博碩士論文 105427018 詳細資訊




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姓名 黃詩涵(Shih-Han Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 「遠距離」如何維繫?台灣跨國企業外派措施之他國比較與國內分析
(Expatriate management practices of Taiwanese multinational corporations: An outward comparison and inward investigation)
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摘要(中) 有鑑於台灣跨國企業對於外派人員需求的上升與年輕世代的外派意願提高,本研究
以任職於台灣跨國企業的人資副總或專職負責外派人員管理的人資專員為調查對象,透過結構式線上問卷了解企業的外派管理措施,並採取實證分析的方式進行分析,線上問卷回收量為136份,扣除無效問卷後,有效問卷為126份。
研究結果發現:與他國跨國企業比較上,(1)在使用外派人員的原因上,台灣跨國企業與日本有部分相似;(2)在外派人員的甄選方式上,台灣跨國企業與日本並無相似;(3)在外派人員的甄選標準上,台灣跨國企業與日本是高度相似的;(4)在外派人員的語言訓練上,台灣跨國企業與日本並無相似。而以台灣國內分析上,(5)在使用外派人員的原因上,相較於全球化管理的跨國企業,集中式管理的跨國企業顯著聚焦於「控制海外單位的營運」;(6)在外派人員的甄選方式上,相較於集中式管理的跨國企業,在地化管理的跨國企業顯著聚焦於「文化意識評估」;(7)在外派人員的甄選標準上,相較於集中式管理的跨國企業,在地化管理的跨國企業顯著聚焦於「對於派遣地的認知」;(8)在外派人員的訓練方式上,相較於集中式管理與全球化管理的跨國企業,在地化管理的跨國企業顯著聚焦於「人文環境介紹」;(9)在外派人員的績效評核方式上,相較於集中式管理與在地化管理的跨國企業,全球化管理的跨國企業顯著聚焦於「在任務前已建立績效目標」;
(10)相較於在地化管理與全球化管理的跨國企業,集中式管理的跨國企業較不重視外派人員的家庭措施。
摘要(英) Given that Taiwanese multinational corporations’ (MNC) demand for expatriate is rising and Millennials’ willingness to work abroad is especially high, this study surveyed Taiwanese MNCs’ vice presidents of the HR department, or the employees responsible for overseas
assignment management through the online questionnaire.
The results found were as below: When comparing to the expatriate management practices used by MNCs of other countries, (1) the staffing policies used by Taiwanese MNCs
are partially similar with Japanese MNCs. (2) The selection procedures used by Taiwanese MNCs are not similar with Japanese MNCs. (3) The selection criteria use by Taiwanese
MNCs are similar with Japanese MNCs. (4) The language training used by Taiwanese MNCs are not similar with Japanese MNCs. When comparing the expatriate management practices used by Taiwanese MNCs of different international management strategies, (5) with regard to the staffing policies, more emphasis was placed on “controlling the operations” for MNCs with centralized strategy than MNCs with global strategy. (6) With regard to the selection
procedures, more emphasis was placed on “cultural awareness assessment” for MNCs with local strategy than MNCs with centralized strategy. (7) With regard to the selection criteria, more emphasis was placed on “knowledge of new locality” for MNCs with local strategy than MNCs with centralized strategy. (8) With regard to the training programs, more emphasis was placed on “cultural orientation” for MNCs with local strategy. (9) With regard to the performance evaluation methods, more emphasis was placed on “performance goals established prior to assignment” for MNCs with global strategy. (10) Little emphasis was put on the spouse/family practices for MNCs with centralized strategy.
關鍵字(中) ★ 外派人員
★ 外派措施
★ 國際管理策略
關鍵字(英) ★ expatriate
★ expatriate management practice
★ international management strategy
論文目次 中文摘要 ..................................................................................................................................... i
Abstract ..................................................................................................................................... ii
誌謝 ........................................................................................................................................... iv
ChapterⅠ- Introduction .......................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Motivation for Study ........................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Importance of Expatriate in Taiwan ................................................................................. 3
1.3 Objectives of Study .......................................................................................................... 4
1.4 Why Focus on Expatriate Management Practices? .......................................................... 5
1.5 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 6
ChapterⅡ- Literature Review and Research Hypotheses .................................................... 7
2.1 The Importance of Expatriate .......................................................................................... 7
2.2 Expatriate Management Practices .................................................................................... 8
2.2.1 Staffing Policies ..................................................................................................... 8
2.2.2 Selection Procedures .............................................................................................. 9
2.2.3 Selection Criteria ................................................................................................. 10
2.2.4 Training Programs ............................................................................................... 11
2.2.5 Performance Evaluation Methods ........................................................................ 12
2.2.6 Spouse/Family Practices ...................................................................................... 13
2.3 Outward Comparison on Expatriate Management Practices across Five Nations Based
on Hofstede’s Five Cultural Dimensions ...................................................................... 13
vi
2.4 International Management Strategy ............................................................................... 17
2.4.1 Centralized Strategy ............................................................................................. 17
2.4.2 Local Strategy ...................................................................................................... 18
2.4.3 Global Strategy .................................................................................................... 18
ChapterⅢ- Methodology ....................................................................................................... 22
3.1 Sample & Procedures ..................................................................................................... 22
3.2 Measurement .................................................................................................................. 23
3.2.1 Staffing policies ................................................................................................... 23
3.2.2 Selection Procedures ............................................................................................ 24
3.2.3 Selection Criteria ................................................................................................. 25
3.2.4 Training Programs ............................................................................................... 26
3.2.5 Performance Evaluation Methods ........................................................................ 27
3.2.6 Spouse/Family Practices ...................................................................................... 28
3.2.7 International Management Strategy ..................................................................... 29
3.3 Analyses ......................................................................................................................... 29
ChapterⅣ- Data Analysis and Results ................................................................................. 30
4.1 Descriptive Statistics ...................................................................................................... 30
4.1.1 Staffing Policies ................................................................................................... 30
4.1.2 Selection Procedures ............................................................................................ 32
4.1.3 Selection Criteria ................................................................................................. 33
vii
4.1.4 Training Programs ............................................................................................... 34
4.2 Differences in Expatriate Management Practices between each of the International
Management Strategy ................................................................................................... 36
4.2.1 Differences in Means of Staffing Policies between each of the International
Management Strategy .......................................................................................... 36
4.2.2 Differences in Means of Selection Procedures between each of the International
Management Strategy .......................................................................................... 38
4.2.3 Differences in Means of Selection Criteria between each of the International
Management Strategy .......................................................................................... 39
4.2.4 Differences in Means of Training Programs between each of the International
Management Strategy .......................................................................................... 40
4.2.5 Differences in Means of Performance Evaluation Methods between each of the
International Management Strategy .................................................................... 42
4.2.6 Differences in Means of Spouse/Family Practices between each of the
International Management Strategy .................................................................... 43
4.3 Hypotheses and the Results of Empirical Tests ............................................................. 45
ChapterⅤ- Discussion and Conclusion ................................................................................ 47
5.1 Theoretical Implications ................................................................................................ 47
5.1.1 Outward Comparison on Expatriate Management Practices across Five Nations
viii
............................................................................................................................. 47
5.1.2 Inward Investigation on Expatriate Management Practices among Taiwanese
MNCs with Different International Management Strategies............................... 50
5.2 Managerial Implications ................................................................................................ 53
5.2.1 Outward Comparison on Expatriate Management Practices across Five Nations
............................................................................................................................. 53
5.2.2 Inward Investigation on Expatriate Management Practices among Taiwanese
MNCs with Different International Management Strategies............................... 54
5.3 Limitations and Directions for Future Study ................................................................. 54
5.4 Conclusion ..................................................................................................................... 56
References ............................................................................................................................... 57
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指導教授 王群孝 審核日期 2018-6-27
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