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姓名 黃俞翔(Yu-Hsiang Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所
論文名稱 派遣員工與廠商績效:台灣製造業之實證
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摘要(中) 本研究採用民國100年製造業廠商調查資料,探討雇用派遣員工與廠商績效之關聯性。四項派遣員工指標包括:有無雇用派遣員工、每月最多使用派遣員工人數、每月經常使用派遣員工人數,以及派遣員工全年花費支出。廠商績效則是以勞動生產力和總要素生產力來衡量。實證結果發現,四項派遣員工使用指標對勞動生產力皆有正向但不顯著之影響;而總要素生產力方面,除了有無派遣員工之使用無顯著影響外,每月最多與經常使用派遣員工人數兩項指標每增加1%的人數會增加0.02%的總要素生產力,而派遣員工全年薪資支出較多的廠商,亦有較高的總要素生產力,唯其效果幅度上更小。若進一步觀察個別二欄位產業,可發現在電腦電子產品及光學製品、藥品及醫用化學製品、塑膠製品,以及汽車及其零件製造業,使用派遣員工與其勞動生產力尤其有明顯正向之關聯。針對有雇用派遣員工的廠商進行分析,仍可發現使用派遣員工人數愈多,以及全年花費在派遣員工薪資愈多的廠商,其勞動生產力與總要素生產力皆明顯較高。本文證實台灣製造業廠商使用派遣員工與其廠商績效之間的確有正向關係。
摘要(英) This study used the 2011 survey data of manufacturing firms to investigate the relation between hiring temporary workers and the performance of firm. The four indexes of hiring temporary workers are whether hiring temporary workers, the maximum number of temporary workers every month, the regular number of temporary workers every month and the annual expense of temporary workers. And the performance of firm is measured by labor productivity and total factor productivity. The empirical result shows that the four indexes of hiring temporary workers have positive but insignificant effect on labor productivity. In term of total factor productivity, except the whether hiring temporary workers variable has no significant effect, the maximum and regular number of temporary workers every month indicate that the total factor productivity will increase 0.02% if we increase 1% number of temporary workers. And the firms that have more annual expense of temporary workers also have higher total factor productivity. Furthermore, we observed Two-Digit Industries individually and found that hiring temporary workers and labor productivity have obviously positive relation in Manufacture of Computers, Electronic and Optical Products, Manufacture of Pharmaceuticals and Medicinal Chemical Products, Manufacture of Plastics Products and Manufacture of Motor Vehicles and Parts. Then, we focus on the firms that have temporary workers, we can still find the firms that have more number of temporary workers and more annual expense of temporary workers have higher labor productivity and total factor productivity. This study proved that hiring temporary workers and the performance of firm indeed have positive relation for manufacturing firms of Taiwan.
關鍵字(中) ★ 派遣員工
★ 廠商績效
★ 生產力
關鍵字(英) ★ temporary workers
★ performance of firm
★ productivity
論文目次 中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝辭 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 部分時間與臨時性就業人口分析 1
1.3 研究目的 4
1.4 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 派遣人員的使用對廠商績效之影響 5
2.2 派遣員工使用的對正式員工與工資影響 7
2.3 派遣員工轉為正式員工的可能性 7
2.4 國際化對派遣員工的影響 8
第三章 資料來源與實證模型 9
3.1 資料來源 9
3.2 實證模型 11
3.3 樣本基本分析 15
第四章 實證結果 17
4.1 敘述性統計 17
4.2 派遣員工使用與廠商績效之實證結果 19
4.2.1 勞動生產力之實證結果 19
4.2.2 總要素生產力之實證結果 22
4.2.3 派遣員工使用比重前五名之產業估計結果 24
4.2.4 其他派遣員工使用變數較為顯著之產業迴歸估計結果 25
4.3 針對有派遣員工的廠商分析採用派遣與績效之關聯性 26
4.4 小結 29
第五章 結論與研究限制 30
5.1 結論 30
5.2 研究限制與建議 31
參考文獻 32
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指導教授 鄒孟文(Men-Wen Tsou) 審核日期 2018-6-29
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