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姓名 沈柏睿(Po-Jui Shen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 經濟學系
論文名稱 手足結構與家庭背景對教育成就的影響: 以前兩胎為例
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摘要(中) 本文使用「華人家庭動態資料庫」2016年資料,研究台灣家庭中是否存在「手足結構」效果。使用OLS分析前兩胎教育年數,顯示台灣家庭前兩胎均為女性的組合對前兩胎教育年數有正向影響,且分離出「手足結構」與「女性特質」效果,顯示女性手足確實正向影響第一胎的教育年數。接著,檢視不同子女世代,顯示在年輕世代的「女女」組合有正向影響,但無法分離「手足結構」與「女性特質」效果。本文是少數觀察前兩胎的教育年數女中性均高於男性的研究,並顯示女性手足確實有外溢效果。
摘要(英) I use “Panel Study of Family Dynamics” and observe years of schooling of daughters are higher than years of schooling of sons for the first two children. To test whether there is sibling structure which influences children′s educational outcomes in Taiwanese households, I use OLS and find two daughters for the first two children have a positive effect on years of schooling of the first two children. The effect can separate into “female characteristics” effect and “sibling structure” effect, and show female siblings have a positive effect on years of schooling of first child. I proceed to examine and analyze different generations. A positive effect of two daughters for the first two children is observed only during the young generations. This paper is few papers to study the first two children’s years of schooling and find the “female siblings” spillover effect in Taiwan.
關鍵字(中) ★ 手足結構
★ 家庭背景
★ 普通最小平方法
關鍵字(英) ★ sibling structure effect
★ family background
★ ordinary least squares
論文目次 一、緒論 1
二、文獻回顧 3
三、資料描述 5
3.1資料處理 7
3-2變數介紹 18
四、模型設計 22
五、估計結果 24
5.1 檢測「手足結構」效果 24
5.2 家庭背景變數 33
5.3地區變數、子女數與手足壓力 34
5.4 檢視不同世代的「手足結構」效果 35
六、結論 46
參考文獻 48
中文文獻 48
英文文獻 48
附錄 50
參考文獻 卜少平與駱明慶 (2015), “父母對子女教育投資的性別差異—以就學貸款為例,”《人文及社會科學集刊》, 27, 361-393。(Pu, Shao-ping and Ming-ching Luoh (2015), “Gender Differences in Parental Choice of Education Investment in Children—The Case of Student Loans,” Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy, 27, 361-393.)
內政部統計處(編) (2019),《內政部統計年報:2019》,台北:內政部統計處。(Ministry of the Interior, Department of Statistics (ed.) (2019), Statistical Yearbook of Interior:2019, Taipei: Ministry of the Interior, Department of Statistics.)
魯慧中 (2017),“性別偏好與出生排序效果:重新檢視台灣家戶對子女教育資源之配置,”。《經濟論文叢刊》, 45, 579-637。(Lu, Huei‐Chung (2017), “Son Preference and Birth‐Order Effects: Re‐Investigating Household Resource Allocations in Education among Children in Taiwan’s Families,” Taiwan Economic Review, 45, 579-637.)
謝志龍 (2013),“從兒子偏好與家庭資源探討手足結構對生育決策的影響,”《人口學刊》, 47, 35-86。(Hsieh, Chih-Lung (2013), “The Effects of Sibling Structure on Fertility Decisions in Taiwan,” Journal of Population Studies, 47, 35-86.)

Black, Sandra E., Paul J. Devereux, and Kjell G. Salvanes (2005), “The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Children’s Education,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics,120, 669-700.
Booth, Alison L. and Hiau Joo Kee (2005), “Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 1713.
Brenøe, Anne Ardila (2017), “Sibling Gender Composition and Preferences for STEM Education,” Working paper, University of Copenhagen.
Brenøe, Anne Ardila (2018), “Origins of Gender Norms: Sibling Gender Composition and Women’s Choice of Occupation and Partner,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 11692.
Chen, Stacey H., Yen-Chien Chen, and Jin-Tan Liu (2019), “The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement,” Journal of Human Resources,54, 122-170.
Cools, Angela, and Eleonora Patacchini (2017), “Sibling Gender Composition and Women’s Wages,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 11001.
Ejrnæs, Mette, and Claus C. Pörtner (2004), “Birth Order and the Intrahousehold Allocation of Time and Education,” Review of Economic and Statistics,86,1008-1019.
Haan, Monique de (2010), “Birth Order, Family Size and Educational Attainment,” Economics of Education Review,29,576-588.
Haan, Monique de, Erik Plug, and José Rosero (2012), “Birth Order and Human Capital Development: Evidence from Ecuador,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 6706.
Hank, Karsten and Hans-Peter Kohler (2003), “Sex Preferences for Children Revisited: New Evidence from Germany,” Population, 58,133-144.
Jayachandran, Seema and Rohini Pande (2017), “Why Are Indian Children So Short? The Role of Birth Order and Son Preference,” American Economic Review,107, 2600–2629.
Lin, Tin-chi (2009), “The decline of son preference and rise of gender indifference in Taiwan since 1990,” Demographic Research,20,377-402.
Nicoletti, Cheti and Birgitta Rabe (2014), “Sibling Spillover Effects in School Achievement,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 8615.
指導教授 鄭保志(Pao-Chih Cheng) 審核日期 2019-8-20
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