博碩士論文 105522010 詳細資訊




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姓名 張長聞(Chang-Wen Zhang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 基於DDS通訊協定之物聯網測試平台模擬器
(Emulating IoT Applications based on Data Distribution Service Protocol)
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摘要(中) 隨著物聯網技術的成熟與興起,不同機器與設備之間的溝通所使用的通訊協定也有了更多的選擇。而當中DDS是一項適合用解決Mission-Critical問題的通訊協定,它有著強大的功能與豐富的QoS策略作選擇,讓DDS這項通訊協定通過參數之設定與策略之應用能對應不同需求與環境。然而,當中參數的設定是否合理、選用的策略是否適當,都需要等到實體機器佈署完成後才能經由測試作確認。
故本研究提出一套系統,它能對DDS通訊協定作Emulation的實驗,減少在實體環境中佈署、校正參數所花的時間與成本。使用者在模擬環境中,通過對不同的資料流、訊息發布的頻率、訊息的檔案大小以及DDS中各項的QoS策略設定並且進行Emulation實驗,並在DDS傳輸過程的觀察與記錄硬體資源相關的資訊與訊息收送相關的資訊。最後,在將實驗之結果以報告的形式提供使用者進行分析與研究,進而確認所使用之參數設定是否能滿足使用者需求與限制。
摘要(英) With the rise and develop of Internet of Things, there are much more choices for protocol between machines and devices. Among of all, DDS is suitable for resolving the problem of Mission-Critical. It has multi-functions and different QoS policies so that it could apply to parameter setting and policies accordingly. However, whether parameter setting is reasonable and whether applied policy is suitable should be confirmed after the real machine conducts and is tested.
Therefore, our research presents a system to emulate the environment under DDS protocol, which could reduce the waste of time and cost caused in a real environment. Users could set parameters in this emulated environment accordingly based on different data flows, frequency of publishing messages, dimensions of message and, several QoS policies in DDS. During the transmission, users could observe and record the related information of hardware and message receiving as well. Finally, this data and information turn out to be a report for users to analyze and study, so as to check whether the setting of parameters could satisfy users’ requirements and constraints
關鍵字(中) ★ 物聯網
★ DDS
★ QoS setting
★ 測試平台
★ Emulation
關鍵字(英) ★ IoT
★ DDS
★ QoS setting
★ Testbed
★ Emulation
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
圖目錄 IV
表目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 背景知識 2
1-2-1. Publish/Subscribe 2
1-2-2. Data Distribution Service 3
1-2-3. Quality of Service策略 4
1-3 研究動機與目標 6
1-4 論文架構 7
第二章 系統設計 8
2-1 系統架構 8
2-2 系統元件與協同處理 11
2-2-1. Mediator 11
2-2-2. Agent 14
2-2-3. 協同處理 16
2-3 Emulation之參數 18
2-2-1. Profile 18
2-2-2. Data setting 21
2-2-3. Quality of Service策略設定 23
2-4 量測方法探討 25
2-4-1. 訊息掉包率的計算 25
2-4-2. 訊息潛時的量測方法選擇 25
2-4-3. 訊息潛時的量測實作 28
第三章 實驗環境與結果 32
3-1 實驗環境 32
3-2 實驗目的與設計 34
3-3 實驗結果 40
第四章 相關研究與討論 46
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 47
參考文獻 48
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指導教授 王尉任(Wei-Jen Wang) 審核日期 2018-8-10
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