博碩士論文 105454008 詳細資訊




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姓名 黃明煌(Ming-Huang Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所在職專班
論文名稱 境外生產的影響因素- 台灣電腦產業之研究
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2023-6-30以後開放)
摘要(中) 摘要
企業經營的目標,除了維持穩定的獲利外,更希望能長期經營,成為歷久不衰的品牌企業,然而在全球經濟變化快速,景氣趨勢難以明顯預期的情況下,企業在營運的運籌帷幄上,其困難度也與日俱增,企業除了維持既有的生產規模優勢,更需要增加其他關鍵因素,如:廠商規模大小、研發新技術、開拓外銷新市場、增加海外投資及增加勞工產值等等相關因素。因此企業從固有的生產模式上開始有了多元性的調整-境外生產(offshoring)或委外代工(outsourcing),並同時加強企業的領先優勢,然而現在諸多企業已不是一昧的追求低成本的經營模式,在競爭的同時也沒忽略企業本身亦需提昇自我的競爭力。因此本文解析影響境外生產的決定因素時,探討企業在台灣接單,境外生產的三角貿易模式,而針對三角貿易是否有特殊狀況或特定條件下,比較容易發生企業至境外生產,而其影響的因素又有哪些值得討論,並觀察其產生的後續效應。
本文以台灣的電腦製造業為研究對象,實證結果發現,在廠商的基本特性中,企業有技術銷售、境外投資、外銷比例及勞工產值高,有顯著較高的境外生產(offshoring)機率。而為了更深度瞭解,本研究也增加了企業規模及次產業的比較,發現企業規模大小及次產業的分類也都有不同的影響程度,希望藉此了解其變化關係,期望能為對境外生產(offshoring)議題有興趣的企業或相關人士,提供不同的見解與參考方向。
關鍵詞:境外生產、三角貿易、電腦製造業
摘要(英) Abstract
In order to maintain stable profitability, the company′s business objectives are expected to be long-term enterprise, also have successful brand. However, which facing the rapid global economic changes, companies are struggling with operations. Especially after the economic crisis, many central banks have introduced various quantitative easing monetary policies, which deepen the complexity of economic. Therefore, in addition to maintaining the existing production scale advantages, enterprises need to increase their advantage, like size of manufacturers, new technologies, new oversea markets, overseas investment increasing, greater labor productivity and other relevant ones. Strengthen the technology to obtain patents, and then upper the barriers to entry and create new market demands. Therefore, companies began to adjust their production mode —offshoring and outsourcing. This research analyzed the determinants of influence offshoring and OBU model. What are the factors that occurs this condition? We should observe its changes.
The empirical results of this research is that in the basic characteristics of manufacturers, companies with technical sales, export ratios, overseas investment, and high labor intensity, all with significant effect on offshore production (offshoring). There also have different empirical results for enterprise size and the classification of sub-industries. Hope to know more about offshoring and get more different opinions from experts. The research uses Taiwan′s computer manufacturing data as an example to illustrate, hope to create a complete corporate environment for companies or governments.
關鍵字(中) ★ 境外生產 關鍵字(英) ★ offshoring
論文目次 目錄
摘要.......................................................................................................................I
Abstract.................................................................................................................II
致謝.....................................................................................................................III
目錄.....................................................................................................................IV
圖目錄..................................................................................................................V
表目錄.................................................................................................................VI
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機.............................................................................1
第二節 研究方法.........................................................................................7
第三節 研究架構.........................................................................................8
第二章 文獻回顧...........................................................................................9
第三章 實證模型與資料來源
第一節 資料來源說明...............................................................................14
第二節 變數定義說明...............................................................................16
第三節 實證模型.......................................................................................19
第四章 實證結果
第一節 敍述統計量...................................................................................21
第二節 相關係數.......................................................................................24
第三節 實證結果.......................................................................................25
第五章 結論.................................................................................................31
參考文獻.............................................................................................................33
參考文獻 參考文獻
中文文獻:
江俊毅(2014),研究發展與技術購買-台灣製造業之實證研究,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
李丞堯(2016),研究發展的決定因素:跨國研究,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
林怡君(2017),跨國廠商直接投資與本國政府最適投資政策,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
陳信宏(2004),中華經濟研究院國際所所長,研發國際化與地主國區位優勢:旗艦級跨國企業在兩岸研發中心之比較,台灣管理學刊,4(3):289-316。
黃貝玲(2001),企業委外服務的策略與挑戰,電子化企業經理人報告,18:12-21。
黃慈嫺(2005),海外直接投資與委外代工生產對生產力與工資的影響,中原學報,33(2):289-304。
蔡逸彣(2107),海外委外與境外生產對廠商績效的影響-台灣製造業的研究,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。

英文文獻:
Acemoglu, D., Gancia, G., and Zilibotti, F., (2015),”Offshoring and Directed Technical Change.”,American Economic Journal:Macroeconomics,7(3):84-122.
Blinder, A.S., (2006),”Offshoring: The Next Industrial Revolution?” , Foreign Affairs,85(2):113-128.
Capasso, M., Cusmano, L., and Morrison, A., (2013),”The Determinants of Outsourcing and Offshoring Strategies in Industrial Districts: Evidence from Italy.”,Regional Studies,47(4):465–479.
Ebenstein, A., Harrison, A., McMillan, M., and Phillips, S., (2014),”Estimating the impact of trade and offshoring on American workers using the current population surveys.”,Review of Economics and Statistics,96(4):581-595.
Fritsch, U., and Görg, H., (2013),”Outsourcing, Offshoring and Innovation: Evidence from Firm-level Data for Emerging Economies.”, Kiel Working Paper, No. 1861:1-33.
Goos, M., Manning, A., and Salomons, A., (2014),”Explaining job polarization: Routine-biased technological change and offshoring.” ,American Economic Review,104(8):2509-2526.
Grossman, G. M., and Rossi-Hansberg, E., (2006),”The rise of offshoring: it′s not wine for cloth anymore.” ,Paper prepared for the symposium sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City on “The New Economic Geography: Effects and Policy Implications,”:1-35.
Harrison, A., and McMillan, M., (2011),”Offshoring Jobs? Multinationals and U.S. Manufacturing Employment.”,The Review of Economics and Statistics,93(3):857-875.
Karpaty, P., and Tingvall, P. G., (2015),”Offshoring and home country R&D.”,The World Economy,38(4):655-676.
Kovak, B. K., Oldenski, L., and Sly, N., (2017), “The Labor Market Effects Of Offshoring By U.S. Multinational Firms:Evidence From Changes In Global Tax Policies.”,NBER Working Paper No. 23947:1-58.
Kumar, K., Fenema, P. C. van., and Glinow, M. A. von., (2009),”Offshoring and the global distribution of work: Implications for task interdependence theory and practice.”,Journal of International Business Studies,40(4): 642-667.
Larsen, M. M., Manning, S., and Pedersen, Torben., (2013),”Uncovering the hidden costs of offshoring: The interplay of complexity, organizational design, and experience.”, Strategic Management Journal,34(5):533-552.
Metters, R., and Vermab, R., (2008),” History of Offshoring Knowledge Services.”,Journal of Operations Management,26(2):141-147.
Nieto, M. J., and Rodríguez, A., (2011),”Offshoring of R&D: Looking abroad to improve innovation performance.” ,Journal of International Business Studies,42(3):345-361.
Roza, M., Bosch, F. A. J. V. den, and Volberda, H. W., (2011) ,”Offshoring strategy: Motives, functions, locations, and governance modes of small, medium-sized and large firms.”,International Business Review,20(3):314-323.
Tomiura, E., (2005),”Foreign outsourcing and firm-level characteristics: evidence from Japanese manufacturers”,Journal of the Japanese and International Economies,19(2):255-271.
Wagner, J., (2011),”Offshoring and firm performance: self-selection, effects on performance, or both?”,Review of World Economics,147(2):217-247.
Yeaple, S. R., (2006),”Offshoring, foreign direct investment, and the structure of u.s. trade.”,Journal of the European Economic Association,4(2-3):602-611.
指導教授 鄒孟文(Meng-Wen Tsou) 審核日期 2018-6-28
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