博碩士論文 106222021 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:7 、訪客IP:34.229.63.215
姓名 趙家加(Chia-Chia Chao)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 物理學系
論文名稱
(Electronic and Spin Transport Properties of Fe/MgO/Fe Magnetic Tunnel Junction: Combined First-Principles Calculation and TB-NEGF Method)
相關論文
★ Stretching effect on the spin transport properties of single molecular junctions: A first-principle study★ First-principles study in wurtzite InN bulk, thin film, and nanobelt
★ The interfacial effect on spin-transfer torque in single molecular magnetic junctions: A first-principles study★ Spin transport calculation for thiol-ended single-molecule magnetic junction
★ Combined first-principles and tight-binding Hamiltonian study of Fe-MgO-Fe magnetic tunnel junctions★ Anchoring Effect on Spin Transport in Amine-Ended Single-Molecule Magnetic Junctions: A First-Principles Study
★ Analytic derivation for spin-transfer properties in magnetic tunnel junctions★ Simulation for Cu-platted Front Side Metallization of Si-based Solar Cell
★ 利用單能階緊密鍵結模型計算磁性穿隧接合的自旋傳輸特性★ First-principles study in structural and elec-tronic properties of FeBaTiO3Fe multiferroic tunneling junction
★ Effect of contact geometry on the spin transfer calculation in amine-ended single-molecule magnetic junctions★ Spin Transport Properties in Magnetic Heterojunctions: Analytical derivation in Green’s function and Multi-reflection process
★ Modification of Distributional Exact Diagonalization Approach for Single Impurity Anderson Model★ Strain-Induced Magnetic-Nonmagnetic Transition in PtSe2 Nanoribbon: A First-Principles Study
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 以氧化物作為穿隧阻絕層的磁性穿隧接面被廣泛的應用於磁電阻式隨機存取記憶體中。因為磁性穿隧接面透過不同的磁矩組態產生極大的穿隧磁阻值,形成磁性記憶體的最小單元,而磁矩組態可以透過外加磁場或利用自旋極化電流控制。自旋極化電流會在磁性穿隧接面中產生自旋轉移力矩,進而影響磁性材料中的磁矩方向來達成控制磁矩組態的目的。
隨著長晶技術的成長,因為氧化鎂晶體自身獨特的電子結構特性,氧化鎂為穿隧阻絕層的磁性穿隧接面成為相當經典的研究題材,無論在實驗與理論中都發現了極大的穿隧磁阻值。而在這項研究中,我們利用第一原理計算來分析鐵/氧化鎂/鐵磁性穿隧接面的電子結構特性以及電子傳輸特性。氧化鎂因為軌域對稱性所形成的Δ_1能階,擁有一個獨特的傳輸通道,所以在這個系統中我們透過傳輸機率可以估計出大約3000%的穿隧磁阻值,並且我們也透過我們所新開發的JunPy來分析系統中的自旋力矩,了解其中控制磁矩方向之運作特性,以及與其他實驗與理論的研究結果相互比較,驗證我們所開發的軟體之可信度,為未來研究其他不同材料的基石。另一方面,我們也嘗試選擇氧化銪為穿隧阻絕層的磁性穿隧接面,其與氧化鎂有相同的Δ_1能階特性同時本身具有自旋極化的特性,我們透過第一原理分析其電子結構特性,未來希望能透過JunPy程序進一步分析其自旋傳輸特性。
摘要(英) Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) have aroused intensive studies for applications in non-volatile magnetic random access memories (MRAMs), which have been widely used, and the most important property of MTJs is the tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) effect. The giant magnetoresistance (MR) ratio originates from the tunneling current depending on the relative orientation of two FM electrodes that can be controlled by a spin-polarized current via the so-called spin torque effect. The spin-transfer torque (STT) and the field-like spin torque (FLST) are two components of the spin torque effect.
We employ the first-principles calculation with the non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) method to analyze the electronic and transport properties. For Fe/MgO/Fe MTJs, the orbital symmetry of ∆_1 state in MgO-barrier is responsible for giant TMR effect that is estimated over 3000% at zero bias. Moreover, our newly developed “JunPy” package is employed to investigate both STT and FLST in non-collinear magnetic configurations, which comparable with previous experimental measurements and theoretical calculations and demonstrate the validity of “JunPy” package. These two components, STT and FLST, are responsible for the magnetization switching, which can control the magnetization configurations in MTJs. As a future work, we propose the EuO-based MTJs and expect the ∆_1 state and spin-polarized EuO-barrier may play a significant role on the enhancement for both TMR and FLST, which may create the next-generation FLST-MRAM.
關鍵字(中) ★ 電子自旋傳輸
★ 磁性穿隧接面
★ 第一原理結合非平衡格林函數
★ 自旋轉移力矩
★ 磁電 阻式隨機存取記憶體
關鍵字(英) ★ spin transport properties
★ MgO-based magnetic tunnel junctions
★ Combined First-Principles Calculation and TB-NEGF Method
★ spin torque effect
★ non-volatile magnetic random access memories
論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Theory 5
2.1 Density Functional Theory 5
2.1.1 Born-Oppenheimer Approximation 5
2.1.2 Hartree-Fock Approximation 6
2.1.3 The Hohenberg-Kohn Theorem 7
2.1.4 The Kohn-Sham Equation 8
2.1.5 Exchange-Correlation Energy Functional 11
 Local Density Approximation (LDA) 11
 Exchange Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA) 12
2.2 Pseudopotential Method for DFT calculation 13
2.2.1 Bloch’s Theorem 13
2.2.2 Projector Augmented-Wave Method 14
2.3 Non-equilibrium Green’s Function method 16
2.3.1 DFT+NEGF Calculation 16
 Projected Density of States 18
2.3.2 Spin-Transport Property Calculation 19
 Transmission 19
 Current 20
 Spin-Transfer Torque 20
Chapter 3 Computational Details 22
3.1 Structural Geometry 22
3.2 Parameters for Structural and Electronic Properties 25
3.3 Parameters for Spin Transport Properties 29
Chapter 4 Results and Discussion 31
4.1 Electronic Properties of Fe/MgO/Fe MTJs 31
4.1.1 Fe bulk and MgO bulk 31
4.1.2 Fe/MgO/Fe MTJs 36
4.2 Spin Transport Properties of Fe/MgO/Fe MTJs 41
4.2.1 Transmission and Current 41
4.2.2 Spin Torque Effect 45
4.3 Spin-filter based MTJs 56
Chapter 5 Conclusion 60
References 62
參考文獻 [1] M. N. Baibich, M. N. Baibich, J. M. Broto, A. Fert, F. N. Van Dau, F. Petroff, P. Etienne, G. Creuzet, A. Friederich, and J. Chazelas, Phy. Rev. Lett. 61, 2472 (1988).
[2] E. Y. Tsymbal, I. Žutić (eds.) In: HANDBOOK OF SPIN TRANSPORT AND MAGNETISM., pt. II, chapt.4-5, p.69-114. (2012).
[3] C. Chappert, A. Fert, and F. N. Van Dau, Nat Mater 6, 813 (2007).
[4] M. Julliere, Phy. Lett. 54A, 225 (1975).
[5] T. Miyazaki and N. Tezuka, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 139, L231 (1995).
[6] J. S. Moodera, L. R. Kinder, T. M. Wong, and R. Meservey, Phy. Rev. Lett. 74, 3273 (1995).
[7] W. H. Butler, X.-G. Zhang, and T. C. Schulthess, Phys. Rev. B63, 054416 (2001).
[8] J. Mathon and A. Umerski, Phys. Rev. B63, 220403 (2001).
[9] S. Yuasa, T. Nagahama, A. Fukushima, Y. Suzuki, and K. Ando, Nat Mater 3, 868 (2004).
[10] S. S. P. Parkin, C. Kaiser, A. Panchula, P. M. Rice, B. Hughes, M. Samant, and S.-H. Yang, Nat Mater 3, 862 (2004).
[11] S. Ikeda, J. Hayakawa, Y. Ashizawa, Y. M. Lee, K. Miura, H. Hasegawa, M. Tsunoda, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 082508 (2008).
[12] J. Slonczewski, Phys. Rev. B3 9, 6995 (1989).
[13] JunPy package, https://labstt.phy.ncu.edu.tw/junpy
[14] Guo-Xing Miao, Martina Müller, and Jagadeesh S. Moodera et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 076601 (2009).
[15] Y. -H. Tang, F. -C. Chu, and Nicholas Kioussis, Sci. Rep. 5, 11341 (2015).
[16] R. M. Martin: Electronic Structure-Basic Theory and Practical Methods (2004)
[17] M. Born and R. Oppenheimer, Annalen der Physik 389, 457 (1927).
[18] D. R. Hartree, Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 24, 89 (1928).
[19] V. Fock, Z. Phys. 61, 209 (1930).
[20] P. Hohenberg and W. Kohn, Phys. Rev. 136, B864 (1964).
[21] W. Kohn and L. J. Sham, Phys. Rev. 140, A1133 (1965).
[22] J. P. Perdew, J. A. Chevary, S. H. Vosko, K. A. Jackson, M. R. Pederson, D. J. Singh, and C. Fiolhais, Phys. Rev. B 46, 6671 (1992).
[23] N. W. Ashcroft and N.D. Mermin: Solid State Physics, Holt Saunders, Philadelphia, p.113 (1976).
[24] P. E. Blöchl, Phys. Rev. B 50, 17953 (1994).
[25] nanoDCAL package,http://nanoacademic.ca/showArticle.jsp?id=17
[26] J. Taylor, H. Guo, and J. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 63, 245407 (2001).
[27] Y.-H. Tang, Nicholas Kioussis, Alan Kalitsov, W. H. Butler, and Roberto Car, Phys. Rev. B 81, 054437 (2010)
[28] Y.-H. Tang, Z.-W. Huang, and B.-H. Huang, Phys. Rev. B 96, 064429 (2017)
[29] Y.-H. Tang and B.-H. Huang, J. Phys. Chem. C 122, 20500-20505 (2018)
[30] American Institute of Physics Handbook, edited by D. E. Gray, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York (1972).
[31] B. Li et al., J. Geophys. Res. 111, B11206 (2006)
[32] Nuttachai Jutong, Ivan Rungger, Cosima Schuster, Ulrich Eckern, Stefano Sanvito, and Udo Schwingenschlögl, Phys. Rev. B 86, 205310 (2012)
[33] N. J. C. Ingle and I. S. Elfimov, Phys. Rev. B 77,121202(R) (2008)
[34] VASP package, https://www.vasp.at/
[35] V. I. Anisimov, I. V. Solovyev, and M. A. Korotin, Phys. Rev. B 48, 16929 (1993).
[36] Ph. Mavropoulo s, N. Papanikolaou, P. H. Dederichs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1088 (2000).
[37] Pavel V. Lukashev, Aleksander L. Wysocki, Julian P. Velev, Mark van Schilfgaarde, Sitaram S. Jaswal, Kirill D. Belashchenko, and Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Phys. Rev. B 85, 224414 (2012).
[38] Hitoshi Kubota, Akio Fukushima, Kay Yakushiji, Taro Nagahama, Shinji Yuasa, Koji Ando, Hiroki Maehara, Yoshinori Nagamine, Koji Tsunekawa, David D. Djayaprawira, Naoki Watanabe and Yoshishige Suzuki, Nature Phys. Vol.4, p37-41 (2007).
[39] Jack C. Sankey, Yong-Tap Cui, Jonathan Z. Sun, John C. Slonczewski, Robert A. Buhrman and Daniel C. Ralph, Nature Phys. Vol. 4, p.67-71 (2007)
[40] Christian Heiliger and M. D. Stiles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 186805 (2008).
[41] Xingtao Jia, Ke Xia, Youqi Ke, and Hong Guo, Phys. Rev. B 84, 014401 (2011).
[42] Chen Wang, Yong-Tao Cui, Jordan A. Katine, Robert A. Buhrman and Daniel C. Ralph, Nature Phys. Vol.7, p496-501 (2011).
[43] Ioannis Theodonis, Alan Kalitsov,and Nicholas Kioussis, Phys. Rev. B 76, 224406 (2007).
[44] T. S. Santos, J. S. Moodera, K. V. Raman, E. Negusse, J. Holroyd, J. Dvorak, M. Liberati, Y. U. Idzerda, and E. Arenholz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 147201 (2008).
指導教授 唐毓慧 審核日期 2019-7-30
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明