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姓名 三介宇(CHIEH-YU SAN)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 企業管理學系在職專班
論文名稱 衡量亞洲國家經濟發展的環境績效變遷
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摘要(中) 在追求經濟發展的同時必須與環境的維護互相配合,才能達到永續發展的目的。而近年來亞洲許多國家經濟快速成長,尤其是亞洲開發中國家,利用本身的優勢促使世界各地的大企業皆前往投資設立工廠,進而成為支撐亞洲經濟成長的重要角色。但是伴隨著經濟發展而來的是各式的環境汙染,尤其是二氧化碳的過度排放導致地球暖化現象問題,更是近年來備受世人關注,因此本論文將以國家生產力的觀點,再加入環境影響因素後,來進行探討國家整體性的績效評估。本研究的目的是在於比較亞洲29個國家在考慮非意欲產出(CO2排放量)情況下的環境績效之分析討論,且將此29個國家因地緣位置劃分為五個區域及發展程度區分為已開發國家和開發中國家分別探討,再以Malmquist生產力指數來分析各國及區域的跨年度生產力變動,並藉由此兩項指標做綜合分析,研究期間為2010年到2016年間。並探討亞洲國家及區域組織的產業及經濟發展策略及調整。實證結果顯示,在考慮碳排放下的生產效率,亞洲各區域中以西亞最佳,其次是東亞、東南亞、南亞及中亞。以國家來看,2010~2016年之平均環境效率表現較佳的前五名分別為以色列、新加坡、日本、卡達及科威特;表現較差的後五名則分別為不丹、中國、印度、吉爾吉斯及尼泊爾。以Malmquist生產力指數來探討,各區域之平均跨期效率值排名為東南亞、東亞、中亞、南亞,而西亞則是呈現衰退狀況。國家層面則是汶萊進步幅度最大,其次是寮國、越南、菲律賓及中國;率退幅度較大的則有科威特、卡達、柬埔寨、日本、不丹。最後利用兩項指標做綜合分析,新加坡、以色列、卡達及科威特在第一及第四象限間變化,代表這些國家的整體經濟發展策略上,在方向與執行上都相對有成效;而其他國家則需要重新檢視國家的發展策略及改善其產業結構來達到效率。
摘要(英) In pursuit of economic growth, we must cooperate with the maintenance of the environment to achieve the goal of sustainable development. In recent years, many Asian countries have experienced rapid economic growth, especially in developing countries. They have used their own advantages to encourage international companies around the world to go to invest and set up factories, and thus play an important role in supporting Asian economic growth. However, along with economic development, various types of environmental pollution, especially the excessive emission of carbon dioxide, have caused global warming. It has attracted the attention of the world in recent years. Therefore, this thesis will add environmental factor from the perspective of national productivity. After the factors, we will conduct a performance evaluation that explores the country′s overall performance. The purpose of this thesis is to compare the analysis of the environmental performance of 29 countries in Asia considering the undesirable output (CO2 emissions), and divide the 29 countries into five regions due to geographical location and then classify them by development level into Developed countries and developing countries discuss separately, and then analyze the cross-year productivity changes of countries and regions by Malmquist Productivity Index, and conduct comprehensive analysis by two indicators. The research period is from 2010 to 2016. It also explores the industrial and economic development strategies and adjustments of Asian countries and regional organizations. The empirical results show that in terms of production efficiency under carbon emissions, West Asia is the best, followed by East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia and Central Asia. In terms of countries, the top five countries with average environmental efficiency performance from 2010 to 2016 were Israel, Singapore, Japan, Qatar and Kuwait; the bottom five were Bhutan, China, India ,Kyrgyzstan and Nepal. Based on the Malmquist Productivity Index, the average intertemporal efficiency Indexes for each region are ranked in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia, while West Asia is in a recession. At the national level, Brunei has the largest progress, followed by Laos, Vietnam,Philippines and China; the larger recessions are Kuwait, Qatar, Cambodia, Japan and Bhutan. Finally, using two indicators for comprehensive analysis, Singapore, Israel, Qatar and Kuwait have changes between the first and fourth quadrants, representing that the overall economic development strategies of these countries are relatively effective in terms of direction and implementation; while other countries It is necessary to re-examine the country′s development strategy and improve its industrial structure to achieve efficiency.
關鍵字(中) ★ 資料包絡分析法
★ 非意欲產出
★ Malmquist生產力指數
關鍵字(英) ★ Undesirable Output
★ Data Envelopment Analysis
★ Malmquist Productivity Index
論文目次 目錄
致謝 ii
中文摘要 iii
ABSTRACT iv
目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究流程 3
第二章、文獻探討 4
2.1 亞洲產業結構發展 4
2.2 生產力定義及相關文獻 9
2.2.1生產力定義 9
2.2.2宏觀國家生產力相關文獻 10
2.3 非意欲產出及相關文獻 11
第三章、研究方法 16
3.1 資料包絡分析 16
3.1.1資料包絡分析論述 16
3.1.2資料包絡分析基本模式 17
3.1.3 考慮非意欲產出的SBM模型 20
3.1.4 Malmquist 生產力變動指數 23
3.2 資料來源與敘述統計 29
3.2.1 研究對象與資料來源 29
3.2.2 變數選擇 29
3.2.3 資料敘述性統計 31
3.2.4資料相關係數分析 33
第四章、研究結果 35
4.1 亞洲各國環境績效分析 35
4.2 亞洲各國環境績效變遷 48
4.3 單期環境效率值與跨期生產力指數之綜合分析 52
第五章、結論與建議 60
5.1 結論 60
5.2 建議 62
參考文獻 64
附錄 68

圖目錄

圖1- 1 研究流程圖 3
圖3- 1投入導向技術效率變動圖 25
圖3- 2投入導向技術變革變動圖 26
圖4- 1 2010年~2016年亞洲各區域環境效率趨勢圖 38
圖4- 2東亞四國2010年~2016年環境效率值趨勢圖 40
圖4- 3東南亞九國2010年~2016年環境效率值趨勢圖 42
圖4- 4南亞六國2010年~2016年環境效率值趨勢圖 44
圖4- 5西亞七國2010年~2016年環境效率值趨勢圖 46
圖4- 6中亞三國2010年~2016年環境效率值趨勢圖 47
圖4- 7 2010年效率值及2010~2011年跨期生產力指數綜合指標四象限圖 53
圖4- 8 2011年效率值及2011~2012年跨期生產力指數綜合指標四象限圖 54
圖4- 9 2012年效率值及2012~2013年跨期生產力指數綜合指標四象限圖 55
圖4- 10 2013年效率值及2013~2014年跨期生產力指數綜合指標四象限圖 56
圖4- 11 2014年效率值及2014~2015年跨期生產力指數綜合指標四象限圖 57
圖4- 12 2015年效率值及2015~2016年跨期生產力指數綜合指標四象限圖 58


表目錄

表2- 1 亞洲各國產業結構趨勢 5
表2- 2 2014年~2016年亞洲各國前三大出口產品統計 7
表3- 1 各年度投入產出變數敘述統計 32
表3- 2 各年度變數間相關係數 32
表4- 1 2010年~2016年亞洲各區域環境效率值 37
表4- 2 亞洲各區域跨期環境績效變動 49
表4- 3 東亞四國跨期環境績效變動 50
表4- 4 東南亞九國跨期環境績效變動 50
表4- 5 南亞六國跨期環境績效變動 51
表4- 6 西亞七國跨期環境績效變動 52
表4- 7 中亞三國跨期環境績效變動 52
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指導教授 張東生(Dong-Shang Chang) 審核日期 2018-11-19
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