh bimetallic nanoclusters supported on thin-film Al2O3/NiAl(100) probed with CO. J Chem Phys 2017, 147 (4), 044704.
68. Hung, T.-C.; Liao, T.-W.; Liao, Z.-H.; Hsu, P.-W.; Cai, P.-Y.; Lee, H.; Lai, Y.-L.; Hsu, Y.-J.; Chen, H.-Y.; Wang, J.-H.; Luo, M.-F., Dependence on Size of Supported Rh Nanoclusters in the Decomposition of Methanol. ACS Catalysis 2015, 5 (7), 4276-4287.
69. Hung, T.-C.; Liao, T.-W.; Liao, Z.-H.; Hsu, P.-W.; Cai, P.-Y.; Lu, W.-H.; Wang, J.-H.; Luo, M.-F., Dependence on size of supported Rh nanoclusters for CO adsorption. RSC Advances 2016, 6 (5), 3830-3839.
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9. Chen, C.; Avila, J.; Arezki, H.; Nguyen, V. L.; Shen, J.; Mucha-Kruczynski, M.; Yao, F.; Boutchich, M.; Chen, Y.; Lee, Y. H.; Asensio, M. C., Retraction Note: Large local lattice expansion in graphene adlayers grown on copper. Nat Mater 2018, 17 (11), 1048.
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29. Hsiao, K., STM and RHEED Studies of Vanadium Nanoclusters Grown on the θ-Al2O3/NiAl(100). 2018.
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33. Hung, T.-C.; Liao, T.-W.; Liao, Z.-H.; Hsu, P.-W.; Cai, P.-Y.; Lee, H.; Lai, Y.-L.; Hsu, Y.-J.; Chen, H.-Y.; Wang, J.-H.; Luo, M.-F., Dependence on Size of Supported Rh Nanoclusters in the Decomposition of Methanol. ACS Catalysis 2015, 5 (7), 4276-4287.
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指導教授 羅夢凡(Meng-Fan Luo) 審核日期 2020-5-18
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