博碩士論文 106427025 詳細資訊




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姓名 鍾怡安(Yi-An Chung)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 兩全其美領導? 關懷與定規領導風格兼具對部屬行為之影響
("Both/And" Leadership? The Effect of Both Consideration and Initiating Structure Leadership Styles on Subordinates′ Behaviors.)
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摘要(中) 過去研究大多專注於二者擇一(either/or)思維,分別提出關懷與定規型領導風格對於部屬行為的影響,卻少有研究以兩全其美(both/and)的矛盾思維,關注於關懷與定規型領導風格,兩者兼備的可能性。因此,本研究以兩全其美(both/and)的矛盾思維,考量主管在兩種領導風格兼備的可能性,並使用非線性統計方法-多項式迴歸及反應曲面分析,探究兩全其美領導、關懷領導、定規領導、赤貧領導對於員工的任務精熟度及反生產行為之影響。本研究在台灣企業蒐集486份有效主管部屬配對問卷,結果發現,(1)展現兩全其美領導的主管,其部屬的任務精熟度會高於展現赤貧領導的部屬。(2)展現兩全其美領導的主管,其部屬的反生產行為會低於展現赤貧領導的部屬。(3)展現關懷領導的主管,其部屬的任務精熟度會高於展現定規領導的部屬。(4)展現定規領導的主管,其部屬的反生產行為會高於展現關懷領導的部屬。(5)在部屬的任務精熟度及反生產行為方面,主管展現兩全其美領導與展現二者擇一中的關懷領導具有相同的影響程度。
摘要(英) Most research has been focusing on the study of “either/or” perspective leadership styles in the past years, but there were only a few studies that are rarely focusing on the coexistence of consideration and initiating structure leadership styles which known as “both/and” leadership style. The purpose of this research is to use a paradox lens to explore the possibility of coexistence of consideration and initiating structure leadership styles on a leader. By employing the polynomial regression with response surface analysis, we can explore the effect of “both/and” leadership, consideration leadership, initiating structure leadership and laissez-faire leadership on subordinates’ task proficiency and counterproductive work behavior.
  Drawing on an effective cross-organization data of 486 supervisor-subordinate dyads in Taiwan, we found the following results: (1) the subordinates’ task proficiency is higher under the “both/and” leadership when compare with laissez-faire leadership, (2) the counterproductive work behavior is lower under “both/and” leadership when compare with laissez-faire leadership, (3) the subordinates’ task proficiency is higher under the consideration leadership when compare with initiating structure leadership, (4) the counterproductive work behavior is lower under consideration leadership when compare with initiating structure leadership, and (5) the effect of “both/and” leadership and consideration leadership on subordinates’ counterproductive work behavior and task proficiency is similar.
關鍵字(中) ★ 兩全其美領導
★ 矛盾理論
★ 關懷型領導風格
★ 定規型領導風格
★ 多項式迴歸
★ 反應曲面分析
關鍵字(英) ★ “both/and” leadership
★ Paradox Theory
★ Consideration Leadership Style
★ Initiating Structure Leadership Style
★ Polynomial Regression Analysis
★ Response Surface Analysis
論文目次 中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 viii
一、 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 6
二、 文獻探討 7
2-1 俄亥俄州立大學的關懷型與定規型領導風格 7
2-2 矛盾理論 8
2-2-1 兩全其美(both/and)的矛盾思維 8
2-2-2 東方陰陽哲學(Yin–Yang Philosophy)與西方權變理論(Contingency Theories) 8
2-2-3 人員管理中的矛盾領導行為 9
2-3 矛盾理論與俄亥俄州立大學關懷與型領導風格之結合 9
2-4 四種領導風格類型與部屬行為的關係 10
三、 研究方法 16
3-1 研究樣本與資料蒐集程序 16
3-2 研究工具 16
3-2-1 關懷與定規型領導風格 17
3-2-2 任務精熟度 18
3-2-3 反生產行為 18
3-2-4 控制變項 18
3-3 資料分析方法 19
四、 研究結果 20
4-1 資料來源與樣本特性 20
4-2 信度分析 21
4-3 驗證性因素分析 21
4-4 相關分析 22
4-5 差異樣本比例分配 24
4-6 假設模型檢驗 24
五、 結論與建議 31
5-1 研究結果與討論 31
5-2 學術貢獻 33
5-3 管理意涵 34
5-4 研究限制與對未來研究之建議 35
5-4-1 僅蒐集台灣樣本 35
5-4-2 更廣泛地探討各種潛在影響機制 36
5-4-3 將矛盾的兩全其美(both/and)思維應用於未來領導相關研究 36
六、 參考文獻 37
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指導教授 林文政(Wen-Jeng Lin) 審核日期 2019-7-4
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