博碩士論文 105454002 詳細資訊




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姓名 尤嘉詳(Chia-Hsiang Yu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所在職專班
論文名稱 日本職棒外籍與本土球員的效率分析
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摘要(中) 本研究旨在比較日本職棒外籍與本國籍球員在2000-2017年間之投入產出績效。運用資料包絡分析法(Data Envelopment Analysis),以薪水為投入項,投手產出項為出場數、勝投、防禦率;野手則為全壘打、打點、打擊率,評估外籍與本土野手球員之技術效率,第二階段運用隨機效果的Panel Tobit模型估計選手個人特質如身高、體重、年齡、慣用手對效率的影響。DEA的估計結果顯示:外籍球員效率普遍低於本土球員,此可能導因於外籍球員雖然平均成績好,但薪水過高導致效率較低,存在國籍薪資溢酬的現象。第二階段的迴歸發現,不論投手或野手,年輕的選手與效率為正向關聯:投手部分體重則是負向顯著。外籍球員雖有即戰力的效果,但外籍球員有限制名額,長期看來,培育本土年輕選手除了能讓球團效率提升,對日本職棒的未來發展更有幫助。
摘要(英) This study aims to compare the input and output performance of Japanese professional baseball players and national players between 2000 and 2017. Using Data Envelopment Analysis, the salary is the input, the pitcher output is the number of appearances, the winning vote, the earned run average; the wilderness is the home run, the RBI, the Batting Average, and the evaluation of the foreign and local fielder players. Technical efficiency, the second phase uses the Panel Tobit model of random effects to estimate the individual traits of the player such as height, weight, age, and the influence of the dominant hand on efficiency. The DEA estimates show that the efficiency of foreign players is generally lower than that of local players. This may be due to that foreign players have a good average score, but the salary is too high, resulting in low efficiency and the existence of national salary. The second phase of the regression found that young players are positively associated with efficiency, whether pitchers or field players: the weight of the pitcher is negative. Although foreign players have the effect of fighting strength, foreign players have limited quotas. In the long run, cultivating local young players can improve the efficiency of the team and help the future development of the Japanese professional baseball team.
關鍵字(中) ★ 日本職棒
★ 外籍球員
★ 效率
關鍵字(英) ★ Nippon Professional Baseball
★ Foreign player
★ Efficiency
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究方法與資料來源 3
第四節 本文架構 4
第二章 日本職棒介紹 6
第一節 日本職業棒球的發展 6
第二節 日職外籍球員制度 11
第三章 文獻回顧 16
第一節 球員薪資的研究 16
第二節 籃球員薪資的研究 17
第三節 球員效率的研究 18
第四章 資料來源與實證模型 21
第一節 實證模型 21
第二節 資料來源 26
第五章 實證結果與分析 32
第一節 外籍球員與本土球員技術效率比較 32
第二節 球員個人特質對效率值的影響 37
第三節 管理意涵 38
第六章 結論 40
參考文獻 41
參考文獻 一、中文文獻
方進義, 鄭志富, 林欣慧 (2013),中華職棒野手球員的國籍、年資、球隊效果與換隊頻率對其績效之影響:1990年到2010年。 體育學報 ,46卷3期,291 – 302
林文斌(2004)運用資料包絡分析法評估2003年中華職棒大聯盟投手球員績效 表現。大專體育學刊,6卷3期, 119-131
吳健榮(2012)職棒投手績效評估:本國籍與外籍球員之比較
謝春宣(2012), 中華職棒外籍與本國籍野手個人績效之比較研究  

二、英文文獻
Banker, R.D., A. Charnes, and W.W. Cooper (1984), Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis, Management Science, 30(9), 1078-1092.
Berri, D.J., C. Deutscher, and A. Galletti (2015), Born in the USA: National Origin Effects on Time Allocation in US and Spanish Professional Basketball, National Institute Economic Review, 232, 41-50.
Charnes, A., W.W. Cooper, and E. Rhodes (1978), Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units, European Journal of Operational Research, 2(6), 429-444.
Farrell, M.J. (1957), The Measurement of Productive Efficiency, Journal of the Statistical Society, 120 (30), 253-290.
Hill, J.R. and P.A. Groothuis (2017), Is There a Wage Premium or Wage Discrimination For Foreign-Born Players in the NBA? International Journal of Sport Finance, 12(3), 204-221.
Hoffer, A.J. and R. Freidel (2014), Does Salary Discrimination Persist For Foreign Athletes In The NBA? Applied Economics Letters, 21, 1-5.
Holmes, P. (2010), New Evidence of Salary Discrimination in Major League Baseball, Labor Economics, 18, 320-331.
Howard, L.W. and J.L. Miller (1993), Fair Pay for Fair Play: Estimating Pay Equity in Professional Baseball with Data Envelopment Analysis, Academy of Management Journal, 36(4), 882-894. 
Mogull, R.G. (1975), Salary Discrimination in Major League Baseball, The Review of Black Political Economy, 5(3), 269-279.
Ozmen, M.U. (2012), Foreign Player Quota, Experience and Efficiency of Basketball Players, Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 8(1), 17-34.
Palmer, M.C. and R.H. King (2006), Has Salary Discrimination Really Disappeared from Major League Baseball? Eastern Economic Journal, 32(2),285-297.
Scully, G.W. (1973), Economic Discrimination in Professional Sports, Law and Contemporary Problems, 38(1), 67-84.
Sexton, T.R. and H.F. Lewis (2003), Two-Stage DEA: An Application to Major League Baseball, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 19(2-3), 227–249
Stone, G. and L.J. Pantuosco (2008), Estimating Baseball Salary Equations From 1961-2005: A Look at Changes in Major League Compensation, International Journal of Sport Finance, 3(4), 228-238.
Yilmaz, M.R. and S. Chatterjee (2003), Salaries, Performance, and Owners’ Goals in Major League Baseball: A View through Data, Journal of Managerial Issues, 15(2), 243-255.
Yang, C.H. and H.Y. Lin (2012), Is There Salary Discrimination by Nationality in the NBA? Foreign Talent or Foreign Market, Journal of Sports Economics,13(1),53-75.

James Tobin(1958), Estimation of Relationships for Limited Dependent Variables Econometrica, Vol. 26, No. 1 (Jan., 1958), pp. 24-36
指導教授 楊志海 鄒孟文(Chih-Hai Yang Meng-Wen Tsou) 審核日期 2018-7-10
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