||Occupational health and safety management systems have been actively promoted in Taiwan for many years. To align with international trend and to raise the visibility of occupational health and safety management, the Council of Labor Affairs, the predecessor of the Ministry of Labor, integrated the fundamental principles of ILO-OSH (2001) and OHSAS 18001 (2007) and promulgated the "Taiwan Occupational Safety and Health Management System Guidelines, TOSHMS" in 2007. The International Organization for Standardization, ISO, realizing the importance of an international standard for occupational health and safety management system, finally finished and published ISO 45001 “Occupational health and safety management systems － Requirements with guidance for use” in 2018. ISO 45001 has the potential to affect the adoption and implementation of occupational health and safety management practices globally. To match the ISO 45001 development, CNS 45001, the equivalent Taiwanese national standard was also published in the same year. |
Work-related injuries and illnesses occur on a regular basis. When misfortune happens, workers involved in an accident are inevitably blamed. However, with the emphasis of leadership in occupational health and safety management, top management of any organization in every business sector bear the responsibility and accountability of leading and coaching its employees to fully understand not just “how to” but also “why” in occupational risk management practices.
This study aims to propose a top management occupational health and safety leadership development strategy to assist Taiwanese organizations comply with the requirements of ISO 45001 and implement effective management systems. Requirements of ISO 45001 Claus 5 and the International Social Security Association’s 2017 “Vision Zero “ are adopted in the design of a questionnaire. Recommendations of rule 1 of Vision Zero’s Golden Rules such as “Top management demonstrate safety and health, set standards and serve as a role model for the employees and managers”, “The importance of safety and health is known to everyone in the organization and they talk about it openly”, “Top management act consistently and demonstrate the importance of safety and health at work has to him or her”, “Top management invest in safety and health” compose the main body of the questionnaire. 200 employees of a multi-national and others domestic company were encouraged to respond to questions concerning both the current status and criticality of the aspects presented in the questionnaire. It is hoped that the safety and health leadership development strategy proposed in this study will lead to effective implementation of ISO 45001.
||張國信，職業安全管理與實務，第 2 版，揚智文化事業股份有限公司，新北市，2015。 |
International Organization for Standardization, ISO 45001- Occupational health and safety management systems -Requirements with guidance for use, 2018.
A. Neal M.A. Griffin, P. M. Hart, The impact of organizational climate on safety, Safety Science, 34 (2000), 99-109.
曹常成, 林效荷, 郭建志, 高崇洋等人，主管安全領導、溝通與員工行為安全: 安全管理的調節效果，行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所，第20卷第1期第1-14，2012。
 HSE, “Major Incident Investigation Report, BP Grange mouth, Scotland,” 2003.
 Campbell Institute, Defining EHS leadership in world class organizations, 2013.
International Organization for Standardization, https:// www.iso.org/news/ref2272.html, 2019.
ISSA, “VISION ZERO 7 Golden Rules-for zero accident and health work-a guide for employers and managers”, Vision Zero Guide for the Electricity Industry, 2017.
Fred A. Manuele, On the Practice of Safety, 2003.
于樹偉、黃奕孝，ISO 45001 領導和承諾基本要求及達成方案，工業安全衛生月刊，2018。
Hafzoglu, M. & Öztürk, M. C. What does a conductor of an orchestra actually do?, 2009.
Robbins, S. P., Organizational behavior: concepts, controversies and applications. Englewood Cliffs, N. J. : Prentice-Hall Inc., 1993.
Mintzberg, H., The Nature of Managerial Work, pp. 93-94, 1973.
Tannenbaum, R. I. and W. H. Schmidt, ”How to Choose a Leadership Pattern”, Harvard Business Review, 36, 95-101, 1985.
Paul Hersey, Kenneth H. B., Dewey E. J., Management of Organizational Behavior: Leading Human Resources. Prentice- Hall Inc., 2001.