博碩士論文 105427019 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:18 、訪客IP:54.210.158.163
姓名 傅馨瑩(Xin-Ying Fu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 矛盾領導行為對部屬工作績效之影響: 矛盾追隨行為的中介與調節效果的探討
(A Study of Paradoxical Leadership Behavior affects Work Performance: The Mediating and Moderating Effects of Paradoxical Followership Behavior)
相關論文
★ 組織精簡與員工態度探討 - 以A公司人力重整計劃為例。★ 訓練成效評估及影響訓練移轉之因素探討----一項時間管理訓練之研究
★ 主管領導風格、業務員工作習慣及專業證照對組織承諾與工作績效之相關研究★ 研發專業人員職能需求之研究-以某研究機構為例
★ 人力資本、創新資本與組織財務績效關聯性之研究★ 企業人力資源跨部門服務HR人員之角色、工作任務及所需職能之研究
★ 新進保全人員訓練成效之評估★ 人力資源專業人員職能之研究-一項追蹤性的研究
★ 影響企業實施接班人計劃的成功因素★ 主管管理能力、工作動機與工作績效之關聯性探討─以A公司為例
★ 影響安全氣候因子之探討-以汽車製造業為例★ 台電公司不同世代員工工作價值觀差異及對激勵措施偏好之研究
★ 不同的激勵措施對員工工作滿足及工作投入之影響性分析★ 工作價值觀、工作滿足對組織承諾之影響(以A通訊公司研發人員為例)
★ 薪資公平知覺與組織承諾關係之探討-以內外控人格特質為干擾變項★ 改善活動訓練成效評量之研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 隨著科技進步、跨文化溝通頻繁等等,領導者與追隨者越來越容易面對矛盾的工作要求,為了要能夠同時整合看似對立的需求,矛盾的能力是不可或缺的。由於至今尚未有研究釐清矛盾追隨行為在矛盾領導行為與部屬的工作績效之間,究竟是扮演著調節亦或者是中介的角色,這樣的研究缺口便引發了本研究的動機。
本研究的目的在於探索矛盾領導行為、矛盾追隨行為、任務性績效、脈絡性績效以及適應性績效間,有可能的替代關係。根據社會學習理論,追隨者的行為會受到領導者的激發,這顯示了矛盾追隨行為在矛盾領導行為與追隨者不同工作績效之間可能扮演著中介的角色,然而,從另外一方面來看,領導行為對追隨者績效的影響,有可能隨著主管部屬契合度好壞程度而有所不同,因此矛盾追隨行為也有可能是矛盾領導行為與追隨者不同工作績效的調節角色。
本研究在台灣蒐集的跨組織有效473份主管部屬配對問卷,發現矛盾追隨行為在矛盾領導行為與部屬不同工作績效間,呈現完全正向中介的效果,而非調節效果。
摘要(英) Along with the progress of technology, frequent cross-cultural communication and so on, leaders and followers are likely to face contradictory demand in organization. In order to meet competing demand in workplace simultaneously, paradoxical ability (both/and) is essential. Due to the lack of research on the subject of, if paradoxical followership behavior plays a mediator or moderator during the process of paradoxical leadership behavior affecting employees′ performance in the domains of human resource management, motivation of this study initiated.
The purpose of this study was to explore alternative relationships between paradoxical leadership behavior, paradoxical followership behavior and task performance, contextual performance and adaptive performance. According to Social Cognitive Theory, the behavior of followers would be stimulated by leaders in organization. It showed the relationship between paradoxical leadership behavior and different facets of work performance might be mediated by paradoxical followership behavior. On the other hand, the influence of leadership behavior to employees′ performance may affected by the quality of person-supervisor (PS) fit. Therefore, paradoxical followership behavior might moderate the relationship between paradoxical leadership behavior and different facets of work performance.
Drawing on an effective cross-organizational data of 473 supervisor-subordinate dyads from Taiwan, we found that paradoxical followership only play positively significant mediator instead of moderator in relationship between paradoxical leadership and three kinds of employees′ performance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 追隨行為
★ 矛盾追隨行為
★ 矛盾領導行為
★ 任務性績效
★ 脈絡性績效
★ 適應性績效
關鍵字(英) ★ Followership
★ Paradoxical Followership Behavior
★ Paradoxical Leadership Behavior
★ Task performance
★ Contextual performance
★ Adaptive performance
論文目次 中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2-1 矛盾領導行為 5
2-2 矛盾追隨行為 7
2-3 工作績效 8
2-4 矛盾追隨行為在矛盾領導行為與工作績效之中介效果 10
2-5 矛盾追隨行為在矛盾領導行為與工作績效之調節效果 13
第三章 研究方法 14
3-1 研究架構 14
3-2 研究樣本與程序 15
3-3 研究變數的衡量 16
3-4 資料分析研究方法 20
第四章 研究結果 21
4-1 樣本來源與樣本特性 21
4-2 信度與效度分析 22
4-3 相關分析 29
4-4 研究假設 30
第五章 結論與建議 34
5-1 研究結論 34
5-2 學術貢獻 36
5-3 管理意涵 37
5-4 研究限制與未來建議 37
英文參考文獻 39
中文參考文獻 46
參考文獻 英文參考文獻
〔1〕 Anderson, E. W., Fornell, C., & Rust, R. T., "Customer satisfaction, productivity, and profitability: Differences between goods and services." Marketing science, 16(2), pp 129-145. 1997.
〔2〕 Arvey, R. D., & Murphy, K. R., "Performance evaluation in work settings." Annual review of psychology, 49(1), pp 141-168. 1998.
〔3〕 Ashford, S. J., & Black, J. S., "Proactivity during organizational entry: The role of desire for control." Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(2), pp 199. 1996.
〔4〕 Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y., "On the evaluation of structural equation models." Journal of the academy of marketing science, 16(1), pp 74-94. 1988.
〔5〕 Bandura, A.,Social learning theory Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1977.
〔6〕 Bandura, A.,Self-efficacy in changing societies, Cambridge university press, 1995.
〔7〕 Bass, B. M., "Leadership, psychology, and organizational behavior." 1960.
〔8〕 Becker, B., & Gerhart, B., "The impact of human resource management on organizational performance: Progress and prospects." Academy of Management Journal, 39(4), pp 779-801. 1996.
〔9〕 Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G., "Significance tests and goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures." Psychological bulletin, 88(3), pp 588. 1980.
〔10〕 Bjugstad, K., Thach, E. C., Thompson, K. J., & Morris, A., "A fresh look at followership: A model for matching followership and leadership styles." Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 7(3), pp 304. 2006.
〔11〕 Blanchard, K.,Leading at a higher level: Blanchard on leadership and creating high performing organisations, Pearson Education, 2007.
〔12〕 Bolino, M. C., Turnley, W. H., & Niehoff, B. P., "The other side of the story: Reexamining prevailing assumptions about organizational citizenship behavior." Human Resource Management Review, 14(2), pp 229-246. 2004.
〔13〕 Borman, W. C., & Motowidlo, S., "Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance." Personnel Selection in Organizations; San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp 71. 1993.
〔14〕 Burns, J. M.,leadership. NY, Harper & Row, 1978.
〔15〕 Burris, E. R., "The risks and rewards of speaking up: Managerial responses to employee voice." Academy of Management Journal, 55(4), pp 851-875. 2012.
〔16〕 Byrne, D. E.,The attraction paradigm, Vol. 11, Academic Pr, 1971.
〔17〕 Carsten, M. K., Uhl-Bien, M., West, B. J., Patera, J. L., & McGregor, R., "Exploring social constructions of followership: A qualitative study." The Leadership Quarterly, 21(3), pp 543-562. 2010.
〔18〕 Chaleff, I.,The Courageous Follower: Standing Up To & For Our Leaders, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, San Francisco, 2009.
〔19〕 Chen, Y.-S., "知識經濟時代的領導智慧-道德經檢證." Journal of China Institute of Technology, 28. 2003.
〔20〕 Colbert, A. E., "Understanding the effects of transformational leadership: the mediating role of leader-follower value congruence (Unpublished doctoral dissertation)." Iowa City University of Iowa, 2004.
〔21〕 Dansereau, F., Graen, G., & Haga, W. J., "A vertical dyad linkage approach to leadership within formal organizations: A longitudinal investigation of the role making process." Organizational behavior and human performance, 13(1), pp 46-78. 1975.
〔22〕 Detert, J. R., & Burris, E. R., "Leadership behavior and employee voice: Is the door really open?", Academy of Management Journal, 50(4), pp 869-884. 2007.
〔23〕 Dinh, J. E., Lord, R. G., Gardner, W. L., Meuser, J. D., Liden, R. C., & Hu, J., "Leadership theory and research in the new millennium: Current theoretical trends and changing perspectives." The Leadership Quarterly, 25(1), pp 36-62. 2014.
〔24〕 Finkelstein, S., & D′aveni, R. A., "CEO duality as a double-edged sword: How boards of directors balance entrenchment avoidance and unity of command." Academy of Management Journal, 37(5), pp 1079-1108. 1994.
〔25〕 Frese, M., & Fay, D., "4. Personal initiative: An active performance concept for work in the 21st century." Research in organizational behavior, 23, pp 133-187. 2001.
〔26〕 Gerstner, C. R., & Day, D. V., "Meta-Analytic review of leader–member exchange theory: Correlates and construct issues." Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(6), pp 827-844. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.82.6.827, 1997.
〔27〕 Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A., "Primal leadership: The hidden driver of great performance." Harvard business review, 79(11), pp 42-53. 2001.
〔28〕 Graen, G. B., & Uhl-Bien, M., "The transformation of professionals into self-managing and partially self-designing contributors: Toward a theory of leadership-making." Management Department Faculty Publications, pp 16. 1991.
〔29〕 Griffin, M. A., Neal, A., & Parker, S. K., "A new model of work role performance: Positive behavior in uncertain and interdependent contexts." Academy of Management Journal, 50(2), pp 327-347. 2007.
〔30〕 Hackman, J. R., Oldham, G., Janson, R., & Purdy, K., "A new strategy for job enrichment." California Management Review, 17(4), pp 57-71. 1975.
〔31〕 Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L.,Multivariate data analysis, Vol. 5, Prentice hall Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1998.
〔32〕 Hannah, S. T., Balthazard, P. A., Waldman, D. A., Jennings, P. L., & Thatcher, R. W., "The psychological and neurological bases of leader self-complexity and effects on adaptive decision-making." Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(3), pp 393. 2013.
〔33〕 Harris, T. B., Li, N., & Kirkman, B. L., "Leader–member exchange (LMX) in context: How LMX differentiation and LMX relational separation attenuate LMX′s influence on OCB and turnover intention." The Leadership Quarterly, 25(2), pp 314-328. 2014.
〔34〕 Hollander, E. P., "Legitimacy, power, and influence: A perspective on relational features of leadership." 1993.
〔35〕 Hollenbeck, J. R., Ilgen, D. R., Phillips, J. M., & Hedlund, J., "Decision risk in dynamic two-stage contexts: Beyond the status quo." Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), pp 592. 1994.
〔36〕 Jaccard, J., Wan, C. K., & Turrisi, R., "The detection and interpretation of interaction effects between continuous variables in multiple regression." Multivariate behavioral research, 25(4), pp 467-478. 1990.
〔37〕 James, L. R., Mulaik, S. A., & Brett, J. M., "A tale of two methods." Organizational research methods, 9(2), pp 233-244. 2006.
〔38〕 Jansen, K. J., & Kristof-Brown, A., "Toward a multidimensional theory of person-environment fit." Journal of Managerial issues, pp 193-212. 2006.
〔39〕 Jawahar, I., & Ferris, G. R., "A longitudinal investigation of task and contextual performance influences on promotability judgments." Human Performance, 24(3), pp 251-269. 2011.
〔40〕 Jong, A. d., & De Ruyter, K., "Adaptive versus proactive behavior in service recovery: the role of self‐managing teams." Decision Sciences, 35(3), pp 457-491. 2004.
〔41〕 Junker, N. M., Junker, N. M., Stegmann, S., Stegmann, S., Braun, S., Braun, S., . . . Van Dick, R., "The ideal and the counter-ideal follower–Advancing implicit followership theories." Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 37(8), pp 1205-1222. 2016.
〔42〕 Junni, P., Sarala, R. M., Taras, V., & Tarba, S. Y., "Organizational ambidexterity and performance: A meta-analysis." The Academy of Management Perspectives, 27(4), pp 299-312. 2013.
〔43〕 Kelley, R. E.,The power of followership :how to create leaders people want to follow, and followers who lead themselves, Doubleday/Currency,, New York, 1992.
〔44〕 Kline, R. B., & Santor, D. A., "Principles & practice of structural equation modelling." Canadian Psychology, 40(4), pp 381. 1999.
〔45〕 Kristof-Brown, A. L., Jansen, K. J., & Colbert, A. E., "A policy-capturing study of the simultaneous effects of fit with jobs, groups, and organizations." Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(5), pp 985. 2002.
〔46〕 Kristof‐Brown, A. L., Zimmerman, R. D., & Johnson, E. C., "CONSEQUENCES OF INDIVIDUALS′FIT AT WORK: A META‐ANALYSIS OF PERSON–JOB, PERSON–ORGANIZATION, PERSON–GROUP, AND PERSON–SUPERVISOR FIT." Personnel psychology, 58(2), pp 281-342. 2005.
〔47〕 Lauver, K. J., & Kristof-Brown, A., "Distinguishing between employees′ perceptions of person–job and person–organization fit." Journal of vocational behavior, 59(3), pp 454-470. 2001.
〔48〕 Lawrence, P. R., & Lorsch, J. W., "Managing differentiation and integration." Organization and environment, 2(2), pp 267-274. 1967.
〔49〕 Lee, A., Thomas, G., Martin, R., & Guillaume, Y., "Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Ambivalence and Task Performance: The Cross-Domain Buffering Role of Social Support." Journal of Management, pp 0149206317741190. 2017.
〔50〕 Lewis, M. W., "Exploring paradox: Toward a more comprehensive guide." Academy of management review, 25(4), pp 760-776. 2000.
〔51〕 Li, P. P., "Toward an integrative framework of indigenous research: The geocentric implications of Yin-Yang balance." Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 29(4), pp 849-872. 2012.
〔52〕 Li, P. P., "Global implications of the indigenous epistemological system from the East: How to apply Yin-Yang balancing to paradox management." Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, 23(1), pp 42-77. 2016.
〔53〕 Margolis, J. D., & Walsh, J. P., "Misery loves companies: Rethinking social initiatives by business." Administrative science quarterly, 48(2), pp 268-305. 2003.
〔54〕 Mathieu, J. E., & Farr, J. L., "Further evidence for the discriminant validity of measures of organizational commitment, job involvement, and job satisfaction." Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(1), pp 127. 1991.
〔55〕 Methot, J. R., Melwani, S., & Rothman, N. B., "The Space Between Us: A Social-Functional Emotions View of Ambivalent and Indifferent Workplace Relationships." Journal of Management, 43(6), pp 1789-1819. 2017.
〔56〕 Motowidlo, S. J., Borman, W. C., & Schmit, M. J., "A theory of individual differences in task and contextual performance." Human Performance, 10(2), pp 71-83. 1997.
〔57〕 Motowidlo, S. J., & Van Scotter, J. R., "Evidence That Task Performance Should Be Distinguished From Contextual Performance." Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), pp 475-480. 1994.
〔58〕 Nanni, A. J., Dixon, J. R., & Vollmann, T. E., "Strategic control and performance measurement." Journal of Cost Management, 4(2), pp 33-42. 1990.
〔59〕 Neal, A., & Hesketh, B., "Technology and performance." 1999.
〔60〕 Nisbett, R. E., Peng, K., Choi, I., & Norenzayan, A., "Culture and systems of thought: holistic versus analytic cognition." Psychological review, 108(2), pp 291. 2001.
〔61〕 Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H., "Psychometric theory." 1978.
〔62〕 O′Reilly, C. A., & Tushman, M. L., "Organizational ambidexterity: Past, present, and future." The Academy of Management Perspectives, 27(4), pp 324-338. 2013.
〔63〕 Obolensky, M. N.,Complex adaptive leadership: Embracing paradox and uncertainty, Gower Publishing, Ltd., 2014.
〔64〕 Paine, L. S., "The China Rules: A Practical Guide for CEOs Managing Multinational Corporations in the People′s Republic.", Harvard Business Interview 88. 2010.
〔65〕 Paivio, A., & Csapo, K., "Short-term sequential memory for pictures and words." Psychonomic Science, 24(2), pp 50-51. 1971.
〔66〕 Perlow, L., & Weeks, J., "Who′s helping whom? Layers of culture and workplace behavior." Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(4), pp 345-361. 2002.
〔67〕 Poole, M. S., & Van de Ven, A. H., "Using paradox to build management and organization theories." Academy of management review, 14(4), pp 562-578. 1989.
〔68〕 Posdakoff, P. M., & Mackenzie, S. B., "Organizational citizenship behaviors and sales unit effectiveness." Journal of marketing research, pp 351-363. 1994.
〔69〕 Pulakos, E. D., Arad, S., Donovan, M. A., & Plamondon, K. E., "Adaptability in the workplace: development of a taxonomy of adaptive performance." Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(4), pp 612. 2000.
〔70〕 Randel, A. E., "Identity salience: A moderator of the relationship between group gender composition and work group conflict." Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(6), pp 749-766. 2002.
〔71〕 Robbins, S. P.,Organizational behavior: Concepts, controversies, and applications, Prentice Hall, 1991.
〔72〕 Rosenbach, W. E., Pittman, T. S., & Potter III, E. H., "What Makes a Follower?", Contemporary issues in leadership, pp 77-87. 2012.
〔73〕 Rushton, J. P., Brainerd, C. J., & Pressley, M., "Behavioral development and construct validity: the principle of aggregation." Psychological bulletin, 94(1), pp 18. 1983.
〔74〕 Schaubroeck, J., & Lam, S. S., "How similarity to peers and supervisor influences organizational advancement in different cultures." Academy of Management Journal, 45(6), pp 1120-1136. 2002.
〔75〕 Schermerhorn, J., Hunt, J., & Osborn, R. (2000). Organizational behavior, NY, John Willy& Sons: Inc.
〔76〕 Smith, C., Organ, D. W., & Near, J. P., "Organizational citizenship behavior: Its nature and antecedents." Journal of Applied Psychology, 68(4), pp 653. 1983.
〔77〕 Smith, W. K., "A dynamic approach to managing contradictions." Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2(3), pp 338-343. 2009.
〔78〕 Smith, W. K., & Lewis, M. W., "TOWARD A THEORY OF PARADOX: A DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM MODEL OF ORGANIZING." Academy of management review, 36(2), pp 381–403. 2011.
〔79〕 Smith, W. K., Lewis, M. W., & Tushman, M. L., "Both/and” leadership." Harvard Business Review, 94(5), pp 1-8. 2016.
〔80〕 Smith, W. K., & Tushman, M. L., "Managing strategic contradictions: A top management model for managing innovation streams." Organization science, 16(5), pp 522-536. 2005.
〔81〕 Uhl-Bien, M., Riggio, R. E., Lowe, K. B., & Carsten, M. K., "Followership theory: A review and research agenda." The Leadership Quarterly, 25(1), pp 83-104. 2014.
〔82〕 Ullman, J. B., & Bentler, P. M.,Structural equation modeling, Wiley Online Library, 2003.
〔83〕 Van Scotter, J., Motowidlo, S. J., & Cross, T. C., "Effects of task performance and contextual performance on systemic rewards." Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(4), pp 526. 2000.
〔84〕 Van Scotter, J. R., & Motowidlo, S. J., "Interpersonal facilitation and job dedication as separate facets of contextual performance." Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(5), pp 525-531. doi:10.1037//0021-9010.81.5.525, 1996.
〔85〕 Van Vianen, A. E., Shen, C. T., & Chuang, A., "Person–organization and person–supervisor fits: Employee commitments in a Chinese context." Journal of Organizational Behavior, 32(6), pp 906-926. 2011.
〔86〕 Waldman, D. A., & Bowen, D. E., "Learning to be a paradox-savvy leader." The Academy of Management Perspectives, 30(3), pp 316-327. 2016.
〔87〕 Walumbwa, F. O., Avolio, B. J., & Zhu, W., "How transformational leadership weaves its influence on individual job performance: The role of identification and efficacy beliefs." Personnel psychology, 61(4), pp 793-825. 2008.
〔88〕 Wexley, K. N., Alexander, R. A., Greenawalt, J. P., & Couch, M. A., "Attitudinal congruence and similarity as related to interpersonal evaluations in manager-subordinate dyads." Academy of Management Journal, 23(2), pp 320-330. 1980.
〔89〕 Williams, L. J., & Anderson, S. E., "Job satisfaction and organizational commitment as predictors of organizational citizenship and in-role behaviors." Journal of Management, 17(3), pp 601-617. 1991.
〔90〕 Yukl, G.,Leadership in Organizations, Prentice Hall, New Jersey. Skulle det underlätta, 2006.
〔91〕 Zhang, Y., Waldman, D. A., Han, Y.-L., & Li, X.-B., "PARADOXICAL LEADER BEHAVIORS IN PEOPLE MANAGEMENT: ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES." Academy of Management Journal, 58(2), pp 538-566. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2012.0995, 2015.


中文參考文獻
〔1〕 林文政,當主管要知道的第一件事:懂得用人,庸才也能變人才,一版,商周出版,台北市,民國一零五年。
〔2〕 邱郁雅,「矛盾追隨行為量表之建立」,桃園市國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國一零六年。
〔3〕 凌文辁、方俐洛和Khanna, A.,「内隐领导理论的中国研究—与美国的研究进行比较」,心理学报,3,236 -242頁,民國八十年。
〔4〕 張容瑄,矛盾追隨行為前因及後果探討,桃園市國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國一零六年。
〔5〕 張榮,「奧古斯丁對自愛的批判:超越利己主義的一個嘗試」,北京大學學報,23(1),93-97頁,民國八十九年。
〔6〕 莊璦嘉,林惠彥,「個人與環境適配對工作態度與行為之影響」,台灣管理學刊,5(1),123-148頁,民國一零四年。
〔7〕 黃熾森,研究方法入門:組織行為及人力資源的應用,二版,鼎茂出版,台北市,民國一零二年。
〔8〕 溫福星,階層線性模式:原理、方法與運用,一版,雙葉出版,台北市,民國一零五年。
〔9〕 潘涵筠,功高震主的權力分析:權力差距理論的驗證,台北市國立臺灣大學,民國一零一年。
指導教授 林文政(Wen-Jeng Lin) 審核日期 2018-6-22
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明