博碩士論文 105624008 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:2 、訪客IP:34.204.36.101
姓名 藺于鈞(Yu-Chun Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 台灣西南部中寮隧道北端旗山與龍船斷層帶構造特性研究
(Characteristics of the Chishan and Lungchuan Faults exposed around the north end of Zhongliao Tunnel, Southwestern Taiwan)
相關論文
★ 利用邊界元素法探討急折褶皺之形成機制★ 台灣東部石梯坪地區變形條帶之研究
★ 探討甲仙地震之地表破壞與觸發斷層之關係★ 利用鑽井資料建構臺北盆地第三紀之地層與構造
★ 錦水構造現地應力與注氣誘發斷層再活動分析★ 台灣東北角海岸萊萊地區煌斑岩脈及其圍岩之構造演育探討
★ 山腳斷層再活動對大台北地區形變化及相鄰斷層庫倫應力之探討★ 藉離散元素法探討竹山槽溝中斷層引致褶皺之構造演育
★ 永和山構造現地應力與注氣引發斷層再活動評估★ 利用電測資料推估台灣彰濱地區鑽井場址的地下應力場
★ 台灣中部三義斷層於后里-豐原地區之近地表地質構造特性研究★ 集集地震17年後地形崖與斷層地表破裂之關係探
★ 桃園大漢溪河床中視尺度地質構造 與大溪背斜構造關聯性之研究★ 菱鐵礦於高壓下電子自旋態轉變與熱傳導率之研究
★ 以離散元素法模擬苗栗出磺坑地區構造演育與裂隙分布評估
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 國道三號約378公里高雄中寮隧道的北端處,自民國八十九年開通以來隧道結構便持續的受到損毀,造成此現象之原因仍未明瞭,前人藉密集的水準測量及靜態測量發現,國道三號於旗山斷層以及龍船斷層之間路段的水平位移平均每年約有92 公厘、鉛直位移平均每年約有82 公厘,明顯大於台灣島每年82公厘的板塊擠壓縮短量,本研究之目的便是想釐清如此快速的變形與當地的構造活動特性之關係。
研究進行期間時逢國道三號隧道改善工程並對隧道北端進行開挖,本研究對中寮隧道整修開挖的露頭及附近區域進行詳細的地質調查,加上UAV攝影測量方法所製作的數值地表模型與正射影像,製作中寮隧道北端鄰近區域的地質圖與斷層分布圖。旗山斷層帶在隧道北端的斷層核心厚度約6公尺,位態約為042°/48 °S,斷層影響帶厚度約100公尺,斷層上盤開挖出露的岩層厚約80公尺,岩性以厚層砂岩與砂頁互層為主,下盤以厚層泥岩偶夾薄層風暴砂岩為主,且其中的泥岩中可發現三條延伸性佳的黑色剪切帶,並於中寮隧道北端出口西北方向約300公尺處的泥岩中發現厚層的斷層泥真厚至少67公尺,與前人斷層跡的調查比對後判斷為龍船斷層帶。在隧道毀壞嚴重處被彎曲的消防栓與放射狀分布的裂隙,顯示隧道的破壞是由於路面(或仰拱)的抬升以及隧道襯砌的壓縮所導致;隧道毀壞嚴重處的所在位置與旗山斷層核心重合。
中寮隧道北端鄰近區域的最大位移量梯度與旗山斷層帶的核心位置相符,露頭所觀察到的正移剪切面結合隧道裂隙觀察結果,推測隧道的損毀肇因於隧道下方岩層的向上推擠,因此本研究提出ㄧ地質模式,以旗山斷層為阻水層,在厚層泥岩排水不易的條件下,泥岩中的泥漿受擠壓進而向上推擠地表岩層產生位移,來解釋兩斷層間地塊的高位移量。
摘要(英) At the north end of Zhongliao Tunnel on National Highway No. 3, tunnel structure damage has been a problem as it open to the public since 2000 A.D. in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The cause of this phenomena has not yet been identified. The predecessors have used dense leveling and GPS velocity survey to measure the surface displacement. The horizontal and the vertical movement of the area is about 92 mm and 82 mm per year between Chishan fault and Lungchuan fault which is greater than 82 mm per year caused by the shortening of plate tectonic movement in Taiwan island. Thus, the aim of this study would be to identify the relationship between rapid ground deformation and the structural characteristics of the study area.
An excavation has been held at the north end of Zhongliao Tunnel during this study. Detailed geological surveys were carried out in the surrounding of the north end of Zhongliao Tunnel. In order to produce the Digital surface model (DSM) and Orthoimages for the geological map and fault map, the UAV photogrammetry method and VRS-RTK survey were taken in the study area. After the investigation, it was found that the fault core of Chishan fault zone is about 6 meters thick with the attitude of 042°/48 °S, and the thickness of the damage zone is about 100 meters. The outcrop is about 80 meters thick after the excavation on the hanging wall of Chishan fault which the lithology is mainly composed of sandstone and alternation with sandstone and shale. The lithology of the footwall is mainly composed of mudstone interbedded with some fine sandstone. Three branch faults were found in the footwall of Chishan fault. Compared the location with previous studies, I found Lungchuan fault zone has a thickness of 67 meters at least which is located 300 meters away from the north end of Zhongliao Tunnel in the northwest direction. After the examination in the tunnel, I consider the fractures to be the consequence of the uplifted pavement, and the compression of the tunnel lining in the seriously damaged area.
The maximum displacement gradient in the Zhongliao tunnel is consistent with the location of the Chishan fault core. The observation of the normal shear plane and the tunnel fracture suggest that the tunnel damage is caused by the push of the rock below the tunnel. Therefore, this study proposes a geological model, with Chishan fault as the water-resisting layer. Under the condition that the thick mudstone is not easy to drain, the slurry in the mudstone is squeezed to push the surface rock layer to generate the high displacement of the block between two faults.
關鍵字(中) ★ 中寮隧道
★ 旗山斷層
★ 龍船斷層
★ UAV影像測繪
★ 隧道裂隙測繪
關鍵字(英) ★ Zhongliao tunnel
★ Chishan fault
★ Lungchuan Fault
★ Photogrammetry
★ Tunnel fracture mapping
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract III
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XIII
一、前言 1
二、文獻回顧 4
2-1大地構造 4
2-2 斷層帶組成 7
2-3 隧道破壞與斷層活動之關係 12
三、區域地質概況 16
3-1 地形與水系 16
3-2 地層 18
3-3 地質構造 22
四、研究方法 26
4-1 UAV攝影測量 26
4-2野外地表地質調查方法 30
4-2-1地質調查 30
4-2-2地質製圖與剖面繪製 31
4-3 隧道裂隙測繪方法 33
五、研究成果 34
5-1 中寮隧道北端UAV測繪結果 34
5-2 地質調查結果 38
5-2-1 東側立面調查(A) 39
5-2-2 西側立面調查(B) 47
5-2-3 中間立面調查(C) 59
5-2-4 國道3號以東地質調查(D) 61
5-2-5 國道3號以西地質調查(E) 68
5-2-6 地質圖繪製 77
5-3 隧道裂隙測繪成果 82
5-3-1 隧道的變形與襯砌裂隙 83
5-3-2 現地觀察 85
六、討論 94
6-1 隧道毀壞形貌與周遭地質關係之探討 94
6-2 斷層剪切帶分布與地表速度場之關係 100
6-3 可能的地質模型 105
七、結論與建議 110
八、參考文獻 111
附錄A UAV攝影測量原理 118
附錄B 即時動態定位方法 123
參考文獻 英文文獻
Berg, S. S. and Skar, T., "Controls on damage zone asymmetry of a normal fault zone: outcrop analyses of a segment of the Moab fault, SE Utah", Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 27(10), pp. 1803-1822, 2005.
Billi, A., Salvini, F. and Storti, F., "The damage zone-fault core transition in carbonate rocks: implications for fault growth, structure and permeability", Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 25(11), pp. 1779-1794, 2003.
Casciello, E., Cosgrove, J. W., Cesarano, M., Romero, E., Queralt, I. and Vergés, J., "Illite-smectite patterns in sheared Pleistocene mudstones of the Southern Apennines and their implications regarding the process of illitization: A multiscale analysis", Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 33(11), pp. 1699-1711, 2011.
Casciello, E., Pappone, G. and Zuppetta, A., "Structural features of a shear-zone developed in an argillaceous medium: the southern portion of the Scorciabuoi fault (southern Apennines)", Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, Vol. 1(2), pp. 659-667, 2002.
Chen, Z., Shi, C., Li, T. and Yuan, Y., "Damage characteristics and influence factors of mountain tunnels under strong earthquakes", Natural Hazards, Vol. 61(2), pp. 387-401, 2011.
Chester, J. S., Chester, F. M. and Kronenberg, A. K., "Fracture surface energy of the Punchbowl fault, San Andreas system", Nature, Vol. 437(7055), pp. 133, 2005.
Chiang, C. S., Yu, H. S. and Chou, Y. W., "Characteristics of the wedge-top depozone of the southern Taiwan foreland basin system", Basin Research, Vol. 16(1), pp. 65-78, 2004.
Ching, K. E., Hsieh, M. L., Johnson, K. M., Chen, K. H., Rau, R. J. and Yang, M., "Modern vertical deformation rates and mountain building in Taiwan from precise leveling and continuous GPS observations, 2000–2008", Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116(B8), 2011.
Choi, J. H., Edwards, P., Ko, K. and Kim, Y. S., "Definition and classification of fault damage zones: A review and a new methodological approach", Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 152, pp. 70-87, 2016.
Davis, G. H., Reynolds, S. J. and Kluth, C. F., Structural geology of rocks and regions, John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
Fossen, H., Structural geology, Cambridge University Press, 2016.
Hu, J. C., Angelier, J. and Yu, S. B., "An interpretation of the active deformation of southern Taiwan based on numerical simulation and GPS studies", Tectonophysics, Vol. 274, pp. 145-169, 1997.
Huang, S. T., Yang, K. M., Hung, J. H., Wu, J. C., Ting, H. H., Mei, W. W., Hsu, S. H. and Lee, M., "Deformation front development at the northeast margin of the Tainan basin, Tainan–Kaohsiung area, Taiwan", Marine Geophysical Researches, Vol. 25(1-2), pp. 139-156, 2004.
Kim, Y. S., Peacock, D. C. P. and Sanderson, D. J., "Fault damage zones", Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 26(3), pp. 503-517, 2004.
Lee, J. C., Chu, H. T., Angelier, J., Chan, Y. C., Hu, J. C., Lu, C. Y. and Rau, R. J., "Geometry and structure of northern surface ruptures of the 1999 Mw= 7.6 Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake: influence from inherited fold belt structures", Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 24(1), pp. 173-192, 2002.
Lin, A., Fossil earthquakes: The formation and preservation of pseudotachylytes, Vol. 111, Springer, 2007.
Maqbool, A. U. R., Moustafa, A. R., Dowidar, H. and Yousef, M., "Architecture of fault damage zones of normal faults, Gebel Ataqa area, Gulf of Suez rift, Egypt", Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 77, pp. 43-53, 2016.
Morley, C., "Vertical strain variations in the Osen-Røa thrust sheet, North-western Oslo Fjord, Norway", Journal of structural geology, Vol. 8(6), pp. 621-632, 1986.
Neuendorf, K. K., Glossary of geology, Springer Science & Business Media, 2005.
Neumann, K. J., "Trends for digital aerial mapping cameras", Intermational Archives of the Photogrammetry,Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Vol. 28, pp. 551-554, 2008.
Passchier, C. W. and Trouw, R. A., Microtectonics, Vol. 1, Springer Science & Business Media, 2005.
Rao, G., Lin, A., Yan, B., Jia, D., Wu, X. and Ren, Z., "Co-seismic Riedel shear structures produced by the 2010 Mw 6.9 Yushu earthquake, central Tibetan Plateau, China", Tectonophysics, Vol. 507(1-4), pp. 86-94, 2011.
Roy, N. and Sarkar, R., "A Review of Seismic Damage of Mountain Tunnels and Probable Failure Mechanisms", Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Vol. 35(1), pp. 1-28, 2017.
Sibson, R. H., "Fault rocks and fault mechanisms", Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 133(3), pp. 191-213, 1977.
Sun, C. H., Chang, S. C., Kuo, C. L., Wu, J. C., Shao, P. H. and Oung, J. N., "Origins of Taiwan’s mud volcanoes: Evidence from geochemistry", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 37(2), pp. 105-116, 2010.
Sung, Q. C., Chang, H. C., Liu, H. C. and Chen, Y. C., "Mud volcanoes along the Chishan fault in Southwestern Taiwan: A release bend model", Geomorphology, Vol. 118(1-2), pp. 188-198, 2010.
Suppe, J., "Kinematics of arc-continent collision, flipping of subduction, and back-arc spreading near Taiwan", Memoir of the Geological Society of China, Vol. 6, pp. 21-33, 1984.
Topcon Position Systems, Inc., "Hiper V Operator’s Manual" , 2012.
Wang, W. L., Wang, T. T., Su, J. J., Lin, C. H., Seng, C. R. and Huang, T. H., "Assessment of damage in mountain tunnels due to the Taiwan Chi-Chi Earthquake", Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 16, pp. 133-150, 2001.
Wolf, P. R., Dewitt, B. A. and Wilkinson, B. E., Elements of Photogrammetry: with applications in GIS, Vol. 3, McGraw-Hill New York, 2000.
Yashiro, K., KoJima, Y. and Shimizu, M., "Historical earthquake damage to tunnels in Japan in 2004 Niigataken earthquake", Quarterly Report of Railway Technical Research Institute, Vol. 48(3), pp. 136-141, 2007.
You, C. F., Gieskes, J. M., Lee, T., Yui, T. F. and Chen, H. W., "Geochemistry of mud volcano fluids in the Taiwan accretionary prism", Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 19(5), pp. 695-707, 2004.
Yu, S. B., Chen, H. Y. and Kuo, L. C., "Velocity field of GPS stations in the Taiwan area", Tectonophysics, Vol. 274(1-3), pp. 41-59, 1997.
Yu, S. B., Kuo, L. C., Hsu, Y. J., Su, H. H., Liu, C. C., Hou, C. S., Lee, J. F., Lai, T. C., Liu, C. C. and Liu, C. L., "Preseismic deformation and coseismic displacements associated with the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 91(5), pp. 995-1012, 2001.




中文文獻
大疆創新科技有限公司,Mavic Pro 使用者手冊,2016。
中國石油股份有限公司,台灣西部地質圖,臺南圖幅(1 :100,000),中國石油股份有限公司,1989。
王儂和過靜珺,現代普通測量學,五南圖書出版股份有限公司,2003。
古兆禎,「臺灣地形發育與地殼運動之關係」,中國地質學會會刊,8,102-105頁,1965。
吉田要,高雄州旗山油田調查報告,台灣總督府殖產局,1932。
吳榮章和梅文威,「高雄縣旗山至鳳山地區生物地層與古沉積環境研究」,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,6,263-295頁,1992。
吳榮章和梅文威,「高雄縣旗山至鳳山地區新第三紀及第四紀地層之生物地層與古沉積環境」,探採研究彙報,8,58-75頁,1985。
宋國城,陳力和陳彥傑,「有關旗山斷層的一些新觀察」,地質,23(3),31-40頁,2004。
李佳翰,「山岳隧道襯砌異狀肇因診斷技術研究」,國立臺北科技大學,博士論文,2013。
李德河,紀雲曜和田坤國,「泥岩之基本特性及泥岩邊坡保護措施」,地工技術雜誌,48,35-47頁,1994。
李錫堤,變色山河 看見台灣毒害 Part 4 曾入鏡 "看見台灣" 台南月世界變掩埋場?!"│60分鐘20170805,第6:58 ~ 7:39處,中視新聞,2017,https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_dT389k8oTs。
林啟文,五萬分之一台灣地質圖說明書-旗山圖福,經濟部中央地質調查所,新北市中和區,2013。
林啟文,陳文山,劉彥求和陳柏村,「台灣東部與南部的活動斷層,二萬五千分之一活動斷層條帶圖說明書,旗山斷層」,經濟部中央地質調查所特刊,23,163-174頁,2009。
烏居敬造,本間右京和淺岡隼太,「龍船附近地形及地質圖(1 : 15,000)」, 1930。
張吉佐和劉弘祥,山岳隧道工程設計與實例手冊,科技圖書股份有限公司,2001。
張李群,「以大地測量資料進行龍船斷層與旗山斷層行為分析之研究」,國立成功大學,碩士論文,2014。
莊惠如,「台灣西南海域泥貫入體分佈與構造活動之關係」,國立臺灣大學,碩士論文,2006。
陳文山,台灣地質概論,中華民國地質學會,台北市,2016。
陳志雄,吳樂群和王源,「高雄地區旗山斷層兩側地層年代之探討」,地質,13,37-56頁,1993。
陳松春,「臺灣西南海域上部高屏斜坡泥貫入體及泥火山之分布及相關海床特徵 」,國立中央大學,博士論文,2013。
陳柏村,「旗山斷層南段變形特性研究」,國立成功大學,碩士論文,2005。
陳柏村,林啟文,江婉綺,劉彥求和林慶偉,「台灣南部旗山斷層的構造特性研究」,經濟部中央地質調查所彙刊,22,63-98頁,2009。
黃偉倫,「台灣西南部海域泥貫入體之分佈與陸上諸背斜之關係及其對沈積環境之影響」,國立台灣大學,碩士論文,1995。
黃華尉,湯凱佩,林文勇,劉至忠和鄭彩堂,e-GPS即時動態定位系統座標轉換最佳化之研究,內政部國土測繪中心,2012。
葉家承,徐百輝,張子瑩,張陽郎,蘇文瑞和包正芬,「應用無人飛行載具進行災害現場之調查─以高雄氣爆為例」,中國土木水利工程學刊,27(3),223-229頁,2015。
趙荃敏,「利用大地測量及PSInSAR技術探討鳳山斷層之運動特性」,國立成功大學,碩士論文,2016。
鄧屬予,臺灣地質系列第9號:臺灣的沉積岩,經濟部中央地質調查所,臺北縣中和市,1997。
鄭宏祺,「臺灣西南部台南至屏東地區地質構造之研究」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,2000。
蘇柏軒,蕭宇伸,王傑民和陳樹群,「無人載具系統(UAS)航拍應於高精度製圖的可行性研究」,社團法人中華水土保持學會102年度年會,2013。
陳正勳,王泰典和黃燦輝,「山嶺隧道受震損害類型與原因之案例研究」,岩石力學與工程學報,30(1),45-57頁,2011。
指導教授 黃文正 審核日期 2019-1-25
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明