博碩士論文 105552013 詳細資訊




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姓名 李冠億(Kuan-Yi Lee)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 基於中文自然語言理解的機械手臂控制
(Robotic arm control based on Chinese Natural Language Understanding)
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2023-7-1以後開放)
摘要(中) 在人工智慧引領的潮流下,服務型機器人日益普及我們生活當中,機器人的人機互動成為一項重要研究議題。對於國人而言使用中文語音實現人機互動是最具有親合力的方式,但是傳統的語音聲控技術是以固定語句轉換為單一動作的模式,除了缺乏使用彈性,系統的維護和擴充也很困難。本研究設計一個基於自然語言處理技術的中文語音控制系統,並以六軸機械手臂控制作為應用。此一系統使用了自動語音識別、中文分詞和句法解析等中介軟體,結合本文提出的參照樹架構來實現六軸機械手臂的中文語音控制。實驗結果印證本系統能以不同語者使用不同句構但具有相同語義的語音命令,使機械手臂做出正確對應語義的動作。我們同時提供一個語音命令擴充的框架,讓系統具備不同應用間的可移植性,以及可滿足使用者的個人化命令設定。
摘要(英) Under the trend of artificial intelligence, service robots are becoming more and more popular in our lives, and human-computer interaction of robots has become an important research topic. For Chinese people, using Chinese speech to realize human-computer interaction is the most familiar way. The traditional voice command device is a module to convert fixed statements into single actions. It’s lack the flexibility for daily used and also difficult for system maintenance and expansion. Based on natural language processing technology, it designed a Chinese speech control system with an application of 6-DOF robot arm in this research. This system used API such as automatic speech recognition, Chinese word segmentation and syntactic parsing and combined with the reference tree structure which proposed in this research to realize 6-DOF robot arm with Chinese speech control system. The experimental results show that the system can use different speech and same meaning sentences with different speaker to make the robot arm execute the correct action. We also provide a framework for voice command extensions, allowing the system to have portability between different applications and to meet the user′s personalized command settings.
關鍵字(中) ★ 自然語言
★ 人機互動
★ 語音命令
關鍵字(英) ★ Natural Language
★ Human-Computer interaction
★ Voice command
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章、 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 論文架構 4
第二章、 機器人人機對話 5
2.1 人工智慧 5
2.2 自動語音識別 6
2.2.1 Google Cloud Speech API 7
2.3 自然語言處理 9
2.3.1 中文自動分詞與標記 11
2.3.2 JIEBA中文分詞模組 13
2.3.3 語法解析 16
2.3.4 Stanford parser 17
2.4 人機對話 20
2.5 六軸機械手臂與運動控制 23
第三章、 中文語音控制系統設計 26
3.1 系統架構 26
3.1.1 自動語音識別 28
3.1.2 中文分詞與標記 29
3.1.3 句法解析 30
3.1.4 機械手臂指令合成 31
3.2 離散事件系統建模 35
3.2.1 中文語音控制系統 36
3.2.2 自動語音識別建模 36
3.2.3 中文分詞與標記 37
3.2.4 句法解析 38
3.2.5 機械手臂指令合成 39
3.2.6 主要狀態(state)與動作(action) 40
3.3 軟體合成 42
3.3.1 中文語音控制系統模型軟體合成 43
3.3.2 自動語音識別模型軟體合成 44
3.3.3 中文分詞與標記模型軟體合成 45
3.3.4 句法解析模型軟體合成 47
3.3.5 機械手臂指令合成模型軟體合成 49
第四章、 系統驗證 51
4.1 實驗平台 51
4.1.1 RoboDK 51
4.1.2 嵌入式開發板 53
4.1.3 六軸機械手臂 54
4.2 中文語音控制系統結合RoboDK軟體模擬驗證 57
4.2.1 模擬情境 57
4.2.2 參照樹與致動條件 58
4.2.3 模擬結果1 60
4.2.4 參照樹擴充與編輯 64
4.2.5 模擬結果2 66
4.3 中文語音控制系統硬體實驗 69
4.3.1 實驗情境 69
4.3.2 實驗結果 70
4.4 討論 72
第五章、 結論與未來方向 74
5.1 結論 74
5.2 未來方向 75
參考文獻 76
附錄一 79
附錄二 83
附錄三 85
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指導教授 陳慶瀚(Ching-Han Chen) 審核日期 2018-7-23
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