博碩士論文 106326011 詳細資訊




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姓名 王新閎(Xing-Hong Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 環境工程研究所
論文名稱 利用電容去離子系統處理氟系廢水之研究
(Treatment of Fluoride-containing Wastewater By Capacitive Deionization)
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摘要(中) 電容去離子技術(capacitive deionization, CDI)為一種新興高級水處理技術,其利用帶電之電極吸附水中離子,優點甚多,為未來發展的趨勢之一。現今含氟廢水以半導體廠為大宗,包含廠內製程及其洗滌廢水,來源複雜,需加以處理始得排放,故本研究以預先加藥後,利用CDI去除氫氟酸及直接濃縮氟化銨之方式探討,以CDI技術降低水中氟離子濃度。研究中以氫氧化鉀為最佳之藥劑,並分別利用不同之K/F比進行。結果發現當K/F為1.5時,有最佳的吸附量0.090 mM F g 1-C,且也有最好的脫附效率,以及處理後之酸鹼值對環境水體的衝擊影響較小。而在濃縮的部分,以不同的操作條件進行濃縮。結果顯示充電至導電度為初始值時,所得到的濃縮率最佳為1.3倍。此外,本研究也擬合了動力學,結果顯示Elovich model最為符合,其R2均高於0.95。此動力模式表示了吸附氟化物的過程中牽涉化學鍵的變化。故本研究利用X射線光電子能譜(X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS)測定使用後的電極表面C1s化學態之組成變化,得知Semicovalent C-F的比例由6.37%提升至6.73%與Covalent C-F的比例由2.27%提升至4.86%。
摘要(英) Capacitive deionization (CDI) is an emerging advanced water treatment technology. It adsorbs ions in the water with charged electrodes. It has many advantages and is one of the future development trends. Fluoride-containing wastewater is one major problem semiconductor industry for its large amount and possible hazards. The source of fluoride is complex and must be treated and then disposed without causing environmental burden.
The objectives of this work are two to remove the fluoride by choosing a proper chemical and to concentrate fluoride. According to the electrosorption amount and efficiency, potassium hydroxide was the best chemical and the optimal K/F ratios was 1.5. Also, at this condition, the pH value after treatment has the least impact to the environment. In terms of concentration, the best concentration ratio was obtained by charging the system until the conductivity rose to the initial value, at which the F- was concentrated 1.3 times.
The kinetics results showed that the Elovich model fitted the experimental data best, with R2 above 0.95. This kinetic model suggested changes in chemical bonds involved in the electrosorption process. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed that the semicovalent C-F bonds increased from 6.37% to 6.73% and the covalent C F bonds increased from 2.27% to 4.86%.
關鍵字(中) ★ 電容去離子
★ 氟化物
★ 氫氧化鉀
★ 濃縮
關鍵字(英) ★ capacitive deionization
★ fluoride
★ potassium hydroxide
★ concentrated
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
CONTENT V
List of Figures IX
List of Tables XI
CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Objectives 3
CHAPTER II. LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1 Capacitive deionization 5
2.1.1 Advantages of capacitive deionization 5
2.1.2 Theory of capacitive deionization 6
2.1.3 Capacitor 7
2.1.4 Theory of electric double layer 9
2.1.5 Electric double layer overlap 12
2.1.6 Specific adsorption 13
2.2 Factors affecting capacitive deionization 14
2.2.1 Effects of electrode material characteristics 14
2.2.2 Effects of external conditions 15
2.2.3 Effects of ion characteristics 16
2.3 Fluoride in aqueous solution 18
2.3.1 Basic characteristics 18
2.3.2 Technologies for treating fluoride wastewater 19
CHAPTER III. MATERIALS AND MTHODS 23
3.1 Preparation of activation carbon electrodes 23
3.1.1. Pretreatment of activated carbon 23
3.1.2 Preparation of electrodes 23
3.2 Characterization of AC electrodes 25
3.3 Capacitive deionization of electrosorption
fluoric acid 28
3.4 Analysis of fluoride (NaF, KF, NH4F) 32
3.5 Data analysis 34
3.5.1. Experimental calculations 34
3.5.2 Kinetic models 36
CHAPTER IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 38
4.1 Characterization of activated carbon electrodes 38
4.1.1. Functional groups on active carbon 38
4.1.2. Specific surface area and pore size distribution of
AC 40
4.1.3. Electrochemical properties of activated carbon
electrodes 45
4.2 Removal of hydrofluoric acid by CDI 48
4.2.1. Effects of different chemical on fluoride removal
48
4.2.2. Effects of K/F ratio on fluoride removal 52
4.2.3. Effects of applied voltage on fluoride removal 56
4.2.4. Effects of initial concentration on fluoride
removal 58
4.2.5. Regeneration of electrode 60
4.3 Kinetics of fluoride electrosorption 62
4.4 Characterization of used electrodes 65
4.5 Removal of ammonium fluoride by CDI 69
4.5.1. Effects of applied voltage on fluoride removal 69
4.5.2. Effects of initial concentration on fluoride
removal 70
4.5.3 Recovery of ammonium fluoride 72
4.6 Removal of F- from real wastewater 80
CHAPTER V. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 84
5.1 Conclusion 84
5.2 Suggestion 85
APPENDIX 86
REFERENCES 88

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游絢博.”陽極單軸間歇運動下之直流, 脈衝微電析鎳”, 碩士, 機械工程研究所, 桃園市, (2000).
黃淑芬.”氟系廢水中加鈣去氟之顆粒形成影響因子研究”, 碩士, 環境工程系所, 新竹市, (2007).
楊學明.”高濃度氫氟酸廢液回收製備氟化鈣之研究-以結晶矽太陽能電池廠為例”, 碩士, 環境工程研究所, 桃園市, (2015).
廖仲洲.”利用碳氣凝膠紙電吸附於二氯化銅水溶液現象之探討”, 碩士, 環境工程研究所, 桃園市, (2006).
鄭為元.”無機鹽類在碳氣凝膠電容去離子系統中之競爭吸附”, 碩士, 環境工程研究所, 桃園市, (2016).
鍾鼎文.”晶圓廠濕蝕刻機台排水分流系統與氟系廢水處理設施效能評估研究”, 碩士, 環境工程研究所, 新竹市, (2007).
指導教授 秦靜如(Ching-Ju Chin) 審核日期 2020-4-7
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