博碩士論文 105424004 詳細資訊




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姓名 游珮雯(Pei-Wen Yu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所
論文名稱 研發、創新活動與廠商績效之研究
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摘要(中) 本研究利用「台灣地區第二次產業創新活動調查研究」合併民國95年台灣製造業廠商資料,探討廠商從事研發、創新活動的決策因素,以及創新活動對廠商績效之影響。實證結果顯示,規模越大以及主要市場包含國外的廠商越會選擇投入研發活動;而有外界資金援助以及技術購買的廠商,其投入研發的比例愈高。在創新活動的決策因素方面,市場來源的資訊對產品與製程創新皆有正向顯著影響,而公司內部資訊來源與其他資訊來源則僅有助於產品創新的投入。至於創新活動對績效的影響部分,廠商採取製程創新對勞動生產力的提升具顯著正相關,其中又以配送與補給類型之製程創新型態最為顯著。另外,產品創新中的貨物類型的創新,以及製程創新中的生產與補給類型的創新對公司各層面之效益都有顯著正向影響。合作單位的選擇上,廠商與政府單位的合作對公司之績效為正向顯著影響。本項結果具有政策意涵,除了可以提供廠商於進行創新活動之決策考量外,亦可作為政府制定相關產業及創新政策之參考。
摘要(英) In order to investigate the decision factors of manufacturers engaging in Research and Development (R&D) and innovation activities, as well as the relationship between innovative methods and profit performance, I used the data, which includes Taiwan Technological Innovation Survey 2(TTIS-2) and Taiwanese manufacturing data in 2006.
The result of this study showed that the companies would be more likely to engage in the R&D activities if the scale is lager or the firms have overseas markets. Moreover, funding and technology import would increase the percentage of R&D expenditure. In terms of the decision-making factors of innovation activities, market information had positive impact on both product and process innovations. Internal and other information only contributed to product innovation. As for the effect of innovation activities on performance, manufacturers adopted process innovation, which significantly promoted the labor productivity, especially for the type of supply and delivery. In addition, both product innovation of goods and process innovation of supply had positive effect on each aspect. With regard to the selection of cooperation partners, government agencies were important for the manufacturers. This result had policy implications that could serve as the suggestion for government formulating policies and providing manufacturers to make innovation strategies.
關鍵字(中) ★ 產品創新
★ 製程創新
★ 勞動生產力
關鍵字(英) ★ product innovation
★ process innovation
★ labor productivity
論文目次 中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝辭 iii
圖、表目錄 v
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
1.3 研究架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 創新定義與分類 6
2.2 創新調查歷史 7
2.3 廠商研發、創新活動與績效之相關文獻 9
第三章 資料來源與實證模型 13
3.1 資料來源 13
3.2 變數定義 15
3.3 實證模型 18
第四章 實證結果 24
4.1 變數基本統計量 24
4.2 研發活動決定因素之實證結果 27
4.3 創新活動決策模型之實證結果 29
4.4 創新活動對績效影響之實證結果 33
第五章 結論與建議 41
5.1 結論 41
5.2 研究限制與建議 42
參考文獻 43
參考文獻 中文文獻
吳思華等人(2009),台灣地區第二次產業創新活動調查研究,國科會委託研究報告。
陳柏睿(2015),影響廠商創新活動的因素及其績效關係之研究-台灣廠商之實證. 臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。
莊瑜彬(2010),生產策略, 技術創新活動與技術創新成果: 台灣製造業廠商之驗證. 臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。
廖健智(2007),國際化與技術創新-台灣製造業與服務業廠商的驗證. 臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。
英文文獻
Artz, K. W., Norman, P. M., Hatfield, D. E., & Cardinal, L. B. (2010). A longitudinal study of the impact of R&D, patents, and product innovation on firm performance. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(5), 725-740.
Akgün, A. E., Keskin, H., & Byrne, J. (2009). Organizational emotional capability, product and process innovation, and firm performance: An empirical analysis. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 26(3), 103-130.
Baumann, J., & Kritikos, A. S. (2016). The link between R&D, innovation and productivity: Are micro firms different?. Research Policy, 45(6), 1263-1274.
Cohen, W. M., & Klepper, S. (1996). Firm size and the nature of innovation within industries: the case of process and product R&D. The review of Economics and Statistics, 232-243.
Colombelli, A., Haned, N., & Le Bas, C. (2013). On firm growth and innovation: Some new empirical perspectives using French CIS (1992–2004). Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 26, 14-26.
Conte, A., & Vivarelli, M. (2014). Succeeding in innovation: key insights on the role of R&D and technological acquisition drawn from company data. Empirical economics, 47(4), 1317-1340.
Crépon, B., Duguet, E., & Mairessec, J. (1998). Research, Innovation And Productivity: An Econometric Analysis At The Firm Level. Economics of Innovation and new Technology, 7(2), 115-158.
Crespi, G., & Zuniga, P. (2012). Innovation and productivity: evidence from six Latin American countries. World development, 40(2), 273-290.
Griffith, R., Huergo, E., Mairesse, J., & Peters, B. (2006). Innovation and productivity across four European countries. Oxford review of economic policy, 22(4), 483-498.
Hall, B. H., Lotti, F., & Mairesse, J. (2013). Evidence on the impact of R&D and ICT investments on innovation and productivity in Italian firms. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 22(3), 300-328.
Lin, C. L., Lin, H. L., & Lin, E. S. (2016). Is there a complementary relationship between product and process innovation on productivity in Taiwanese manufacturing firms?. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 139-173.
Masso, J., & Vahter, P. (2007). Innovation and firm performance in a catching-up economy. In Proceedings from the Conference on Micro Evidence on Innovation and Development (MEIDE).
Peters, B., Roberts, M. J., Vuong, V. A., & Fryges, H. (2013). Firm R&D, Innovation, and Productivity in German Industry. Center for European Economic Research (ZEW).
Polder, M., Leeuwen, G. V., Mohnen, P., & Raymond, W. (2010). Product, process and organizational innovation: drivers, complementarity and productivity effects. Complementarity and Productivity Effects.
Siedschlag, I., X. Zhang and B. Cahill, (2010), “The Effects of the Internationalization of Firms on Innovation and Productivity,” ESRI Working Paper, No. 363
Sørensen, J. B., & Stuart, T. E. (2000). Aging, obsolescence, and organizational innovation. Administrative science quarterly, 45(1), 81-112.
Yam, R. C., Lo, W., Tang, E. P., & Lau, A. K. (2011). Analysis of sources of innovation, technological innovation capabilities, and performance: An empirical study of Hong Kong manufacturing industries. Research policy, 40(3), 391-402.
Yeh-Yun Lin, C., & Yi-Ching Chen, M. (2007). Does innovation lead to performance? An empirical study of SMEs in Taiwan. Management Research News, 30(2), 115-132.
指導教授 鄒孟文(Meng-Wen Tsou) 審核日期 2018-6-29
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