博碩士論文 106324064 詳細資訊




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姓名 林柏辰(Bo-Chen Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 可用於表面增強拉曼散射之銀奈米結構粒子於嵌段高分子模板
(BCP-Templated Silver Nanostructured Particles for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering)
相關論文
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★ 除潤現象誘導非對稱型團鏈共聚物薄膜之層級結構★ 極性/非極性共溶劑退火法調控雙團鏈共聚物薄膜奈米微結構
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★ 結合共溶劑退火法及微接觸式壓印術製備具有微奈米層級結構之團鏈共聚物薄膜★ 結合溶劑蒸氣刺激及微米模板製備聚苯乙烯聚4-乙烯吡啶薄膜 之層級結構
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摘要(中) 在這項研究中,我們開發了一個三維模板,通過雙團鏈共聚高分子自組裝的BCP奈米結構,進行表面重建以獲得多孔高分子薄膜。,進一步用於製造銀奈米結構之模板。三維多孔模板用晶種成長法成長銀晶種後使用氯化亞錫致敏,亞錫離子吸附至模板表面上,通過銀鏡反應生長具有高密度的銀奈米結構顆粒。三維銀奈米結構可用於表面增強拉曼光譜(SERS)的優異基材,用於物理吸附羅丹明6G的分子傳感測。在模板表面上存在豐富的銀奈米顆粒在通過電磁機制促進在拉曼增強中起關鍵作用。基於自組裝雙團鏈共聚高分子奈米構造的銀模板為製造SERS基材提供了新的設計策略。
摘要(英) In this study a three-dimensional template was generated through surface–reconstruction of self-assembled PS-b-P4VP nanodomains for fabricating nanostructured silver particles. The three-dimensional porous template was sensitized with stannous chloride, by which silver tiny seeds were first nucleated onto the surface of the nanodomains. Silver nanostructured particles with a high number density were grown by silver mirror reactions. The three-dimensional silver nanostructures can be used as an excellent substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), coupled with fluorescence quenching, which allows for molecular sensing of physically adsorbed Rhodamine 6G. The presence of abundant silver nanoparticles on the surface of the template plays a critical role in promoting a large Raman enhancement via an electromagnetic mechanism. The silver template based on the construction of self-assembled BCP nanodomains provides a new design strategy for fabricating SERS substrates.
關鍵字(中) ★ 嵌段共聚物
★ 表面增強拉曼散射
★ 銀奈米粒子
關鍵字(英) ★ Block copolymer
★ Surface-enhanced Raman scattering
★ Silver nanoparticles
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 vi
Chapter1 序論 1
1.1 序論 1
1.2 嵌段共聚物之自組裝行為 3
1.3 表面重建(Surface reconstruction) 7
1.4 無電鍍原理 11
1.4.1 無電鍍液組成及特性 12
1.4.2 無電鍍之前處理 13
1.5 拉曼光譜學 14
1.6 表面拉曼光譜訊號增強原理 17
1.6.1 化學增強型基材 18
1.6.2 電磁場增強型基材 21
Chapter2 實驗 25
2.1 高分子材料 25
2.2 溶劑藥品與基材 26
2.3 實驗儀器 27
2.4 試片製備與實驗步驟 28
2.4.1 矽晶基材(SiOx/Si)基材清洗 28
2.4.2 P(S-b-4VP)孔洞薄膜的製備 28
2.4.3 鑲嵌銀奈米粒子之基材的製備 29
2.5 儀器分析 30
2.5.1 原子力顯微鏡 30
2.5.2 掃描式電子顯微鏡 32
2.5.3 穿透式電子顯微鏡 33
2.5.4 拉曼光譜儀 34
2.5.5 X光繞射分析 35
2.5.6 紫外光可見光光分光譜儀 36
Chapter3 結果與討論 37
3.1 鑲嵌銀奈米在高分子孔洞模板 37
3.1.1 晶種成長法對於銀奈米結構的影響 37
3.2 敏化處理對於銀奈米結構的影響 42
3.2.1 使用氯化亞錫水溶液進行敏化處理 43
3.2.2 比較不同PH值的敏化液對銀奈米結構的影響 46
3.3 鑲嵌銀奈米孔洞模板上拉曼增強訊號上的效果 49
3.4 燒結銀奈米粒子製備銀連續結構 54
3.4.1 使用熱燒結銀奈米結構 54
3.4.2 電解質溶液燒結銀奈米粒子 55
3.4.3 氧氣電漿燒結銀奈米粒子 56
3.4.4 氧氣電漿燒結銀奈米粒子 61
Chapter4 結論 63
參考資料 65
附錄 72
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指導教授 孫亞賢(Ya-Sen Sun) 審核日期 2019-8-20
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