博碩士論文 105624007 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:13 、訪客IP:3.80.85.76
姓名 謝譯涵(Yi-Han Shieh)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 觀新藻礁有機質沈積特性研究
(Depositional Characteristics of Organic Material in Guanxin Algal Reef, NW Taiwan)
相關論文
★ 有機質成熟度之染色技術應用★ 臺灣中新世石底層煤中硫及微量元素含量之沉積涵義
★ 煤素質組成對熱裂分析之影響★ 大屯火山群地熱氣與溫泉水之地化特性
★ 灰關聯分析於水庫水質綜合評判之研究 —以翡翠及石門水庫為例★ 土石流誘發因子萃取對土石流危險溪流判定之影響
★ 石油系統之有機材料與熱成熟度特性探討★ 石油系統有機材料特性及熱成熟度與油氣潛能之關係探討:以澳洲西北海域為例
★ 車籠埔斷層深鑽岩心鏡煤素反射率研究★ 從岩石風化速率探討南橫山崩 -以敏督莉颱風為例
★ 廢棄礦場環境影響綜合評估★ 河流縱剖面與構造地形指標之量化分析: 以濁水溪為例
★ 九份-金瓜石地區火成作用對有機物成熟度之影響★ 不同成熟度之有機成分探討
★ 石門水庫上游集水區水質與復興鄉人文環境之綜合研究★ 鏡煤素反射率抑制問題與熱模擬之探討
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 過去對石油系統的研究顯示,碳酸鹽岩為重要的生油岩及儲集層,為探究海相生油岩中重要的前身-生物礁環境之沈積特性,本研究以台灣西北海域之碳酸鹽沈積環境—觀新藻礁為研究區域,區分沈積環境之空間差異,以針對現生淺層沈積物進行樣本分析,依沈積環境特徵、材料性質、來源及生油潛能探討有機質沈積機制。本研究選擇遠濱及近濱兩個相距100 m的採樣點,採集沈積深度相異樣本(表層-5 cm、5-15 cm、15-30 cm、30-40 cm),採樣同時測量現地水質資料,兩站點水質條件相近,近濱水質具有較低的溶氧與較高的鹽度,水質受潮水控制,而總有機碳分析(TOC)及Rock-Eval熱裂分析,顯示TOC低於0.5%;S1、S2分別小於0.5 mg HC/g rock 及2.5 mg HC/g rock,樣本皆為低成熟度、低有機質豐度;遠濱樣本有機質豐度隨深度增加且樣本間展現差異性較大,根據生物指標(Biomarker)分析結果,研究區域為富氧沈積環境,有機質保存條件較差,且少數樣本受陸源訊號主導,其來源可能為石油污染或高成熟度陸域有機質,及少數新鮮陸源有機質,X光繞射分析(XRD)中全岩分析及黏土礦物分析在兩個採樣點皆表現隨深度增加的石英訊號,以及相似的黏土礦物組成,以伊萊石為主要成分,根據伊萊石結晶度及風化指數結果顯示,黏土礦物來源區為受化學風化且母岩變質度低之環境,而受陸域訊號影響嚴重的樣本結晶度高於其餘樣本,來自變質度較高之黏土礦物母岩。本研究之樣本屬於早成岩環境,因此雖來自相同沈積環境,但樣本分析結果差異明顯,且碳酸鹽類礦物含量低,顯示藻礁填充沈積物主要構成礦物材料來源為外來,有機質以海相為主,有不穩定的外來有機質供給,雖有機質保存條件不佳,現地有機質仍隨沈積深度累積而增加。
摘要(英) Carbonate has significant contribution in world oil and gas production. In order to explore the process and mechanisms of organic matter during burial and preservation processes in present carbonates sedimentary setting, the Guanxin algal reef, which is an intertidal zone enriched with algal organic matters in NW Taiwan, is selected as the study area. In this study, there are two sampling sites: Off shore and near shore. Samples were collected from different depths(0-5 cm, 5-15 cm, 15-30 cm and 30-40 cm)for both sampling sites. Seawater quality were examined by using a water analyzer while collecting samples. The water qualities are controlled by sea tide, whereas two sampling sites present similar results. As for Rock-Eval Pyrolysis and total organic carbon(TOC)contents, all samples show TOC, S1 and S2 below 0.5%, 0.5 mg HC/g rock, and 2.5 mg HC/g rock, respectively. Hydrocarbon potential is low due to low organic carbon content and low maturity. Off shore samples exhibit higher organic carbon content and vertical variation, organic carbon is also enriched with depth. Biomarker analysis indicate an oxic environment of all samples, leading to the poor preservation of organic matter. Meanwhile, strong terrigenous inputs were found in some samples, which might be coming from oil pollution or other highly matured terrigenous material. X-Ray Diffraction(XRD)of clay mineral and whole rock show the domination of illite, which indicate marine signal and high intensity of silicate mineral. The sources are believed coming from low metamorphic clay mineral and further influenced by chemical weathering. The variation among all samples and low carbonates content can be attributed to the incomplete diagenesis. Finally, most of the minerals belong to allochthonous material, with inconsistent input and preservation of autochthonous organic carbon.
關鍵字(中) ★ 藻礁
★ 沈積有機質
★ 生物指標
★ 碳酸鹽沈積
關鍵字(英) ★ algal reef
★ depositional organic matter
★ biomarker
★ depositional carbonate
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract iii
致謝 v
目錄 vi
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究區域背景 2
1.3 內文概述 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 油氣之生成 7
2.1.1 生油岩 7
2.1.2 碳酸鹽儲集岩 10
2.2 成熟度指標 11
2.3 生物指標 14
2.3.1 正烷烴碳優勢指數(CPI) 16
2.3.2 水生環境指標(Paq) 17
2.3.3 姥鮫烷與植烷比(Pristane/Phytane,Pr/Ph) 18
2.3.4 陸源-水源比值(TAR) 19
2.4 生物礁地形 19
2.4.1 珊瑚礁與藻礁 19
2.4.2 藻類造礁原理 20
2.4.3 藻礁地質 21
2.4.4 藻礁現況及爭議 22
第三章 研究方法 24
3.1 研究方法概述 24
3.2 採樣及現地水質測量 25
3.3 總有機碳分析 27
3.4 Rock-Eval熱裂分析 28
3.5 X光繞射分析(XRD) 30
3.5.1 全岩X光粉末繞射分析 30
3.5.2 黏土礦物X光繞射分析 31
3.5.3 樣品前處理 32
3.6 生物指標法 39
3.6.1 高速萃取 39
3.6.2 管柱分離 40
3.6.3 GC-MS分析 41
第四章 實驗結果與討論 43
4.1 樣本型態 43
4.2 水質分析結果 44
4.3 總有機碳與熱裂分析結果 45
4.3.1 TOC與深度關係 45
4.3.2 Tmax與深度關係 49
4.3.3 游離烴與裂解烴 50
4.3.4 材料類型與生油潛能 51
4.3.5 QI與深度關係 52
4.3.6 PI與Tmax關係 53
4.3.7 Tmax與HI關係 54
4.4 生物指標分析結果 56
4.4.1 碳優勢指數 57
4.4.2 姥鮫烷與植烷 57
4.4.3 陸源-水源比值(TAR)與C31/C19 58
4.4.4 水生環境指標(Paq) 60
4.4.5 類固烷(Sterane) 61
4.5 X光繞射分析結果 62
4.5.1 全岩X光粉末繞射分析 62
4.5.2 黏土礦物X光繞射分析 62
4.6 小結 69
第五章 結論與建議 72
5.1 結論 72
5.2 建議 73
參考文獻 74
參考文獻 王士偉、戴昌鳳和謝凱旋,「桃園地區全新世礁灰岩之地質調查」 第5屆臺灣地層研討會摘要 (2008.09. 24 經濟部中央地質調查所)論文集,第150頁,2008。
林國安和紀文榮,石油探採 第一章(林國安等編著),中國石油股份有限公司,2003。
林麗娟,「X光繞射原理及其應用」,X光材料分析技術與應用專題,1994。
李桃生,「從公共治理面向談觀新藻礁之保育」,公共治理季刊,2(3): 115-123,2014。
周錦德、陳雄茂和曾煥文,臺灣中西部北港地區之地下構造圈合及其封閉效應,台灣石油地質,1989。
牧山鶴彥和淺岡隼太,大園圖幅及說明書,臺灣總督府殖產局,第356.27號,1993。
翁榮南和邱仲信,石油探採 第九章(林國安等編著),中國石油股份有限公司,2003。
莊恭周和林麗華,石油探採 第六章(林國安等編著),中國石油股份有限公司,2003。
黃安和,「臺灣西北部中新世-更新世沉積岩中黏土礦物和成岩作用研究」,中央大學地球物理研究所學位論文,1-117,2011。
劉靜榆,「台灣藻礁之特性與分布」,自然保育季刊,(62): 52-57,2008。
劉靜榆,「走進藻礁海岸的時光隧道」,自然保育季刊,(95): 4-23,2016。
國際繞射資料中心礦物X光繞射資料卡:http://www.icdd.com,2003。
戴昌鳳、王士偉和張睿昇,「大潭天然氣海底管線對於觀音海岸藻礁影響程度調查報告」,2008。
戴昌鳳,桃園觀音藻礁生態解說手冊,臺灣中油公司液化天然氣工程處,2009。
謝慧禎,「石油系統之有機材料與熱成熟度特性探討」,中央大學應用地質研究所學位論文,2004。
Adey, W. H, "The algal ridges and coral reefs of St. Croix: their structure and Holocene development." , 1975.
Bailey, S, "Structures of layer silicates." , Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals and the X-ray Identification, 1-123, 1980.
Bosence, D., "Coralline algal reef frameworks.", Journal of the Geological Society, 140(3): 365-376, 1983.
Bozkaya, O. and H. Yalcin, "Diagenetic to low-grade metamorphic evolution of clay mineral assemblages in Palaeozoic to early Mesozoic rocks of the Eastern Taurides, Turkey.", Clay minerals, 39(4): 481-500, 2004.
Bray, E. and E. Evans, "Distribution of n-paraffins as a clue to recognition of source beds." , Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 22(1): 2-15, 1961.
Chen, Y.-G. and T.-K. Liu, "Holocene uplift and subsidence along an active tectonic margin southwestern Taiwan.", Quaternary Science Reviews, 19(9): 923-930, 2000.
Curtis, C, "Possible links between sandstone diagenesis and depth-related geochemical reactions occurring in enclosing mudstones.", Journal of the Geological Society, 135(1): 107-117, 1978.
Didyk, B., B. Simoneit, S. t. Brassell and G. Eglinton, "Organic geochemical indicators of palaeoenvironmental conditions of sedimentation.", Nature, 272(5650): 216, 1978.
Eglinton, G. and M. Calvin, "Chemical fossils.", Scientific American, 216(1): 32-43, 1967.
Eglinton, G. and R. J. Hamilton, "Leaf epicuticular waxes.", Science, 156(3780): p.1322-1335, 1967.
Espitalie, J., G. Deroo and F. Marquis, "Rock-Eval pyrolysis and its applications.", Revue De L Institut Francais Du Petrole, 40(5): 563-579, 1985.
Esquevin, J, "Influence de la composition chimique des illites sur leur cristallinite.", Bull. Centre Rech. Pau-SNPA, 3(1): 147-153, 1969.
Ficken, K. J., B. Li, D. Swain and G. Eglinton, "An n-alkane proxy for the sedimentary input of submerged/floating freshwater aquatic macrophytes.", Organic geochemistry, 31(7-8): 745-749, 2000.
Foster, D. and S. C. Fritz, "Mire development, pool formation and landscape processes on patterned fens in Dalarna, central Sweden.", The Journal of Ecology, 409-437, 1987.
Grim, R. E, "Clay mineralogy.", 1968.
Hare, A. A., Z. Z. A. Kuzyk., R. W. Macdonald., H. Sanei, D. Barber., G. A. Stern and F. Wang, "Characterization of sedimentary organic matter in recent marine sediments from Hudson Bay, Canada, by Rock-Eval pyrolysis.", Organic Geochemistry, 68: 52-60, 2014.
Hunt, J. M, Petroleum geochemistry and geology, WH Freeman New York, 1996.
Jeng, W.-L., C.-A. Huh, "A comparison of sedimentary aliphatic hydrocarbon distribution between the southern Okinawa Trough and a nearby river with high sediment discharge.", Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 66(1-2): 217-224, 2006.
Johns, W. D., R. E. Grim and W. F. Bradley, "Quantitative estimations of clay minerals by diffraction methods.", Journal of Sedimentary Research, 24(4): 242-251, 1954.
Killops, S. and V. Killops, "Chemical composition of biogenic matter.", An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry, 22-62, 1993.
Kubler, B. and M. Jaboyedoff, "Illite crystallinity.", Comptes Rendus de l′Academie des Sciences-Series IIA-Earth and Planetary Science , 331(2): 75-89, 2000.
Kuo, L.-W., S.-R. Song, E.-C. Yeh, H.-F. Chen and J. Si., "Clay mineralogy and geochemistry investigations in the host rocks of the Chelungpu fault, Taiwan: Implication for faulting mechanism.", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 59: 208-218, 2012.
Langford, F. and M.-M. Blanc-Valleron, "Interpreting Rock-Eval pyrolysis data using graphs of pyrolizable hydrocarbons vs. total organic carbon (1).", AAPG Bulletin 74(6): 799-804, 1990.
Magoon, L. B. and W. G. Dow, "The petroleum system: chapter 1: Part I. Introduction.", 1994.
Marchand, C., E. Lallier-Verges, J.-R. Disnar and D. Keravis, "Organic carbon sources and transformations in mangrove sediments: a Rock-Eval pyrolysis approach.", Organic Geochemistry, 39(4): 408-421, 2008.
Meyers, P. and R. Ishiwatari, "Organic matter accumulation records in lake sediments.", Physics and chemistry of lakes, Springer: 279-328, 1995.
Peters, K. E. and M. R. Cassa, "Applied source rock geochemistry: chapter 5: Part II. Essential elements.", 1994.
Petschick, R., G. Kuhn and F. Gingele, "Clay mineral distribution in surface sediments of the South Atlantic: sources, transport, and relation to oceanography.", Marine Geology, 130(3-4): 203-229, 1996.
Schubert, C. and R. Stein, "Deposition of organic carbon in Arctic Ocean sediments: terrigenous supply vs marine productivity.", Organic Geochemistry, 24(4): 421-436, 1996.
Seifert, W. K. and J. M. Moldowan, "Paleoreconstruction by biological markers.", 1980.
Tissot, B., R. Pelet and P. Ungerer, "Thermal history of sedimentary basins, maturation indices, and kinetics of oil and gas generation.", AAPG bulletin, 71(12): 1445-1466, 1987.
Wakeham, S. G. and R. Carpenter, "Aliphatic hydrocarbons in sediments of Lake Washington 1.", Limnology and Oceanography, 21(5): 711-723, 1976.
Waples, D. W., Geochemistry in petroleum exploration, Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.
Ye, B., Z. Zhang and T. Mao, "Petroleum hydrocarbon in surficial sediment from rivers and canals in Tianjin, China.", Chemosphere, 68(1): 140-149, 2007.
Zeng, E. Y., A. R. Khan and K. Tran, "Organic pollutants in the coastal marine environment off San Diego, California. 3. Using linear alkylbenzenes to trace sewage?derived organic materials.", Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 16(2): 196-201, 1997.
Zong, Y., "Mid-Holocene sea-level highstand along the Southeast Coast of China.", Quaternary International, 117(1): 55-67, 2004.
指導教授 蔡龍珆(Louis Loung-Yie Tsai) 審核日期 2018-8-17
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明